META: Modern Europe through Art


  Module 4

Entartete Kunst
Sculpture featured: 'The New Man' by Otto Freundlich was one of hundreds of works labeled 'degenerate art'


'Entartete Kunst' exhibit catalogue cover (1937).

Module four focuses on the implications of the "Entartete Kunst" exhibit, staged in 1937 by the Nazi regime to contrast 'acceptable' and 'offensive' art. The exhibit opened in Munich and traveled to eleven other cities in Germany and Austria. In each installation, the 'offending' works were poorly hung and surrounded by graffiti and hand written labels mocking the artists and their creations. More than 650 works by over 200 artists, including such greats as Chagall, Kandinsky, and Klee, incurred fascist opprobrium for their 'depraved' and 'negative' forms of expression.

> Lesson Plan: Activities and discussion questions (PDF)
> Featured Image: The 'Entartete Kunst' (Degenerate Art) exhibit, organized by the fascist Nazi regime (1937)

additional examples of artwork from this exhibit are found below













Roots of Modernism: 19th Century Progress and Industrialization Surrealism: the reprieve Degenerate Art: Politics, Censorship, & Creation Dada: Reaction to the Great War Existentialism1.htm
Degenerate art: politics, censorship, and creation

European Events 1930-1940 United States events 1930-1940 primary literary source cultural and historical context analysis of art work in historical context relationship of art work to literary source



Marc Chagall: Purim or Village Scene
or Village Scene by Marc Chagall (1916/18) | enlarge



Max Beckmann: Carnival
Carnival by Max Beckmann (1920) | enlarge


The Journalist Sylvia von Harden (1926)
The Journalist Sylvia von Harden by Otto Dix (1926) | enlarge


Ernst Barlach: Magdeburg Cenotaph
Magdeburg Cenotaph by Ernst Barlach (1929) | enlarge