Important People: Principal Figures in the Development of the Internet and the World Wide Web
|Marc Andreessen||John Perry Barlow||Tim Berners-Lee||Jeff Bezos|
|Vannevar Bush||Steve Case||Vinton G. Cerf||James H. Clark|
|Steve Crocker||Doug Engelbart||David
Filo and Jerry Yang
|Rob Glaser||Al Gore||James Gosling||Robert E. Kahn|
|Mitchell David Kapor||Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider||Carl Malamud||Bob Metcalfe|
|Nicholas Negroponte||Ted H. Nelson||Mark Pesce||Jonathan B. Postel|
|Linus Torvalds||Larry Wall||Phil Zimmerman||Other
|Mitchell David Kapor, cofounder of the Lotus Development Corporation, co-authored with colleagues the Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet software program that helped ignite the personal computer revolution in the early 1980s. Mitch Kapor, as he is popularly known, was trained at MIT's Sloan School of Management in 1979. Kapor, who heads the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a public interest group on computer issues, is one of the Internet's strongest advocates.|
|Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider (1915-1990), a
psychologist, became the first director of Information Processing Research
and Behavioral Science at ARPA from 1962 to 1964. In those days, ARPA's
computer unit was within Command and Control Research and it was later
renamed IPTO, the Information Processing Techniques Office.
Licklider had a strong feeling that the computer's strength was as a communications device, rather than an arithmetic aid. He and Robert Taylor thought of ways to make computers more efficient by connecting them in networks. In 1968, Licklider and Taylor published a paper suggesting that computers could serve as communication devices. They pushed for an experimental network, one that would create new communities of scientists separated by geography but united by technology (Kantrowitz and Rogers, 1994).
Malamud acted as a cyber Santa on the Internet in 1993. He got
the idea when someone asked him if Santa was on the Internet. When he
not find one, he decided to be it. Malamud was then the president of the
Internet Multicasting Service, a Washington-based nonprofit group devoted
to Internet services such as putting online everything from government
documents to broadcasts of National Public
As cyber Santa, Malamud separated each morning children's requests from adults' and placed each piece of mail in categories--like a Porsche file, a train file, a thesis trouble file (for anguished graduate students). His Santa could be reached at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. According to Malamud, the expanding reach of cyberspace was evident in the number of children with their own Internet addresses--although most of them were using a parent's account, a lot of them had their own account.
Malamud has done several innovative things relating to the Internet; from authoring books to creating the Internet 1996 World Exposition. He is the founder of Internet Multicasting Service. Other projects he has been involved with include First Virtual Banking, Internet Talk Radio, Internet Town Hall, and Geek of the Week. His ability to operate as a nonprofit organization is interesting and a testament to his ability to get people excited about the future of the World Wide Web.
|Bob Metcalfe in 1973 invented Ethernet, a type of computer network that allows for extremely fast transmission of information. He founded 3Com Corporation in 1979, and was InfoWorld's publisher and CEO. He also serves on MIT's boards of trustees.|
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