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1. National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement (Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1994), p. 5. The most recent version of the NSS was published under the same title in February 1995, and the same statement is found on p. 7.

2. Gerald B. Helman and Steven R. Ratner, "Saving Failed States," Foreign Policy 89 (Winter 1992 93): p. 3.

3. William J. Olson, "The New World Disorder: Governability and Development," in Max G. Manwaring, ed. Gray Area Phenomena: Confronting the New World Disorder (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993): p. 5. The former includes Cuba, Iraq, Angola, Peru, and Sri Lanka; the latter India, the Philippines, Jamaica, South Africa, Libya, and even Canada.

4. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, An Agenda for Peace , 2nd ed. (New York: United Nations, 1995). See especially Section VI, Post-Conflict Peace-Building, pp. 61-62.

5.. Helman and Ratner, p. 8.

6. Quoted in Jeremy D. Rosner, "Is Chaos America's Real Enemy?" Washington Post , 14 August 1994, p. C 1.

7. They are listed along with vital and important interests in the NSS. See NSS, p. 12.

8. The term has appeared frequently in analyses of the post Cold War world, most often referring to what is viewed as the historical conquest by liberal democracy over its authoritarian challengers. An earlier use of the term by Plattner seems to suggest that it is unclear whether the moment can in fact be extended; it may prove to be a moment lost, if not properly nurtured. See Marc F. Plattner, "The Democratic Moment," Journal of Democracy , Vol. 2, No. 4 (Fall 1991): 34 46.

9. See for example, the arguments by Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder in "Democratization and the Danger of War," International Security , Vol. 20, No. 1 (Summer 1995): 5 38.

10. Olson, "The New World Disorder", p. 10.

11. See Roy Godson and William J. Olson, "International Organized Crime: Emerging Threat to US Security," (Washington, DC: National Strategy Information Center, 1993).

12.. Richard H. Shultz, Jr. and William J. Olson, "Ethnic and Religious Conflict: Emerging Threat to US Security," (Washington, DC: National Strategy Information Center, 1994), p. 1.

13. Strategic Assessment 1995: U.S. Security Challenges in Transition (Washington, DC: Institute for National Strategic Studies, 1995), p. 8.

14. See the discussions in Thomas G. Weiss and Jarat Chopra, United Nations Peacekeeping (Providence, RI: Watson Institute of Brown University, 1983), esp. Part I, "Abstract Peacekeeping: An Introduction," pp. 1 17; and John Mackinlay and Jarat Chopra, "Second Generation Multinational Operations," The Washington Quarterly Vol. 15, No. 3 (Summer 1992): pp. 113 131.

15. Mckinlay and Chopra, p. 114.

16. Mackinlay and Chopra, "Second Generation Multinational Operations," p. 118.

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