School of Dentistry

www.dentistry.unc.edu

JANE A. WEINTRAUB, Dean

Professors

Roland R. Arnold, Immunology, Host-Microbial Biology

James D. Beck, Oral Epidemiology

Lyndon Cooper, Bone Cell Physiology, Implantology

Terry Donovan, Operative Dentistry and Dental Materials

Greg Essick, Dental Research Center

Eric Everett, Associate Dean for Research, Pediatric Dentistry

Richard Gracely, Endodontics

Janet Guthmiller, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, Periodontology

H. Garland Hershey, Orthodontics

Harald Heymann, Operative Dentistry, Biomaterials

Ching-Chang Ko, Orthodontics

Jessica Lee, Pedatric Dentistry

John Ludlow, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

William Maixner, Neurobiology, Pain Perception and Modulation, Pain Management, Endodontics

Sally Mauriello, Dental Hygiene

Kenneth N. May Jr., Operative Dentistry

Valerie Murrah, Oral Carcinogenesis, Salivary Gland Malignancies

Steven Offenbacher, Inflammatory Mediators, Host Response, Periodontal, Systemic Diseases

Lauren Patton, Oral Medicine, Dental Ecology

Ceib Phillips, Assistant Dean for Advanced Education/Graduate Programs, Orthodontics

William Proffit, Orthodontics

Andre Ritter, Operative Dentistry

Emile Rossouw, Orthodontics

Gary Slade, Oral Epidemiology

John W. Stamm, Oral Epidemiology

Ronald P. Strauss, Medical Sociology and Health Promotion/Disease Prevention

Edward J. Swift, Operative Dentistry

Timothy Turvey, Consequences of Craniofacial and Maxillofacial Surgery

Donald A. Tyndall, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Raymond P. White Jr., Oral Surgery Therapies

Aldridge Wilder, Clinical and Laboratory Dental Materials Research

Rebecca Wilder, Dental Hygiene

J. Tim Wright, Pediatric Dentistry

Mitsuo Yamauchi, Collagen Biochemistry, Physiology and Metabolism of Bone

Associate Professors

Silvana Barros, Periodontology

Alice Curran, Oral Pathology

Luda Diatchenko, Endodontics

Sylvia Frazier-Bowers, Orthodontics

Albert Guckes, Prosthodontics

Lorne D. Koroluk, Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics

Mark Kutcher, Oral Medicine

Glenn E. Minsley, Prosthodontics

Rocio Quinonez, Pediatric Dentistry

Eric Rivera, Endodontics

Rose Sheats, Orthodontics

John Sturdevant, Operative Dentistry

Jennifer Webster-Cyriaque, Oral Medicine, Dental Ecology

David Zajac, Craniofacial Disorders

Thomas Ziemiecki, Prosthodontics

Lee Boushell, Operative Dentistry

Andrea Nackley, Endodontics

Assistant Professors

Sompop Bencharit, Prosthodontics

Xi Chen, Dental Ecology

Ingeborg DeKok, Prosthodontics

Asma Khan, Endodontics

Tung Nguyen, Orthodontics

Anne Sanders, Dental Ecology

Clinical Professors

Ralph Leonard, Diagnostic Sciences and General Dentistry

Samuel Nesbit, Diagnostic Sciences and General Dentistry

Luis Pimenta, Dental Ecology

Enrique Platin, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Michael Roberts, Pediatric Dentistry

Clinical Associate Professors

Jay Anderson, Oral Surgery

Carlos Barrero, Prosthodontics

George H. Blakey, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Anesthesia

Richard Eidson, Operative Dentistry

Carol Haggerty, Diagnostic Sciences

Robert Hollowell, Dental Ecology, Hospital Dentistry

Lewis Lampiris, Dental Ecology, DISC

Michael Milano, Pediatric Dentistry

Shannon Mitchell, Dental Ecology

Antonio Moretti, Periodontology

Vickie P. Overman, Dental Hygiene

Ricardo Padilla, Diagnostic Sciences

James Parker, Operative Dentistry

Glenn Reside, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Allen Samuelson, Dental Ecology

Douglas Solow, Diagnostic Sciences and General Dentistry

Margot Stein, Dental Ecology

Clinical Assistant Professors

Jennifer Brame, Dental Hygiene

Hong Chen, Endodontics

Derek Duggan, Endodontics

Ibrahim Duqum, Prosthodontics

Lynn Fox, Dental Ecology

Glenn Garland, Diagnostic Sciences and General Dentistry

Brent Golden, Oral Surgery

Matthew Hopfensperger, Prosthodontics

Lynne Hunt, Dental Ecology

Pei Feng Lim, Endodontics

Gustavo Mendonca, Prosthodontics

Andre Mol, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Thiago Morelli, Periodontology

Amy Nguyen, Dental Hygiene

Jongbae Park, Endodontics

Jonathan Reside, Periodontology

Lynn Smith, Dental Assisting

Lisa Stoner, Prosthodontics

Peter Tawil, Endodontics

Karen Tiwana, Urgent Care

Research Assistant Professors

Eric Bair, Endodontics

Kimon Divaris, Pediatric Dentistry

Shad Smith, Endodontics

Inna Tchivileva, Endodontics

Professors Emeriti

Kent W. Healey

Phillip Hirsch

Graduate instruction in the School of Dentistry is offered in dental hygiene education, endodontics, operative dentistry, oral biology, oral epidemiology, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, and prosthodontics and in the Curriculum in Oral Biology.

The specialty practice programs, endodontics, operative dentistry, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, and prosthodontics, are dual specialty certificate and master of science degree programs. The minimum requirements for the certificate are prescribed by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association (CODA) and the respective specialty boards for the approved CODA specialties. The master of science degree is conferred by the University of North Carolina Graduate School and requires the successful completion of required course work, oral and/or written comprehensive examinations, a research project, and a thesis. Graduates who possess an appropriate degree and who meet the requirements of The Graduate School are considered for admission. Enrollment for study in these specialty programs requires approximately three years of residency. The curricula have been designed to permit maximum flexibility in preparation for practice, teaching, and/or research, as well as to meet the educational requirements of the specialty boards.

Other advanced education programs available within the School of Dentistry include the dental hygiene education program, oral biology, oral epidemiology, and oral and maxillofacial surgery. The oral biology and oral epidemiology programs lead to the doctoral degree (Ph.D.) and require four or more years to complete. The dental hygiene education program spans two years and is a master of science program designed to prepare dental hygienists for teaching, research, or corporate employment. The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery program is a six-year dual degree (M.D.) program with a certificate in oral and maxillofacial surgery

Information regarding admission, entrance requirements, and/or curricula of a specific advanced education program may be obtained online at www.dentistry.unc.edu/academic or www.unc.edu/gradrecord/programs/dentistry.html.

Tuition and Fees

Tuition and fees are subject to change at any meeting of NC Board of Trustees and a yearly increase should be anticipated each year. Tuition and fees apply for all years of study and training. Current tuition and fees for in-state and nonresidents may be obtained online at www.unc.edu/ugradbulletin/finances.html. Required instruments, books, computers, and laboratory fees are determined by each program. Tuition and fees are due at the time of registration.

Student loans are available on the same basis as for undergraduates. Additional information can be obtained online at admissions.unc.edu/Aid_and_Scholarships/default.html.

Oral Biology

Oral biology is a highly translational, multi-disciplinary program of study that focuses on the growth, development, and pathologies of the craniofacial complex and associated physiological structures, as well as the study of disease and healing mechanisms related to these structures. The program has three concentrations:

• Host-Pathogen Interactions

• Pain Neurobiology

• Skeletal Biology and Extracellular Matrices

The discipline of oral biology applies and extends the concepts of immunology, embryology, physiology, cellular and molecular biology, neurobiology, pharmacology, microbiology, and biochemistry to understanding the growth and development and pathologies associated with the craniofacial complex and oral cavity. Attention in dental research and practice is now focusing on the dynamics of oral disease and prevention and treatment at the earliest stages of development, including research on risk factors for disease as well as the cellular and molecular events in disease pathogenesis. Molecular approaches for oral disease analysis and the complexity of disease elements require advanced training in the discipline of oral biology. Modern biomedical research is also identifying systemic relationships between oral conditions, health status, and diseases such as atherosclerosis, HIV, and cancer; the oral cavity also offers an ideal model to study biological structures and cellular mechanisms important throughout the body and important in immune response.

The Concentration in Host-Pathogen Interactions focuses on chronic inflammatory conditions and encompasses the study of infectious diseases and host responses. This concentration focuses on the underlying pathologies associated with infectious diseases, as well as the nature and regulation of host responses which result in acute and chronic inflammatory disorders, in order to develop therapeutic approaches to the treatment of these conditions. The Concentration in Pain Neurobiology encompasses a translational approach to study maladaptive pain conditions. This concentration integrates genetics, molecular biology, animal models, psychophysical testing, neuroimaging, and clinical epidemiological approaches to better understand the mechanisms driving chronic pain as well as to identify unique markers for diagnosis and treatment. The Concentration in Skeletal Biology and Extracellular Matrices encompasses the study of the development, structure and function of mineralized and connective tissues. This program uses basic, translational, and biomedical engineering approaches to the study of bone, tooth and connective tissue physiology, pathology and repair.

Expertise and authority in these particular concepts are well-represented within the research and training qualifications of program faculty located in numerous UNC programs and departments, including the School of Dentistry, School of Medicine, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Neurosciences Center, the Center for Cystic Fibrosis, and the Center for AIDS Research.

Curricular requirements are based on training areas, with common core requirements for all students. Research interests and qualifications will also determine course requirements. Research is a key element of the program, and students start laboratory rotations during their first semester to allow maximum time for research involvement.

Admissions

There are two pathways for admission to the Curriculum in Oral Biology:

1) Direct Application to Oral Biology:

Individuals (domestic or international) with a doctoral or biomedical professional degree, including DDS, DMD, MD or equivalent, should apply directly to the program through the UNC Graduate School: gradschool.unc.edu

2) Application through Biological and Biomedical Sciences Program:

Individuals (domestic or international) without an advanced professional biomedical degree must apply through the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Program (BBSP): www.med.unc.edu/bbsp

Research Facilities

The Curriculum in Oral Biology graduate program is located in the North Carolina School of Dentistry. The central base for much of the basic science research in the curriculum is in the Koury Oral Health Sciences Building with access to SEM/TEM microscopy, tissue culture facilities, anaerobic microbiology support, ALAC-accredited animal facilities, computers and software for image analyses/enhancement and finite element analyses, and a clinical research unit, which includes an eight-patient operatory. Biostatistical assistance is readily available as well as medical illustration, photography, radiology, and grants management.

Financial Aid

Graduate research assistantships are awarded competitively for students accepted into the oral biology Ph.D. program. These competitive assistantships provide support through program resources during the first year with health insurance, and may include a special tuition rate for out-of-state students. Support for dissertation research (beginning in the student's second year) is generally made available by faculty mentors. Students are eligible for financial aid through The UNC Office of Scholarships & Student Aid. International students are encouraged to contact the International Student & Scholar Services for resource contacts if financial aid is needed.

Correspondence and information:
Cindy Blake
Graduate Program Manager
Oral Biology Ph.D. Program
School of Dentistry
5502 Koury Oral Health Sciences Building, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7455
Telephone: (919) 537-3230 Fax: (919) 966-3683
Web: www.dentistry.unc.edu.

Dual Degree Program in Oral Biology and Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.)

There is an opportunity for students who have an interest in pursuing both a Ph.D. degree in oral biology with The Graduate School to simultaneously pursue a doctor of dental surgery (D.D.S.) degree in the School of Dentistry. This special program is a seven-year program that allows the pursuit of both degrees simultaneously, and results in awarding of both the Ph.D. and the D.D.S. degree upon completion of the requirements for both programs.

Applying for this dual degree program is an option when applying for either the oral biology graduate program or for the D.D.S. program in the School of Dentistry. The applicant must indicate an interest in pursuing the dual degree program at the time of application, and will be interviewed and accepted into the program as a dual degree student. The application deadline for this dual degree program is November 1 (the deadline for the D.D.S. program). Students applying for the dual degree program must take either the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) OR the Dental Aptitude Test (DAT), but are not required to take both exams. All other requirements for application to the dual degree program are identical to the application process for the oral biology graduate program. Students not chosen to enter the dual degree program would still be eligible for admittance into either the D.D.S. program or the oral biology graduate program through the regular application process.

Students accepted into the dual degree program will follow a specialized curriculum, which combines scientific and clinical training with research activities designed to promote a career in academic dentistry. The first two years of the program will consist of basic didactic courses in the Ph.D. program coupled with laboratory experiences, followed by a four-year period of the D.D.S. comprehensive clinical care education and continued dissertation research. The final year(s) consists of completion of the Ph.D. dissertation. Students who successfully complete the program will then be awarded both the Ph.D. and D.D.S. degrees at the completion of the requirements for both degrees. Students who are not eligible or who choose not to complete both programsbut rather pursue only the D.D.S. degree must apply to the D.D.S. program and be accepted through the regular application process.

Oral Epidemiology

The University of North Carolina offers a program leading to a Ph.D. degree in epidemiology under the cooperative auspices of the School of Dentistry's Department of Dental Ecology and the School of Public Health's departments of Epidemiology and Health Policy and Management. The strong, nationally recognized Department of Epidemiology at the Gillings Global School of Public Health has a well-established doctoral program, and oral epidemiology has been taught as part of the Program in Dental Public Health for many years. The integration of the wealth of resources in the three departments makes this program unique.

The goal of the oral epidemiology program is to provide students with the ability to identify, analyze, and predict changes in oral diseases and conditions. These conditions include dental caries, oral cancer, oral mucosal lesions, periodontal diseases, craniofacial and dentofacial anomalies, and systemic diseases that affect, and are affected by, oral health. Degree recipients will have the academic foundation, advanced knowledge, and skills needed to conduct, interpret, and evaluate sophisticated epidemiologic investigations and clinical research projects.

Information, including advice regarding application, is at www.sph.unc.edu/epid.

Endodontics

The Department of Endodontics offers a three-year program leading to a certificate in endodontics and a master of science degree. The program is designed to prepare candidates for careers in academics, research, or the clinical practice of endodontics, and for certification by the American Board of Endodontics.

The endodontics graduate program involves an integrated study of biological sciences as they pertain to endodontics, development of the clinical skills required in the broad area of the endodontic specialty, review of classic and current literature in endodontics, teaching experience, research design and methodology, and the development and completion of a research project.

Application requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) www.adea.org/dental_education_pathways/pass/Pages/default.aspx by August 15th for the following summer class beginning July 1. A personal interview is required for admission. After review by the program, applicants will be informed regarding application to the Graduate School. Admission to The Graduate School is granted only after the department reviews and approves the application, transcripts or prior academic work, letters of reference, and other credentials

The number of students is limited to three each year. Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

The advanced dental education program in oral and maxillofacial pathology prepares qualified oral and maxillofacial specialists for positions of responsibility in institutions of higher dental education, research, or in private practice. Students develop competence in surgical oral pathology, acquire skills in the clinical management of patients with disorders of the head and neck, gain experience in pathology laboratory management, and develop teaching and research skills for enhancement of an academic career. Upon completion of the necessary requirements, each student is eligible for fellowship in the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.

Applications for admission to the program are made online through the UNC Graduate School: www.gradschool.unc.edu/students_prospective.html.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

The advanced education program in oral and maxillofacial radiology begins on July 1 of each year and extends for three years. The primary goal of the program is to prepare specialists who are fully qualified in the clinical practice of oral and maxillofacial radiology and to provide patient care, teach, and conduct research in an oral health care institution or to provide patient care in the private practice setting.

The program includes training in radiological sciences (radiological physics, radiation biology, radiation protection, imaging science), clinical sciences (intraoral, extraoral and cone beam CT imaging, radiographic interpretation of conditions affecting the oral and maxillofacial region), medical sciences (oral and maxillofacial pathology, head and neck anatomy) and research sciences (research design and biostatistics). Each graduate student develops an original research project as an integral part of the graduate program, resulting in a written thesis. The program meets the eligibility requirements of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology.

Applications for admission to the program are made online through the UNC Graduate School: www.gradschool.unc.edu/students_prospective.html.

Stipends may be available depending on available resources.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

The oral and maxillofacial surgery residency is a six-year program resulting in a specialty certificate in oral and maxillofacial surgery and an M.D. degree from the UNC–Chapel Hill School of Medicine. The programs goals are to:

• Train the oral and maxillofacial surgery resident so he/she will be competent to practice a broad scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery; be knowledgeable concerning the theoretical basis, as well as clinical sciences of oral and maxillofacial surgery; and be qualified to become board certified in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

• Prepare oral and maxillofacial surgeons for a career in teaching, research, and/or practice in the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery.

The integrated dual degree program is structured such that the second and third years are spent obtaining the medical degree, which is followed by a year (fourth) of general surgery. The remaining years are spent within the oral and maxillofacial surgery area.

The clinical experience is progressively graduated and includes a number of hospital service rotations at UNC Hospitals, Mission St. Joseph Hospital, and the Durham VA Medical Center.

All residents are strongly encouraged to develop and/or participate in research projects during their residency. Elective time is dedicated for research activities. The department is committed to the education of future educators and leaders of its specialty.

Application requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) www.adea.org/dental_education_pathways/pass/Pages/default.aspx by September 1 in order for an applicant to be considered for the class that begins the following July. All candidates must register with the Postdoctoral Dental Matching Program, 595 Bay Street, Suite 300, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C2; www.natmatch.com/dentres/

Operative Dentistry

The Department of Operative Dentistry offers a three-year program leading to an M.S. degree granted by the UNC–Chapel Hill Graduate School. The program involves component areas of research, teaching, and patient care. The curriculum includes 1) general core courses including topics in basic and clinical sciences, 2) courses in educational sciences, 3) a research component including courses on research design and statistical methods, and 4) a clinical component in contemporary operative dentistry. A formal thesis based on a selected research topic is required, including its defense before an examining committee. The department also requires a comprehensive written examination.

The admission policy for graduate training in operative dentistry follows the regular requirements for admission to The Graduate School. Applications for admission to the program are made online through the UNC Graduate School: www.gradschool.unc.edu/students_prospective.html. All application materials should be submitted by December 1 for the class beginning the program July 1 of the following year. The number of students is typically limited to two per class.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Orthodontics

The orthodontic postgraduate program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill provides a combined clinical experience in orthodontics and a critical thinking and research experience that lead to a certificate in orthodontics and a master of science degree conferred by the UNC Graduate School. Students in the advanced orthodontic education program are required to demonstrate clinical and professional proficiency as well as complete the didactic and research components of the M.S. degree prior to graduation. During the program's first year, students participate in core courses, didactic and clinical seminars, and begin patient care. As the program progresses, didactic seminars gradually are replaced by research participation, while clinical seminars continue and the volume of patient care increases. All students must perform satisfactorily on oral and written comprehensive examinations to complete the program successfully.

The Department of Orthodontics offers a 33-month program. Six residents begin the program each August. Students are educationally qualified to take the written portion of the American Board of Orthodontics in the second or third year. The successful completion of the research project is required for the receipt of the certificate in orthodontics as well as the M.S. degree.

Application requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) www.adea.org/dental_education_pathways/pass/Pages/default.aspx by September 1 in order for an applicant to be considered for the class that begins the following August. All candidates must register with the Postdoctoral Dental Matching Program, 595 Bay Street, Suite 300, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C2; www.natmatch.com/dentres.

A personal on-site interview is required and interviews are made by invitation of the department after reviewing applicants' records. Interviews are usually held in late October or early November. Once a student has matched through the Match program, the student must apply to the UNC Graduate School in order to receive the requisite course credit to earn the master's degree.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Pediatric Dentistry

The advanced education program in pediatric dentistry requires participation in both the centralized application and matching services. Application requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) www.adea.org/dental_education_pathways/pass/Pages/default.aspx by September 3 in order for an applicant to be considered for the class that begins the following July. All candidates must register with the Postdoctoral Dental Matching Program, 595 Bay Street, Suite 300, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C2; www.natmatch.com/dentres. A personal interview is required and interviews are made by invitation of the department after reviewing applicants' records. Once a student has matched through the Match program the student must apply to The Graduate School. Please contact the program director for information regarding the Graduate School application.

The department offers a graduate program in pediatric dentistry leading to the M.S., M.P.H., or Ph.D. degree. The minimum program length is 36 months, beginning July 1 of each year. The program's goal is to prepare the student for a career in academic research, dental education, clinical practice, or public health. Developing leadership skills and training advocates for children's health is emphasized. For interested students, this program can be combined with other educational programs in the social sciences, basic sciences, or allied health professions leading to an additional master's degree, postdoctoral fellowship, an individual Dentist-Scientist award, or a doctoral degree.

During the first year each student completes courses in research design and statistics. A protocol for the research project is completed in conjunction with the course work during the first year. This project provides a background in the scientific method and scientific writing. During the second year data are collected, and during the third year the thesis is written and defended. Under the direction of leaders in many fields of research, research opportunities are available in a wide range of topics and can be undertaken in the School of Dentistry, at a facility in nearby Research Triangle Park, or at a neighboring institution of higher learning. Numerous projects have received national acclaim and have resulted in publications in dental literature. Hospital training is gained through the University of North Carolina Hospitals. Graduate students are active members of the department's teaching team during all years. Development of leadership skills in the health profession is supported by externships at the local, state, and national levels.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Periodontology

The graduate program in periodontology is designed to prepare dentists to enter the clinical practice of periodontics or to assume positions in academics and research. The program consists of a 36-month course of study leading to a certificate in periodontics and a master of science degree. Alternative degree programs include a master of public health or a Ph.D. in oral biology. The curriculum is devoted to the study of biological concepts and literature that encompass the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues. Clinical acquisition of skills in periodontology and implantology is a primary focus of the program. Resident experiences include a combination of patient care, teaching, and research. Elective courses relating to areas of research interests are available.

The admission policy for graduate training in periodontology follows the regular requirements for admission to The Graduate School. Admission to The Graduate School is granted only after the department reviews and approves the application, transcripts of prior academic work, letters of reference, and other credentials. All applications, transcripts, and letters of reference should be mailed to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) www.adea.org/dental_education_pathways/pass/Pages/default.aspx by August 15 for the following summer class beginning July 1. A personal interview is required for admission.

The number of students is limited to three each year.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Prosthodontics

The admission policy for graduate training in prosthodontics follows the regular requirements for admission to The Graduate School. Admission to The Graduate School is granted only after the application, transcript of prior academic work, letters of reference, and other credentials are reviewed and approved by the appropriate committee. All applications, transcripts, and letters of reference should be mailed to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) www.adea.org/dental_education_pathways/pass/Pages/default.aspx by September 1 for the following summer class beginning July 1. A personal interview is required for admission. The admission policy for the MS in prosthodontics follows the regular requirements for admission to The Graduate School. Admission to The Graduate School is granted only after the application, transcript of prior academic work, letters of reference, and other credentials are reviewed and approved by the appropriate committee.

The graduate program in prosthodontics is currently a 36-month course of study in fixed and removable prosthodontics, dental implant prosthodontics, and maxillofacial prosthetics leading to a master of science degree. The primary goals of the program are to prepare a student for clinical practice and/or a teaching and research career. The curriculum offers a broad educational experience in clinical, research, didactic, and teaching activities. The program satisfies the formal training requirements of the American Board of Prosthodontics for certification examination in prosthodontics.

A number of graduate courses from allied clinical and biomedical disciplines are available as electives for prosthodontic graduate students. Though not required,elective courses are encouraged. Interest in electives (from within or outside the School of Dentistry) should be discussed with the program director so that the core curriculum can be adjusted to accommodate the student's needs.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Dental Hygiene Education

The primary objective of the dental hygiene education master of science program is to prepare well-qualified educators for dental hygiene programs. At the successful completion of this program, the student should be able to 1) give evidence of having acquired advanced knowledge and skills in one of the following minors: dental management/administration, biological sciences, oral pathology, and clinical education, 2) develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary in the conduct of dental hygiene programs, 3) teach courses in more than one dental hygiene field and 4) define their own problems from the present body of knowledge in dental and dental hygiene education, solve the problems, and present their work in a scholarly fashion.

Credit hour requirements vary and are based on the individual background of the student and on the minor selected by the student. Thirty-nine credit hours are required in the core (including thesis or research) and nine to 12 hours in the minor. The length of the program is approximately two years. Minimum admissions requirements for the program include current licensure and a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, and graduation from a dental hygiene program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation, American Dental Association. Work experience in dental hygiene education or dental hygiene practice is strongly recommended.

Applicants must have a grade point average of B or better in the professional undergraduate curriculum. Three letters of recommendation are required, as well as completion of an admissions questionnaire by the applicant. The course of study begins in August of each year. An electronic application to the University can be obtained at www.gradschool.unc.edu. For further information, contact the Director, Dental Hygiene Education Program, School of Dentistry, CB# 7450, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450, (919) 966-8221.

Stipends are available depending upon available resources.

Core Courses Required of Graduate Students
in Dental Hygiene Education

DHED 715

DHED 720

DHED 730

DHED 736

DHED 760

DHED 837

DHED 860

DHED 993

DENG 701

DENG 702

DENG 703

Total of 28–33 credit hours in core curriculum

Additional courses are required for each minor as follows:

Biological Sciences — 12 credits

Clinical Education — 9 credits

Management/Administration — 9 credits

Oral Pathology — 11 credits

Courses for Graduate Students

DENG

701 Introduction to Research Design (1).

702 Biostatistics (2).

703 Applied Dental Research Methods (2). This course builds on previous courses, DENG 701 Introduction to Research Methods and DENG 702 Biostatistics. The goal is to help students prepare and complete the thesis with emphasis on the results section.

704 Interdisciplinary Care Conference (1). For first & second-year dental graduate students. Review and discussion of the diagnoses, treatment plans, prognoses, and interdisciplinary care of selected patients.

707 Regional Anatomy (3). Review of the anatomy of the head and neck region, including osteology, cardiovascular system, head and neck embryology, special sensory modalities, nervous system, functional nervous system, and extraoral correlation with the oral cavity.

720 Applied Pharmacology (1). This course is designed for dental practitioners with sufficient general and specific clinical pharmacology knowledge to appropriately and safely utilize drugs in treatment. The course will be concentrated in three areas: general clinical pharmacology principles, general clinical pharmacology of medications, specific clinical pharmacology of drugs utilized by dental practitioners.

751 Advanced Pain and Anxiety Control (2). Introduction to: operating room and recovery room protocol; patient cardiovascular and pulmonary evaluation; adjunct and inhalant agents; nitrous oxide; pharmacology of IV anesthetic agents; EKG interpretation; arterial blood gases; anesthesia equipment monitoring; anesthetic complications and emergencies; fluid and electrolyte and blood therapy; airway management; venipuncture; pediatric anesthesia; and pre-op evaluation, orders, and rounds.

890 Special Topics in Dentistry (1-3). This course will cover emerging issues or specialized content not represented in the main curriculum.

901 Research (1-6). The goal of this course is to provide students an opportunity to investigate and explore different research areas prior to their choice of a mentor and specific project for their master's or doctoral degree.

Courses for Graduate Students

DHED

715 Current Concepts in Clinical Skills (2). This course reviews and updates students in current treatment and diagnostic modalities in dental allied education. Students who satisfactorily pass the evaluation will be exempt.

720 Educational Concepts (2). This course is designed to introduce the graduate student to various teaching philosophies and methodologies. A variety of educational concepts such as methods of presentation, testing, and measurement are explored. Emphasis is placed on the practical application of theory.

730 Organization and Administration (3). Provides information and experience in leadership, administration and accreditation for allied dental education programs.

736 Clinical/Laboratory Teaching Practicum (2). This course provides students with the knowledge and skills to function as a competent clinical instructor. Psychomotor skill development and analysis and remediation of performance problems are two topics related to clinical teaching that are stressed.

760 Seminar in Education and Research (1). This course is designed to provide knowledge and stimulate discussion about pertinent topics in dental and allied dental education and research.

837 Internship (6–9). This full semester internship provides the student with the opportunity to student teach in an allied dental program.

860 Seminar in Education and Research (1).

896 Independent Study in DHED (1–4).

993 Thesis (3).

Courses for Graduate Students

ENDO

710, 720, 730, 740 Advanced Clinical Endodontics (6). 870 hours of clinical practice.

750 Advanced Clinical Endodontics (5). 870 hours of clinical practice.

811, 821, 831, 841 Endodontics Seminar and Case Analysis (3). 180 hours conference.

812, 822, 832, 842 Endodontics Literature Review Seminar (4). 270 hours.

993 Thesis (3–21). Third year.

Courses for Graduate Students

OBIO

701, 702, 703, 704 Research Techniques in Oral Biology (3). Permission of the instructor. The course familiarizes participants with a selection of specialized research techniques employed in interdisciplinary basic science approaches to problems in oral biology. Four lecture laboratory hours a week.

710, 711, 712, 713 Discussion in Oral Biology (1). Permission of the instructor. A series of seminars on topics relevant to research and scientific knowledge in the field of oral biology. Visiting scientists from other research centers in the country and abroad participate in the discussion series. One lecture hour a week.

720 Advanced Oral Biology (1). Significant developments and trends in basic medical sciences that have applications in specialized dentistry are discussed. Recent publications taken from medical and dental scientific literature are discussed. Three hours a week.

721, 722, 723, 724 Directed Studies in Oral Biology (1). Topics include extracellular matrices, immunology, inflammation, neurobiology, and pain management.

730, 731, 732 Biological Concepts (1.5). Overview of structures and biological determinants of conditions and diseases of the oral cavity. Both growth and development and pathophysiology will be introduced in the context of three areas of oral biology: biology of extracellular matrices, host-pathogens interactions, and orofacial neurobiology.

740 Extracellular Matrices (3). Introduction to structures and biological functions of major extracellular matrix components, their interactions with cells, chemistry and biology of mineralized tissues, and biological and molecular aspects of connective tissue disorders. Lectures, discussions.

741 The Molecular Control of Bone Mass (2). This course will examine bone formation and bone maintenance. Cellular and molecular determinants of osteogenesis and resorption will be explored. Course format will be faculty lecture and assigned student presentation of current literature.

750 Orofacial Neurobiology (3). An overview of normal human orofacial sensation and function, evaluation of orofacial sensory and motor capacities, orofacial pain mechanisms, and neural control of orofacial behaviors. Lectures, literature review, discussions, and seminars.

760 Host-Pathogen Interactions (3). Overview of basic etiology of pathogens and associated medical conditions, immune factors, immune response, and oral microbiology/immunology, with emphasis on infectious disease processes and innate defense factors. Lectures, discussions.

761 The Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Diseases (3). Required preparation, biochemistry and immunology. Permission of the instructor. Course presents recent information on the pathogenesis of inflammatory conditions from the molecular, cellular, and systems perspectives. The two-semester course covers molecular signals, cellular processes, pathogenesis of specific inflammatory conditions, and the immunopharmacology of inflammation. Lecture, seminar.

762 The Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Diseases (3). Required preparation, biochemistry and immunology. Permission of the instructor. Course presents recent information on the pathogenesis of inflammatory conditions from the molecular, cellular, and systems perspectives. The two-semester course covers molecular signals, cellular processes, pathogenesis of specific inflammatory conditions, and the immunopharmacology of inflammation. Lecture, seminar.

770, 771, 772, 773 Selected Topics in Oral Biology (1). Review of current findings in selected areas of oral biology. Students will critique current literature dealing with the newest discoveries in neuroscience, inflammation, or pathogenesis in an interactive forum between students and faculty.

780 Introduction to Scientific Writing (1). Seminar series that will give generic instructions covering grant writing skills and structure, as well as offer insight for scientific writing.

993 Master's Thesis (3–6). Permission of the instructor.

994 Doctoral Dissertation (3–6). Permission of the instructor.

Courses for Graduate Students

ORPA

711 Surgical Oral Pathology Seminar I (1). This weekly seminar uses unknown cases as the basis for discussion of a variety of biopsy specimens taken from the head and neck. Clinical management of cases also is discussed. Students will develop skills for interacting with their medical and dental colleagues.

712 Current Perspectives on Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology I (1). This seminar series will focus on current research in oral and maxillofacial pathology (OMP) and related fields. Current scientific literature will be critically reviewed. In addition, students will review historical literature to gain a perspective on the development of OMP as a specialty.

713 Advanced Oral Pathology I (1). This lecture and clinicopathologic correlation series includes study of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical and histopathologic aspects of diseases of the head and neck.

721 Current Perspectives on Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology I (1–3). This seminar series will focus on current research in oral and maxillofacial pathology (OMP) and related fields. Current scientific literature will be critically reviewed. In addition, students will review historical literature to gain a perspective on the development of OMP as a specialty.

722 Current Perspectives on Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology I (1–3). This seminar series will focus on current research in oral and maxillofacial pathology (OMP) and related fields. Current scientific literature will be critically reviewed. In addition, students will review historical literature to gain a perspective on the development of OMP as a specialty.

723 Advanced Oral Pathology I (1–3). This lecture and clinicopathologic correlation series includes study of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical and histopathologic aspects of diseases of the head and neck.

731 Current Perspectives on Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology I (1–3). This seminar series will focus on current research in oral and maxillofacial pathology (OMP) and related fields. Current scientific literature will be critically reviewed. In addition, students will review historical literature to gain a perspective on the development of OMP as a specialty.

732 Current Perspectives on Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology I (1–3). This seminar series will focus on current research in oral and maxillofacial pathology (OMP) and related fields. Current scientific literature will be critically reviewed. In addition, students will review historical literature to gain a perspective on the development of OMP as a specialty.

733 Advanced Oral Pathology I (1–3). This lecture and clinicopathologic correlation series includes study of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical and histopathologic aspects of diseases of the head and neck.

750 Surgical Pathology in the Hospital Setting (1–3). Under the supervision of the hospital pathologists, the student will rotate in anatomic pathology, laboratory medicine, dermatopathology, hematopathology, molecular medicine, surgical specialties, and other elective areas to develop advanced concepts of disease as well as a working relationship with medical colleagues.

762 Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Seminar (2). Course includes developmental disturbances of soft and hard tissues, syndromes, inflammation, immunology, pulp and periapical disease, periodontal disease, tumor-like proliferations, microbial disease, endocrine and metabolic diseases. Also include odontogenic cysts, salivary gland disease, oral epithelial and mesenchymal neoplasms, bone and joint diseases, nerve muscle diseases, dermatological diseases, and blood diseases.

763 Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Seminar (2). Continuation of ORPA 762.

811, 821, 831 Surgical Oral Pathology Seminar III (1). Continuation of ORPA 731.

812, 822, 832 Current Perspectives on Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology III (1). Continuation of ORPA 732.

813, 823, 833 Advanced Oral Pathology III (1). Continuation of ORPA 702.

993 Master's Thesis (3).

Courses for Graduate Students

OMSU

712A, 712B, 712C Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery—Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (4). (Dental School and UNC Hospitals.)

714A, 714B, 714C Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery—General Anesthesia (2). (UNC Hospitals.)

715A, 715B, 715C Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery—Physical Diagnosis (4). (UNC Hospitals.)

730 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery—Basic Surgical Skills (4). (UNC Hospitals.) This course includes an experimental animal surgery laboratory portion, as well as lectures and demonstrations of surgical principles and techniques.

740 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (1).

760A Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery I (1).

760B Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery II (1).

801 Research (6). To be arranged.

993 Thesis (3–21).

Courses for Graduate Students

OPER

701A Operative Dentistry Seminar I (1). This course is an intensive review of the basic principles of operative dentistry, cariology, and treatment planning; thus, it provides a foundation for all other courses in operative dentistry. The core text for this review is Sturdevant's Art and Science of Operative Dentistry.

701B Operative Dentistry Seminar II (1). (Aesthetic and Adhesive Dentistry.) In this seminar, graduate students will learn the scientific principles and clinical techniques involved in dental aesthetics and adhesive restorations. Students may be required to develop a case presentation for this seminar.

701C Operative Dentistry Seminar III (1). (Topics in Operative Dentistry.) A review of selected topics in operative dentistry, including biomaterials, clinical research, and aesthetic dentistry.

702A, 702B, 702C, 702D Operative Literature Review I (1). This is a weekly seminar offering a forum for presentation and discussion of relevant scientific papers on various operative dentistry related topics. Typically, a resident or faculty member presents one or more relevant papers, which is followed by a critical analysis of the study and discussion of the topic.

703A Critical Appraisal of the Literature I (1). Seminar which introduces and/or reinforces the skill of critical appraisal of the scientific literature through application of the method to current literature addressing clinical issues in operative and preventative dentistry.

703B Critical Appraisal of the Literature II (1). Seminar which introduces and/or reinforces the skill of critical appraisal of the scientific literature through application of the method to current literature addressing clinical issues in operative and preventive dentistry.

704A Operative Clinical Seminar A (1). This seminar will involve a series of presentations where the student will present clinical cases resolved in the graduate clinic.

704B Operative Clinical Seminar B (1). Continuation of Operative Clinical Seminar A course, involving a series of presentations where the student will present clinical cases resolved in the graduate clinic.

705A Teaching Internship (1–9). Student will be actively involved in teaching Functional Dental Anatomy course. Student will participate in preclinical laboratory instruction and evaluation procedures.

705B Teaching Internship (1–9). The student will be actively involved in teaching Advanced Operative Dentistry course. The student will participate in preclinical laboratory instruction and evaluation procedures.

705C Teaching Internship (1–9). Student will be actively involved in teaching Advanced Operative Dentistry course. The student will participate in preclinical laboratory instruction and evaluation procedures.

705D Teaching Internship - Clinical Teaching (1–9). The student will participate in the teaching of predoctoral dental students in the clinic environment.

731 Cariology (1). Discusses specific topics related to Cariology. Students will provide care in clinic identifying and treating patients based on caries risk assessment. Seminar formats include lectures, discussions, literature reviews, and practical (hands-on) exercises. Students must present a clinical case discussing alternative treatment based on patient's caries risk assessment.

732 Introduction to Operative Dentistry (3). Provides students with broad introduction to key Operative Dentistry concepts. Students will be exposed to a wide variety of topics, including intensive training in direct restorations, dental photography, fabrication of diagnostic casts and implant stents. Prepares incoming graduate students for clinical patient care and teaching in predoctoral courses and clinics.

736A Graduate Dental Biomaterials I (3).

736B Graduate Dental Biomaterials II (3).

790A Operative Dentistry Clinic I (4). Basic operative dentistry treatment planning and procedures.

790B Operative Dentistry Clinic II (4). (Patient treatment.) Primary focus is on patients requiring more advanced considerations for operative dentistry treatment planning and/or procedures. There will be a strong focus on aesthetic dentistry, prevention, and "medical management" of caries, and the use of advanced technologies to provide operative dentistry treatment.

790C Operative Dentistry Clinic III (4). Continuation of Operative Dentistry Clinic II.

790D Operative Dentistry Clinic IV (3). Continuation of Operative Dentistry Clinic III.

790E Operative Dentistry Clinic V (4). Continuation of Operative Dentistry Clinic IV.

790F Operative Dentistry Clinic VI (4). Continuation of Operative Dentistry Clinic V.

993 Operative Dentistry Thesis (3). The student will begin writing a master's thesis.

Courses for Graduate Students

ORAD

702 Advanced Oral Radiologic Technology (4). Seminars, laboratory, and clinical sessions to provide experience in advanced oral radiologic procedures.

704 Advanced Radiologic Diagnosis II (3). Literature review, seminars, and clinical experience in advanced radiologic diagnosis.

705 Principles for Advanced Diagnostic and Therapeutic Radiology (4). Literature review and seminars in the application of radiologic procedures such as computed tomography, digital imaging, and magnetic resonance for diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial conditions. Fundamentals of radiation therapy are also included.

706 Advanced Oral Radiology (2). Radiographic selection criteria, dental radiographs efficacy, panoramic radiology, extraoral techniques, radiation risks and radiological hygiene in dental practice, principle of radiologic interpretation, radiology of cysts and tumors, radiology of the TMJ, radiology of systemic disease, quality improvement, radiology for dental implants, digital imaging in dentistry, and advanced craniofacial region imaging.

707 Graduate Clinical Oral Radiology (3).

710 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Literature Review (1). Course is designed for graduate students with a strong interest in OMFR and seeks to expose students to classical articles in the radiology literature.

802 Clinical Radiology Conference (1). Case studies in the interpretation of unusual conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region.

993 Master's Thesis (3).

Courses for Graduate Students

ORTH

801 Orthodontic Technique (4). Introduction to orthodontic technique and procedures for beginning orthodontic graduate students.

802A, 802B, 802C, 802D Current Topics in Orthodontics (2). Seminars on pertinent orthodontic literature for advanced orthodontic students.

803A Orthodontic Diagnosis (2). Principles of orthodontic diagnosis and analysis of diagnostic records for orthodontic specialists.

805A Advanced Clinical Orthodontics (5).

805B Advanced Clinical Orthodontics (3).

805C, 805D, 805E Advanced Clinical Orthodontics (7).

805F Advanced Clinical Orthodontics (1–10).

806 Science of Tooth Movement (2). Mechanical principles in orthodontic force production and control; biological response to orthodontic force.

807 Orthodontic Biomaterials (1–3). Introduction to orthodontic biomaterials and integration with the basic principles of engineering, science, and orthodontics.

808 Growth and Development (4). Principles of growth and development, emphasizing dento-facial development from an evolutionary and molecular biology perspective, as well as the traditional anatomical perspective.

809A, 809B, 809C, 809D Preventative Orthodontics (3).

810 Multidisciplinary Management of Craniofacial Anomalies (1). This course introduces the graduate student to the management of patients with craniofacial anomalies using a multidisciplinary team approach. The course gives the graduate student a basic understanding of the role of specialties involved, the procedures, and timing of interventions in the management of craniofacial patients from birth to adulthood.

813 Principles of Orthodontic Treatment for Adults (2). Orthodontic treatment procedures for adults; for AEGD, periodontic, and prosthodontic graduate students.

815 Oral-Pharyngeal Function (1). Maturation of oral and pharyngeal function, including speech and its relation to dento-facial development.

820 Advanced Biomechanics (3). Concepts in orthodontic mechanics emphasizing segmented arch approaches and laboratory tests of appliance components and designs.

822 Environment of Specialty Practice (3). Trends in health care delivery; organization and management of orthodontic specialty practice.

901A Research (2). Arranged.

901B Research (1). Arranged.

901C Research (2). Arranged.

993 Master's Thesis (3–21).

Courses for Graduate Students

PEDO

800A, 800B, 800C, 800D Maternal and Child Health Seminar Series (1). (One hour a week for each fall and spring semester.) This is a seminar series that focuses on a broad range of topics related to pediatric dentistry and pediatric medicine, including general medical issues, practice management, social issues, child advocacy, and presentation of unusual clinical cases.

801A, 801B, 801C, 801D Pediatric Diagnosis and Treatment Planning Seminar (1). (One hour a week each fall and spring semester for two years.) This course is a seminar wherein diagnosis and treatment planning options are considered through a problem-oriented approach. For cases in progress and completed, outcomes are reviewed and critiqued.

803A, 803B, 803C, 803D Principles of Pediatric Dentistry (1). (Six hours a month for fall and spring semesters for 24 months.) This seminar covers the fundamentals of pediatric dentistry from behavior management to pulp therapy. The course relies on readings of classic and contemporary literature with seminars that include discussions and critiques of readings.

804A, 804B, 804C, 804D Advanced Clinical Pediatric Dentistry (8). (Six to twelve hours a week for 36 months.) This course provides clinical experience in all phases of pediatric dentistry, including dental treatment under conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

805 Contemporary Practice Management (1). (One hour monthly during the spring semester for three years.) This course provides an understanding of the design, implementation, and management of a modern pediatric dental practice. Most seminar leaders are private practitioners who are adjunct faculty in the department.

806A, 806B, 806C, 806D Treatment of Pediatric Dental Emergencies (1). (One hour a week each week for 36 months.) This seminar series serves as a faculty/resident forum for reviewing the previous week's emergency cases and in which diagnosis and treatment options are reviewed and critiqued. Endodontic faculty and residents also participate in this course.

993 Master's Thesis (3–6).

Courses for Graduate Students

PERI

710 Periodontal Therapy (1). This graduate seminar reviews techniques and procedures for treating periodontal diseases. Topics include gingival grafting, surgical flap management, osseous surgery, periodontal regeneration, antimicrobials, host modulation, and periodontal medicine.

711 Periodontal Therapy (1). This graduate seminar reviews techniques and procedures for treating periodontal diseases. Topics include gingival grafting, surgical flap management, osseous surgery, periodontal regeneration, antimicrobials, host modulation, and periodontal medicine.

720 Case Analysis (1). Course participants present comprehensive cases with periodontal conditions. Discussion focuses on periodontal diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment execution, and results.

721 Case Analysis (1). Course participants present comprehensive cases with periodontal conditions. Discussion focuses on periodontal diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment execution, and results.

722 Case Analysis (2). Course participants present comprehensive cases with periodontal conditions. Discussion focuses on periodontal diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment execution, and results.

723 Case Analysis (2). Course participants present comprehensive cases with periodontal conditions. Discussion focuses on periodontal diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment execution, and results.

730 Seminar in Periodontology (3). In this first-year literature review course, graduate students present and evaluate the evidence on periodontal disease etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, and treatments including mechanical, surgical, and pharmacological approaches.

731 Seminar in Periodontology (3). In this first-year literature review course, graduate students present and evaluate the evidence on periodontal disease etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, and treatments including mechanical, surgical, and pharmacological approaches.

760 Seminar in Periodontology (3). In this second- and third-year literature review course, graduate students discuss evidence on advanced topics in periodontology or related disciplines.

761 Seminar in Periodontology (3). In this second- and third-year literature review course, graduate students discuss evidence on advanced topics in periodontology or related disciplines.

820 Introduction to Implants (1). This graduate seminar traces the biology of osseointegration, surgical techniques in dental implant placement and prosthetic restoration. The seminar includes didactic lectures, case presentations, and journal club components.

821 Clinical Implantology (1). This graduate seminar continues themes introduced in PERI 820 and discusses advanced implant topics including bone augmentation, peri-implantitis, and implant efficacy assessment. The seminar includes didactic lectures, case presentations, and journal club components.

890Advanced Clinical Periodontics and Clinical Practice (3). Within this first-year specialty clinic, graduate students begin diagnosing and comprehensively treating patients with periodontal diseases. Cases may involve interdisciplinary care, medical management, dental implants, and sedation procedures.

891 Advanced Clinical Periodontics and Clinical Practice (3). Within this first-year specialty clinic, graduate students begin diagnosing and comprehensively treating patients with periodontal diseases. Cases may involve interdisciplinary care, medical management, dental implants, and sedation procedures.

892 Advanced Clinical Periodontics and Clinical Practice (3). Within this second- and third-year specialty clinic, graduate students gain proficiency in managing patients with periodontal diseases, using both surgical and nonsurgical approaches. Cases may involve interdisciplinary care, medical management, dental implants, and sedation procedures.

893 Advanced Clinical Periodontics and Clinical Practice (3). Within this second- and third-year specialty clinic, graduate students gain proficiency in managing patients with periodontal diseases, using both surgical and nonsurgical approaches. Cases may involve interdisciplinary care, medical management, dental implants, and sedation procedures.

993 Thesis (3–21).

Courses for Graduate Students

PROS

701, 702, 703 Introduction to Prosthodontic Literature (2). A seminar designed to review early and classic prosthodontic literature common to fixed and removable prosthodontics.

704, 705, 706 Introduction to Prosthodontic Literature (1).

721–726 Prosthodontic Principles, Diagnosis and Treatment Planning—Fixed and Removable (2). Principles of diagnosis and treatment relative to the prosthodontic patient are covered in depth in this seminar series.

731–736 Prosthodontic Diagnosis and Treatment Planning (1). This course provides the prosthodontic student with adequate knowledge in fixed prosthodontics to promote continued lifelong learning, offer quality treatment to a diverse population with various needs using fixed prosthesis, manage complications and failures of fixed prostheses, and to challenge the ABP examination.

751–754 Maxillofacial Prosthodontic Principles, Diagnosis, and Treatment (1). Principles of diagnosis and treatment relative to maxillofacial prosthodontic patients are covered in depth in this seminar series.

801–808 Advanced Clinical Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics (6). This clinical offering is designed to permit the graduate student to experience all phases of advanced patient management in fixed and removable prosthodontics.

851–854 Clinical Maxillofacial Prosthodontics (2). This clinical offering is designed to permit the graduate student to manage the comprehensive prosthodontic care of congenital and/or acquired maxillofacial defects in both the dental school and hospital environment.

993 Master's Thesis (3–21). Completion of thesis for master of science degree.

In addition to the courses listed, core courses are required in anatomy, microbiology, pharmacology, oral pathology, research methodology, scientific writing, and dental education. Flexibility in the curriculum also allows opportunity for appropriate electives.

Additional courses are required for each minor as follows:

Biological Sciences

DENT

102 Gross Anatomy (4).

104 Microscopic Anatomy (4).

114 Physiology (PHYI 741) (4).

Clinical Education

DHED

753 Advanced Intraoral Functions (3).

754 Advanced Intraoral Functions (Periodontics) (3).

833 Seminar and Practicum in Dental Radiology Education (4).

836 Advanced/Clinical Teaching (3).

Dental Radiology

RADI

662 Instrument and Imaging Methods (4).

Management/Administration

DHED

774 Personnel Management Seminar (2).

834 Dental Management Seminar (4).

Oral Pathology

DENT

104 Microscopic Anatomy (4).

127 Pathology I (3).

202 Pathology II (2).