Note. As reported by the U.S. Census Bureau (2000) and the National Center for Educational Statistics (2001). Consider the vast difference in population represented by these percentages.
Notes. As reported by the Center for Defense Information (2002). It's important to remember that reported budgets are hard to use in determining quality of armed forces. Such factors as equipment cost, R&D allotments, and pay can vary greatly between armed forces. Dual use resources are often left out of military budget allotments also.
Notes. As reported by the World Bank Organization (2002). Note the relative dependence on trade for GDP. No data was available for 2001 Trade in goods as a % of GDP.
2. Tom Lansford, "Regime Formation and Maturation in the White House: The Rise of Internationalism During the Administration of Theodore Roosevelt", White House Studies, Vol.1 Number 4 (2001), pp. 505-524.
3. G. John Ikenberry, "Why Export Democracy?: The 'Hidden Grand Strategy' of American Foreign Policy", The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 23, no. 2 (Spring 1999).
5. Caitlin Talmadge", The Restrained Hegemon: Political Limits to US Military Power", Harvard International Review, Vol. 24 Issue 3 (Fall 2002),pp. 26-30.
8. Issac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology of the World: The History of the World from Big Bang to Modern Times. New York: Harper Collins publishers. 1991.
9. Hans Schmidt, Maverick Marine: General Smedley D. Butler and The Contradictions of American Military History. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1987.
10. Ellen C. Collier. "Instances of use of United States Forces Abroad, 1798-1993." Washington D.C.: Congressional Research Service. 7 October 1993. Available at http://www.fas.org/man/crs/crs_931007.htm
11. John J. Mearsheimer. p.40.
13. Vincent Ferraro, "Notes on Hegemonic Stability Theory". Retrieved from http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/pol116/hegemony.htm on 10/20/2002.
15. World Development Indicators database, World Bank, August 2002. available at http://www/worldbank.org/data/countrydata/countrydata.html.
18. Dick K. Nanto and Thomas Lum, "U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts". Washington D.C.: Congressional Research Center. Updated September 27, 2002. Available at http://house.gov/htbin/crsprodget?/ib/IBINDX
20. "International Comparisons of Education, Digest of Educational Statistics" Washington D.C.: National Center for Educational Statistics. 2001. Available at http://nces.ed.gov//pubs2002/digest2001/ch6.asp .
21. "International R & D expenditures in constant dollars and as a percent of GDP:1981-98" Washington D.C.: National Science Foundation. As taken from http://www.nsf.gov on 10/24/2002. Constant 1992 dollars.
22."Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2000" Washington D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau.
24.Tom Lansford. All for One: Terrorism, NATO, and the United States. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing. 2002.
25. Ibid. p67.
29. Richard Haass, "What to do with American Primacy," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 78, no.5, pp. 37-49.
30. W.Max Corden, "American Decline and the End of Hegemony," SAIS Review,Vol. 10, no. 2 (Summer-Fall 1990), pp.13-26.
31. As quoted by G. John Ikenberry, "Getting Hegemony Right," The National Interest, No. 63 (Spring 2001).
33. Also review James Chace, "An Empty Hegemony?," World Policy Journal . 1997. available at http://www/worldpolicy.org/chace3.html .
34. David D. Newsom.
35. G. John Ikenberry. "Getting Hegemony Right"
38. Tom Lansford. All for One
39. Caitlin Talmadge. pp. 26-30.
40. Clark S. Judge, "Hegemony of the Heart," Policy Review, No. 110 (December2001/January 2002).
41. David D. Newsom.
42. Moral, in this case, is being defined as socially acceptable to the actors that shall pass judgment on that decision; populations or states.
43. Caitlin Talmadge. pp. 26-30.
44. Donald D.A. Schaefer "U.S. Foreign Policies of Presidents Bush and Clinton: The Influence of China's Most Favored Nation Status upon Human Rights Issues," Social Science Journal, Vol 35, Issue 3 (1998), pp407-421.
45. Kevin Phillips,"American Internationalism is No Longer Global," New Perspectives Quarterly, Vol9, Issue 3 (Summer 92) pp42-44.
46. Caitlin Talmadge. pp. 26-30.
47. Richard Haass, From Reluctant to Resolute.
48.. Kim Dae Jung," Is culture destiny?", Foreign Affairs, Vol. 73 Issue 6 (Nov/Dec 94), pp189-194.
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