Internet History Main Page | JOMC 191 Week 16
 

Important People | Important Dates in Internet History |
Important Dates in the History of Commerce on the Internet

 

Important Dates in Internet History

Date

Event

1960s
Packet switching invented (Paul Baran, Rand Corp, wrote on "Distributed Communications Networks") 
1967
Plan for packet switching presented at ACM Symposium on Operating Principles. 
1969
Commissioned by the Department of Defense for research into internetworking, first four computers connected 
1970
Nodes used Network Control Protocol (NCP) through Information Message Processors, developed by Bolt Beranek & Newman, Inc. (BBN) 
1972
InterNetworking Working Group (INWG) created to establish standard protocols (Vinton Cerf is chairman). 
1973
First international connections made to England and Norway. 
1976
Unix to Unix Copy Protocol (UUCP) developed at AT&T Bell Labs. 
1979
Usenet established using UUCP between Duke University and University of North Carolina
1981
Because It's Time Network (BITNET) started at City University of New York; Computer Science Network (CSNET) established. 
1982
INWG establishes TCP/IP as the ARPAnet protocol suite; Department of Defense adopts the standard. 
1983
Name server developed at University of Wisconsin; users are no longer required to know the exact path to other systems; splits into ARPAnet and MILnet. 
1984
Domain Named Server (DNS) introduced; hosts exceed 1,000. 
1986
NSFnet created with 56 kbps backbone. 
1987
NSF contracts with Merit Network, Inc. (which contracts with IBM and MCI) to manage backbone. 
1989
NSFnet backbone upgraded to T1 (1.544Mbps); hosts exceed 100,000. 
1990
ARPAnet ceases to exist; Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) formed; Archie released. 
1991
Commercial Internet Exchange (CIX) formed; WAIS released by Thinking Machines Corporation; Gopher released by University of Minnesota
1992
Internet Society chartered; World Wide Web released by CERN; NSFnet backbone upgraded to T3 (44.736 Mbps); more than 1,000,000 hosts. 
1993
InterNIC created by NSF to provide a variety of Internet services; White House goes online; Internet receives media attention. 
1994
NSF redirects strategy, turning over network provision to private sector and abolishing commercial restrictions. 
1995
Commercial online services begin providing Internet access; other competitors join the fray; Internet gains widespread use in government and commercial sectors. 
1996
Sun Microsystems' Java programming language emerges as the hottest way to use the World Wide Web. Serious Web surfers flock to Java because it eliminates the need for Web browser add-ons, enabling users to open any type of file without outside assistance. 

Important People | Important Dates in Internet History |
Important Dates in the History of Commerce on the Internet

 

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