Adolescent pregnancy, intimate partner violence, and poor birth outcomes: consequences of childhood victimization?
The LONGSCAN study (Longitudinal Studies in Child Abuse and Neglect) provides one of the largest, most comprehensive prospective studies on child maltreatment. This study, led by Maureen M. Black, PhD, uses an existing sample of adolescents from LONGSCAN to assess the link between childhood victimization and early initiation of sexual activity, early pregnancy, victimization during pregnancy, and pregnancy outcomes.
The specific aims of this study are to:
1) examine whether exposure to maltreatment or witnessing family violence or community violence are risk factors for becoming pregnant or making someone pregnant as an adolescent;
2) identify how modifiable risk and protective factors at the individual, family, and neighborhood level are associated with becoming pregnant or making someone pregnant as an adolescent;
3) examine, among females who have been pregnant, or males who have impregnated a partner, whether maltreatment and/or witnessed violence as a child or adolescent increases the likelihood of IPV during pregnancy; and
4) examine, among females who have been pregnant, whether negative maternal health behaviors related to pregnancy and birth outcomes are worse for adolescent mothers with a history of maltreatment and/or witnessed violence exposure relative to females who have not.
The project is funded by grants from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children and Families, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect, and funds from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of Centers for Disease Control to the University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center.
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