National Center for Catastrophic Injury Research
Director: Frederick Mueller
Sport injury that resulted in a brain or spinal cord injury or skull or spinal fracture.
Complete Neurological Recovery
No disability results from the injury.
Those injuries which resulted directly from participation in the skills of the sport.
Incomplete Neurological Recovery
Disability results from the injury.
Those injuries which were caused by systemic failure as a result of exertion while participating in a sport activity or by a complication which was secondary to a non-fatal injury.
Permanent severe functional disability results from the injury.
No permanent functional disability but severe injury (example: a fractured vertebra with no paralysis).