The CHIC studies
were designed to:
Funded by the National Institute for
Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health, the study began
in 1990 with 2200 third and fourth grade students. Students are now in
high school. This group of students belong to Cohorts 1 & 2.
determine the development of risk factors for cardiovascular disease
(CVD) in school children as they progress from 3rd grade through high school,
to assess the feasibility and success of modifying health and PE
curricula in participating schools to reduce the incidence of those risk
Two types of PE/Health curricula modifications have been tested.
The first, provided to 3rd and 4th graders, was successful in reducing
body fat and cholesterol and increasing fitness, physical activity and
The second curriculum, provided to 6th through 8th grade students, was
implemented in 1995 on a new set of participants (Cohort 3) and was successful
in improving fitness and blood pressure, and in reducing body fat and cholesterol.
The studies have been conducted in 15 counties across North Carolina
and have involved approximately 50 elementary, middle and high schools.
Schools were selected based on two criteria: First, if they were either
rural or urban. That is, urban schools are located in cities with at least
50,000 population. Rural schools are located in counties that do not contain
a city of greater than 50,000 population and are in towns of less than
2500 population. Second, study schools are evenly distributed across the
three major geographic regions of the state: Western Mountains, Central
Piedmont and Eastern Coastal Plain.
Information collected each year since 1990 includes:
The CHIC studies are supporting studies for the UNC-CH Center
for Research on Chronic Illness (CRCI).
triceps and subscapular skinfolds,
total cholesterol (fasting lipid profile on subset),
submaximal prediction of aerobic fitness, and
health behaviors of usual physical activity, eating, smoking, as well as
selected other health information
Parents of subjects have been asked to provide family demographics, their
own eating and activity habits, as well as their family history of heart
Detailed data collection and quality control methods are available upon
request to the investigators. Email to firstname.lastname@example.org