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  School of Dentistry



Roland R. Arnold, Immunology, Host-Microbial Biology

Ikramuddin Aukhil, Tissue Regeneration, Wound Healing

James W. Bawden, Enamel Formation, Fluoride

Stephen C. Bayne, Biomaterials, Clinical Research

James D. Beck, Oral Epidemiology

E. Jefferson Burkes Jr., Oral Pathology

Miles A. Crenshaw, Biomineralization

H. Garland Hershey, Orthodontics

Harald Heymann, Operative Dentistry, Biomaterials

Ronald J. Hunt, Educational Policy

L. H. Hutchens, Periodontology

Joyce W. Jenzano, Salivary Chemistry

Malcolm Johnston, Craniofacial Development

Robert P. Kusy, Orthodontics, Biomaterials/Biomechanics

William Maixner, Neurobiology, Pain Perception

Frank T. McIver, Pediatric Dentistry

Valerie Murrah, Oral Carcinogenesis, Salivary Gland Malignancies

Steven Offenbacher, Inflammatory Mediators, Host Response, Periodontal, Systemic Diseases

William Robert Proffit, Orthodontics

Theodore Roberson, Operative Dentistry

Daniel A. Shugars, Health Services Research

David M. Simpson, Periodontology

John W. Stamm, Oral Epidemiology

Ronald P. Strauss, Medical Sociology and Health Promotion/Disease Prevention

Martin Trope, Endodontics

J. F. Camilla Tulloch, Orthodontics

Svein U. Toverud, Hormonal Regulation of Bone and Calcium Metabolisms

Timothy Turvey, Consequences of Craniofacial and Maxillofacial Surgery

William F. Vann Jr., Pediatric Dentistry

Donald W. Warren, Craniofacial Development and Dysfunction

Raymond P. White Jr., Oral Surgery Therapies

Ray Williams, Periodontology

J. Tim Wright, Mineralization and Development, Genetic Disorders

Mitsuo Yamauchi, Collagen Biochemistry, Physiology and Metabolism of Bone

John Zuniga, Nerve Injury and Regeneration

Associate Professors

L'Tanya Bailey, Orthodontics

Lyndon Cooper, Bone Cell Physiology, Implantology

Diane H. Dilley, Pediatric Dentistry

Greg Essick, Somatosensory and Motor Research

David A. Felton, Prosthodontics, Dental Implants, and Clinical Trials

Patrick Flood, Cellular Immunology, Immune Response and Regulation

Albert D. Guckes, Prosthodontics

Mark Kutcher, Oral Medicine

John Ludlow, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Sally Mauriello, Radiology, Geriatric Dentistry

Lauren Patton, Oral Medicine

Douglas R. McArthur, Prosthodontics

Glenn E. Minsley, Prosthodontics

John D. Moriarty, Dental Implants, Clinical Periodontology

Roy Peach, Histology

Jorge Perdigao, Operative Dentistry, Dental Materials

Michael W. Roberts, Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Lasers

Edward J. Swift, Dental Materials

Donald A. Tyndall, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

E. Leland Webb, Prosthodontics

Aldridge Wilder, Clinical and Laboratory Dental Materials Research

Rebecca S. Wilder, Dental Hygiene

Thomas Ziemiecki, Prosthodontics

Assistant Professors

Daniel Caplan, Oral Epidemiology

Nancy Chaffee, Prosthodontics

James M. George, Computer Technologies

David Paquette, Periodontology

Lisa Lang, Prosthodontics, Implantology

Linda Levin, Endodontics

Julian Moiseiwitsch, Dental Development, Pulpal Wound Healing

Debra Schardt-Sacco, Sleep Disorders, Endosseous Implants

Galen Schneider, Cell Adhesion, Intracellular Signaling, Bone Cell Biology, Tumorigenesis

Mark Scurria, Prosthodontics, Health Services Research

Diane Shugars, HIV and AIDS Pathogenesis, Virus-Host Cell Interactions

Asgeir Sigurdsson, Endodontics

Gary D. Slade, Oral Epidemiology

Jeffrey Thompson, Dental Materials

David Zajac, Craniofacial Disorders

Clinical Professor

Richard A. Beane, Orthodontics

Clinical Associate Professors

Carolyn Bentley, Oral Diagnosis

Dennis G. Hillenbrand, Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery

Ginger Mann, Educational Research

Vickie P. Overman, Dental Hygiene

Mary Pettiette, Endodontics

Enrique Platin, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Clinical Assistant Professors

George H. Blakey, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Anesthesia

Ronald J. Kulinski, Special Patient Care

Anthony Molina, Prosthodontics

Research Professors

James D. Bader, Health Services Research

Ceib L. Phillips, Biostatistics, Clinical Trials

Research Assistant Professors

Susi Lieff, Craniofacial Related Anomalies, Periodontal and Systemic Diseases

Martin Kendal-Reed, Biological Psychology, Human Chemoreception

Graduate instruction in the School of Dentistry is offered in endodontics, operative dentistry, oral biology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, prosthodontics, and dental hygiene education and is designed to prepare dentists and dental hygienists for teaching, research, or specialty practice. All dental graduate programs leading to the Master of Science degree require the successful completion of oral and/or written comprehensive examinations, a research project, and a thesis. Consideration has been given to the requirements as set forth by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association and the respective specialty boards. The oral biology program leads to a Ph.D. degree.

Graduates who possess an appropriate degree and who meet the requirements of the Graduate School are considered for admission. For some programs, scores on the Graduate Record Examination must be submitted for an applicant to be considered for admission.

Enrollment for study in dental specialty programs requires a minimum period of residency of three years. The curricula have been designed to permit maximum flexibility in preparation for practice, teaching, or research, as well as to meet the educational requirements of the Specialty Boards. The dental hygiene education program is two years long. The oral biology Ph.D. program requires four or more years to complete.

In addition to the courses listed herein, an appreciable number of elective courses is offered. The degree requirements vary slightly with each program. Detailed curricula requirements may be obtained by writing the Office of Admissions, UNC-Chapel Hill School of Dentistry, CB# 7450, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450.

Tuition and Fees

Semester tuition and fees for residents total $1,771. The summer rate is $210. Instruments, books, and laboratory fees are to be determined. Nonresident tuition and fees total $6,902 per semester and $367 for the summer term. Tuition and fees are due at the time of registration.

Student loans are available on the same basis as for undergraduates. For additional information, write Office of Admissions, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Dentistry.

Core and Multiuse Courses Offered to Graduate Students in Dentistry

201 (DENG) INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH DESIGN (1). Introduction to scientific methodology, clinical epidemiology, oral biology and technology transfer, clinical trials, evaluation of scientific literature, experiments of nature, animal models for oral research, ethnics in research, laboratory simulations and research models, and proposal writing. Fall. Wright.

202 (DENG) BIOSTATISTICS (2). Introduction of biostatistical concepts, sampling, descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, comparisons of means and proportions, 2x2 and r x c tables, correlation and simple regression, sample size and power, analysis of variance, factorial anova, multiple regression, and nonparametric tests. Spring. Phillips.

203 (DENG) APPLIED DENTAL RESEARCH METHODS (2). Prerequisites, DENG 201 and DENG 202, or equivalent. Evaluate research methods used in basic, clinical, laboratory, behavorial, and epidemiological research in oral health and encountered in the dental literature. Masteręs thesis protocols completed by class participants are the basis of most seminar discussions. Fall. Hunt.

206 (ORAD) ADVANCED ORAL RADIOLOGY (2). Radiographic selection criteria, efficacy of dental radiographs, panoramic radiology, extraoral techniques, radiation risks and radiological hygiene in dental practice, principle of radiologic interpretation, radiology of cysts and tumors, radiology of the TMJ, radiology of systemic disease, quality improvement, radiology for dental implants, digital imaging in dentistry, and advanced imaging of the craniofacial region. Spring. Tyndall.

207 (OMSU) REGIONAL ANATOMY (3). Review of the anatomy of the head and neck region, including osteology, cardiovascular system, head and neck embryology, special sensory modalities, nervous system, functional nervous system, and extraoral correlation with the oral cavity. Summer. Montgomery.

210 (DENG) SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (2). Use of microcomputers and introduction to word processing, biomedical literature searching, bibliographic management, presentation graphics, and exploring the Internet. Lecture and lab. Fall. George.

213 (ORTH) PRINCIPLES OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT FOR ADULTS (2). Topics include orthodontic evaluation, records, diagnosis and treatment planning, fixed vs. removable appliance for tooth movement, orthodontic extrusion, molar uprighting, periodontal implications of orthodontic treatment, biology of tooth movement, incisor alignment, and integrated treatment. Fall. Beane.

220 (OMSU) CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS (1). Covers compliance, substance abuse, antibiotic considerations, cardiology issues in dental practice, clinical pharmacology of relevant reactions and interactions of medications encountered in dental practice, dental prescribing and general considerations in pediatrics, pain management, and oral manifestations associated with selected medications. Summer. Sawyer.

233 (OBIO) TOPICS IN ORAL BIOLOGY (1). Introduces key concepts in oral biology, examines research methods used in oral biology research, and provides exposure to critical thinking. Summer. Arnold.

234 (OBIO) HOST ORAL PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS (2). Topics include oral ecology, oral microbiology, bacteriology, virology, and introduction to immunology. Fall. Arnold.

235 (OBIO) DIRECTED STUDIES IN ORAL PATHOGENICS AND IMMUNITY (2). Topics include the molecular basis for pathogenicity of oral microorganisms, the molecular basis for the immune response, inflammatory processes, and autoimmunity. Spring. Shugars.

251 (OMSU) ADVANCED PAIN AND ANXIETY CONTROL (2). Introduction to operating room and recovery room protocol, patient cardiovascular and pulmonary evaluation, adjunct and inhalant agents, nitrous oxide, pharmacology of IV anesthetic agents, EKG interpretation, arterial blood gases, anesthesia equipment monitoring, anesthetic complications and emergencies, fluid and electrolyte andblood therapy, airway management, venipuncture, pediatric anesthesia, and pre-op evaluation, orders, and rounds. Spring. Roberts.

262ab (ORPA) ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL PATHOLOGY SEMINAR (2, 2). Fall topics include developmental disturbances of soft and hard tissues, syndromes, inflammation, immunology, pulp and periapical disease, periodontal disease, tumor-like proliferations, microbial disease, endocrine and metabolic diseases. Spring topics include odontogenic cysts, salivary gland disease, oral epithelial and mesenchymal neoplasms, bone and joint diseases, nerve and muscle diseases, dermatological diseases, and blood diseases. Fall, spring. Burkes.

301ab (DENG) INTERDISCIPLINARY CARE CONFERENCE I (1, 1). For first year dental graduate students. Review and discussion of the diagnoses, treatment plans, prognoses, and interdisciplinary care of selected patients. Fall, spring. Hutchens.

302ab (DENG) INTERDISCIPLINARY CARE CONFERENCE II (1, 1). For second year dental graduate students. Review and discussion of the diagnoses, treatment plans, prognoses, and interdisciplinary care of selected patients. Fall, spring. Hutchens.

320 (PERI) INTRODUCTION TO DENTAL IMPLANTS (1). The biological basis for dental implants, patient evaluation, diagnosis and treatment planning, prosthetic considerations, endosseous and transmandibular implants, and prosthetic considerations in complete edentulism and partial endentulism. Fall. Moriarty.

321 (PERI) CLINICAL IMPLANTOLOGY (2). Diagnosis and treatment planning implant-supported rehabilitation, using interdisciplinary interaction. Surgical placement of implants or restorative procedures using current systems. Spring. Moriarty.

Oral Biology

Program objectives are to train individuals for careers in research and teaching in areas related to oral biology. Ph.D. graduates will have the qualifications and research expertise to become productive faculty members at leading universities and senior scientists in various academic institutions or industrial settings.

Oral biology encompasses the study of the structure and function of normal and abnormal tissues of the oral cavity and related areas, as well as the study of disease and healing mechanisms specific to various oral conditions. The discipline of oral biology applies and extends the concepts of immunology, embryology, physiology, cellular and molecular biology, pharmacology, microbiology, and biochemistry to understanding the growth and development and pathologies associated with the oral cavity. Attention in dental research and practice is now focusing on the dynamics of oral disease and prevention and treatment at the earliest stages of development, including research on risk factors for disease as well as the cellular and molecular events in disease pathogenesis. Molecular approaches for oral disease analysis and the complexity of disease elements require advanced training in the discipline of oral biology. Modern biomedical research is also identifying systemic relationship between oral conditions, health status, and diseases such as atherosclerosis, HIV, and cancer; the oral cavity also offers an ideal model to study biological structures and cellular mechanisms important throughout the body and important in immune response.

The UNC-Chapel Hill Oral Biology Ph.D. Program has three primary areas of emphasis: orofacial neurobiology, cellular and molecular biology of host-pathogens interactions, and the biology of extracellular matrices. These areas represent central concepts for study at advanced levels in the discipline of oral biology. Expertise and authority in these particular concepts are well represented within the strongest research and training qualifications of program faculty. Curricular requirements are based on training areas, with common core requirements for all students. Students begin with emphasis on basic sciences courses (cell biology and anatomy, microbiology, biochemistry) followed by examining specific biological applications. Research interests and qualifications such as DDS or MD will also determine course requirements. Participation in research in progress is a key element of the program, and students start laboratory rotations first semester to allow maximum time for research involvement. Program participants will be involved early in their academic careers with certain of key research areas targeted by the National Institutes of Health for national scientific focus. In addition, UNC-Chapel Hillęs proximity and access to the Research Triangleęs unique blend of universities, private industry, and national scientific organizations offer a wealth of resources for scientific study, collaboration, and research development.

The Faculty and Their Research

Orofacial Neurobiology: Greg Essick, somatosensory and motor research; Mark Hollins, somatosensory and motor research; Edward F. Kelly, neural mechanisms; Martin Kendal-Reed, human psychophysiology, olfaction; Alan Light, neurobiological modulation of neural transmission; William Maixner, neurobiology, pain perception; Gerry S. Oxford, neural mechanisms; Aldo Rustioni, neurophysiology; Donald W. Warren, craniofacial development and dysfunction; John Zuniga, nerve injury and regeneration.

Biology of Host-Pathogens Interactions: Roland R. Arnold, immunology, host-microbial biology, secretory immunity; Patrick M. Flood, cellular immunology, immune response and regulation; Robert E. Johnston, viral pathogenesis; Thomas Kawula, bacterial pathogenesis; Steven Offenbacher, inflammatory mediators, host response, periodontal and systemic diseases; Nancy Raab-Traub, pathogenesis of Epstein-Barr virus; Diane C. Shugars, human immunodeficiency viruses and AIDS pathogenesis, virus-host cell interactions; Gerald Sonnenfeld, immune system, cell-mediated immunity; Christina Teng, human lactoferrin structure and function; Jenny Ting, molecular immunology, neuroimmunology, gene regulation; Roland Tisch, immunology and diabetes.

Biology of Extracellular Matrices: Ikramudden Aukhil, tissue regeneration, wound healing; James W. Bawden, enamel mineralization, fluoride; Lyndon Cooper, bone cell physiology, implantology; Miles Crenshaw, biomineralization; Philip Hirsch, hormonal regulation of calcium metabolism; Malcolm Johnston, craniofacial development; Gayle Lester, bone physiology; Lola Reid, stem cell differentiation and extracellular matrix interactions; Svein Toverud, hormonal regulation of bone and calcium metabolism; John Timothy Wright, mineralization and development, genetic disorders, extracellular matrices; Mitsuo Yamauchi, collagen biochemistry, physiology and metabolism of bone.

Research Facilities

The Oral Biology Graduate Program is located in the Dental Research Center, the central base for much of the basic science research in the five-building School of Dentistry, with access to SEM/TEM microscopy, tissue culture facilities, anaerobic microbiology support, ALAC-accredited animal facilities, a P-3 level isolation facility, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, computers and software for image analyses/enhancement and finite element analyses, and a Clinical Research Unit including an eight-patient operatory. Biostatistical assistance is readily available as well as medical illustration, photography, radiology, and grants management.

Financial Aid

Graduate research assistantships are awarded competitively for students accepted for the Oral Biology Ph.D. Program. These assistantships provide support through program resources during the first two years at the rate of $14,000 annually, with health insurance, and may include a special tuition rate for out-of-state students. Support for dissertation research (beginning third year) is made available by faculty mentors.


Individuals with significant background in basic sciences and/or dentistry and medicine who are interested in developing research skills and focus and studying current issues in oral biology are encouraged to apply. Students who wish to study for the Ph.D. degree receive preference. Research experience is an asset and a statement of research interests is desirable. Applications are accepted for admission to the fall session, and are preferred by January 31. Application requirements include GRE and TOEFL (for foreign applicants), documentation of previous scientific or medical studies, and transcripts for all undergraduate and graduate education. Candidates will be selected on a competitive basis by faculty of the oral biology program serving on a selection committee. Candidatesę research interests, research qualifications, and appropriate opportunities will be significant factors in selection.

Correspondence and Information

Graduate Program Coordinator

Oral Biology Ph.D. Program, School of Dentistry
101 Dental Research Center, CB# 7455
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7455
Telephone (919) 966-1538
Fax (919) 966-3683
Refer also to

Graduate Courses in Oral Biology

203 (OBIO) MATERIALS FOR BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS (1). Prerequisite, approval of the instructor. This course summarizes current knowledge of materials commonly used in biological applications. Emphasis is on their chemical, mechanical, and structural characteristics and the relationship between these factors and appropriate clinical applications. Taylor, faculty on staff.

204 (OBIO) CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS OF THE OROFACIAL REGION (1). Prerequisite, approval of the instructor. Students interested in the etiology, growth mechanism, and treatment of congenital clefts and associated anomalies are acquainted with significant aspects of the deformities. Faculty on staff.

206 ab (OBIO) INTRODUCTORY ASPECTS OF PROTEIN CHEMISTRY (1). Prerequisite, permission of the instructor. Consideration of selected aspects of protein chemistry with special attention given to problems associated with proteins found in hard tissues and saliva. One lecture hour a week. Fall and spring. Faculty on staff.

207 (OBIO) SEMINAR IN SPEECH PHYSIOLOGY (2). Prerequisite, permission of the instructor. Evaluation of recent research in areas of anatomy, physiology, growth and development, genetics, and acoustics as they relate to the science of speech. One lecture hour a week. Fall and spring. Warren.

208 abcd (OBIO) DISCUSSION IN ORAL BIOLOGY (2). Prerequisite, approval of the instructor. A series of seminars on topics relevant to research and scientific knowledge in the field of oral biology. Visiting scientists from other research centers in the country and abroad participate in the discussion series. One lecture hour a week. Fall and spring. Faculty on staff and visiting lecturers.

209 abcd (OBIO) RESEARCH TECHNIQUES IN ORAL BIOLOGY (6). Prerequisite, approval of the instructor. The course familiarizes participants with a selection of specialized research techniques employed in interdisciplinary basic science approaches to problems in oral biology. Four lecture laboratory hours a week. Spring and summer. Faculty on staff.

210 abc (OBIO) RESEARCH (1-5 per semester). Prerequisite, approval of staff. Students pursue the literature and select a research project in oral biology that is planned and conducted under direction of research staff. The project is intended to lead to a thesis to meet the requirements of a Master of Science degree. Fifteen hours of research a week. Summer, fall, and spring. Faculty on staff.

222 (OBIO) SEMINAR IN STRUCTURAL AND HARD-TISSUE PROTEINS (1). Prerequisite, approval of the instructor. Students discuss significant developments pertaining to the chemistry of molecular biology of the structural proteins. The biochemistry of these proteins is correlated with their various functions. Critiques of current literature are emphasized. One lecture hour a week. Spring. Faculty on staff.

233 ab (OBIO) ADVANCED ORAL BIOLOGY (3, 2). Prerequisites, none. Significant developments and trends in basic medical sciences that have applications in specialized dentistry are discussed. Recent publications taken from medical and dental scientific literature are discussed. Three hours a week. Fall and spring. Arnold, faculty on staff.

249 (OBIO) BIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS (3). Overview of structures and biological determinants of conditions and diseases of the oral cavity; both growth and development and pathophysiology will be introduced in the context of three areas of oral biology: biology of extracellular matrices, host-pathogens interactions, and orofacial neurobiology. Prerequisite for OBIO 250-252. Fall. Faculty on staff.

250 (OBIO) EXTRACELLULAR MATRICES (3). Introduction to structures and biological functions of major extracellular matrix components, their interactions with cells, chemistry and biology of mineralized tissues, and biological and molecular aspects of connective tissue disorders. Lectures, discussions. Fall. Yamauchi, faculty on staff.

251 (OBIO) OROFACIAL NEUROBIOLOGY (3). An overview of normal human orofacial sensation and function, evaluation of orofacial sensory and motor capacities, orofacial pain mechanisms, and neural control of orofacial behaviors. Lectures, literature review, discussions, seminars. Spring. Essick, faculty on staff.

252 (OBIO) HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS (3). Overview of basic etiology of pathogens and associated medical conditions, immune factors, immune response, and oral microbiology/immunology, with emphasis on infectious disease processes and innate defense factors. Lectures, discussions. Fall. Flood, faculty on staff.

280 ab (OBIO) THE MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR PATHOGENESIS OF INFLAMMATORY DISEASES (6). Prerequisites, biochemistry and immunology; permission of instructor. Course presents recent information on the pathogenesis of inflammatory conditions from the molecular, cellular, and systems perspectives. The two-semester course covers molecular signals, cellular processes, pathogenesis of specific inflammatory conditions, and the immunopharmacology of inflammation. Lecture, seminar. Fall (a), spring (b). Oral Biology faculty. (Course director: Offenbacher.)

393 ab (OBIO) MASTER'S THESIS (0-6). Prerequisite, permission of staff. Faculty on staff.

394 ab (OBIO) DOCTORAL DISSERTATION (0-6). Prerequisite, permission of staff. Faculty on staff.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

The graduate curriculum in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery consists of a study of the basic biological sciences and clinical experience integrated with a progressively graduated four-year sequence of approved hospital experience. This flexible program is designed to: (1) prepare dentists for a career in teaching, research, and/or practice in the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery; (2) meet the requirements for approval by the Commission on Dental Education of the American Dental Association; and (3) prepare candidates for certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

While the study of the comprehensive biological sciences is integrated and stressed throughout the four years, the more formally structured courses are emphasized during the first two years of residency. More time is spent in seminars and independent study during the junior and senior residency years (third and fourth years). The latter allows flexibility for investigative study and additional rotations through various hospital services, and for additional elective assignments to provide more in-depth experience and knowledge related to oral and maxillofacial surgery.

All students are required to complete the full four-year program including the prescribed formal courses, seminars, independent study, and original research project. One program option is to earn the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery) by submission of a thesis.

Other optional courses of study for selected individuals in this program may include qualifying for an M.D. degree or a Ph.D. in a biological science. This involves an extended period of time that is individualized for each qualified student pursuing these additional studies.

Admission to the Graduate School for the study of oral and maxillofacial surgery is accomplished only after the the appropriate committees review the application, transcripts, and other credentials.

Graduate Courses in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

207 (OMSU) REGIONAL ANATOMY (2 or more). Lecture, laboratory. Montgomery.




230 (OMSU) ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY-BASIC SURGICAL SKILLS (4). (UNC Hospitals). This course includes an experimental animal surgery laboratory portion as well as lectures and demonstrations of surgical principles and techniques. Faculty on staff.



301 (OMSU) RESEARCH (6). To be arranged.

320 (DENT) INTRODUCTION TO DENTAL IMPLANTS (1). Lectures and seminars on use of dental implants. Fall. Moriarty, Hillenbrand.

393 (OMSU) THESIS (3 or more).


Oral Radiology

The advanced education program in Oral Radiology begins in the fall semester and extends for three years, leading to a Master of Science degree. The purpose of the program is to prepare qualified oral radiology specialists to function in institutions of higher dental education, research, and clinical practice. The program prepares individuals to participate in maxillofacial radiological practice, provides background information on radiation physics, radiation biology, and protection, and offers teacher training preparation. Each student participates in an extensive research project.

Each graduate student and his or her faculty adviser develops an original clinical or applied research project that is an integral part of the graduate program. A written thesis is required. The program meets the eligibility requirements of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology.

Applications should be submitted by April 1. Interviews are usually scheduled before final acceptance.

Graduate Courses in Oral Radiology


190 (ORAD) COMPREHENSIVE RADIATION BIOLOGY (3). A survey of the biological effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiations ranging from the molecular to the ecosystem levels. Related topics such as the medical effects of nuclear war and radiation hormesis are also included. Fall. (Alternate years.) Tyndall.

201 (ORAD) PRINCIPLES OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH PHYSICS (2). Students review and discuss the physics of medical and dental radiology in terms of the type of radiation used and the information yielded from various diagnostic modalities. Radiation health physics is also included. Fall. Tyndall.

202 (ORAD) ADVANCED ORAL RADIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGY (4). Seminars, laboratory, and clinical sessions to provide experience in advanced oral radiologic procedures. Spring. Platin, faculty on staff.

203 (ORAD) ADVANCED ORAL RADIOGRAPHIC DIAGNOSIS (3). Literature review and seminars to present advanced radiologic diagnosis. Fall. Tyndall, staff.

204 (ORAD) ADVANCED RADIOLOGIC DIAGNOSIS (3). Literature review, seminars, and clinical experience in advanced radiologic diagnosis. Summer. Ludlow, faculty on staff.

205 (ORAD) PRINCIPLES FOR ADVANCED DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC RADIOLOGY (4). Literature review and seminars in the application of radiologic procedures such as computed tomography, computed tomosynthesis, and magnetic resonance for diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial conditions. Fundamentals of radiation therapy are also included. Tyndall, faculty on staff.

206 (ORAD) ADVANCED ORAL RADIOLOGY (2). Lecture and seminars in advanced radiology topics. Spring. Tyndall, faculty on staff.

207 abcdef (ORAD) GRADUATE CLINICAL ORAL RADIOLOGY (3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3). Fall, spring, summer (first year); summer, fall, spring (second year). Tyndall, faculty on staff.

226 (ORAD) SPECIAL PROJECTS IN ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL RADIOLOGY (3). In this course students will conduct research in the area of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology utilizing clinical or laboratory methods in collaboration with course faculty. Tyndall.

302 abcdef (ORAD) CLINICAL RADIOLOGY CONFERENCE (1). Case studies in the interpretation of unusual conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region. Fall, spring, summer (first year); summer, fall, spring (second year). Tyndall, faculty on staff.

360 (ORAD) ORAL RADIOLOGY RESEARCH (1-4). Arranged. Faculty on staff.


Core Courses Required

207 (ANAT) REGIONAL ANATOMY (3). Summer. Montgomery.




(DENG) SCI COMPUTING/LAB (2). Fall. George.

(DENG) RESEARCH METHODS (1). Fall. Wright.

(DENG) BIOSTATISTICS (2). Spring. Phillips.



Admission for graduate study in orthodontics is made only after the department faculty and the Graduate School review and approve a completed application. Application for entry into the program in August should be made by October 1 of the previous year. Interviews are scheduled in October and November. Admission decisions normally are made late in November.

The three-year curriculum in orthodontics is designed to prepare dentists for clinical practice in the specialty of orthodontics and meets the educational requirements for later specialty board certification. All students participate in research in the department and are expected to earn the Master of Science degree by completion of a thesis project.

During the programęs first year, students participate in seminars selected from the principal didactic courses, discuss clinical topics in seminars, and begin patient care. As the program progresses, didactic seminars gradually are replaced by research participation while clinical seminars continue and the volume of patient care increases. All students must perform satisfactorily on oral and written comprehensive examinations to complete the program successfully.

Graduate Courses in Orthodontics

201 (ORTH) ORTHODONTIC TECHNIQUE (4). Introduction to orthodontic technique and procedures for beginning orthodontic graduate students. Fall, first year. Proffit, faculty on staff.

203 ab (ORTH) ORTHODONTIC DIAGNOSIS (2, 2). Principles of orthodontic diagnosis and analysis of diagnostic records for orthodontic specialists. Fall, spring. Tulloch, faculty on staff.

204 (ORTH) INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL ORTHODONTICS (2). Principles of clinical patient care for specialty practice in orthodontics. Fall. Beane, faculty on staff.

205 abcd (ORTH) ADVANCED CLINICAL ORTHODONTICS (5, 3, 7, 7, 3). Fall, spring, summer. Beane, faculty on staff.

206 (ORTH) BIOMECHANICS (2). Mechanical principles in orthodontic force production and control; biological response to orthodontic force. Fall. Kusy, Proffit.

206 (ORAD) ADVANCED ORAL RADIOLOGY (2). Acquaints graduate students with the radiographic techniques and equipment currently available to the profession. Includes a review of appropriate radiographic anatomy. Spring. Tyndall.

208 (ORTH) GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (4). Principles of growth and development, emphasizing dento-facial development from an evolutionary and molecular biology perspective as well as the traditional anatomical perspective. Spring. Kula, faculty on staff.

210 (ORTH) CRANIOFACIAL ANOMALIES (2). The clinical management of craniofacial anomalies, including cleft lip and palate, and the associated interdisciplinary approach to treatment planning. Fall. Dilley.

213 (ORTH) PRINCIPLES OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT FOR ADULTS (2). Orthodontic treatment procedures for adults; for AEGD, periodontic, and prosthodontic graduate students. Fall. Beane.

215 (ORTH) ORAL-PHARYNGEAL FUNCTION (1). Maturation of oral and pharyngeal function, including speech and its relation to dento-facial development. Summer. Proffit.

222 (ORTH) ENVIRONMENT OF SPECIALTY PRACTICE (3). Trends in health care delivery; organization and management of orthodontic specialty practice. Fall. Beane, faculty on staff.

301 abcde (ORTH) RESEARCH (2, 1, 2, 3, 3). Arranged. Proffit, Phillips.

302 ab (ORTH) CURRENT TOPICS IN ORTHODONTICS (2, 2). Seminars on pertinent orthodontic literature for advanced orthodontic students. Fall, spring. Proffit.

393 (ORTH) THESIS (3 or more).

Pediatric Dentistry

The postdoctoral training program in pediatric dentistry requires participation in both the centralized application and matching services. Application requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS), 1625 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 101, Washington, DC 20036. All candidates must register with the Postdoctoral Dental Matching Program, 595 Bay Street, Suite 300, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C2. A personal interview is required and interviews are made by invitation of the department after reviewing applicantsę records. All candidates must complete an application to the Graduate School once they have been selected for an interview.

The department offers a graduate program in Pediatric Dentistry leading to a Master of Science degree. All students completing the program must submit a thesis. The program length is thirty-six months, beginning July 1. The programęs goal is to prepare the student for a career in dental education or clinical practice. Developing leadership skills and training advocates for childrenęs health is emphasized. For interested students, this program can be combined with other educational programs in the social sciences, basic sciences, or allied health professions leading to an additional masteręs degree, postdoctoral fellowship, institutional or individual Dentist-Scientist award, or a doctoral degree.

During the first year each student completes courses in research design and statistics. A protocol for the research project is completed in conjunction with the course work during the first year. This project provides a background in the scientific method and scientific writing. During the second year data are collected and during the third year the thesis is written and defended. Under the direction of leaders in many fields of research, research opportunities are available in a wide range of topics and can be undertaken in the School of Dentistry, the Dental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, or neighboring institutions. Numerous projects have received national acclaim and have resulted in publications in dental literature. Hospital training is gained through the University of North Carolina Hospitals. Graduate students are active members of the departmentęs teaching team during all years. Development of leadership skills in the health profession is supported by externship at the local, state, and national levels.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Graduate Courses in Pediatric Dentistry

200 abcd SEMINARS IN PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY (1, 1, 1, 1). (One hour/week for each fall and spring semester.) This is a seminar series that focuses on a broad range of topics related to pediatric dentistry and pediatric medicine including general medical issues, practice management, social issues, child advocacy, and presentation of unusual clinical cases. Roberts.

201 abcdef PEDIATRIC DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT PLANNING SEMINAR (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). (One hour/week each fall and spring semester for two years.) This course is a seminar wherein diagnosis and treatment planning options are considered through a problem-oriented approach. For cases in progress and completed, outcomes are reviewed and critiqued. Vann.

203 PRINCIPLES OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY. (Six hours/month for fall and spring semesters for twenty-four months.) This seminar covers the fundamentals of pediatric dentistry from behavior management to pulp therapy. The course relies on readings of classic and contemporary literature with seminars that include discussions and critiques of readings. Vann and Pediatric Dentistry faculty.

204 ADVANCED CLINICAL PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY. (Six to twelve hours/week for thirty-six months.) This course provides clinical experience in all phases of pediatric dentistry, including dental treatment under conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

205 CONTEMPORARY PRACTICE MANAGEMENT. (One hour monthly during the spring semester for three years.) This course provides an understanding of design, implementation, and management of a modern pediatric dental practice. Most seminar leaders are private practitioners who are adjunct faculty in the department. Vann.

206 TREATMENT OF PEDIATRIC DENTAL EMERGENCIES. (One hour/week each week for thirty-six months.) This seminar series serves as a faculty/resident forum for reviewing the previous weekęs emergency cases and in which diagnosis and treatment options are reviewed and critiqued. Endodontic faculty/residents also participate in this course. Vann.

209 PREVENTIVE ORTHODONTICS. (Seven hours/week each semester for thirty-six months.) This course provides an opportunity for students to learn and demonstrate a thorough orthodontic diagnosis and establish realistic treatment objectives considering all aspects of the patientęs treatment needs. This course also provides clinical experience in treating limited orthodontic problems seen commonly by pediatric dentists. Christensen.

301 RESEARCH. (Minimum of one half-day/week for thirty-six months.) Students pursue an institutionally approved research project under the guidance of the faculty following review of the pertinent literature and planning on the basis of sound experimental design. Faculty on staff.

393 MASTER'S THESIS. Faculty on staff.


The graduate program in Periodontology is designed to prepare dentists to enter the clinical practice of periodontics or to assume positions in academics and research. Stipends are provided during the three years of study.

The program consists of a thirty-six-month course of study leading to a Master of Science degree. The first two years are devoted primarily to the study of biological concepts and literature that relate to periodontology, as well as to the acquisition of clinical skills. A portion of the first two years is devoted to research. The third year involves a combination of patient care, teaching, research, and the successful completion of a thesis. Elective courses relating to areas of research interests are available.

The admission policy for graduate training in periodontology follows the regular requirements for admission to the Graduate School. Admission to the Graduate School is granted only after the department reviews and approves the application, transcript of prior academic work, letters of reference, and other credentials. All applications, transcripts, and letters of reference should be mailed to the Dental Admissions Office, UNC-Chapel Hill School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, NC 27599. All application materials should be submitted by September 15 for the following summer class beginning July 1. A personal interview is required for admission.

Students begin the program July 1. The number of students is limited to three each year.

Graduate Courses in Periodontology

250 abc (PERI) ADVANCED CLINICAL PERIODONTICS CLINICAL PRACTICE (9). 405 hours. Fall, spring, summer. Faculty on staff.

251 abc (PERI) ADVANCED CLINICAL PERIODONTICS CLINICAL PRACTICE (9). 405 hours. Fall, spring, summer. Faculty on staff.

266 abc (PERI) PERIODONTAL THERAPY (1,1,1). Fall, spring, summer. Faculty on staff.

268 abcde (PERI) CASE ANALYSIS (10). Fall, spring, summer. Faculty on staff.

270 abc (PERI) SEMINAR IN PERIODONTOLOGY (6). Review of literature. Fall, spring, summer. Faculty on staff.

271 ab (PERI) SEMINAR IN PERIODONTOLOGY (4). Review of literature. Fall, spring. Faculty on staff.

285 (PERI) OCCLUSION AND OCCLUSAL DYSHARMONIES (2). Spring. Faculty on staff.

301 abcdef (PERI) RESEARCH (5 each). Up to 1,350 laboratory hours. Arranged. Fall, spring, summer. Faculty on staff.

320 (PERI) INTRODUCTION TO IMPLANTS (2). Fall, spring. Faculty on staff.

321 (PERI) CLINICAL IMPLANTOLOGY (2). Spring. Faculty on staff.

393 (PERI) THESIS (3 or more).


The admission policy for graduate training in Prosthodontics follows the regular requirements for admission to the Graduate School. Admission to the Graduate School is granted only after the application, transcript of prior academic work, letters of reference, and other credentials are reviewed and approved by the appropriate committee. All applications, transcripts, and letters of reference should be mailed to the Dental Admissions Office, UNC-Chapel Hill School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, NC 27599. All application materials should be submitted by November 1 for the following summer class beginning July 1. A personal interview is required.

The Graduate Program in Prosthodontics is currently a thirty-six month course of study in fixed and removable prosthodontics, dental implant prosthodontics, and maxillofacial prosthetics leading to a Master of Science degree. The primary goals of the program are to prepare a student for clinical practice and/or a teaching and research career. The curriculum offers a broad educational experience in clinical, research, didactic, and teaching activities. The program satisfies the formal training requirements of the American Board of Prosthodontics for certification examination in prosthodontics.

Stipends are available at various levels throughout the entire course.

Graduate Courses in Prosthodontics

230 abc (PROS) INTRODUCTION TO PROSTHODONTIC LITERATURE (2, 2, 2). A seminar designed to review early and classic prosthodontic literature common to fixed and removable prosthodontics. Summer (first year); fall, spring (third year). Director, faculty on staff.

231 abcdef (PROS) PROSTHODONTIC PRINCIPLES, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT PLANNING-FIXED AND REMOVABLE (2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2). Principles of diagnosis and treatment relative to the prosthodontic patient are covered in depth in this seminar series. Fall, spring (first year); summer, fall, spring (second year); summer (third year). Director, faculty on staff.

232 abcdefghi (PROS) ADVANCED CLINICAL FIXED AND REMOVABLE PROSTHODONTICS (1, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, 3, 3, 3). This clinical offering is designed to permit the graduate student to experience all phases of advanced patient management in fixed and removable prosthodontics. Summer, fall, spring (first year); summer, fall spring (second year); summer, fall, spring (third year). Director, faculty on staff.

233 abcde (PROS) MAXILLOFACIAL PROSTHODONTIC PRINCIPLES, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT. (1, 1, 1, 1, 1). Principles of diagnosis and treatment relative to maxillofacial prosthodontic patients are covered in depth in this seminar series. Summer, fall, spring (second year); summer (third year). Minsley, faculty on staff.

234 abcdef (PROS) CLINICAL MAXILLOFACIAL PROSTHODONTICS (2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2). This clinical offering is designed to permit the graduate student to manage the comprehensive prosthodontic care of congenital and/or acquired maxillofacial defects in both the dental school and hospital environment. Spring (first year); summer, fall, spring (second year); summer, fall, spring (third year). Minsley, faculty on staff.

235 abcdefg (PROS) RESEARCH (2, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5). The graduate pursues the literature and selects a research project planned and conducted under the direction of the appropriate graduate faculty. Spring (first year); summer, fall, spring (second year); summer, fall, spring (third year). Graduate faculty.

236 (PROS) DENTAL MATERIALS (2). A seminar designed to study the composition, physical properties, and manipulative procedures for the numerous materials and products relative to prosthodontics. Fall (first year). Bayne.

393 (PROS) MASTER THESIS (3 or more). Completion of thesis for Master of Science degree. Spring (third year). Graduate faculty.

In addition to the courses listed, core courses are required in anatomy, microbiology, pharmacology, oral pathology, research methodology, scientific writing, and dental education. Flexibility in the curriculum also allows opportunity for appropriate electives.

Graduate Elective Courses

A number of graduate courses from allied clinical and biomedical disciplines are available as electives for prosthodontic graduate students. Though not required, elective courses are encouraged. Interest in electives (from within or outside the School of Dentistry) should be discussed with the program director so that the core curriculum can be adjusted to accommodate the studentęs needs.


The Department of Endodontics offers a three-year program leading to a Master of Science degree. The program is designed to prepare candidates for careers in academics, research, or the clinical practice of endodontics and for certification by the American Board of Endodontics.

The Endodontics graduate program involves an integrated study of biological sciences as they pertain to endodontics; development of the clinical skills required in the broad area of the endodontic specialty; review of classic and current literature in endodontics; teaching experience; research design and methodology; and development and completion of a research project.

Enrollment is limited to two candidates each year. The course of study begins July 1.

Graduate Courses in Endodontics

210 abcde (ENDO) ADVANCED CLINICAL ENDODONTICS (29). 870 hours of clinical practice. Faculty on staff.

211 abcde (ENDO) ENDODONTICS SEMINAR AND CASE ANALYSIS (15). 180 hours conference. Faculty on staff.

212 abcde (ENDO) ENDODONTICS LITERATURE REVIEW SEMINAR (20). 270 hours. Faculty on staff.

215 abcde (ENDO) ENDODONTICS CURRENT LITERATURE REVIEW (5). Seminar. Faculty on staff.

220 abcde (ENDO) RESEARCH (15). 675 hours of laboratory. Faculty on staff. Required each semester.

393 THESIS (3 or more). Third year.


Core courses required

201, 202, 203 (DENG)

206 (ORAD)

207 (ANAT)

210 (DECO)

220 (OMSU)

233 (OBIO)

235 (OBIO)

250-251 (OMSU)

Dental Hygiene Education

The primary objective of the Dental Hygiene Education Master of Science program is to prepare well-qualified educators for dental hygiene programs. At the successful completion of this program, the student should be able to (1) give evidence of having acquired advanced knowledge and skills in one of the following minors: Dental Management/Administration, Dental Radiology, Science Basic to Dental Hygiene Education, Oral Pathology, and Clinical Education, (2) develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary in the conduct of dental hygiene programs, (3) teach courses in more than one dental hygiene field, (4) define their own problems from the present body of knowledge in dental hygiene education, solve the problems, and present their work in a scholarly fashion.

Credit hour requirements vary and are based on the individual background of the student and on the minor selected by the student. Thirty-one to thirty-four credit hours are required in the core (including thesis or research) and three credit hours of electives in allied areas are also required. The length of the program is approximately two years. Minimum admissions requirements for the program include current licensure and a bacheloręs degree from an accredited institution and graduation from a dental hygiene program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation, American Dental Association. Work experience in dental hygiene education or dental hygiene practice is strongly recommended.

Applicants must have a grade point average of B or better in the professional undergraduate curriculum. Three letters of recommendation are required as well as completion of an admissions questionnaire by the applicant. The course of study begins July 1. An application to the University can be obtained by writing to the Admissions Office, School of Dentistry, CB# 7450, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450. For further information contact Coordinator, Dental Hygiene Education Program, School of Dentistry, CB# 7450, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450, (919) 966-2800.

Core Courses Required of Graduate Students in Dental Hygiene Education

115 (DHED) CURRENT CONCEPTS IN CLINICAL SKILLS (2). This course will review and update students in current treatment and diagnostic modalities in dental allied education. Summer. Mann.

120 (DHED) EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS (2). Summer. Mann.





237 (DHED) INTERNSHIP (6-9) Spring. Overman.

393 (DHED) THESIS (3). Spring. Wilder.

201 (DENG) RESEARCH DESIGN (1). Fall. Wright.

202 (DENG) BIOSTATISTICS (2). Spring. Phillips.



Additional courses are required for each minor as follows:

Biological Sciences

102 (DENT) GROSS ANATOMY (4). Montgomery.


114 (DENT) PHYSIOLOGY (4). Glasser.

Clinical Education




Dental Radiology







Oral Pathology


127 (DENT) PATHOLOGY I (3). Burkes.

202 (DENT) PATHOLOGY II (2). Burkes.