American Diplomacy is published in cooperation with the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill’s College of Arts and Sciences
and its Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense and with the Triangle Institute for Security Studies.
EDITOR: Csaba T. Chikes

In Memoriam
Dr. Walter P. Roberts

"Of Walter Roberts’ service to his country the public record speaks volumes. Most especially, those of us who were privileged to work with him need no reminding of his achievements. But what of Walter Roberts the man? Each of us sees him in a slightly different light, our impressions necessarily colored by our own experience and by the ways his life impinged on ours."
Ambassador (ret.) John W. Shirley



LINK Peace Corps vs Posh Corps

New AFSA Book Notes: More Than Just Diplomacy
George Gedda discussed his book, More Than Just Diplomacy: The Personalities, Turf Battles, Danger Zones for Diplomats, Exotic Datelines, Miscast Appointees, ... the Laughs – And, Sadly, the Occasional Homicide, at AFSA headquarters. Video available. Reviewed here.

New WACA Cover to Cover: Outpost: Life on the Frontlines of American Diplomacy
World Affairs Councils of America's 'Cover to Cover' series featured Amb. Christopher Hill on October 6, 2014. A recording is available here.

We are pleased to welcome Contributing Editor George Clack and introduce our newly revised Internet Articles section. Clack is the former director of the State Department’s Office of Publications, where he also served as creative director for the Internet magazine “eJournal USA.” Previously he was editor-in-chief of America Illustrated, USIA’s Russian-language magazine distributed in the Soviet Union. He currently teaches literature and social media at Johns Hopkins University and Howard Community College.

Readers may print a copy of our brochure, available at this link

LINK Print Edition of 2013 Open Doors: Report on International Educational Exchange Now Available: http://www.iie.org/en/Research-and-Publications/Publications-and-Reports/IIE-Bookstore/Open-Doors-2013

LINK Our readers will be interested to learn that one can get on Kindle all three of the books published so far by our frequent contributor, Ambassador (ret.) Peter Bridges: his memoir, mainly of Somalia, and his biographies of two 19th century Americans, an antislavery Ohioan and a racist Virginian.
Please see his Amazon author page for more information: http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B001KIQWMG.

Ben FranklinThis is to alert readers that the second book, “Africa’s Release,” of our contributor, retired USAID FSO, Mark Wentling's, African Trilogy is now published and available on Amazon. A Kindle version should be available in a couple of weeks. Although his trilogy makes for entertaining and educational reading, it is also an attempt to communicate “development” via fiction. - Ed.

Senior Diplomats Call for Rejection of Ambasssadorial Nominees: "Minimal Demonstrated Qualifications for Their Posts"

LINK March 5th 2014 AFSA Governing Board Resolution

Political Appointments to Ambassadorships
by Ambassador (ret.) Ed Marks

In Memoriam William Dale

LINK Foreign Service-related blogs at afsa.org/foreign_service_blogs.aspx.

A Diplomat's Handboo

Vienna 1986 BBC historical documentary research request for former diplomatic or embassy staff

AFSA's Memorial Marker

In Memoriam Arthur Bardos

In Memoriam Mark Palmer

In Memoriam Reginald Bartholomew

LINK Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training (ADST) oral histories

Diplomacy's Public Dimension: Books, Articles, Websites by Bruce Gregory

The Second Annual Walter Roberts Lecture: Public Diplomacy and Foreign Policy in 2013: The View from State

Special gift for teachers of public diplomacy and related courses by Bruce Gregory

"The Barrios of Manta" on Facebook

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This map indicates areas mentioned on this page. Each article may have a map.

Book Reviews
William P. Kiehl, Contributing Editor


book   book

book     book

NEW Scattered Sand Review by Paul Levine

NEW Hard Choices Review by David C. Litt

NEW War and Great Power Diplomacy After Napoleon Review by Tony Quainton

NEW Never Forget National Humiliation Review by Joe O. Rogers

Spoken Word Reviews
Francis P. Sempa, Contributing Editor

NEW The Cultural Consequence of World War I Review by Francis P. Sempa

NEW The Pivot to Asia Review by David T. Jones

Foreign Service Life
A Disappearance
Martin… had gone to Uganda a couple of weeks earlier on what Melanie understood to be a routine sales trip. Then the calls stopped. ...
At that time the mad and thuggish dictator Idi Amin ruled Uganda.

Foreign Service Life

Diplomats Who Are Authors

New Chapter Sixteen Cacao cum Cocoa by Mark Wentling

  Nobody knew it, but Chief Letivi was struggling to stay poised and focused on the subject at hand. His mother’s dire situation and his discovery of the gold stool under the old baobab tree were weighing heavily on him. Letivi fought to clear his mind of these two serious concerns as he stood to welcome formally the two white men and commence the meeting with them.

The American Mission by Matthew Palmer

   Alex looked at the pile of application  packages still in front of him. There were at least twenty left.

Flame by Barry Fulton

   He had decided to wait for a sharp curve, and then lean far to the right to throw the bike off balance. He would risk a concussion or worse, but better to die on his terms than face torture...

Authors Who Were Diplomats

Commentary and Analysis

NEW From the National Archives: The Department of State on the Eve of World War II by David A. Langbart

LINKS Our frequent contributor, David A. Langbart, a senior archivist in the Textual Archives Services Division at the National Archives, specializes in the records of the Department of State and other foreign affairs agencies.


Diplomacy and Intercultural Communication by Yoav Tenembaum

LINK to remarks by Mark Grossman
"A Diplomacy for the 21st Century: Back to the Future?"
www.afsa.org/FSJ/0914/files/assets/common/downloads/sep2014fsj.pdf (page 22)

LINK to remarks by PDC President Don Bishop
A year ago, I feared that the "trifecta" of scandals then engulfing Washington — Benghazi, the IRS and the Tea Party, and government access to Americans’ phone and email records — posed some real challenges for Public Diplomacy officers overseas. Back then, I could hardly imagine how difficulties would multiply.
Public Diplomacy in Time of Partisanship

The Indian Election by Jon P. Dorschner

Ten Principles of Operational Diplomacy:  a proposed framework by Paul Kreutzer

The Elder Statesman: George H. W. Bush in Retrospect by Aaron Brown and Mirco Reimer

Exchange of Ideas between William Harrop and Thomas E. McNamara
Ambassador McNamara contributes this article with the intention of launching discussion and debate on the topic. We cordially invite your comments and will publish them in upcoming issues. (ed.)
The United States and Latin America: Individuals and Institutions by Thomas E. McNamara

Remembering and Forgetting June 4, 1989 by Paul Levine

Sources of U.S. Tension with the United Arab Emirates by William Rugh

The International Community and Pakistan by Jon P. Dorschner

From the National Archives: Bureaucratic Pique by David Langbart

American diplomacy in Tunisia in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries by Adel Manai

Afghan Elections Part I by Andrew Hicks and Francisco Diaz

LINK The Middle East Institute has just published an essay by our frequent contributor, Ambassador (ret.) William Rugh, who was US ambassador to the UAE from 1992-95 and has returned to Abu Dhabi periodically since then. Dr. Rugh is currently the Edward R. Murrow Visiting Professor of Public Diplomacy at the Fletcher School. On a recent visit he noticed that Abu Dhabi had become heavily engaged in what might be called a new type of cultural diplomacy. This is the link to his essay on that topic.

Venezuelan Crisis by Patrick Duddy

TitoAfrica’s Hunger: Up-Close and Personal by Mark Wentling

The Return of Antarctica and the Origins and Future of Potential Conflict: The Eisenhower Administration’s Formulation of U.S. Antarctic Policy, 1953-1959 by Steve Dobransky

Tito: Personal Reflections by Walter R. Roberts

Waging War on Corruption:Interview with Fran Vogl by Laurence Peters

Marxist Theoretical Debates in Europe during the Cold War by Morris M. Mottale

The Quest for Peace: Henry A. Kissinger on Germany by Mirco Reimer

Post Afghanistan 2014: Future Battleground of Indo/Pakistan Rivalry by Jon P. Dorschner

Beyond Benghazi: U.S. Public Diplomacy in Troubled Times by Thomas Pickering

U.S. Public Diplomacy: A Look to the Past by Walter Roberts

From the Archives: A Founding Father of the Foreign Service on Political Appointees by David A. Langbart

Embassy Vatican under the spell of Embassy Rome by James F. Creagan



Opinions expressed are those of the individual authors, and do not represent the position of American Diplomacy which maintains its founding principles of balance and non-partisanship.

Winners and Losers by Sol Schindler

Winning the War for Peace, Justice and Prosperity: A Vision by J.S. Lee

Follow-up to April '14 article on run-up to Afghan Presidential Elections by Godfrey Garner

Israeli Law by Sol Schindler

The Battle for Control of the Middle East by Curt Jones

A Policy for Ukraine by Sol Schindler

World War III? Ask The Economist by Benjamin Landis

Gasland, Russia and Hysteria Regarding Hydraulic Fracturing by Keith C. Smith

Mid-East Peace by Sol Schindler

The Anachronism of Empire by Curt Jones

Robert Gates Memoir and its Impact on America's Policy in Afghanistan by Godfrey Garner

Paranoia: American Foreign Policy Since 1948 and How to Overcome It by Benjamin L. Landis

The Case for the Palestinians and a Way Forward by Ruth Ben-Or

Special: Diplomats Who Are Authors
Farishta by Patricia McArdle

Cosa Buena by Robert Earle

The Ambassador to Everland by Howard Cincotta

Savarona by J. Patrick Hart

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Special Section: Diplomats Who Are Artists

AbidjanaiseWork by Cynthia Farrell Johnson


Work by Bud Hensgren


Comment on The United States and Latin America: Individuals and Institutions

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Comment on Nuclear Negotiations: Is it really the Fundamental Impasse between the U.S. and IRAN?

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Comment on The Future of Public Diplomacy in Brazil

Comment on: Terrorism Must Be Fought By All Means!

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Comment on: Reviews of books on USIA

Comment on: A New FSO in President Kennedy's Final Year

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