American Diplomacy is published in cooperation with the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill’s College of Arts and Sciences
and its Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense and with the Triangle Institute for Security Studies.

Presidents breaking the U.S. Foreign Service

What is wrong at State, the U.S. Agency for International Development, our embassies and other agencies that together are the vehicles for American diplomacy? What accounts for the Foreign Service being marginalized?

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Book Reviews
William P. Kiehl, Contributing Editor


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New China and Africa Review by Adam Clayton Powell III

New Script Middle East Leaders Review by William Rugh

New Global War Gone Wrong Review by Anthony C.E. Quainton

New Empire of Ideas Review by John H. Brown

The Unipolar Trap

The major startling effect of the new global position of the U.S. during the post-Cold War era is the unipolar trap. The unipolar trap is a vicious cycle that every hyper-power1 – the leading state under a unipolar system2 – will ultimately face.

In order to suppress resistance against them and therefore, as they hope, retain their supremacy, hyper-powers can either sidestep their opponents or directly confront them. At any rate, however, hyper-powers will face growing resistance to their position and repeated attempts to uproot their status within the system. Each choice may be volatile for the hyper-power and entails imminent and potentially destructive threats. Either path could lead to the loss of their status as the sole polar power dominating the unipolar system.3


Commentary and Analysis
New The Unipolar Trap by Ofer Israeli



From the Archives: The State Department in World War I by David A. Langbart




Cultural Exchange and the Cold War: How the West Won by Yale Richmond

The Future of United States Public Diplomacy in Brazil by Blair Rapalyea

Afghanistan: Prospects post U.S. Withdrawal by Godfrey Garner

The Role Of Diplomats In The 21st Century
Discussion with Ambassadors Marc Grossman and Jim Jeffrey and Foreign Policy editor Josh Rogin, a senior staff writer with "Foreign Policy Magazine" (This is a transcript of the 02-11-13 NPR Kojo Nnamdi Show)

bookWriters Who Were Diplomats: James Russell Lowell US Minister to Spain by William Sommers

Teaching Kafka in China by Paul Levine


The Emancipation Proclamation and U.S. Foreign Policy by Christopher Tealbook

The Victors and Vanquished 2012 by Michael Hornblow

Americanizing the Spice Isle's Schools: Educational Development in Post-Invasion Grenada by Robert G. Zakula

"They Aren't Friendly, Mr. Vice President":
bookThe Eisenhower Administration's Response to Communist-Inspired Attacks during Vice President Nixon's 1958 Tour of Latin America
by Jeff Cox

The High Cost of Our Countersinsurgency Policy in Afghanistan by Godfrey L. Garner

The Reception and Impact of Western and Polish Emigre Books and Periodicals in Communist-Ruled Poland Between July 1, 1956 and June 30, 1973 by Alfred A. Reisch

Venezuelan Irony: A Tainted Election with the World’s Best Vote- Counting System by Theodore Wilkinson

Just Over The Horizon in An Election Year: The Top Five Foreign Policy Challenges by Michael Cotter

Partners in Capital Crime by Alan Berlind

The American Trajectory: From Republic to Empire by Curt Jones

Military Security, Energy Resources, and the Emergence of the Northwest Passage: Canada’s Arctic Dilemma by Steve Dobransky

IrvingAmerican Writers Who Were Diplomats: Washington Irving, Sunnyside to Spain by William Sommers

Diplospeak by William A. Rugh

Turkey's New Foreign Policy in the New World by Roman Muzalevsky

The Egyptian NGO Case: Politics and Diplomacy by William A. Rugh

Transition to Democracy in the Middle East by Haviland Smith

The Day Austria Disappeared from the Map by Walter R. Roberts


Opinions expressed are those of the individual authors, and do not represent the position of American Diplomacy which maintains its founding principles of balance and non-partisanship.

New Presidents are breaking the U.S. Foreign Service

New Ego Gratification by Sol Schindler

Anti-Americanism: Who's to Blame by Curt Jones

High Time to End Our Diplomatic Spoils System by Peter Bridges

Unfinished Morass by Sol Schindler

Not (Y)our Father's Russia by David T. Jones

A Call to Action on Public Diplomacy by Morris E. Jacobs

Syria and Our Foreign Policy by Sol Schindler

The Iraqi War: Swimming Against the Tide of Opinion by Samah al-Momen

A Regional Solution to the Syrian Uprising by Varun Vira

How the Egyptian Revolution Emphasized the Sovereignty of the People by Abeer Bassiouny Arafa Ali Radwan

Obama, Netanyahu And the Middle East by James L. Abrahamson

Does History Take Sides? The Problem of Evoking the Past to Justify Policy by Michael W. Santos

The Perils in U. S. Mediation of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: What History Has Taught Us by Yoav J. Tenembaum

Don’t Leave Counter-Terrorism to the Military by Haviland Smith

A Role Reversal from a Military-First Approach by Joseph Lyons

The Lost Libertarian Moment by Howard Cincotta

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Don’t Kill Americans and Call Death on America Who Support You in Getting Freedom and Democracy!

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My Picks: A Top 10 List
By Csaba T. Chikes
A Sampler from our archives

More detail about these recommendations here.

Jimmy Carter and the 1979 Decision to Admit the Shah into the United States By William J. Daugherty (March 16, 2003)

My Dependent Wife
by Lucien Heichler (December 17, 2003)

On Professionalism Among American Ambassadors
By Henry Mattox (2, 1999)

By Bart Moon (October12, 2009)

America Town: Building the Outposts of Empire Reviewed by Gerald J. Loftus (January 15, 2008)

The Futile Search for Root Causes of Terrorism By Michael Radu (August 16, 2002)

Smith-Mundt: Censorship American Style?
By Gregory L. Garland (March 3, 2009)

Remembering Saisith
By William Sommers (September 14, 2009

The Victors and the Vanquished 2003
By Michael Hornblow (January 12, 2004)

A Venture in Scholarship
Editor’s Introduction by Henry Mattox (1999)

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