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Article Summaries

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  • Technology and War,
    by Alex Roland

    Political Scientist Quincy Wright more than a half-century ago advanced the thesis that technology has shaped war in modern times. Professor Roland develops the idea in unanticipated directions, showing how nuclear weapons, perhaps unexpectedly, have led to a fall in war-related deaths since the close of World War II. Nuclear deterrence prevented catastrophic superpower wars because neither side could be sure it would win. Security paradoxically has come from vulnerability. Will this long peace hold? Read on for Dr. Roland's view.

    "The hydrogen bomb not only made single weapons more destructive, [it] also made massive destructive power affordable, at least to the superpowers. . . Nuclear weapons [thereupon] became the first weapon in human history that the holders dared not use. "
  • German Security Policy in the 1990s,
    by Robert H. Dorff.
    The author, a faculty member at the U.S. Army War College, analyzes German's post-Cold War security role. He defines two aspects of that nation's defense decisions and notes how those decisions may affect the rest of the international community, including the United States.
    "The foreign policy of the FRG has been 'exceptional' from the time the country was founded in 1949. . . . [Recently] Germany has indeed become more 'normal' but a certain 'exceptionalism' is likely to characterize German foreign and security policy for years to come."



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