American Diplomacy is published in cooperation with the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill's College of Arts and Sciences
and its Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense and with the Triangle Institute for Security Studies.
EDITOR: Csaba T. Chikes

Spoken Word Reviews
Francis P. Sempa, Contributing Editor

October Links
Defending Cyberspace
Inside the Making of India’s National Security Policy
Reforming the United Nations
The Legacy of the Reagan Administration
Maritime Security
President Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy and General LeMay Argue About Response to Cuban Missile Crisis
Meetings About the Cuban Missile Crisis

Internet Articles FYI
George Clack, Contributing Editor

October Links
Does Trump's Rise Mean Liberalism's End?
How Geography Explains Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton
Course Correction
The Real Power of Putin
Entire U.S. Political System 'Under Attack' by Russian Hacking, Experts Warn
A Syrian Deadlock for Years To Come
Obama's Syria Policy: The Illusion of U.S. Power in the Middle East
Trump's Praise of Russia, Iran, and Assad Regime Riles GOP Experts
The White Helmets of Syria
Voters Said 'No' to Peace in Colombia. What's Next?
Does Erdogan Want To Be Putin or Sultan?
Accelerating Innovation with Leadership


Welcoming the Honorable W. Robert Pearson,
the New President of American Diplomacy Publishers

by Brenda B. Schoonover, Amb.(Ret.)
Outgoing President of the Board of Directors of
American Diplomacy Publishers

It has been an honor and a privilege to serve as President of the Board of Directors of American Diplomacy Publishers (ADP) for more than five years and as a member of the Board since 2001.

Following my appointment as U.S. Ambassador to Togo, my late husband, Dick Schoonover and I came to North Carolina in August, 2000 as I embarked on my State Department assignment as Diplomat-in-Residence at the University of North Carolina (UNC), Chapel Hill.

Shortly after our arrival, Dr. Richard Kohn, Chair of the Peace, War and Defense Curriculum at UNC Chapel Hill and a member of the Board of Directors of ADP introduced my husband and me to Dr. Henry Mattox, retired Foreign Service, professor at NC State University and co-founder and editor of American Diplomacy. Henry and his wife, Shelley, kindly took us under their wings and got us involved in the well-established retiree group, Carolina Friends of the Foreign Service (CFFS). Eventually, Henry enlisted me as a member of the Board of Directors of ADP. I have remained active except during my assignment to Brussels from Fall of 2001- Fall of 2004. Later, Henry persuaded my husband Dick, a former public affairs officer, to join as a contributing editor.

My long tenure with ADP has afforded me the opportunity to work with many of the journal's dedicated founding directors and other dynamic members: retired diplomats, retired military and members of the academic community. I could not have carried out my presidency without that team’s invaluable support. I’ve enjoyed watching the journal thrive as we celebrated milestone anniversaries, the 10th,15th and now the 20th and noting visits to articles climb from 49,000 to 400,000. We benefit from a range of contributing authors who provide an array of material such as international issues, U.S. foreign policy and life in the Foreign Service, accounts of the Peace Corps experience and United States International Development Agency; and celebrating the 50th anniversary of those two agencies.

Ambassador W. Robert Pearson has been unanimously selected as the new president of the Board of Directors of ADP. Robert Pearson brings a wealth of experience including U.S. Ambassador to Turkey and former Director General of the Foreign Service. The leadership of the journal could not be in better hands and I could not be more flattered than to be succeeded by such a talented, highly esteemed retired member of our career Foreign Service. I intend to remain on the board and look forward to supporting our new president.

Congratulations and welcome to Ambassador W. Robert Pearson. He will take American Diplomacy to new heights of excellence, ensuring the journal remains informative, relevant and that it continues to be a vehicle to record and share unique experiences of Foreign Service life, enlightening our readers and encouraging new recruits to the Service.

CoverAmbassador Pearson is a retired professional Foreign Service Officer who was Director General of the U.S. Foreign Service from 2003 to 2006, repositioning the American Foreign Service to meet the new challenges of the 21st century and winning two national awards for his efforts.  He was U.S. ambassador to Turkey from 2000 to 2003.  Ambassador Pearson served as Executive Secretary of the State Department and on the National Security Council in addition to assignments in China and NATO and other overseas posts.

In 2008, he became President of IREX, an international development NGO based in Washington, spearheading its expansion to reach more than 125 countries worldwide, touching the lives of more than 1 million people.  He retired after six years at IREX to pursue his additional interests in international affairs.  He has published numerous articles, blogs and opinion pieces on diplomacy, foreign policy, Turkey, NGOs and development.  He is a frequent speaker on the role of diplomacy in American engagement abroad, international development and Turkey.

He is a member of the American Academy of Diplomacy and the Council on Foreign Relations.  He was educated at Vanderbilt University and the University of Virginia School of Law, where he was Editor of the Virginia Journal of International Law.  He is a former JAG officer in the U.S. Navy.  His wife, Margaret, is also a retired Senior Foreign Officer and both enjoy reading, travel and golf and their grandchildren.


















Introducing Contributing Editor for Books

Dear Readers,

As you probably noticed, our last posting contained an announcement that our contributing editor responsible for our “Books of Interest” section (and former editor of this journal) Bill Kiehl was stepping down from that post. This month I am pleased to announce that we have a new contributing editor, Margaret Pearson, who will take his place. Maggie, as she prefers to be known, is, like Bill, a retired senior Foreign Service Officer who enjoyed a long career in Public Diplomacy. CoverMaggie joined the board of American Diplomacy earlier this year. She brings much needed enthusiasm and new ideas to our journal as we move from celebrating our 20th year in existence to the next stage in our journey.

Amb. (ret.) Michael W. Cotter
Publisher, American Diplomacy

Margaret Pearson is American Diplomacy's new Contributing Editor for Books and a former State Department Senior Foreign Service Officer. She is a strong advocate for the importance of public diplomacy in the conduct of foreign affairs. In her 27-year career with the Department of State she has held posts in Asia and Europe as well as Washington, D.C.

After two years of Chinese language training in Washington and Taibei Ms. Pearson became a Cultural Affairs Officer in Beijing in 1981 where she worked on the recently minted Fulbright Program, developed the first U.S. Film Festival in China, and worked with the U.S,, Chinese, and foreign press. On her return to Washington she headed the China Desk at the United States Information Agency. Subsequently, she had two assignments at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, one in the US Mission to NATO's press office and the other seconded to the NATO International Staff as Deputy Director of NATO's Press and Cultural Service. In this position she chaired NATO's Public Affairs Council, managed the awarding of public affairs program grants among NATO member nations, and oversaw the NATO Press and Culture budget. Additional assignments included Public Affairs Advisor for the State Department's Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs during the collapse of the Soviet Union and the breakup of Yugoslavia and the subsequent Bosnian War. Later she took assignments as Press Spokesperson and Director of Information at the US Embassy in Paris and Special Advisor for Eastern European Community Property Affairs (Holocaust and Post-WWII property provenance issues) which she managed from Turkey with frequent travel to Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic. Prior to her retirement, she was a Senior Examiner and head of the Final Review Panel at the State Department Board of Examiners, the office responsible for evaluating candidates for the US Foreign Service. Ms. Pearson holds a B.A. degree from Tulane University and an M.A. degree from California State University, San Diego.

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