International Social Studies Project
in the School of Education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
"A Walk in
Weapon) – a weapon designed to destroy satellites in space.
– trade-offs of troops or resources for valued gains.
(Ballistic Missile Defense) – all active and passive measures designed
to detect, identify, track, and defeat attacking ballistic missiles or to
nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such an attack.
Brezhnev, Leonid (1906-1982) – ruler of the Soviet Union after Khrushchev, from 1964 until his death. He ordered the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 and sent troops to Afghanistan to support the Communist government.
(Circular Error Probable) – an indicator of the delivery accuracy of a
weapon system, used as a factor in determining probable damage to a
target. It is the radius of
a circle within which half of a missile’s projectiles are expected to
fall or there is a 50% probability that a single projectile shall
an oil rich Muslim state, part of the Russian republic until 1991, when
it declared independence and set off a civil war.
Cruise missiles – subsonic, pilotless airplanes that fly at heights of not more than 100 feet, thus escaping radar detection. Cruise missiles are either conventional or armed with nuclear warheads, with no outward differences in appearance between the two.
a reference to the brief period of improved US-Soviet relations during
the 1970’s, marked by cooperation between the two nations; replaced by
notion of “peace through strength.”
– early detection of an enemy ballistic missile launch, usually by
means of surveillance satellites and long-range radar.
(Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) – a ballistic missile with a
range from about 3,000 to 8,000 nautical miles.
The term ICBM is used only for land-based systems to
differentiate them from submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).
(pronounced “k-CHOR-too) – literally, “to the devil”; a Russian
– a unit of one million deaths, used in estimating or predicting the
fatalities that would occur in a nuclear war.
On site inspections
– a method of arms control verification whereby representatives of an
international organization or the parties to an agreement are allowed
access to each other’s territory to view force deployments and weapons
(pronounced PO-lit-byer-oh) – the principal policy-making and
executive committee of the Soviet Union.
(Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) – negotiations (1973-79) to set
limits on the numbers and types of offensive strategic forces of the US
and Soviet Union.
(Strategic Defense Initiative) – nicknamed “Star Wars,” it called
for space-based missile defense system, and included the idea of
(Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) – negotiations for treaty began in
1982. The START I
agreement, signed in 1991, reduced Soviet arms by 35% and US arms by
25%. In 1993, Presidents
Yeltsin and Bush signed START II, prescribing further reductions in
strategic nuclear forces, but that treaty has yet to be ratified by the
Duma, or Russian legislature.
the extensive region of the former Soviet Union frequently referred to
as a place where one is sent as a punishment or mark of disfavor.
Test ban or moratorium
– a treaty prohibiting nuclear testing.
The 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty precluded testing in the
atmosphere, in outer space, and under water, although undergound testing
is not explicitly prohibited.
“The war” – as referred to by Botvinnik in the play, World War II, in which 80 million people were killed, including 20 million citizens of the Soviet Union.
International Social Studies Project
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