Terms
See also: Shapes and Names of Greek Vases

stratigraphy
typology relative chronology
absolute chronology

names of vase shapes: see handout (at end)
slip ; Penteskouphi plaques
oxidizing, reducing, reoxidizing atmospheres
preliminary sketch

multiple brush
Lefkandi centaur
Kerameikos
Dipylon
maeander

Chronology:
Submycenaean 1100- 1025 B.C.
PG 1025-900 (cf. Desborough, vase room)
EG 900- 850 (cf. Coldstream, Schweitzer)
MG 850- 760  
LG 760- 700 Athens, -720 Corinth

Dipylon amphora ca. 750 B.C.
prothesis  
Hirschfeld Ptr., Athens krater, ca. 740
" New York krater, ca. 730
horror vacui  
Ischia (Pithecousai), vase ca. 700

Protocorinthian pottery: (cf. Payne)
EPC 725-700 ECor 625-600
MPC 700-650 MCor 600-575
LPC 650-640 LCor 575-
Transit. 640-625

Bellerophon, Pegasos, Chimaera
Louvre aryballos, ca. 640
Daedalic style
cf. Auxerre statuette
Macmillan aryballos, 650-640
Chigi vase, ca. 640

Chigi vase, ca. 640
Hittite, Assyrian lions
Proto-attic pottery:
EPA 710- 680
MPA 680- 650
LPA 650- 610

Analytos Ptr., hydria, ca. 710
" , bell krater, ca. 700

Ram Jug Ptr., name vase, ca. 660
" " " , vase with Aegisthus, Clytemnestra, Orestes, ca. 670
Eleusis amphora, ca. 660 apotropaic
New York Nessos vase, ca. 660-650
Herakles, Deiraneira, Iolaos

Athens Nessos vase, ca. 620-6l0

Argive, Aristonothos, ca. 700-650
epoiesen (he made it)
Crete. potnia theron, ca. 650 (cf. Schefold, Myth & Legend)
"Mistress of Animals"
Boeotian, " " , ca. 680

Relief amphorae, 700-650
Cycladic:
Griffin vase from Aegina
Melos amphora w. Artemis, ca. 650
polos
Rhodes, Wild Goat style, ca. 630
Gorgon plate, ca. 630
Euphorbos plate, ca. 6l0
Chiot chalice, ca. 600
Samos, Fikellura ware, ca. 575

Clazomenian sarcophagi, 6th cent.

Corinthian period, 625-
Thermon metopes, ca. 625
Perseus, Medusa;
Pitsa plaque, ca. 540
fresco fragments, Poseidon Temple, Isthmia

Eurytios krater, ca. 600, Iole, Herakles
3 Maidens krater, ca. 575
cf. Prinias, temple w. frieze, mid-7th C. Crete
Pausanias: Chest of Kypselos, ca. 570:
jumper aryballos, ca. 580

Attic black-figure: see Boardman, Beazley
Peiraeus amphora, ca. 620
Nessos amphora, ca. 620-10

Gorgon Ptr., dinos in Louvre, ca. 600-590
Sophilos, megrapsen, ca. 580
Patroklos, Games of
Wedding, Peleus & Thetis, dinos

Komast Group, ca. 580
KX Ptr. padded dancers
C Ptr. (= Corinthianizing)
Siana cup, ca. 575
Achilles, Troilos, Polyxena
kothon/ tripod-pyxis, ca. 570
Lekane lid, Fall of Troy:
Astyanax, Priam, Neoptolemos, Hekuba

Heidelberg Ptr., ca. 560
Chiron and Achilles, wrestlers
Phrynos Potter, ca. 550
Birth of Athena, Introduction of
Herakles to Olympus
Tondo, Triton and Herakles, ca. 550
Ionian, Man in Trees, ca. 550
Potter Tleson, ca. 550

Kleitias and Ergotimas
Francois vase, ca. 570

Theseus, Centauromachy, Hephaistos
Gorgon stand
Painter of Acropolis 606. ca. 560
Nearchos. ca. 560-550

Lydos. ca. 560-540.
Sack of Troy, in Berlin
Iliou persis
Naples amphora, horsemen
New York krater, Return of Hephaistos
satyrs/ silens - oi
maenads/ nymphs
Gorgon plate in Munich
funerary plaque, Athens

Amasis Painter. fl. 560-525/515.
Dionysos & maenads, ca. 540
Athena and Poseidon
aegis
Wurzburg, Basil, Berlin vases w. satyrs
ca. 540
New York lekythoi. early. 560-550

Arming scenes:
Berlin, ca. 550-540
Boston, ca. 530-520
Schimmel collection cup. stables of Poseidon
Louvre cup-kotyle
Cf. Getty Cat.

Exekias. fl. ca. 550-525
Berlin, Herakles & Lion ca. 550
Athena, Iolaos
Vatican amphora, ca. 535
Achilles & Ajax
Dioscurides, Leda, Tyndareos
Kastor & Pollux (Polydeuces)
peplos, chlamys, himation

Berlin Ajax & Achilles, ca. 540
Bologna, Death of Ajax, ca. 530

Group E: Woman mourning dead warrior

Exekias: Munich cup w. Dionysos ca. 530
Agora, calyx crater, ca. 530
funeral plaques, ca. 540
Phila. Scythian archer, Memnon, 530
London, Achilles & Penthesileia, ca. 525
kalos name
Dionysos & Oinopion

Lakonian: Zeus & eagle ca. 590
Ambush (?) of Troilos/ Cadmus & Theban dragon (?)
Atlas & Prometheos, ca. 550
Boar Hunt, ca. 560-550; porthole effect
King Arkesilas, ca. 560

Tyrrhenian amphorae, ca. 565-550
Caeretan hydriae. ca. 530
Herakles & Busiris
King Eurystheus, Cerberus
Nikosthenic amphorae, ca. 550-530
Etruscan bucchero

Panathenaics. Burgon amphora, c. 566

Psiax. fl. 525-500
Brescia amphora, ca. 520
(Basel plate, 520-510
(BM plate, trumpeter, ca. 520

Leagros Group. kalos name ca. 520-510
Boston hydria, Achilles & Hektor, Iris, ca. 520

The Affecter, Boston, ca. 540

Triptolemos, Demeter, Persephone (Eleusinian deities)
ca. 510, unattributed, Wurzburg

Bull Sacrifice, Viterbo amphora, unattributed, ca. 550

Boston Circe Cup, ca. 550-525 (Ptr. of Boston Polyphemos)
(in Boardman¹s article in Rasmussen/ Spivey)
synoptic narrative
Red-figure technique. from ca. 530.

Andocides Painter
Munich amphora, Herakles resting, ca. 525
relief line
bilingual vase
Lysippides Painter
Boston amphora, Herakles w. bull

Berlin amphora, wrestling, Struggle for tripod
ca. 520
NY amphora, Tripod, ca. 520
Louvre amphora, Herakles & Cerberus, ca. 520

Oltos Nikosthenic amphora 520/ 515
Tarquinia cup. Deities 515-510
sakkos, hetairai, Ganymede, Hestia
[ London stamnos. Herakles & Acheloos 520-510
[ Oxford, Rape of Antiope. 510
cf. Eretreia pediment
cf. Siphnian treasury frieze

Euphronios
New York krater. Death of Sarpedon.
Hypnos & Thanatos. ca. 515

Nikosthenes Ptr. ca. 510-505
Siphnian Treasury at Delphi. ca. 525

Euphronios: Louvre krater. Herakles & Antaios. ca. 515-510
Munich cup. Her. & Geryon, Cattle of Sun
Thracian cloak
rider, Petasos.

Euphronios:
Leningrad psykter. ca. 5l0 Hermitage Museum.
hetairai. symposion scene.
kottabas. sakkos.
cf. Epictetos, rider

Arezzo amphora, Amazons. ca. 510-500
[ Munich krater fragment, symposion

Euthymides.
Munich amphora. reveling. komos ca. 5l0.
Hektor arming, Priam, Hekuba
Cf. Ball-players' base Themistoclean wall. ca. 5l0
Relief: "Marathon Runner" ca. 5l0
Basel, Ransom of Hektor, ca. 510
Phintias.
Rape of Leto by Tityos, ca.520-10 Louvre
Tarquinia. Tripod; Dionysos w. satyrs & maenads.
thyrsos.

[ Munich cup; Herakles & Alcyoneus, ca. 520-10
Hydria shoulder, hetairai
kottabos game
cf. Oltos, Euphronios'Leningrad

Smikros Brussels stamnos. symposion 510-500

The Sosias Painter Berlin cup. ca. 500.
Achilles & Patroklos.

Epictetos fl. 520-490

Rider 520-10
Scythian archer 520-10
armed satyrs ca. 510
youth with horses 510
satyrs 510
nude archer 500
(Herakles and Busiris 510)

Ambrosios Ptr. Boy fishing ca. 510

Pamphaios (potter) Wine treader ca. 510
[ Hegesiboulos Ptr; Cage Ptr. ]

Kleophrades Ptr.

Munich, Pointed Amphora, ca. 500-490
thyrsos
Warrior leaving home, Munich, ca. 510-500
cf. Wurzburg leave-taking w. dog

Sack of Troy, Naples hydria, ca. 490-480
Astyanax, Aeneas, Anchises, Cassanmdra
xoanon, Palladion
Herakles & lion. ca. 500 Phila. stamnos
Struggle for Tripod. 490 NY amphora

Berlin Painter. fl. 500-460

Hermes, satyr, faun. 490 Berlin amphora

NY cithara player. 490
Zeus & Ganymede 490 Louvre bell krater
Europa & Bull 490 Tarquinia

Berlin Painter
Achilles & Penthesileia 500 NY hydria
Apollo on tripod 490 Vatican hydria
Herakles & Athena 490-80 Basle
Demeter & Triptolemos 480-70 Karlsruhe

[ Gorgos cup. boy w. rabbit Agora ca. 510
[ Herakles & Geras (Matsch Ptr.) ca. 470
Myson Croesus on pyre ca. 500
King of Lydia, defeated 547

[ Gallatin Ptr. Danae & Perseus
Danae in shower of gold. [ Triptolemos Ptr. ca. 490

Peithinos Peleus & Thetis ca. 500

Panaitios Ptr./ Onesimos

Theseus & Amphitrite ca. 490
[ ext.: Labors of Theseus
Girl Bather, ca. 480 Brussels
Youth w. weights 490-80 Boston halteres
Satyr on amphora 490-80 Boston
Discobolos 490-80 Boston
Black groom 490-80 Schimmel Coll.
Man w. helmet 490-80 Basel

Brygos Ptr. fl. 500-460

Munich cup. Dionysos, maenads c. 490
white ground tondo
Louvre Ilioupersis ca. 490
Phoenix, Briseis
Dionysos, satyrs ca. 490 Paris, Cab.Med.
cf. Elpinikos Ptr.

Wurzburg komos ca. 490
"Barfing Boy"
Louvre skyphos, revel ca. 480

London cup, Satyrs attacking Iris & Hera ca. 490
Vienna skyphos, Ransom of Hektor ca. 480
Kalathos, Alcaeus & Sappho ca. 470
[ (infant Hermes w. cattle of Apollo)

Douris fl. 495-465
Louvre cup, Eos & Memnon ca. 490-80
London psykter, satyrs 490-80
Rome, Jason & dragon 480
Berlin school scene 480
NY women folding clothes 470
Makron fl. 490-70

Paris & Helen 490-80 Boston
Menelaos & Helen on reverse
Triptolemos w. Demeter 480-70 London
Eleusis
Maenads & image of Dionysos 490-80 Berlin
Judgment of Paris 490-80 Berlin
Satyr actor

[ Antiphon Ptr. ca. 475
Boar Hunt
Stand

[ Briseis Ptr.
Briseis & Achilles ca. 480
Theseus & Triton ca. 480

Leningrad Ptr Potter

Foundry Ptr. ca. 480-70
Bronze Foundry Berlin
Hephaistos & Thetis
Centauromachy Munich
Pankration London

Dokimasia Ptr.
Boston krater, Death of Agamemnon & Aigisthus. ca.470-60
Orestes, Elektra
Aeschylus¹ trilogy in 458
cf. E. Vermeule, AJA v. 70
[ Death of Orpheus

[ Ptr. of the Paris
Gigantomachy. Gigantomachy ca. 470
Persians

Pan Ptr.
Boston krater. ca. 470-60
Pan & goatherd, herm
Artemis, Acteon Athens, Herakles & Busiris, 470-60
NY Ganymede ca. 470
[ Munich psykter ca. 480-70
Apollo, Artemis, Marpessa, Idas
Boston huntsman ca. 470

Palermo krater ca. 460
revellers, Dionysos & maenad
Oxford Nike ca. 490-80
Pan Ptr London, Perseus & Medusa 470
Naples Sacrifice ca. 460

Monumental Painting: Pitsa plaque
[ Archaic: Lyseas Stele ca. 510
Incised Stele
Votive plaque by Euthymides
Lycian tombs: at Karatas/ Elmali
late 6th/ ca. 470
Gordion fresco fragments, Phrygian, 6th C.

White ground:
Alabastra: Pasiades P. ca. 510-500 JB BF f.107
Manner of the Foundry P. ca. 490
Douris. Atalanta, Cleveland ca. 490

Brygos P., meanad ca. 490
Eleusis P., triton ca. 510-500 Robertson

Pan P. Leningrad, Artemis ca. 470
Penthesileia P., NY pyxis ca. 470-60

Pistoxenos P.
Linos & Iphikles ca. 470 Arias
Herakles & Geropso " Arias

Aphrodite on goose, London ca. 470 Rob
Taranto, satyr & maenad ca. 460 Rob, Arias
Thracian woman, Orpheus ca. 470 Athens, Pfuhl

Penthesileia P.
Munich tondo. name vase ca. 460-455 Arias
Munich cup. Apollo, Tityos, Leda ca. 455 Arias

Sotades P. plastic vases
Apple picker, London ca. 450 Rob, Pfuhl
Polyidos & Glaukos ca. 450 "
Death of Opheltes (?) ca. 450 "
knucklebone " Richter

Sabouroff P.
Hera ca. 460
Thanatos & Hypnos ca. 460-50
Mourner ca. 45

Classical Painting:

Polygnotos of Thasos. Early Classical

Delphi: Iliupersis, Nekyia in Lesche (clubhouse) of Cnidians

Athens: Stoa Poikile, Anakeion (Dioscuri Sanctuary)

Mikon of Athens. Early Classical

Athens: Stoa Poikile, Amazonomachy, Battle of Marathon, Centauromachy.

Anakeion: Return of Argonauts

Theseum: Amazonomachy, with ? Polygnotos: Centauromachy, Marathon

Panainos, brother of Phidias. Stoa Poikile.

Niobid P.
Louvre krater. ca. 460-50
Niobe, Niobids. hybris, nemesis.
cf. Tyrannicides: Harmodios (younger), Aristogeiton (older)

Reverse: Herakles & Argonauts, or Battle of

Return of Theseus, Perithoos from Underworld; or Marathon, or Argonauts
cf. Boston, London kraters: Creation of Pandora

Palermo Amazonomachy ca. 460

Naples Amazonomachy ca. 450

Andromeda, bound, with blacks.

P. of the Woolly satyrs ca. 450 NY

P. of the Berlin Hydria ca. 450 NY

Hermonax. Birth of Erichthonios. ca. 450 Munich. stamnos

Zeus and Hebe ca. 450 Munich

Villa Giulia P. ca. 460

Methyse P. NY Dionysiac scene ca. 450

Methyse = name of maenad. D. supported by satyrs

Lewis P. Berkeley ca. 460

Agatharchos of Samos. scenographia. perspective

worked for Aeschylus, later Alcibiades

Achilles P. ca. 450-440
Achilles amphora, Vatican ca. 450-40 Arias

Lugano lekythos. Muses on Helicon ca. 445 Arias

Athens warrior & woman ca. 440 Arias
cf. stele of Hegeso, ca. 410

Euphorbos carrying child Oidipos. Paris, CabMed Pfuhl
(NY 2 actors)

Maenad with "lost profile" Paris Robertson, HGA

Phiale P. ca. 440-430/20
kalyx krater, Vatican ca. 440
Hermes w. infant Dionysos.
papposilenos.
nymphs of Nysa

Hermes Psychopompos, Munich ca. 440-430 Arias
Woman beside tomb, Munich ca. 440 Arias
Perseus & Andromeda, Agrigento

Group R (Reed P.), Men seated at tombs Athens ca. 410-400 Arias
[Thanatos P. Pfuhl]

Persephone P. NY Return of Persephone ca. 440-30 Richter

Danae P. NY Women listening ca. 440-30 Richter f 90

Polygnotos ca. 440-30
Centaurs vs. Kaineus ca. 440 Arias
girl acrobats, Naples Charbonneaux

women washing, Munich Pfuhl
[Ferrara krater w. Gigantomachy Spina Cat.]

Perseus & Medusa, NY pelike Richter
Duke krater: Triptolemos Kadmos P.

Kadmos & dragon, NY ca. 440

Orpheus P. Orpheus playing, Thracians ca.440-30
Pfuhl, Charbonneaux
Nekyia P. ca. 440 Richter & Hall
Penelope P. ca. 440
Chiusi skyphos. Penelope weaving Pfuhl, Charbonneaux
Recognition scene
Satyr w. parasol.
Satyr pushing swing

Eretreia ca. 430-420
epinetron (onos) from Eretreia. ca. 420 Arias
Alcestis, Aphrodite
Peitho (persuasion), Himeros (yearning)
Berlin lekythos, satyrs, maenads Cook f.47, Pfuhl

Basel chous (small oinochoe): maenad & silenos
(Return of Hephaistos, NY Pfuhl
(Amazonomachy, NY [also Boston, Naples]
cf. Athena Parthenos' Shield, ded. 438

Kodros P. ca. 430
Theseus cups, London Pfuhl
Kerkyon = wrestling
bull = Marathonian bull
bed = Procrustes
pine = Sinis, pine-bender
sow = Crommyon sow, with Phaia
turtle, cliffs = Skiron

Ackland, athletic scenes

Kleophon P. ca. 430-20
Munich, warrior leaving Arias
Munich, return of Hephaistos Arias

Ferrara, Procession to Apollo Arias
thymiaterion

Dinos P.
Worship of Dionysos ca. 420 Arias, Pfuhl, Charb

Aison.
Theseus, Madrid ca. 420 Pfuhl, Charb

Amazonomachy, Naples lekythos ca.420 Arias

Meidias P.
London hydria ca. 410 Arias
A. Rape of Daughters of Leucippos

B. Herakles in garden of Hesperides

Florence hydria
Phaon/ Demonassa w. Lesbian women.
cf. Nike Temple Parapet. ca. 410
Near Meidias P.
Pelops, Hippodameia, Arezzo ca. 410

Talos P.
Death of giant Talos, Medea ca. 410-400

Suessula P. ca. 410
Louvre Gigantomachy
cf. interior of Athena Parthenos' Shield

Pronomos P. ca. 410-400
Athens pelike, Gigantomachy
Naples krater (name vase). flute player = Pronomos

Kerch vases (after Kerch, in So. Russia) ca. 360-320
Pompe P. Dionysos w. Pompe (procession)
Marsyas P. Peleus & Thetis

Derveni krater. bronze late 4th C.

West slope ware, Athenian Agora

Gnathian ware (Apulian)

Megarian bowls. Homeric scenes. Hellenistic: see Rotroff

South Italian
Apulian: Orestes, perspective

Paestan: Asteas
theatrical scenes
phlyax vases
Centuripe ware (Sicily) 3rd C. BC

Lipari ware, Lipari islands. late 4th C.

Monumental Painting:
cf. Pollitt, Sources, pp. 107-112, 154-182
M. Robertson, HGA pp. 322-327; 411-431; 432-444; 484- 503.

Panainos: Battle of Marathon. in Stoa Poikile, Athens.

*Agatharchos: perspective,
skenographia (scene painting)

Pauson (425-385)
horse on back

* Apollodoros c. 410
skiagraphia (shading)

* Zeuxis (shading) early 4th C.
ekphrasis (description)

*Parrhasios 1st 1/2 4th C.
contour lines

* Zeuxis-Parrhasios controversy

four-color restriction (red, yellow, white, black)

*Apelles. grace (charis)
Aphrodite Anadyomene

*Pausias.
encaustic technique. wax
flower paintings (cf. border of Pella lion mosaic)

Nikias

Protogenes: throws sponge onto canvas

cf. Nike Temple frieze ca. 420
cf. Gjolbaschi-Trysa reliefs early 4th C.

Theban stelai, incision on black stone. 4th C. Swindler

Macedonian tombs: see Pollitt, Art Hellenistic Age
Vergina:
Tomb I. Rape of Persephone ca. 340-330
cf. Pompeii, Villa of Mysteries, domina, ca. 50 B.C.
cf. Odyssey Landscapes, Rome, ca. 50 B.C.

Tomb II. Hunt scene later 4th C.
cf. Alexander Sarcophagus

cf. Alexander mosaic, 1st C. BC, copy of later 4th C. pnt.
Lefkadia Tomb ca. 300
cf. Boscoreale paintings, ca. 60 B.C.

Tomb of Lyson and Kallikles 3rd C.

Kazanlak, cupola of tomb, Thrace ca. 300

Painted stelai from Demetrias/ Pagasai, in Volos Museum
Stele of Hediste. late 3rd C.

Egypt: Fayum portraits. 2nd C. A.D. ­

 

 

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