Jukdo (Chukdo) Light, Maenggoldo, Jindo, Korea
Jeollanam Province photo
A Month of Lighthouse News:
- September 27. Video: the Squaw Island Lighthouse in northern Lake Michigan is being restored by its private owner.
- September 27. A $73,000 bid extends the auction of the North Manitou Shoal Lighthouse in Michigan.
- September 26. Under gray skies, the restored Port Clinton Lighthouse in Ohio is dedicated and relighted.
- September 26. The White Shoal Lighthouse in Michigan sells at auction for $110,009; the buyer is not yet known.
- September 26. Summer work parties struggle to save the Cape Decision Lighthouse in Alaska.
- September 24. Restoration of the historic Sambro Island Lighthouse in Nova Scotia should be completed in November.
- September 23. The Cape St. Mary's Lighthouse near Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, receives federal heritage designation, along with the St. Peters Harbour Lighthouse in Prince Edward Island and the Woody Point Lighthouse in Newfoundland.
- September 22. "Limewash" turns the Charlotte-Genesee Lighthouse in Rochester, New York, white for the first time in more than a century.
- September 21. The Panmure Island Lighthouse will represent Prince Edward Island on a $10 silver coin.
- September 20. The Morris Island Lighthouse in South Carolina will be relighted decoratively on October 1.
- September 20. Major restoration nears completion at the Monomoy Island Lighthouse in Massachusetts.
- September 20. In Liverpool, England, Lightship Bar is seized for nonpayment of debts; it will be towed to a location for storage.
- September 19. A new replica 5th order Fresnel lens is lighted at the Vermilion Lighthouse in Ohio.
- September 18. Exterior restoration of the South Haven Lighthouse in Michigan nears completion.
- September 18. Zoning board backs neighbors in ending commercial use of the Wings Neck Lighthouse in Massachusetts.
- September 18. 180 swimmers race to the Aligator Reef Lighthouse from Islamorada, Florida.
- September 17. The East Point Lighthouse in Prince Edward Island, newly rebranded as Canada's "Confederation Lighthouse," receives $54,375 in grants for a major restoration.
- September 17. The Sand Point Lighthouse in Escanaba, Michigan, is getting a fresh coat of paint.
- September 17. Sea kayakers race to the recently sold Greens Ledge Lighthouse in Connecticut.
- September 17. The Presque Isle Lighthouse in Michigan holds a memorial service for State Rep. Peter Pettalia, a longtome supporter of the lighthouse.
- September 16. The Roker Pier Lighthouse in Sunderland, England, opens to public tours for the first time in its history.
- September 16. The Greens Ledge Lighthouse in Connecticut sells at auction for $130,000. The buyer is not yet known.
- September 15. A minor fire, quicky extinguished, interrupts the restoration of the Annapolis Royal Lighthouse in Nova Scotia.
- September 15. On October 15, one mile, 5K, and 10K races will raise funds for the Sabine Pass Lighthouse in Louisiana.
- September 15. A replica fifth order Fresnel lens is installed in the restored Port Clinton Lighthouse in Ohio.
- September 14. Canadian Coast Guard approves an emergency repair plan for the critically endangered Nottawasaga Island Lighthouse in Ontario.
- September 14. Governor Andrew Cuomo signs an act clearing the way for erosion control at the Montauk Point Lighthouse on Long Island.
- September 13. Federal government sues to recover Fresnel lenses of the Spring Point Ledge (Maine) and Belle Isle (Michigan) Lighthouses held by a Michigan collector.
- September 12. The suspension bridge leading to the Point Bonita Lighthouse at the Golden Gate in California is closed until October 31 for railing replacement.
- September 11. Firefighters, Coast Guard members, and Park Service rangers climb the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in North Carolina to remember the tragedy of 9/11/2001.
- September 11. Two keeper's houses are now available for vacation rental at the St. Johns Point Lighthouse, County Down, Northern Ireland.
- September 10. The Rose Blanche Lighthouse in Newfoundland lands funds for masonry repairs and new path and steps.
- September 10. A £20,000 repainting and repair project is sprucing up the iconic Burnham-on-Sea Lighthouse in western England.
- September 9. Two dozen Maine lighthouses participate in the state's Open Lighthouse Day September 10.
- September 8. The Point Malcolm Lighthouse in South Australia, Australia's only inland lighthouse, will be relit in a ceremony on October 28.
- September 8. Pier closes for five weeks so that the South Haven Lighthouse in Michigan can be repaired and repainted.
- September 8. The Boston Light Station, the nation's oldest, turns 300 on Wednesday, September 14.
- September 7. The rotating mechanism of the Gibbs Hill Lighthouse in Bermuda has been repaired following a breakdown.
- September 6. Ohio State University has completed a restoration of the South Bass Island Lighthouse
- September 5. In Upstate New York, the Braddock Point Lighthouse (and B&B) is for sale for $1.5 million.
- September 5. The St. Augustine Lighthouse in Florida has broken ground for a new Maritime Archaeology & Education Center.
- September 3. The Southwest Ledge Lighthouse off New Haven, Connecticut has sold at auction for $180,002 to Beacon Preservation for joint programs with Southern Connecticut State University.
- September 3. A contract has been awarded for renovation of the Mississagi Strait and Janet Head Lighthouses on Manitoulin Island, Ontario.
- September 3. The Ontonagon Lighthouse in Upper Michigan is celebrating its 150th anniversary.
- September 2. Dedication and lighting ceremony set for September 26 at the restored Port Clinton Lighthouse in Ohio.
- September 1. After 12 years, the City of Warwick, Rhode Island, still doesn't know what it wants to do with the Conimicut Shoals Lighthouse.
- September 1. The Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum's adventure program allows kids to spend the night in the Hooper Strait Lighthouse in Maryland.
- September 1. Overnight accommodations are offered for the first time at the St. John's Point Lighthouse in County Donegal, Ireland.
- September 1. A new camera system allows the disabled to see the view from the Sturgeon Point Lighthouse in Michigan.
- August 29. Fireplace and chimney repairs are needed at the Mission Point Lighthouse in Michigan.
- August 28. The historic Tangasseri Lighthouse at Kollam, India, is getting an elevator (preservationist protests notwithstanding).
- August 27. The owners of the Port Sanilac Lighthouse in Michigan will hold a very rare open house on September 10.
- August 27. Restoration of the Maryport Lighthouse in northwest England awaits some paperwork, but should be completed this fall.
- August 27. Boat tours to the Stepping Stones Lighthouse off Great Neck, Long Island, are so popular that additional tours have been scheduled.
- August 27. Sale of teak benches will benefit the Fenwick Island Lighthouse in Delaware.
Umpqua River Light, Winchester Bay, Oregon, U.S.A., October 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Justin Miller
About this site
Founded in 1999 (during the relocation of North Carolina's
Cape Hatteras lighthouse), the Lighthouse
Directory is a tool for research and study concerning lighthouses and
efforts to preserve those lighthouses. The Directory provides a brief
compilation of basic data for each lighthouse with links to other reliable
information available on the Internet. Since the addition of the Hainan
page in February 2009 listings cover the entire world. However,
this doesn't mean the Directory is complete, because new information
continues to come to light.
I'm glad to hear from site
visitors, especially if you have lighthouse news or photos of rarely-visited
The Directory has over 30,000 links, and all of them were appropriate
and legitimate when they were added. Occasionally, because a web site
is hacked or a URL is captured, a link leads not to legitimate information
but to an inappropriate site, such as a source of pornography or malicious
software. Please let me know if
this happens, and I will remove the offending link immediately.
This site is hosted by my employer, the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Esan Misaki Light, Hakodate, Southern Hokkaidō, Japan, June 2008
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Ryu-two
What is a lighthouse?
It is not so easy to define exactly
what we mean by a lighthouse, and various organizations and individuals
have used very different definitions when describing or classifying lighthouses.
Clearly, all lighthouses are lighted aids to navigation, but not all lighted
aids are considered to be lighthouses.
Some definitions are not controversial. An aid to navigation is
a structure placed on or near navigable water to provide visual guidance
to mariners. A beacon is an aid to navigation that is
fixed in place (that is, not floating). A lighted beacon or
lightbeacon is a beacon displaying a light, while an
unlit beacon is called a daybeacon. Often, a lighted beacon is
simply called a light.
Everyone agrees that a lighthouse is a lightbeacon that is, in some sense, a substantial building. Small lightbeacons such as masts, solid pillars, or small cabinets are usually not considered to be lighthouses. In this Directory, the guideline is that a lighthouse should have a height
of at least 4 meters (13 ft) and a cross-section, at the base, of at least
4 square meters (43 sq ft). This simple guideline does not require that
a lighthouse have any particular form or appearance. The structure of
a lighthouse may be enclosed, partially enclosed, or completely open.
The Directory includes listings of certain lights and other sites of
interest to lighthouse fans that aren't lighthouses by this definition.
The titles of those listings are enclosed in square brackets [...]. In
addition, lighthouses destroyed or demolished since 2000 continue to be
listed; their names are preceded by the hash sign #.
Flamborough Head Light, Flamborough, Eastern England, October 2010
Geograph Creative Commons photo by Steven Ruffles
The lighthouse listings
Dates shown for lighthouses are the dates when the light was first displayed;
this may be later than the construction date in some cases. A station
establishment date, when listed, is the date when a light was first displayed
at or near the same location. Data concerning the characteristics of lights
comes mostly from the U.S. Coast Guard Light List for U.S. lighthouses
and from the NGA List of Lights for lighthouses in other countries.
The focal plane height of a light is the height above the surface
of the water at which the light is displayed. (The level of the water
surface is usually "mean high water," the level at an average high tide.)
In the listings, "focal plane" refers to the focal plane height. A lantern of
a lighthouse is a room or structure that actually encloses the light.
The heights of the lighthouse towers themselves should be considered
approximate. Different sources use different methods for measuring tower
heights, and those heights may actually change due to changes in ground
level at the base of the tower.
I have attempted to determine whether lighthouse sites and towers are
open to the public. This information is inferred from whatever sources
may be available; it is certainly not guaranteed. Please let
me know if this information, or any information in the Directory,
Lighthouse listings are marked with ratings of zero to four stars based
on the extent to which the light station is open to visitors. Check the
ratings key to interpret these ratings.
Högby Light, Högby, Öland, Sweden, October 2011
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by T.S. Eriksson
Yuwengdao Light, Xiyu, Penghu Islands, Taiwan, July 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Shih-Pei Chang
Articles about lighthouses:
- The Oldest U.S. Towers, 1764-1791
- Early Federal Octagonals, 1792-1817
- Old Style Brick Lighthouses,
- Oldest Integral Lighthouses,
- Tall Towers of Iron, 1846-1881
- Early Classic Brick Towers,
- Onshore Skeletal Lighthouses, 1861-1910
- Sparkplug Lighthouses, 1871-1926
- Canada's Flying-Buttress Lighthouses,
- Unstaffed Offshore Lights of the
Florida Keys, 1921-1935
- Storm Warning Towers
Bagatao Island Light, Sorsogon, Bicol, Philippines, April 2015
photo copyright Loyd Martinez; permission requested
Zanpa Saki Light, Kadena, Okinawa, Japan, June 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by
i Durrësit Light, Durrës, Albania
photo copyright Tim
Partlett; used by permission
Vardø Light, Vardø, Vådsø Area, Norway, June 2008
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Hanno Sandvik
English Caye Light, Belize, June 2005
photo copyright Lewis Melton; used by permission
Cochin Light, Cochin, Saskatchewan, Canada, August 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo by D.J. King
Regional, state, and local lighthouse
preservation organizations are
recognized on each U.S. state page. U.S. organizations interested in
lighthouse preservation nationally are:
- The American Lighthouse
Foundation, based in Rockland, Maine. ALF encourages preservation
efforts throughout the country and holds preservation leases on more than
a dozen New England lighthouses.
- The United States Lighthouse Society,
formerly based in San Francisco, has moved to the Point No Point Lighthouse
in Hansville, Washington. USLHS has chapters active in the Chesapeake area,
Long Island, Oregon, and Washington, and has been active in supporting preservation
in other areas as well. The Society also publishes a respected journal, The
Keeper's Log, and has a large archive of historic photos of U.S. lighthouses.
Lighthouses on the Internet: A Researcher's Guide
has replaced the list of links formerly on this page.
Tonbi Saki Light, Kikai, Amami Islands, Japan
Japanese Coast Guard Amami Office photo
of the Americas
Northeastern United States
Southeastern United States
Midwestern United States
Western United States and U.S. Pacific Territories
Atlantic Canada, Greenland, and St. Pierre
Interior and Western Canada
Bermuda and the West Indies
Mexico and Central America
South America, Antarctica, South Atlantic Ocean
of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Australia, and Africa
New Zealand and Pacific Islands
South Indian Ocean
Britain and Ireland
France, Monaco and Switzerland
Spain and Portugal
Italy and Malta
Greece and the Balkans
Southwestern Russia and Ukraine
Belgium and Netherlands
Germany and Austria
Denmark, Faroes, and Iceland
Norway (listed south to north)
Sweden (listed south to north)
Poland, Baltic States, and Finland
Northwestern Russia (southwest to northeast)
Mediterranean and Caspian Asia
Southwest Asia (Arabia and Iran)
South and Southeast Asia (except India)
Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Timor Leste
China and Taiwan
Korea (listed clockwise around the peninsula)
Japan (listed clockwise around the main islands)
Rt Mendra Light, Ulcinj, Montenegro, October 2005
Montenegro Maritime Safety Department photo
Punta Izopo Light,
Panoramio photo copyright titogonza; permission requested