Len., 48 cm.
Image #231820

Type of object: Chariots and Wagons

Material: bronze

Period: Hallstatt

Find spot: Strettweg

Country: Austria

Date: 7th c. BCE

Collection: Graz, Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum

 This wagon was found in a grave at Strettweg in Austria. The grave in which this wagon was found was a cremation grave in the seventh century BCE. This bronze wagon has four wheels and each of them has eight spokes. It may have a symbolic meaning because its construction does not seem to be intend a carriage. On the body, there are bronze figures (see details). Twelve warrior-like figures, four horses, and two stags(?) are placed almost symmetrically (see photographs from other directions). In the center, a tall female figure is standing. She raise her hands to lift a plate on which probably a vase would be placed. Sandars suggested this was made by a Greek craftsman or by someone trained in Greek, since the style of figures resemble a Greek warrior in bronze from Olympia (Sandars). We do not have a certain literary source in which these figures were described. The central figure was much larger than other figures. It suggested she had an important role of the event in which this wagon was used. She might be a goddess, a shaman or a person with high social rank. The stag was often associated with myth. According to Pare's classification, this wagon is one of 'Kesselwagen', "which bearing a bronze vessel and whose vessels are mostly raised above the wagon, often supported by twisted bronze rods, and the wagons themselves sometimes carry small bronze figures" (Pare, 181). This wagon might be used at some kinds of ritual to bring a symbolic material, which we do not know, on the plate.

 

Bibliography

 
Details
The second photograph shows the center figure of the wagon. It is a female body wearing belt which has ornamental pattern. In a group of smaller figures, there are both females and males. They are naked, although some horse-ride men wear caps and have shields and lances.


 

 

From different directions
 


 

 This photograph was taken with a vase on the top of wagon. It was a suggestion how this wagon was used. However we do not know what was carried by this wagon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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