|Volume II, Number 3|
IN THIS ISSUE:
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Experts of all callings find themselves in a scramble to present new concepts and new theories in an effort to understand the mysteries of the post-Cold War era. Forecasting of this variety shows up importantly in the September-October issue of Foreign Affairs, wherein fourteen historians and foreign affairs specialists respond to an invitation to take a look at "The World Ahead." Among the prognostications, that of Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., makes the point that nothing much has changed to prevent a repetition of the bloody horrors of the twentieth century, this despite the belief by many that the end of the Cold War changed everything. Illustrating the latter point, many of the older texts in the field stand up well upon reexamination, an example being William Kaufmann's Military Policy and National Security, published more than forty years ago. In that work, he argues that "Military power. . . has been absolutely essential to the working of the political process on the world stage."
In 1992, following two years of United Nations involvement in the negotiations, the government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) signed a peace agreement ending more than a decade of civil strife. The details of the Peace Accords pertain uniquely to El Salvador, but their scope and implementation have provided guidelines for the reconstruction of other war-torn societies. The agreement calls for far-reaching reforms in the military and police, the judiciary and the electoral system, and the agricultural sector. The FMLN receives guarantees of political participation.
As an effort to assure its security in the Pacific and East Asia, in the mid-1940s the United States undertook to establish firm control over Pacific island groups formerly belonging to Japan. While not a primary early Cold War concern, the Pacific Basin was viewed as important by U.S. strategists, who undertook to blanket the region with bases and mobile forces. In order to avoid the appearance of imperialism, the United States developed the approach of UN "strategic trusteeships."
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