Eagle
American Diplomacy




Highlight map


 

Support American Diplomacy RSS Mailing-list Subscription Email American Diplomacy Facebook



TABLE 1 -- U. S. Presidential Candidates Prior Military Service, 1789 - 1992

(Army Service Unless Noted Otherwise)

Presidents & Nominees1Election
Years
Veteran
Yes / No
Highest
Rank2
Period(s) of
Active Duty
George Washington1789, 1792XGen. & Cmdr.-
in-Chief 3
1752-59,
1775-83
John Adams1789, 1792,
1796, 1800
Xn/an/a
George Clinton1792, 1808XBrig. Gen1758, 1777
Thomas Jefferson1796, 1800,
1804
Xn/an/a
Thomas Pinckney1796XMaj.Gen1775-82,
1812-14
Aaron Burr1796, 1800XLt. Col.1775-79
Charles C. Pinckney1804, 1808XBrig. Gen.1775-83
James Madison1808, 1812Xn/an/a
DeWitt Clinton1812Xn/an/a
James Monroe1816, 1820XMaj.1776-78
Rufus King1816XVolunt.1778
John Q. Adams1820, 1824,
1828
Xn/an/a
Andrew Jackson1824, 1828,
1832
XMaj. Gen.1779, 1791
1802-1821
Henry Clay1824, 1832Xn/an/a
William H. Crawford1824Xn/an/a
William Wirt1832XCapt.1814
Martin Van Buren1836, 1840,
1848
Xn/an/a
Hugh L. White1836XVolunt.1793, 1813
Daniel Webster1836Xn/an/a
William H. Harrison1836, 1840XBrig. Gen.1791-98,
1811-14
Presidents & NomineesElection
Years
Veteran
Yes / No
Highest
Rank
Period(s) of
Active Duty
John Tyler-- 4Xn/an/a
James K. Polk1844Xn/an/a
Zachary Taylor1848XMaj. Gen.1808-15,
1816-48
Lewis Cass1848XMaj. Gen.1812-13
Franklin Pierce1852Xn/an/a
Winfield Scott1852XMaj. Gen.51807-48,
1861
James Buchanan1856XPvt.1814
John C. Fremont1856XLt. Col.61833-48,
1861-62
Millard Fillmore 71856Xn/an/a
Abraham Lincoln1860, 1864XCapt.1832
Stephen A. Douglas1860Xn/an/a
John C. Breckinridge1860XMaj.81847-48,
1861-65
John Bell1860Xn/an/a
George B. McClellan1864XMaj. Gen.1846-62
Andrew Johnson-- 9XBrig. Gen.1862-65
Ulysses S. Grant1868, 1872XLt. Gen.1843-54,
1861-68
Horatio Seymour1868Xn/an/a
Horace Greeley1872Xn/an/a
Rutherford B. Hayes1876XMaj. Gen.1861-64
Samuel J. Tilden1876Xn/an/a
James A. Garfield1880XMaj. Gen.1861-65
Winfield S. Hancock1880XMaj. Gen.1844-86
Chester A. Arthur-- 10XQtr.Mstr.Gen.111861-63
Grover Cleveland1884, 1888,
1892
Xn/an/a
James G. Blaine1884Xn/an/a
Presidents & NomineesElection
Years
Veteran
Yes / No
Highest
Rank
Period(s) of
Active Duty
Benjamin Harrison1888, 1892XBrig. Gen.1862-65
James B. Weaver1880, 1892XBrig. Gen.1861-64
William McKinley1896, 1900XMaj.1861-65
William J. Bryan1896, 1900,
1908
XCol.1898
Theodore Roosevelt 121904, 1912XCol.1898
Alton B. Parker1904Xn/an/a
William H. Taft1908, 1912Xn/an/a
Woodrow Wilson1912, 1916Xn/an/a
Eugene V. Debs1904, 1908,
1912, 1920
Xn/an/a
Charles E. Hughes1916Xn/an/a
Warren G. Harding1920Xn/an/a
James M. Cox1920Xn/an/a
Calvin Coolidge 131924Xn/an/a
John W. Davis1924Xn/an/a
Robert M. La Follette1924Xn/an/a
Herbert C. Hoover1928, 1932Xn/an/a
Alfred E. Smith1928Xn/an/a
Franklin D. Roosevelt 141932, 1936,
1940, 1944
Xn/an/a
Alfred M. Landon1936Xn/an/a
Wendell L. Willkie1940X1st Lt.1917-18
Thomas E. Dewey1944, 1948Xn/an/a
Harry S. Truman 151948XCapt.1917-19
J. Strom Thurmond1948XLt. Col.161942-46
Presidents & NomineesElection
Years
Veteran
Yes / No
Highest
Rank
Period(s) of
Active Duty
Henry A. Wallace1948XCapt.1917-19
Dwight D. Eisenhower1952, 1956XGen. of the Army1915-48,
1951-52
Adlai E. Stevenson1952, 1956X17n/an/a
John F. Kennedy1960XLt. (j.g.) (Navy)1941-45
Richard M. Nixon1960, 1968XLt. Cdr. (Navy)1942-46
Lyndon B. Johnson 181964XLt. Cdr. (Navy)1942
Barry M. Goldwater1964XLt. Col.191941-45
Hubert H. Humphrey1968Xn/an/a
George C. Wallace1968XSgt.201942-45
George S. McGovern1972X1st Lt.211943-45
Jimmy Carter1976, 1980XLt. (Navy)1946-53
Gerald R. Ford, Jr. 221976XLt.Cdr. (Navy)1942-46
John B. Anderson1980Xn/an/a
Ronald W. Reagan1980, 1984XCapt.231942-45
Walter F. Mondale1984XCpl.1951-53
Michael S. Dukakis1988XSpec. 3d1955-57
George H. W. Bush1988, 1992XLt. (j.g.) (Navy)1942-45
William J. Clinton1992Xn/an/a
H. Ross Perot1992XLt. (Navy)1953-57
Return to "U. S. Presidents, Military Service, and the Electorate"

END NOTES

1. The names of those who became President in italics.

2. Including brevet, or temporary, ranks sometimes not awarded until completion of service.

3. The First Continental Congress elected Washington "to command all the Continental forces. . ." without specifying his precise rank. Journals of the Continental Congress, II, 91.

4. Elected Vice President 1840, assumed Presidency 1841 upon the death of William H. Harrison.

5. In 1848, Congress voted Scott the rank of lieutenant general, but the promotion did not become effective until 1855, after his run for the Presidency.

6. FremontÕs Civil War rank was major general.

7. Elected Vice President 1848, assumed Presidency 1850 upon death of Zachary Taylor.

8. Breckenridge's Civil War rank was major general.

9. Elected Vice President 1864, assumed Presidency 1865 upon the death of Abraham Lincoln.

10. Elected Vice President 1880, assumed Presidency 1881 upon the death of James A. Garfield.

11. Arthur's functional title with the New York militia, not a military rank.

12. Elected Vice President 1900, assumed Presidency 1901 upon the death of William McKinley; elected President 1904.

13. Elected Vice President 1920, assumed Presidency 1923 upon the death of Warren G. Harding; elected President 1924.

14. Held senior civilian position as assistant secretary of the Navy, 1913-1920.

15. Elected Vice President 1944, assumed Presidency 1945 upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt; elected President 1948.

16. Attained the rank of major general in the reserves after his run for the Presidency.

17. Held civilian position in the Dept. of Navy during World War II.

18. Elected Vice President 1960, assumed Presidency 1963 upon the death of John F. Kennedy; elected President 1964.

19. Held the rank of Air Force brigadier general in the reserves when he ran for the Presidency in 1964; retired as a major general of reserves in 1967.

20. U. S. Army Air Forces.

21. U. S. Army Air Forces.

22. Appointed Vice President 1973 upon resignation of Spiro T. Agnew, assumed Presidency 1974 upon resignation of Richard M. Nixon.

23. U. S. Army Air Forces.



white starAmerican Diplomacy white star
Copyright © 2012 American Diplomacy Publishers Chapel Hill NC
www.americandiplomacy.org