Department of Anthropology



Florence Babb (79), Cultural/Economic/Feminist Anthropology, Gender and Sexuality, Critical Development Studies, Urbanization in the Global South, Tourism Studies, Latin American Studies, Central America, Central Andes, Caribbean

Rudolf Colloredo-Mansfeld (76) Sociocultural Anthropology; Latin America; Economic and Social Change in Indigenous Communities in the Ecuadorian Andes; Indigenous Political Movements; Commodities and Consumption, Artisans, Food Systems

Arturo Escobar (53) Political Ecology; Anthropology of Development, Social Movements, and Science and Technology; Latin America; Colombia

Dale L. Hutchinson (63) Bioarchaeology, Human Osteology, Forensic Anthropology, Paleopathology, Health and Nutrition, Agricultural Origins and Consequences, Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States, South America

Paul W. Leslie (37) Human Ecology, Biological Anthropology, Demography, Population Genetics, Reproduction, East Africa

Patricia McAnany (75) Archaeology, Ritual Practice, Ancestor Veneration, Cultural Heritage, Economic Organization, Lithic Technology, Quantitative Methods, Mesoamerica

Donald Nonini (34) Urban Anthropology; Alternative Economic Systems; Political Anthropology; Cultural Politics of Ethnicity and Race; Globalization and Diasporas; Chinese Populations in Asia-Pacific; Southern United States

Peter Redfield (54) Anthropology of Science and Technology, Colonial History, Ethics, Humanitarianism and Human Rights, NGOs and Transnational Experts, Europe, French Guiana, Uganda

C. Margaret Scarry (48) Archaeology, Paleoethnobotany, Subsistence Economies, Foodways, North America, Greek Aegean, Complex Societies

Vincas P. Steponaitis (2) Archaeology, Political Economy, Chiefdoms, Quantitative Methods, Southeastern United States

Silvia Tomaskova (59) Archaeology & Anthropology, Paleolithic Europe, South Africa, History and Theory of Archaeology, Gender and Science, Prehistoric Imagery

Associate Professors

Anna Agbe-Davies (79) Historical Archaeology, African Diaspora Archaeology, Classification and Typology, Public Archaeology, North America

Brian Billman (42) Archaeology of Political Organizations, Political Economy, and Human Violence; Settlement Pattern Analysis, Household Archaeology, Heritage Preservation, Andes, and Southwestern United States

Robert E. Daniels (4) Social Anthropology, Psychological Anthropology, Systems Theory, Africa

Glenn D. Hinson (36) Folklore and Folklife, Belief Studies, Ethnography, Public Folklore, African American Vernacular Musics, African American Expressive Culture, Oral Poetry, Vernacular Art; African Diaspora, the American South

Valerie Lambert (58) American Indians, Sovereignty, Tribal Nation-Building, Tribal Governance, Oklahoma

Christopher Nelson (64) History and Memory, Everyday Life, Ethnography, Critical Theory, Storytelling, Ritual and Performance, Japan and Okinawa

Charles Price (62) Black Identity; Personal and Social Identity; Oral and Life History; Jamaica and the Anglophone Caribbean; Southern United States; Community Organizing; Community Organizations; Action Research; Welfare and Higher Education Policies, Action Research

Michele Rivkin-Fish (73) Medical Anthropology, Russia, Gender and Reproductive Rights, Critical Analyses of the U.S. Health Care System, Postsocialisms, Anthropology and Demography, Medical Education

Karla Slocum (56) Globalization, Social Movements, Place, Race, Political Economy, Gender; the Caribbean, North America

Mark Sorensen (67) Biological Anthropology, Health and Culture Change, International Health, Adaptability, Nutrition, Russia, Siberia

Amanda Thompson (78) Human Biology, Nutrition, Growth and Development; US, China

Margaret Wiener (47) Actor Network Theory and Ontological Politics, History and Memory, Materiality, Religion and Magic, Colonial Societies, Southeast Asia, Indonesia

Assistant Professors

Benjamin Arbuckle, Near Eastern Archaeology, Turkey, Origins and Evolution of Animal Economies, Animals in Complex Societies

Jocelyn Lim Chua (82) Medical Anthropology; Biomedicine, Psychiatry, and the Ethical Management of Life and Death; Suicide; Politics of Emotion and Affect; Violence and the Body; Migration and Diaspora; Postcolonial Studies; South Asia; Kerala

C. Townsend Middleton (83) Politics of Recognition, Belonging, and Autonomy; Affect and Anxiety; the State; Anthropology of Knowledge; Political Anthropology; India; South Asia

Colin West (81) Human Ecology and the Human Dimensions of Global Change; West Africa, Arctic North America/Asia, Southwestern United States

Adjunct Professors

R. P. Stephen Davis Jr. (40) Archaeology, Computer Applications, Settlement Systems, Contact Period, Southeastern United States

Adjunct Associate Professors

Lorraine Aragon (71) Religion, Intellectual Property Law, Art and Artisan Practices, Global Connections, Minorities and States, Language and Media, Migration and Conflict, Subsistence; Southeast Asia, Indonesia

Michael C. Lambert (51) Political Anthropology, Economic Anthropology, Africa

Barry Saunders (72) Anthropology of Biomedicine, Technologies,and Embodiment

Patricia Sawin (44) Ethnography of Communication, Narrative, Performance and Poetics, Gender, Anthropology of Children and Adoption, Southern United States, Latin America

Adjunct Assistant Professors

Karaleah Reichart, Economic Anthropology, Gender and Ethnicity, Conflict Resolution and Coalition Building, Life Histories, Appalachia

Brett Riggs (60) Archaeology, Contact Studies, Southeastern United States, Ethnohistory

Sandy Smith-Nonini (74) Medical Anthropology, Anthropology of Sustainability (Energy and Economics), Health Policy, Military Violence and Health, International Development, Social Movements, Latino Immigration, Central America

Laurie C. Steponaitis (39) Archaeology, Hunter-Gatherers, Regional Survey, Settlement Patterns, Coastal Adaptations, Shellfish Analysis, Eastern North America

Research Associate Professors

John F. Scarry (49) Method and Theory, Cultural/Resource Management, Complex Societies, European-Native American Interaction

Professors Emeriti

Carole L. Crumley (22) Historical Ecology, State Societies, Complex Systems Theory, Global Environmental Change, Ethnography, Ethnohistory, and Archaeology of Europe

Terence M. S. Evens (5) Social Anthropology, Social Theory, Phenomenology, Ethics, Philosophical Anthropology, Collectivist Settlements

Kaja Finkler (32) Medical Anthropology, Gender and Health, The New Genetics, Kinship and Family, Economic Anthropology, Political Economy, Globalization, Mexico, Latin America

Dorothy C. Holland (16) Identity and Agency, Social Practice Theory, Social Movements, Alternative Agri-food Movement, History in Person, Cultural Studies, Environmental Activism, Schooling and Work, United States

Norris B. Johnson (25) Architecture, Art and Aesthetics, Photography and Visual Anthropology, Religion and Nature, Japan

James L. Peacock (11) Global Issues and Identities: Southeast Asia and Southeastern United States

The Department of Anthropology offers advanced work leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Students admitted into the graduate program are admitted for the Ph.D. degree. A master's degree may be taken as part of the program leading to the Ph.D. degree;however, a master's degree is not an essential part of the doctoral program.

In order to organize constellations of research interest, the department curriculum is organized by programs and concentrations. Programs are offered in archaeology, human biology, ecology, and evolution, and sociocultural anthropology and ethnography. Concentrations include health, medicine, and humanity; global engagement; race, difference, and power; heritage and unwritten histories; and social formations and processes. Students are expected to take at least three courses from within their chosen area of concentration or from a set of courses designated by their program.

Programs are distinguished from concentrations by their institutional links to other faculty and administrative units on campus, and by their greater specificity for certain course requirements. Students interested in one or the other program are advised to so declare when they enter the department if they have not yet done so. Graduate students may take courses offered by other departments or institutions such as Duke University. Departmental policy is to help the student select courses that supplement and strengthen the specialization in anthropology.

Incoming graduate students are required to complete the appropriate two-semester core course sequence for their concentration: Sociocultural Theory and Ethnography (ANTH 701, 702) or Evolution and Ecology (ANTH 703, 704). In addition, incoming students will either choose to complete the remaining core course sequence, or take one course from that sequence and Archaeological Theory (ANTH 705). Other courses are selected from a list of concentration courses, field research courses, and professional preparation courses.

During the second year of study, graduate students are required to produce a substantial piece of independent research, advised by a three-member faculty committee and presented to the entire faculty at the end of the fourth semester. Graduate students are advised to take their written and oral Ph.D. exams by the end of the sixth semester.

The Ph.D. degree requires specialization in a defined area of study and the completion of an acceptable dissertation treating some problem within this area. The Ph.D. program is quite flexible; any area or problem can be selected for study, provided it meets the approval of the student's advisor, the Ph.D. committee, and the faculty. Part of the training of a professional anthropologist is based on a minimum of one year's fieldwork, which provides the context for the dissertation data in sociocultural anthropology or human ecology. For students concentrating in archaeology or biological anthropology, the Research Labs in Archaeology offer opportunities for student-led investigations as well as analysis of existing collections of archaeological material.

The Department of Anthropology works closely with the Institute for Research in Social Science, the Institute for the Study of the Americas, the Carolina Population Center, and the Research Laboratories of Archaeology.

Up-to-date lists of anthropology faculty and courses, along with additional information about the graduate program, faculty research projects, and other information, are available on the department's Web site:

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

400 Introduction to General Linguistics (LING 400) (3). See LING 400 for description.

406 Native Writers (3). Exploration of a broad selection of writings by native or indigenous scholars from tribal societies throughout the world. Seeks to understand the hopes, dreams, priorities, and perspectives of native peoples as expressed by and through their writers.

411 Laboratory Methods in Archaeology (3). An examination of the laboratory techniques used by archaeologists to analyze artifacts and organic remains, including the analysis of stone tools, pottery, botanical remains, and bone.

412 Paleoanthropology (3). This course traces the evolution of humans and nonhuman primates–including behaviors, tools, and bodies of monkeys, apes, and human hunters and gatherers–evolutionary theory, and paleoanthropological methods.

413 Laboratory Methods: Archaeobotany (3). Corequisite, ANTH 413L. This course will focus on the analysis of plant remains from archaeological sites. Introduction to laboratory methods, analytical approaches, and interpretive framework for archaeobotany. Prior course in archaeology recommended but not required.

413L Archaeobotany Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 413. Lab analysis of plant remains from archaeological sites with an emphasis on basic procedures for processing, sorting, and identifying macrobotanical remains.

414 Laboratory Methods: Human Osteology (3). This course will focus on the analysis of human skeletal materials in the laboratory and in the field, with an emphasis on basic identification, age and sex estimation, and quantitative analysis.

414L Human Osteology Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 414. The laboratory analysis of human skeletal materials with an emphasis on basic identification, age and sex estimation, and quantitative analysis.

415 Laboratory Methods: Zooarchaeology (3). This course will focus on the analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites. Introduction to laboratory methods, analytical approaches, and interpretive frameworks for zooarchaeology.

415L Zooarchaeology Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 415. Required preparation, an archaeological course or permission of instructor. Examination of identification techniques, quantitative methods, and interpretive frameworks used to analyze animal remains recovered from archaeological sites.

416 Bioarchaeology (3). The study of human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts. The collection and interpretation of quantitative and qualitative data is emphasized to assess the relationship between past biology, environment, culture, and behavior.

417 Laboratory Methods: Lithic Seminar (3). Laboratory techniques in stone tool research and experimental practice.

417L Lithic Analysis Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 417. Required preparation, any course in archaeology or permission of the instructor. This is a required one-hour laboratory section to be taken in conjunction with ANTH 417.

418 Laboratory Methods: Ceramic Analysis (3). A survey of the laboratory techniques used by archaeologists to study and draw social and behavioral inferences from ancient pottery.

419 Anthropological Application of GIS (3). Permission of the instructor. GIS experience required. This course explores applying GIS science technologies to anthropological problems. Students will learn GIS skills and apply them using spatial data.

420 Public Archaeology (3). The aim of the course is to build an understanding of archaeology as a discipline that involves and affects the public. Among the areas to be covered are the implementation of federal, state, and other statutes, and the presentation of archaeological knowledge through museums and public media.

421 Archaeological Geology (GEOL 421) (3). See GEOL 421 for description.

422 Anthropology and Human Rights (3). An examination of human rights issues from an anthropological perspective, addressing the historical formation of rights, their cross-cultural contest, and the emergence of humanitarian and human rights organizations on a global scale.

423 Written in Bone: CSI and the Science of Death Investigation from Skeletal Remains (3). This course combines laboratory training, field projects, lectures, films, discussion, and student presentations into a course on the science of human skeletal analysis. Students learn the laboratory methods scientists use to study human remains and the role of skeletal analysis in the study of contemporary forensic cases.

426 Making Magic (3). Magic in anthropology and popular culture, from the 19th century to the present. Focuses on witchcraft and healing; arts of illusion; fantasy and (multiple) realities. Examines how realities are made and unmade through speech, rites, relations of power.

428 Religion and Anthropology (FOLK 428, RELI 428) (3). Religion studied anthropologically as a cultural, social, and psychological phenomenon in the works of classical and contemporary social thought.

429 Culture and Power in Southeast Asia (ASIA 429, FOLK 429) (3). The formation and transformation of values, identities, and expressive forms in Southeast Asia in response to forms of power. Emphasis on the impact of colonialism, the nation-state, and globalization.

435 Consciousness and Symbols (CMPL 435, FOLK 435) (3). This course explores consciousness through symbols. Symbols from religion, art, politics, and self are studied in social, psychological, historical, and ecological context to ascertain meanings in experience and behavior.

437 Evolutionary Medicine (3). This course explores evolutionary dimensions of variation in health and disease in human populations. Topics include biocultural and evolutionary models for the emergence of infectious and chronic diseases and cancers.

438 Religion, Nature, and Environment (3). A seminar on concepts of nature within religions and a variety of world-wide spiritual traditions. Emphasis on sacred space, place, and pilgrimage as a vital intersection of religion and nature.

439 Political Ecology (3). Examines environmental degradation, hunger, and poverty through the lens of power relationships, particularly inequality, political and economic disenfranchisement, and discrimination. Discussion of global case studies, with a Latin American focus.

441 The Anthropology of Gender, Health, and Illness (WMST 441) (3). The course explores cultural beliefs, practices, and social conditions that influence health and sickness of women and men from a cross-cultural perspective.

442 Health and Gender after Socialism (WMST 440) (3). This course examines post-socialist experiences of the relationship between political, economic, social, and cultural transitions, and challenges in public health and gender relations.

443 Cultures and Politics of Reproduction (WMST 443) (3). This course takes a cross-cultural approach to understanding how reproduction and associated phenomena become arenas where political debates are played out and where global and local social relations are contested.

444 Medicine, Politics, and Justice (3). This course brings an anthropological approach to understanding the intersections between medicine, politics, and public health.

445 Migration and Health (WMST 445) (3). This course examines the intersections between migration processes and the political, economic, and social dimensions of health and well-being among migrants, their families, and their communities.

446 Poverty, Inequality, and Health (3). This course examines poverty, inequalities, and health from a global and historical perspective. We will study the role of sociopolitical context, individual behavior, and human biology, and will pay particular attention to the roles of psychosocial stress, material conditions, and policy in shaping health differences within and between populations.

447 The Anthropology of Work (3). Anthropological investigations of work and the relationship between work, family life, and community in contemporary societies in the United States, Asia, and Latin America, within the framework of globalization.

449 Anthropology and Marxism (3). Critical study of Marx's mature social theory and its relationship to contemporary anthropology.

451 Field School in North American Archaeology (6). Intensive training in archaeological field methods and techniques. Students participate in the excavation, recovery, recording, and interpretation of archaeological remains. Instruction given in survey, mapping, photography, flotation recovery, etc.

452 The Past in the Present (3). Memory and history, history and politics, national narratives, the past in the present, and the present in the past; a cross-cultural examination of ways of connecting the present and the past.

453 Field School in South American Archaeology (6). Intensive study of archaeological field and laboratory methods and prehistory of the Andes through excavation and analysis of materials from archaeological sites in Peru. Includes tours of major archaeological sites.

454 The Archaeology of African Diasporas (3). Considers how archaeological evidence is used to understand the movement of Africans and their descendants across the globe, with an emphasis on the transformation of societies on the African continent and in the Americas.

455 Ethnohistory (FOLK 455) (3). Integration of data from ethnographic and archaeological research with pertinent historic information. Familiarization with a wide range of sources for ethnohistoric data and practice in obtaining and evaluating information. Pertinent theoretical concepts will be explored.

456 Archaeology and Ethnography of Small-Scale Societies (3). The study of small-scale hunter-gatherer and farming societies from archaeological and ethnographic perspectives. Methods and theories for investigating economic, ecological, and social relations in such societies are explored.

458 Archaeology of Sex and Gender (WMST 458) (3). Required preparation, at least one ANTH or one WMST course. A discussion of gender and sex roles and sexuality in past cultures; a cross-cultural examination of ways of knowing about past human behavior.

459 Ecological Anthropology (ENEC 459) (3). Examines how human-environmental adaptations shape the economic, social, and cultural lives of hunter–gatherers, pastoralists, and agriculturalists. Approaches include optimal foraging theory, political ecology, and subsistence risk.

460 Historical Ecology (ENEC 460) (3). Historical ecology is a framework for integrating physical, biological, and social science data with insights from the humanities to understand the reciprocal relationship between human activity and the earth system.

461 Colonialism and Postcolonialism: History and Anthropology (3). This course examines colonialism and postcolonialism through the lenses of history and anthropology respectively. Through history, it asks, What were the dynamics of colonialism then? Through anthropology, it questions, What are the conditions, quandaries, and possibilities of postcolonialism now? Regional focus varies by instructor and year.

463 Settler Colonialism (3). This class will be framed around readings that explore the varied impact of European settlement across the globe. In focusing on both the varied global legacies of colonialism and the continued sociopolitical movements of indigenous populations, this class will encourage a broad perspective on what settler colonialism looks like today.

466 Alternative Economic Systems (3). An investigation of economic systems that are sustainable alternatives to the prevailing economic order. Topics include markets, the commons, cooperatives, local trading systems, and social movements working to achieve alternatives.

467 Culture, Wealth, and Poverty (3). Examines three broad perspectives used to explain inequality: ecological, cultural, and political. Students read theoretical works and evaluate arguments using ethnographies that describe local economies, institutions, and adaptive practices.

468 State Formation (3). The course examines the state, from its initial appearance 5,000 years ago to newly established nation-states, exploring the concepts of ethnicity, class, race, and history in state formation and maintenance.

469 History and Anthropology (3). Studies links between history and anthropology; cultures in historical perspective and history in cultural perspective; and effects of relations of power and historical interconnections on the peoples of the world.

470 Medicine and Anthropology (FOLK 470) (3). This course examines cultural understandings of health, illness, and medical systems from an anthropological perspective with a special focus on Western medicine.

473 Anthropology of the Body and the Subject (FOLK 473) (3). Anthropological and historical studies of cultural constructions of bodily experience and subjectivity are reviewed, with emphasis on the genesis of the modern individual and cultural approaches to gender and sexuality.

474 The Anthropology of Disability (3). Investigates the social, cultural, and historical variation in the conception of disability, in its practical meaning and performance, and in its social and medical management. Special attention is paid to the interplay of embodiment, identity, and agency in work and everyday life and in political action and advocacy.

477 Visual Anthropology (3). This course introduces students to visual forms of communication through both the analysis and production of still and video materials. Ethics, cross-cultural representations, and ethnographic theory will all be explored.

484 Discourse and Dialogue in Ethnographic Research (FOLK 484, LING 484) (3). Study of cultural variation in styles of speaking applied to collection of ethnographic data. Talk as responsive social action and its role in the constitution of ethnic and gender identities.

490 Undergraduate Seminar in Anthropology (3). Restricted to junior and senior anthropology majors; generally the course is limited to 18 students. The subject matter will vary with the instructor. Each course will concern itself with a study in contemporary anthropology and new directions in research or applications.

491 Political Anthropology (3). Introduction to political anthropology. A thematically organized investigation of political processes in state societies, including state formation, with special attention to ethnographic and historical approaches.

502 Globalization and Transnationalism (3). Anthropological examination of processes of globalization and transnationalism, with special attention to transnational migration, emergence of transnational ("global") institutions, commodity flows, and dissemination of ideologies, cultural frameworks, and media imagery.

503 Gender, Culture, and Development (WMST 503) (3). Classic writings and debates relating to gender and development, with emphasis on recent work that critiques conventional development models. The scope is global, with special attention to Latin America and to such questions as how alternative approaches to gender, culture, and development may be more inclusive of diverse peoples and grassroots movements for change.

520 Linguistic Phonetics (LING 520) (3). See LING 520 for description.

523 Phonological Theory I (LING 523) (3). See LING 523 for description.

525 Culture and Personality (FOLK 525) (3). Systems theory used to conceptualize relationship between cultural patterns and individual minds. Functional, dysfunctional, and therapeutic processes considered. Examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Native America. Lectures, films, recitations.

537 Gender and Performance: Constituting Identity (FOLK 537, WMST 438) (3). Examines the culturally and historically variable ways in which individuals constitute themselves as cis- or trans-gendered subjects, drawing upon extant expressive resources, modifying them, and expanding options available to others. Performance of self as the product of esthetically marked or unmarked, everyday actions.

538 Disease and Discrimination in Colonial Atlantic America (3). Colonization of Atlantic America between 1500 and 1900, through landscape change, agriculture, poverty, labor discrimination, and slavery differentially placed subsets of the general population at risk for infectious disease and other insults to their health. Lecture and discussion using archaeological and bioarchaeological studies, modern disease studies, and historic documents.

539 Environmental Justice (3). Course examining issues of race, poverty, and equity in the environmental movement. Cases include the siting of toxic incinerators in predominantly people-of-color communities as well as resource exploitation on indigenous lands.

540 Planetary Crises and Ecological and Cultural Transitions (3). Analysis of the social-environmental crisis and approaches to redress it, particularly those that posit ecological and cultural transitions beyond current globalization models. Participants will construct their own scenarios for transitions to sustainable and pluralistic societies. The course will have an in-built, collective research component. Intended for upper-division undergraduates.

541 Sociolinguistics (LING 541) (3). See LING 541 for description.

542 Pidgins and Creoles (LING 542) (3). See LING 542 for description.

545 The Politics of Culture in East Asia (ASIA 545) (3). Examines struggles to define culture and the nation in 20th-century China in domains like popular culture, museums, traditional medicine, fiction, film, ethnic group politics, and biography and autobiography.

550 Archaeology of the American South (3). Current issues and interpretations in the archaeology of the American South. Through weekly readings and discussions, students will explore the lifeways and changes that characterized each major period of the South's ancient history, from 12,000 years ago to the beginnings of European colonization.

551 Origins of Agriculture in the Ancient World (3). This course explores archaeological evidence for the origins of food production. We address when and where this profound change occurred as well as focusing on why it happened and what its consequences were. We will examine current evidence for the origins of agriculture in both Old and New Worlds.

559 History in Person (3). Extends anthropological approaches to identity in social life. Examines social position, power, and cultural imagination; the personal and collective dynamics of sociocultural change; and the concept of agency.

567 Urban Anthropology (3). Comparative study of the political economy and cultural politics of populations in spaces and landscapes in cities in America and the Third World undergoing globalization, economic restructuring, and transnational immigration.

574 Chinese World Views (ASIA 574, RELI 574) (3). Explores the indigenous Chinese sciences and the cosmological ideas that informed them. Topics include astronomy, divination, medicine, fengshui, and political and literary theory. Chinese sources in translation are emphasized.

578 Chinese Diaspora in the Asia Pacific (ASIA 578) (3). Examination of the histories, social organization, and cultures of the Chinese diasporas in the Asia Pacific region, focusing on contemporary issues in the cultural politics and identities of "overseas Chinese."

584 Conspiracy Thinking in Contemporary United States (3). We will consider the JFK assassination, in detail and in historical context, and several subsequent real and imagined conspiracies, including 9/11. The course focuses on a fundamental issue in social analysis: the empirical and epistemological bases of what we know about our society, its current events and recent history.

585 Anthropology of Science (3). Cultural perspectives on science and technology at a global scale, including research settings and social contexts, knowledge claims and material practice, and relations between scientific worldviews, social institutions, and popular imagination.

586 The Gardens, Shrines, and Temples of Japan (ASIA 586) (3). The religious landscape and built environments of Japan. Attention to palace, courtyard, and teahouse architecture and gardens, with emphasis on Shinto shrines and the Zen Buddhist temple and garden.

590 Special Topics in Anthropology I (3). Subject matter will vary with instructor but will focus on some particular topic or anthropological approach. Course description is available from the departmental office.

623 Human Disease Ecology (3). This seminar considers cultural ecologies of disease by examining how social, cultural, and historical factors shape disease patterns. We examine how ecosystems are shaped by disease, how disease shapes ecosystems, and how cultural processes (e.g., population movements, transportation, economic shifts, landscape modifications, and built environments) contribute to emerging infectious disease.

624 Anthropology and Public Health (3). This course compares disciplinary approaches of public health and anthropology. We begin by examining the social determinants of health paradigms and relationships between inequality, poverty, and global health. We will explore epidemiological, biocultural, and symbolic approaches to these problems. Public policy and health development will also be examined.

625 Ethnography and Life Stories (3). The course focuses on the practical and research uses of ethnography and oral history, emphasizing life histories, life stories, biographies, and how these intersect with communities.

626 African Cultural Dynamics (3). In-depth reading of several books and articles that consider the interaction between indigenous African traditions and intrusive colonial and postcolonial forces. Emphasis on class discussion. Short papers and individual projects.

629 Language Minority Students: Issues for Practitioners (EDUC 629) (3). See EDUC 629 for description.

639 Beyond the Tragedy of the Commons (3). Reexamination of the "tragedy of the commons" concept in light of recent work on environmental problems, property rights, and community-based conservation. Case studies include fishery, waterway, forest, and pasture management.

649 Politics of Life and Death (3). The course examines intersections between life, death, and contemporary politics, with a historical focus on the health of populations. It combines theoretical discussions with comparative empirical cases in a global frame and includes a research component.

650 Reconstructing Life: Nutrition and Disease in Past Populations (3). This is an advanced course in the reconstruction of nutrition and health in past populations. Among the topics explored are epidemiology, disease ecology, dietary reconstruction, and paleopathology.

651 Identity, Memory, and the Afterlife: The Space and Place of Death (3). Death is a universal event, yet treatment of the dead varies from society to society. This course will be directed at examining mortuary rituals, memory and identity, and the scientific study of the dead to interpret the space and place of death in archaeological contexts.

660 Kinship, Reproduction, Reproductive Technology, and the New Genetics (WMST 660) (3). This course focuses on the relationship between family, kinship, new reproductive technologies, and the new genetics from a cross-cultural perspective.

674 Issues in Cultural Heritage (3). This course examines entanglements between the past and present from multiple and conflicting perspectives, highlighting an archaeological point of view. Models of participatory research are considered in relation to cultural heritage, and indigenous-rights perspectives are discussed in reference to archaeological, nation–state, and global interests.

675 Ethnographic Method (FOLK 675) (3). Intensive study and practice of the core research methods of cultural and social anthropology.

682 Contemporary Chinese Society (ASIA 682) (3). Presents recent anthropological research on the People's Republic of China. In addition to social sciences sources, fictional genres are used to explore the particular modernity of Chinese society and culture.

688 Observation and Interpretation of Religious Action (FOLK 688, RELI 688) (3). Permission of the instructor. Exercises (including field work) in learning to read the primary modes of public action in religious traditions, e.g., sermons, testimonies, rituals, and prayers.

690 Special Topics in Anthropology II (2-3). Subject matter will vary with instructor but will focus on some particular topic or anthropological approach. Course description is available from the departmental office.

691H Seniors Honors Project in Anthropology (3). Permission of the instructor. Open only to honors candidates.

692H Senior Honors Thesis in Anthropology (3). Permission of the instructor. Open only to honors candidates.

Courses for Graduate Students


700 Advanced Survey of Anthropology (3). Course description is available from the departmental office.

701 Theory and Ethnography (3). Permission of the instructor. Development of a critical understanding of the anthropological study of society and culture through discussion of problems and issues expressed in classic theoretical and ethnographic literature.

702 Sociocultural Theory and Ethnography (3). Prerequisite, ANTH 701. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.

703 Evolution and Ecology (3). Permission of the instructor. Development of a critical understanding of anthropological approaches to evolution and ecology in paleontological, archaeological, and present-day crosscultural contexts through the historical and comparative study of theory, method, and content.

704 Evolution and Ecology (3). Prerequisite, ANTH 703. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Continuation of topics covered in 703, with an emphasis on ecological and evolutionary perspectives on contemporary human biology and behavior.

705 Archaeological Theory (3). Review of the recent history of archaeology and contemporary approaches to archaeological interpretation.

710 Writing and Publishing in Anthropology (3). A seminar on the peer review and analysis of student writing. Training in writing for academic publication.

711 Feminist Ethnography (3). This graduate seminar considers issues in qualitative research methodology through reading and discussing feminist ethnographies and critical assessments of such work. Asks questions about interdisciplinarity and the dilemmas of field research and writing. Highlights the feminist politics of positionality of the researcher and the ethnographic representation of subjects of research.

714 Current Issues in Participatory Research: A Workshop Course (1). This one-hour course is open to UNC graduate students interested in Participatory Research (PR). It is required for the Graduate Certificate in PR and designed to integrate new students into the intellectual discussions and the PR community on campus.

715 Feminism and Society (WMST 715) (3). Selected topics in feminist analysis of social life, with materials drawn from a global range of societies.

717 Advanced Studies in Art and Architecture (3). Prerequisite, ANTH 334. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Intensive study of selected topics and issues in the analysis and interpretation of prehistoric and cross-cultural art, architecture, and other aesthetic forms.

723 Seminar in Anthropological Linguistics (LING 723) (3). Selected topics from general linguistics and sociolinguistics, special emphasis on methods and problems involved in analysis and description of semantic structure of language and its relation to the rest of culture.

724 Seminar in Anthropology and Cybernetics (3). Examination of systems theory, or cybernetics; evaluation of previous applications of cybernetic models in anthropology; and original analysis of anthropological data in these terms by students.

725 Quantitative Methods in Anthropology (3). Survey of standardized data-gathering techniques, problems in research design, and methods of quantitative analysis encountered in anthropological research.

726 Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (3). Introduction to quantitative and computer methods in archaeology. The course stresses exploratory data analysis and graphical pattern recognition techniques.

727 Archaeology of North America (3). The history of American Indian cultures from 10,000 BCE to the time of the European colonization as reconstructed by archaeological research. Special emphasis on the eastern and southwestern United States.

728 Seminar in American Archaeology (3). This seminar covers current research topics in North American archaeology, with an emphasis on the eastern or southwestern United States. Specific topics may vary from year to year.

729 Research Strategies in Archaeology (3). This seminar develops students' skills in crafting research designs, proposals, and presentations. Examples and readings focus on archaeology and bioarchaeology but the skills covered are widely applicable.

733 Advanced Seminar in Caribbean Studies (3). Permission of the instructor. Survey of Caribbean cultural development for students with some knowledge or experience in the area. Particular attention is given to current problems and recent theoretical issues.

740 Power (3). Theories of power within anthropology, from Marxism, poststructuralism, feminist studies, studies in race relations, cultural studies, others.

744 Seminar in Ethnicity and Cultural Boundaries (3). Investigation of recent theoretical approaches to ethnic phenomena; consideration of cases ranging from tribal organization to complex industrial nations; analysis of particular ethnographic and ethnohistorical situations by individual students.

749 Cultural Production (3). Critical examination of theories of social and cultural (re)production (e.g., Bourdieu's practice theory, cultural studies and resistance theory) applied to enduring issues (e.g., the relations between power and gender, race, and class).

750 Seminar in Medical Anthropology (3). Specially designed for, but not restricted to, students who are specializing in medical anthropology. Medicine as part of culture; medicine and social structure viewed crossculturally; medicine in the perspective of anthropological theory; research methods. A special purpose is to help students plan their own research projects, theses, and dissertations.

751 Seminar on the Anthropological Contribution to the Understanding of Medical Systems (3). Anthropological contributions to the understanding of medical systems, sickness, and public health. Attention is given to the ways in which medical anthropology illuminates social processes, beliefs, and ideologies.

752 Transcultural Psychiatry (3). Prerequisite, ANTH 470 or 525. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Considers cross-cultural variations in the perception, definition of, and reaction to course and treatment of deviant behavior–especially mental disorders.

753 Gender, Sickness, and Society (WMST 753) (3). This seminar deals in-depth and cross-culturally with the nature of gender and the ways in which social comprehension of gender, gender status, and gender relationships impinge upon differential experience of health and sickness of men and women from a historical and contemporary perspective.

754 Phenomenological Anthropology (3). Permission of the instructor. The course aims to apply the theories and methods of phenomenology to the practice of anthropology.

755 Seminar in Ecology and Population (3). Mutual relationships of environment, social structure, mortality, and natality, reviewed in an evolutionary framework.

756 The Evolution of Human Cognition (3). Permission of the instructor. A critical exploration of contemporary evidence on the evolution of human cognition and consciousness, including phylogenetic, comparative (interspecific), ontogenetic, and cross-cultural perspectives.

759 Identity and Agency (3). Sociogenic theories of identity, agency, and human consciousness–the works of Mikhail Bakhtin, Pierre Bourdieu, and others–examined ethnographically and cross-culturally in selected fields of social activity.

760 Seminar in Human Evolutionary Ecology (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. Examination of evolutionary ecology concepts with existing or potential uses in human adaptation research, including adaptation and optimization, effective environmental properties, foraging strategies, niche, competitive exclusion, life history tactics, and biogeography.

765 Seminar in the Anthropology of Law (3). This course analyzes the nature of law and conceptions of authority in various Asian, African, and American preliterate societies. Using theories of social cohesion and process, the course relates law to the economy, social organization, religious ideology, and political institutions.

766 Seminar in Ethnobotany (3). Permission of the instructor. The focus is on economic plants and primitive technology, ecological relationships between man and plants, and analysis and interpretation of archaeological plant remains. Some laboratory work is expected.

770 Seminar on Anthropological Perspectives on Latin America (3). The seminar focuses on the interaction of five major issues in Latin America: class, ethnicity, gender, religion, and health.

777 Human Rights and Humanitarianism (3). This seminar examines human rights claims and contemporary moral discourse about human suffering from the perspective of anthropology.

788 Observation and Interpretation of Religious Action (3). Explores religious action through fieldwork as a way of studying method and theory.

790 Dialectology (LING 790) (3). See LING 790 for description.

793 Linguistic Field Work I (LING 793) (3). See LING 573 for description.

794 Linguistic Field Work II (LING 794) (3). See LING 574 for description.

808 Researching and Writing Lives (3). The course focuses on developing students' qualitative and analytic research skill through a project that culminates in writing a life story. Students will design a research plan, develop a research relationship with an interlocutor, hone methodological techniques, discuss ethical concerns, strengthen analytic interpretation, and produce a polished life narrative.

809 Ethnographic Methods (3). Explores method and theory of ethnographic research, including its critical development, ethical challenges, personal transformations, and place as social scientific inquiry. Field project required.

810 Seminar in the Anthropology of Meaning (1). Ongoing seminar for students and faculty participating in the Anthropology of Meaning concentration.

817 The Concept of Teaching General Anthropology (3). Permission of the department. Directed course preparation and review of teaching techniques, films, and other aids.

818 Training in the Teaching of Anthropology (3). Prerequisite, ANTH 817. Permission of the department. The trainee teaches a small class in general anthropology under supervision.

860 Art of Ethnography (FOLK 860) (3). See FOLK 860 for description.

897 Seminar in Selected Topics (1–4). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

898 Seminar in Selected Topics (1–4). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

901 Reading and Research (1–4). Permission of the instructor. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

902 Reading and Research (1–4). Permission of the instructor. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

915 Reading and Research in Methodology (1–4). Permission of the instructor. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

916 Reading and Research in Methodology (1–4). Permission of the instructor. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

921 Field Research (3). Permission of the instructor. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

922 Field Research (3). Permission of the instructor. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3). Individual research in a special field under the direction of a member of the department.

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3). Individual research in a special field under the direction of a member of the department.