Department of English and Comparative Literature

englishcomplit.unc.edu

BEVERLY TAYLOR, Chair


English Program

Professors

Daniel R. Anderson, Rhetoric, Composition and Literacy

William L. Andrews, African American, American

Christopher M. Armitage, Renaissance, Poetry

David Baker, Renaissance, Drama, Renaissance Studies

A. Reid Barbour, Renaissance, Renaissance Studies

Erin Carlston, 20th-Century American and British, Comparative Literature, Cultural Studies, Women's Studies

James W. Coleman, American, African American, 20th-Century American, Southern

María DeGuzmán, Latino/Latina Studies, 20th-Century American, Critical Theory

Pam Durban, Creative Writing

Connie C. Eble, English Language, Medieval

Mary Floyd-Wilson, Renaissance, Drama, Renaissance Studies

Marianne Gingher, Creative Writing

Darryl J. Gless, Renaissance

Philip Gura, American, American Studies

Minrose Gwin, Southern, 20th-Century American

Mae Henderson, African American, 20th-Century American, Critical Theory

Joy Kasson, American, American Studies

Randall Kenan, Creative Writing

Laurie Langbauer, 19th-Century British, Critical Theory

George S. Lensing Jr., 20th-Century American and British, Poetry

Megan Matchinske, Renaissance, Cultural Studies, Renaissance Studies, Women's Studies

Michael A. McFee, Creative Writing

John P. McGowan, Critical Theory, 19th-Century British, Comparative Literature, Cultural Studies, Novel, Women's Studies

Jeanne Moskal, 19th-Century British, Critical Theory, Women's Studies

Patrick P. O'Neill, Medieval, English Language, Celtic, Medieval Studies

Ruth Salvaggio, 18th Century, Critical Theory

James Seay, Creative Writing

Alan R. Shapiro, 20th-Century American, Creative Writing

Bland Simpson, Creative Writing

Beverly W. Taylor, 19th-Century British, Novel, Women's Studies

Todd W. Taylor, Rhetoric, Composition and Literacy

James P. Thompson, 18th-Century British, Critical Theory, Novel

Joseph S. Viscomi, 19th-Century British

Daniel Wallace, Creative Writing

Joseph S. Wittig, Medieval, English Language

Associate Professors

Inger S. B. Brodey, 18th and 19th-century British novel, Comparative Literature, Philosophy

Pamela Cooper, 20th-Century British, Cultural Studies, Novel, Women's Studies

Tyler Curtain, Critical Theory, Cultural Studies, Novel

Jane M. Danielewicz, English Language, Rhetoric, Composition and Literacy

Florence Dore, 20th-Century American, Southern Literature, Post-1945 Literature

Rebecka Rutledge Fisher, African American, American, Black Intellectual Thought, Critical Theory

Gregory Flaxman, Film Studies, 20th-Century British, Critical Theory, Cultural Studies

Jennifer Ho, Asian American, Contemporary American, Cultural Studies

Jordynn Jack, Rhetoric and Composition

Ritchie D. Kendall, Renaissance, Drama, Renaissance Studies

Theodore H. Leinbaugh, Medieval, Medieval Studies, Comparative Literature

Thomas Reinert, 18th-Century British, Novel, Poetry

Eliza Richards, American

Jane Thrailkill, American, 20th-Century American

Jessica Wolfe, Renaissance, Renaissance Studies

Assistant Professors

Neel Ahuja, Critical Theory, Cultural Studies

Laura Halperin, Latino/Latina Studies, 20th-Century American, Cultural Studies

Heidi Kim, 20th-Century American, Asian American Literature

Matthew Taylor, American Literature, Cultural Studies, Theory and Criticism

Rick Warner, Film, Global Cinema Studies

Professors Emeriti

Laurence G. Avery

Allen Dessen

Joseph Flora

Johnny Lee Greene

William Harmon

Trudier Harris

Howard M. Harper Jr.

Fred Hobson

Edward Donald Kennedy

J. Kimball King

Allan R. Life

Erika C. Lindemann

C. Townsend Ludington Jr.

Margaret A. O'Connor

Daniel W. Patterson

Julius R. Raper III

Richard D. Rust

Thomas A. Stumpf

Weldon E. Thornton

Linda Wagner-Martin

David Whisnant

Charles G. Zug III


Comparative Literature Program

Inger S. B. Brodey, Director

Professors

Marsha S. Collins, Modern Peninsular Literature, Golden Age Spanish Literature

Eric S. Downing, 18th- and 19th-Century Literature, Literary Theory, Classics

Clayton Koelb, Modern Literature, Literary Theory, Philosophy and Aesthetics, Comparative Literature

John P. McGowan, Critical Theory, Cultural Studies, Novel, Women's Studies

Associate Professors

Inger S. B. Brodey, Prose Fiction in Late 18th- and Early 19th-Century Europe and Meiji Japan

Gregory Flaxman, Film Studies, Critical Theory

Diane R. Leonard, Modern Narrative, Modern Criticism and Theory

Jessica Wolfe, Comparative Renaissance Literature, Classical Reception

Assistant Professors

Shayne Legassie, Medieval, Medieval Studies, Comparative Literature

Rick Warner, Global Cinema Studies

Adjunct and Affiliate Professors (all ranks)

Dino Cervigni, Professor, Italian. Medieval and Renaissance Italian Literature

Rebecka Rutledge Fisher, Associate Professor, English. African American Literature, Caribbean Literature, Theory and Criticism, Cultural Studies, American Studies

Sharon James, Associate Professor, Classics

Janice H. Koelb, Adjunct Assistant Professor, English. British Romanticism, Poetry and Poetics

Federico Luisetti, Associate Professor, Italian

Hassan Melehy, Associate Professor, French

James L. Peacock, Professor, Anthropology. Symbolic Systems

Inga Pollman, Assistant Professor, German, Cinema Studies

William Race, Professor, Classics

Monica Rector, Professor, Spanish

Eliza Richards, Associate Professor, English

Alicia Rivero, Associate Professor, Spanish Language and Literature. Contemporary Spanish American Literature, Modern Critical Theory, Gender Issues, Literature and Science, Intellectual History

Michael Silk, Professor, King's College London. Classics

Robin Visser, Associate Professor, Asian Studies, Chinese Literature and Culture

Professors Emeriti

Paul Debreczeny

S. K. Heninger Jr.

Edward D. Kennedy

George A. Kennedy

G. Mallary Masters

Richard A. Smyth

Philip A. Stadter

The Department of English and Comparative Literature offers a Ph.D. in comparative literature and in English. Each program is described in detail below.

Ph.D. in English

The English program offers work leading to the doctor of philosophy degree, with a major in one of the following areas of specialization:

• The English language

• English literature from its beginnings to 1485

• English literature from 1485 to 1660 (including Milton)

• English literature from 1660 to 1789

• English literature from 1789 to 1900

• American literature to 1900

• American literature from 1900 to the present

• British literature from 1900 to the present

• Critical theory and cultural studies

• Rhetoric, composition, and literacy

• African American literature

• Southern literature

• Gender studies

• Queer studies

With faculty approval, students may also develop their own major field.

Ph.D. students also focus on a minor, chosen from one of these fields just listed, or from a genre (drama, novel, poetry) or the English language or from the following alternative minors: American studies, Celtic, comparative literature, cultural studies, Latina/Latino literature, medieval studies, Renaissance studies, and women's studies. Alternatively, students may develop their own minor within the department or take an appropriate minor outside the department, with the approval of the director of graduate studies.

For the doctor of philosophy degree in English, students must fulfill the following course requirements: ENGL 606, an Introduction to Graduate Study, three seminars in the major, one seminar in the minor, and two courses in allied fields. They will also participate in a third year colloquium. In addition to course work, a candidate for the Ph.D. must pass two examinations administered by the department for which he or she prepares by working closely with a faculty committee a year in advance: a written examination in the major and minor, and an oral examination in the major and minor. Doctoral candidates must also demonstrate a reading knowledge of two foreign languages. The program culminates with the candidate writing a dissertation (and registering for at least three semester hours of ENGL 994) and successfully defending it in an oral examination. Students must also satisfy residence credit requirements set by The Graduate School. The department strongly recommends that candidates for the Ph.D. have supervised classroom teaching experience before receiving the degree. Such experience, when it can be offered, is considered as fulfilling a requirement for the degree. Students generally take four years beyond the M.A. to complete the degree.

Ph.D. in Comparative Literature

Comparative Literature at UNC is inherently interdisciplinary, global, and transhistorical, and thus it remains one of the most innovative programs in the Academy today. The Program boasts particularly strong resources in medieval and early modern literature, comparative romanticisms, visual culture and global cinema, and romance language studies. We encourage our graduate students to discover their particular field, learn its histories, and define its problems on the basis of shared critical rigor. We draw together a number of core faculty and many more affiliated faculty from across the university as we strive to balance a belief in the value of a shared critical language with the exigencies of working in particular national languages, locations, literatures, and media.

A minimum of 16 courses is required for admission to doctoral candidacy; this minimum excludes consideration of the dissertation registration required by the Graduate School. All students are required to complete at least two CMPL courses during their first three semesters in residence, including both CMPL 700 (Literary Theory and the Practice of Comparative Literature) and CMPL 841 (Literary Theory and Criticism from Antiquity to 1700). In many cases the faculty advisor may recommend registering for other CMPL courses: for example, students specializing in modern literature are encouraged to take CMPL 842 (Literary Theory and Criticism from 1700 to 1900) and/or CMPL 843 (Literary Theory and Criticism from 1900 to the Present); students specializing in earlier literature or non-Western literature may be advised to take other courses in theory and methodology. Our curricular focal points include linguistic competence (of a minimum of three languages), theoretical fluency, and knowledge of the history of criticism.

Through course work, independent reading, and research, and with the support of an academic advisor, students develop a major "field" of study, as well as a minor "focus" of interest that often takes shape within or adjacent to the major field of study. The student's organization of the field and focus should to be rigorous enough to situate the student within a discipline, tradition, or area, and supple enough to accommodate his or her specific interests, questions, and predilections. Subject to the approval of the academic advisor and the director of graduate studies, the field and focus will form the basis of the Ph.D. examination (written exams on each field, and an oral exam, on both, thereafter).

Students may choose from, but are not limited to, such fields as:

• African and /or African Diaspora literatures

• American literatures — either U.S. or North American and/or Central American and/or South American

• Caribbean literatures (in French, English, Spanish, and other languages)

• Classical literatures

• East Asian literatures

• English / Irish / Scottish / Welsh / "British" literatures

• French and/or Francophone literatures

• Germanic literatures

• Italian literature

• Latin American literatures (Spanish or Spanish / Portuguese)

• Middle Eastern / Arabic / Islamic literatures

• Postcolonial literatures — New World (Canadian/Caribbean), or South Asian, or Pacific Rim, etc.

• Russian and/or Slavic literatures

• South Asian literatures

• Spanish / Iberian literatures

Examples of areas of focus may include, but are not limited to:

• Classical (Greek, Roman, Late Antiquity/Early Christian)

• Medieval (or pre-modern Islam / Asian studies)

• Renaissance / Early Modern (usually up to 1700 in Northern Europe)

• Neoclassical / 18th Century / Enlightenment / "Age of Empire"

• Early Transatlantic / Colonial Americas (roughly 1450–1750, or a portion thereof)

• Enlightenment / Romanticism (roughly 1750–1840)

• Nineteenth Century

• Modernism (late 19th and early-to-mid 20th Century)

• Contemporary (1945 to the present)

Admissions Requirements

Application for admission must be made by The Graduate School's electronic application process. These also serve as applications for fellowships and assistantships if the applicant marks the appropriate statement on the form.

Applicants for advanced degrees must have completed an undergraduate degree, customarily with a major in English, comparative literature, a foreign language literature, or related field, at the time of enrollment. To be reviewed for admission by the department's Graduate Advisory Committee, applications must be supported by Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores, at least three letters of recommendation, and official transcripts showing courses, grades, and degrees awarded. A writing sample and a personal statement should also be submitted. Those students applying to the Ph.D. Program in Comparative Literature should also submit (by mail on a CD or by email as an mp3 or mp4 file) a 5–7 minute long recorded sample of the student reading a selection of text in his or her second language beyond English. This recorded sample should be sent to the attention of the Director of Graduate Admissions in Comparative Literature.

Students who have already completed an M.A. degree in English, comparative literature, or a foreign language literature, or comparative literature at another institution may petition the relevant director of graduate studies for a reduction of up to nine credits (three courses) from their UNC requirements. More information about the department can be obtained via its Web site at englishcomplit.unc.edu.

Fellowships and Assistantships

Financial support for graduate students is described in the Admissions and Financial Information chapter. All applicants to the Department of English and Comparative Literature are eligible to compete for University fellowships and assistantships. In addition, the department awards two types of assistantships—research assistantships and teaching fellowships. Neither is usually available in the summer. Research assistants are assigned to faculty members to help with research projects. Teaching fellows have full instructional responsibility for sections of beginning composition courses. Graduate students in the third year of the English Ph.D. program who also have taught at least four sections of composition become eligible for teaching literature courses. Graduate students in the Comparative Literature Ph.D. program who also have taught at least four sections of foreign languages or composition become eligible for teaching comparative literature courses. Non-native speakers are not considered for teaching fellowships until they have been enrolled in the Ph.D. program for at least a year. Teaching fellows earn an annual stipend, which can vary depending on whether a fellow teaches two or three courses in a year. Teaching fellows are trained and supervised by the directors of composition and undergraduate studies and are subject to student and faculty evaluation.

Foreign Language Proficiency

The Comparative Literature program requires new Ph.D. students to arrive with fluency in a second language and at least a beginning level of a third. The program encourages study and research abroad, as well as summer language study to increase foreign language proficiency. Graduating Ph.D. students are expected to achieve a level of expertise in a foreign language that would enable them to teach in a foreign language department, as well as in a comparative literature or English department.

The English program also considers a reading knowledge of foreign languages essential to the educational and professional aims of its degree programs. Ph.D. candidates in the English program must demonstrate proficiency in two languages. The department recommends Latin, French, German, Italian, or Spanish. The use of other languages to fulfill the requirement must be approved by the director of graduate studies. An undergraduate major in an approved language automatically satisfies the requirement. Ordinarily, however, students fulfill the requirements by passing an examination administered through the University; by completing reading courses for graduate students offered by the Classics, German and Romance Languages departments; or, while enrolled as graduate students, by completing with a grade of at least B an undergraduate literature course in a foreign language. One foreign language requirement must be satisfied before the completion of English Ph.D. exams; the second requirement must be satisfied before the student schedules the Ph.D. defense.

Library and Research Facilities

The library system at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is ranked among the top 20 research libraries in the United States. It has excellent holdings for the study of English philology and British and American literature, including the Southern Historical Collection (containing manuscripts, letters, and diaries) and the Hanes Collection of Incunabula. Through cooperative arrangements, university libraries in the Triangle area are open to graduate students from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Publications

Early American Literature, Studies in Philology, The Southern Literary Journal, a/b: Auto/Biography Studies and The Keats-Shelley Journal are edited by English Department faculty members and have their editorial offices in the ECL Department building.

Doctor of Philosophy Degree with a Minor in Renaissance Studies

Students working on their doctorate in one of the regular departmental programs may, with the approval of their departmental director of graduate studies, submit for the degree an interdisciplinary minor in Renaissance studies. The program is based in the Comparative Literature program and administered by the Arts and Sciences Committee for Renaissance Studies. The minor requires a minimum of five courses. Of those five, one must be CMPL 892, Seminar in Renaissance Studies. The remaining four courses must represent equally two fields other than the major field (e.g., a student with a major in Italian could offer from the approved list two courses in French, two in Latin, and CMPL 892).

CMPL 892, Seminar in Renaissance Studies, serves as a nucleus for the minor, affording students the opportunity to bring together seemingly divergent strains in an interdisciplinary context. Normally the faculty member giving the course invites other members of the Renaissance faculty to participate in the discussions and to present related materials from their own field of inquiry. Student participants choose a related topic or area for research and all report regularly on their own projects under investigation. The course is cross-listed as appropriate, under departmental offerings.

The minor in Renaissance studies for the Ph.D. is examined orally at the departmental oral examination (not the defense), unless written examination is required by departmental policy; normally faculty with whom the candidate has taken courses serve as examiners.

A working knowledge of Latin is strongly recommended for students in the program.

Faculty in Renaissance Studies and Related Areas

Art History: Mary Pardo

English: Christopher Armitage, David Baker, Reid Barbour, Mary Floyd-Wilson, Ritchie Kendall, Darryl Gless, Megan Matchinske, Jessica Wolfe

History: Melissa M. Bullard, Jay Smith

Music: John Nádas, Thomas Warburton

Romance Languages: Lucia Binotti, Dino Cervigni, Marsha Collins, Frank Dominguez, Carmen Hsu, Hassan Melehy, Ennio I. Rao

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

ENGL

400 Advanced Composition for Teachers (3). This course combines frequent writing practice with discussions of rhetorical theories and strategies for teaching writing. The course examines ways to design effective writing courses, assignments, and instructional materials.

401 Advanced Composition for Elementary Teachers (3). This course combines frequent writing practice with an introduction to teaching writing and reading in the elementary grades. Students explore composition theory and learn about effective practices for improving writing.

402 Investigations in Academic Writing (3). This course considers learning to write from three vantage points: personal, social, and contextual. Emphasis on theory, reflective practice, and pedagogy for peer tutoring.

405 Writing Literary Genres (3). Focuses on producing writing in a particular genre or form such as personal essay, autobiography, or creative nonfiction.

406 Advanced Fiction Writing (3). Prerequisite, ENGL 206. Permission of the program director. A continuation of the intermediate workshop with emphasis on the short story, novella, and novel. Extensive discussion of student work in class and in conferences with instructor.

407 Advanced Poetry Writing (3). Prerequisite, ENGL 207. Permission of the program director. A continuation of the intermediate workshop, with increased writing and revising of poems. Extensive discussion of student poetry in class and in conferences with instructor.

410 Documentary Film (3). This course provides a history of documentary cinema since the beginnings of the medium and surveys different modes and theoretical definitions; or the course may focus largely on a certain mode (such as ethnographic, observational, first-person, cinema vérité, politically activist, found footage compilation, or journalistic investigation).

418 The English Language—Contemporary Issues (3). Focused study of a specific subfield or issue of current or historical English linguistics not covered in depth in other courses, e.g., dictionaries, North Carolina dialects, language of advertising.

423 Old English Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). This course investigates themes or issues in Old English literature, thought, and culture.

424 Middle English Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). This course investigates themes or issues in Middle English literature, thought, and culture.

430 Renaissance Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). This course investigates cultural themes or problems across a wide spectrum of Renaissance authors.

436 Contemporary Approaches to 18th-Century Literature and Culture (3). Focuses on particular forms, authors, or issues in the period.

437 Chief British Romantic Writers (3). Survey of works by Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Percy and Mary Shelley, Keats, and others.

438 19th-Century Women Writers (3). An investigation of important texts by 19th-century British women writers that considers issues of gender in relation to other important considerations: tradition, form, culture.

439 English Literature, 1832–1890 (3). Poetry and prose of the Victorian period, including such writers as Tennyson, the Brownings, Arnold, the Brontës, Dickens, G. Eliot.

440 English Literature, 1850–1910 (3). The Pre-Raphaelites, Wilde, Conrad, Shaw, and Yeats.

441 Romantic Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). Devoted to British Romantic-period literature's engagement with a literary mode (such as the Gothic) or a historical theme (such as war or abolition) or to an individual author.

442 Victorian Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). The study of an individual Victorian writer, a group (such as the Pre-Raphaelites), a theme (such as imperialism), or genre (such as Victorian epic or the serialized novel).

443 American Literature before 1860—Contemporary Issues (3). A junior- or senior-level course devoted to in-depth exploration of an author, group of authors, or topic in American literature to 1860.

444 American Literature, 1860–1900—Contemporary Issues (3). Intensive study of one or more authors or a topic in American literature from the Civil War through 1900.

445 American Literature, 1900–2000—Contemporary Issues (3). A junior- or senior-level course devoted to in-depth exploration of an author, group of authors, or a topic in American literature from 1900 to 2000.

446 American Women Authors (WMST 446) (3). American women authors from the beginnings to the present.

447 Memory and Literature (3). This course brings together theories of collective and individual memory with questions of aesthetics and narrative while exploring global connections between memory and literature.

462 Contemporary Poetry and Theory (3). This course introduces the student to historical and contemporary thinking about poetry and poetic language. Examines the place of poetry in theoretical thinking and theoretical thinking about poetry.

463 Postcolonial Literature (3). This course is a multigenre introduction to postcolonial literatures. Topics will include postcolonial Englishes, nationalism, anti-imperialism, postcolonial education, and the intersections between national and gender identities in literature.

464 Queer Texts, Queer Cultures (3). The literary and cultural critical arts of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transvestite, and other communities of sexual dissidents of the contemporary United States, United Kingdom, and other Anglophone cultures.

465 Difference, Aesthetics, and Affect (3). Examines interrelations between cultural difference, aesthetic form, and the representation, production, and conveyance of subjectivity (in particular affect or states of feeling) in texts, other media, and material culture.

466 Literary Theory—Contemporary Issues (3). Examines current issues in literary theory such as the question of authorship, the relation of literary texts to cultural beliefs and values, and to the formation of identities.

472 African American Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). Study of particular aspects of African American literature, such as the work of a major writer or group of writers, an important theme, a key tradition, or a literary period.

475 Southern Literature—Contemporary Issues (3). The study of a particular topic or genre in the literature of the United States South, more focused than students will find in ENGL 373.

481 Media Theory (3). This course investigates the ramifications of the development of mass media and popular culture, paying special attention to the transformation of literature.

486 Literature and Environment (3). Multidisciplinary, thematic investigations into topics in literature and environment that cut across boundaries of history, genre, and culture. Junior/senior level.

487 Folk Narrative (FOLK 487) (3). The study of three genres of folk narrative (fairytale, personal narrative, and legend) and their distinctive roles in contemporary life.

489 Cultural Studies—Contemporary Issues (3). The student will have an opportunity to concentrate on topics and texts central to the study of culture and theory.

490 Creative Writing Special Topics (3). Permission of the program director. Creative writing minors only. An occasional advanced course, which may focus on such topics as advanced creative nonfiction, editing and publishing, the lyric in song and collaboration between lyricists and composers, the one-act play, and short-short fiction.

496 Independent Research (1–3). Permission of the department. Recommended for students in junior or senior year of study. Intensive mentored research, service learning, field work, creative work, or internship. Requires 30 hours of research, writing, or experiential activities, or 100 hours of internship work, culminating in a written project.

525 Senior Seminar in Renaissance Literature (3). Seniors only. Senior-level survey of one or two key themes or issues in the literature of the English Renaissance.

580 Film—Contemporary Issues (3). This course is designed to introduce students to a particular historical or cultural aspect of the cinema.

583 Drama on Location (3). Offered as part of summer study abroad programs in Oxford, London, and Stratford-on-Avon. Students experience plays in performance and as texts, and discuss their literary, dramatic, cultural, and historical aspects.

600 Advanced Expository Writing (3). The course, restricted to graduate students in English, offers students practice writing vitae and job application letters, grant or conference proposals, dissertation or thesis chapters, book reviews, or journal articles.

601 Academic Writing for International Students (3). Designed to help international graduate students improve skills in academic writing. Attention to organization, flow, and presentation of an academic paper.

603 Oral Communication for International Students (1–3). Designed to help international graduate students refine oral communication skills in academic contexts. Attention to pronunciation, participating in group discussions, and making presentations.

605 History of Rhetoric and Composition (3). A survey of major figures in the history of rhetoric, beginning with classical rhetoric, but emphasizing contemporary rhetorical theory.

606 Rhetorical Theory and Practice (3). A study of rhetorical theories and practices from classical to modern times. Emphasis is on translation of theories into instructional practice for teaching in the college writing classroom.

607 Theory and Practice of Writing in the Disciplines (1–3). Introduction to theories of teaching writing in the disciplines for graduate instructors. Students will study discipline-specific conventions of argumentation, genre, and style with attention to pedagogical techniques, assignments, and activities.

610 Science as Literature: Rhetorics of Science and Medicine (3). The goal of this course is to develop skills in analyzing the rhetorical construction of scientific claims, with a focus on health and medicine as scientific discourse communities. Topics include the structure, argument, and style of scientific genres; visual and digital rhetorics; and the circulation of scientific rhetoric among publics.

613 Modern English Grammar (LING 613) (3). A study of current English structure and usage using a traditional approach modified by appropriate contributions from structural and generative grammar, with some attention to the application of linguistics to literary analysis.

619 Survey of Old and Middle English Literature (3). An introduction to English literature from the eighth to the 15th century, focusing on the primary works of Old English and Middle English literature.

621 Arthurian Romance (CMPL 621) (3). British and continental Arthurian literature in translation from the early Middle Ages to Sir Thomas Malory.

625 Shakespeare (3). A study of selected plays and poetry by Shakespeare and some of the key critical and theoretical approaches to his work.

626 Renaissance Drama (3). A study of a representative group of plays by dramatists writing between the establishment of the permanent theaters in the 1570s and the closing of those theaters in 1642.

627 Literature of the Earlier Renaissance (3). A graduate-level survey of the literature of the earlier Renaissance in England.

628 Literature of the Later Renaissance (3). In this course, students will interrogate the social, historical, and representational dimensions of 17th-century literature and culture in England.

629 Milton (3). A study of Milton's prose and poetry in the extraordinary context of 17th-century philosophy, politics, religion, science, and poetics, and against the backdrop of the English Civil War.

630 Shakespeare and His Contemporaries (3). This course will examine drama written and performed in England from 1570 to 1640, situating Shakespeare's plays in relation to others in his generation.

631 18th-Century Literature (3). Studies in a variety of British writers from Rochester to Cowper.

637 Chief British Romantic Writers (3). A survey of the major British Romantic writers, including Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Percy and Mary Shelley, Keats, with an introduction to the chief scholarly and critical problems of this period.

639 Victorian Literature (3). Survey of major Victorian writers such as Tennyson, the Brownings, Arnold, Dickens, the Brontës, G. Eliot, Mill, Ruskin.

643 Introduction to American Literature to 1860 (3). A graduate-level survey of American literature from the European settlement of the New World through 1860. Consideration of authors in their aesthetic, historical, and contemporary critical contexts.

644 Introduction to American Literature, 1860–1900 (3). A graduate-level introduction to the range of American writing from the Civil War through 1900. Attention given to major critical concerns, e.g., the cultural force of realism, etc.

651 British and American Drama of the 20th Century (3). A survey of British and American drama, poetry, fiction, and criticism.

657 English and American Literature of the 20th Century (3). A survey of 20th-century English and American drama, poetry, fiction, and criticism.

659 War in 20th-Century Literature (PWAD 659) (3). A study of literary works written in English concerning World War I, or the Spanish Civil War and World War II, or the Vietnam War.

660 War in Shakespeare's Plays (PWAD 660) (3). The focus is on Shakespeare's various treatments of war in his plays: all his Roman histories, most of his English histories, all his tragedies, even some of his comedies.

661 Introduction to Literary Theory (3). Examines contemporary theoretical issues and critical approaches relevant to the study of literature.

662 History of Literary Criticism (3). A history of literary criticism from the Greeks to mid-20th century, focusing on recurrent concerns and classic texts that are indispensable for understanding the practice of literary criticism today.

663 Postcolonial Theory (3). This course covers major works of and topics in postcolonial theory.

664 The Challenge of Queer Theory to Literary Studies, Cultural Studies, and the Humanities (3). An advanced-level investigation of queer theory's challenges to literary criticism, cultural studies, and questions of critical methodology in the humanities. Cutting-edge research and just-published articles will be used.

665 Queer Latina/o Literature, Performance, and Visual Art (WMST 665) (3). This course explores literature, performance art, film, and photography by Latinas and Latinos whose works may be described as "queer" and that question terms and norms of cultural dominance.

666 Queer Latina/o Photography and Literature (WMST 666) (3). This course explores Latina/o literature about photography in relation to photography by "queer" Latina/o artists and through this double focus poses certain questions about identity, subjectivity, and culture.

670 Being and Race in African American Literature (3). An examination of phenomenology, the "philosophy of experience." Taking the perspective that literature helps clarify our experience, we will engage in readings of various genres—poetry, autobiography, fiction, and drama—as we examine how literature not only records experience, but also shapes it through a distinct method of reasoning.

673 Literature of the United States South (3). A study of the literature of the United States South, in most cases focusing on 20th-century Southern literature and on prose fiction.

680 Film Theory (3). This course offers a rigorous introduction to the various theories (aesthetic, narratological, historiographic, ideological, feminist, poststructuralist) inspired by the cinema.

685 Literature of the Americas (AMST 685, CMPL 685) (3). Two years of college-level Spanish or the equivalent strongly recommended. Multidisciplinary examination of texts and other media of the Americas, in English and Spanish, from a variety of genres.

686 Readings in Literature and Environment (3). Readings course selects an author, genre, or method as a means of deepening awareness of the politics, poetics, and paradoxes in the field of literature and environment.

691H English Senior Honors Thesis, Part I (3). Restricted to senior honors candidates. First semester of senior honors thesis. Independent research under the direction of an English department faculty member.

692H English Senior Honors Thesis, Part II (3). Restricted to senior honors candidates. Second semester of senior honors thesis. Essay preparation under the direction of an English department faculty member.

693H Creative Writing Senior Honors Thesis, Part I (3). Prerequisites, ENGL 130, 131, 132H, or 133H; ENGL 206 or 207; and ENGL 406 or 407. Permission of the program director. Restricted to senior honors candidates. The first half of a two-semester seminar. Each student begins a book of fiction (25,000 words) or poetry (1,000 lines). Extensive discussion of student work in class and in conferences.

694H Creative Writing Senior Honors Thesis, Part II (3). Prerequisites, ENGL 130, 131, 132H, or 133H; ENGL 206 or 207; ENGL 406 or 407; and ENGL 693H. Permission of the program director. Restricted to senior honors candidates. The second half of a two-semester seminar. Each student completes a book of fiction or poetry. Extensive discussion of student work in class and in conferences with instructor.

Courses for Graduate Students

ENGL

701 Introduction to Medieval Studies (3). Introduction to medieval studies for graduate students in any department. Intended to expose students to research problems, tools and techniques in fields other than their own.

719 Old English Grammar and Readings (3). An introduction to Old English language and literature that also attempts to relate that language to Modern English and to the larger context of the history of the English language.

720 Old English Poetry (3). Required preparation, a working knowledge of Old English. The translation and interpretation of Old English poetry including works such as The Wanderer, The Seafarer, Deor, The Dream of the Rood, and Beowulf.

721 Early Middle English Literature (3). An introduction to Early Middle English, its varieties and genres from ca. 1150 (The Peterborough Chronicle) to ca. 1330 (the Harley lyrics).

722 Middle English Alliterative Poetry (3). Required preparation, a working knowledge of Middle English. An exploration of the Middle English poetry of the 14th-century alliterative "Revival," including the works of the Gawain/Pearl poet of the Langland.

723 Later Middle English Literature (3). English literature of the late 14th and 15th centuries, including Gower, the English and Scottish Chaucerians, and Sir Thomas Malory.

724 Chaucer (3). A study of Chaucer's major poetry, including Troilus and Criseyde, at least some of the "dream" poems such as Parliament of Fowls, and most of The Canterbury Tales.

747 Studies in the American Novel (3). A wide-ranging, graduate-level survey of the American novel from the late 18th century through the 20th century.

748 Studies in American Poetry (3). A wide-ranging, graduate-level survey of American poetry from the late 18th century through the 20th century.

762 Special Topics in Cultural Studies (3). An introduction to myriad texts, topics, controversies, institutions, and personalities that make up the ongoing knowledge projects that are loosely affiliated under the rubric "cultural studies."

776 Old Irish I (3). The main emphasis of the course will be on mastering the basic grammar of the language. There will be some readings from selected Old Irish glosses and from Aislinge Oenguso.

777 Old Irish II (3). Prerequisite, ENGL 776. Readings from a variety of genres of Old Irish literature: Stories from the Tain, Crith Gablach, Cambrai Homily, Early Irish Lyrics, Scela Mucce Meic Datho.

778 Medieval Welsh I (3). An introduction to Medieval Welsh language and literature.

779 Medieval Welsh II (3). Prerequisite, ENGL 778. Readings in Old and Middle Welsh Literature.

780 Proseminar in British Literature, 800–1500 (3).

781 Proseminar in British Literature, 1500–1660 (3).

782 Proseminar in British Literature, 1660–1770 (3).

783 Proseminar in British Literature, 1770–1870 (3).

784 Proseminar in American Literature, Prior to the Civil War (3).

785 Proseminar in Literature after 1870 (3).

786 Introduction to Graduate Study in English and Comparative Literature (3). This course introduces students to the field of literary studies in English and comparative literature. Students will survey a range of approaches, methods, and controversies that have emerged from the field. The focus on critical and institutional histories will provide a foundation for graduate work and for developing professional objectives.

800 Technology and the Humanities (3). Course explores the impacts of information technology on teaching and scholarship in the humanities. Students critique and learn to integrate emerging technologies into their pedagogy and research interests.

801 Research Methods in Composition and Rhetoric (3). Course introduces graduate students to methodologies of research in the field of Rhetoric and Composition. Emphasis is on theoretical and practical concerns that improve teaching and help develop research agendas.

805 Studies in Rhetoric and Composition (3). Focus varies by semester, but generally investigates intersections of literacy, pedagogy, and rhetorical theory. Courses range from explorations of technology and literacy, to investigations of forms of writing and pedagogy.

814 History of the English Language (LING 814) (3). Study of English from its Proto-Indo-European origins through the 18th century focusing on historic events and the major changes to the structure and usage of English they occasioned.

819 Seminar in Old English Language and Literature (3). Topics in Old English poetry and prose that vary with each seminar and instructor.

821 Seminar in Middle English Literature (3). Intensive study of major Middle English authors or genres or of medieval cultural influences. Topics have included Malory, Piers Plowman and its tradition, drama, and intellectual backgrounds of medieval literature.

824 Seminar in Chaucer (3). Advanced graduate seminar on Chaucer.

825 Renaissance Literature in Context (3). A study of select works of Renaissance literature, both dramatic and nondramatic, in its intellectual, social, political, or religious context.

826 Studies in Renaissance Genres (3). This course traces the historical trajectory of renaissance literary genres. Each offering focuses on a generic kind or set of kinds. (Topics may include pastoral, epic, satire, etc.)

827 Studies in Renaissance Authors (3). Concentrated studies of single authors, groups of authors thematically linked, or authors in their families or coteries.

828 Perspectives on Renaissance Literature and Culture (3). Students will study Renaissance literature while assessing the usefulness and status of a theoretical approach, such as feminist theory, queer theory, cultural materialism, new historicism or psychoanalytic theory.

829 Studies in Renaissance Literature: Drama (3). A study of Renaissance drama linked thematically, or framed by select cultural practices and historical issues.

830 Studies in Renaissance Literature: Primarily Nondramatic (3). A focused examination of an aesthetic, historical, or theoretical problem in the study of Renaissance literature.

831 Seminar in 18th-Century Literature (3). Selected topics in 18th-century literature.

832 Restoration and 18th-Century Drama (3). Studies in Restoration and 18th-century drama from Etherege to Sheridan.

833 Studies in English Literature, 1660–1740 (3). Studies in Restoration and Augustan writers from Dryden to Haywood.

834 Later 18th-Century Writers (3). Studies in later 18th-century writers from Gray to Wollstonecraft.

835 18th-Century Fiction (3). Studies in 18th-century fiction from Behn to Austen.

836 Studies in 18th-Century Women Writers (3). Behn, Haywood, Manley, Montague, Burney, Wollstonecraft, and Austen.

837 Studies in English Literature, 1780–1832 (3). Sections: 1) Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, 2) Byron, Shelley, Keats. Examination of the major Romantic poets, supplemented by readings in other Romantic authors.

838 19th-Century British Novel (3). Examination of important 19th-century British novels, such as those by Austen, Scott, Dickens, the Brontës, sensation novelists, Gaskell, Carroll, Thackeray, Eliot, Trollope, Doyle, Hardy, Meredith.

839 Victorian Nonfictional Prose (3). Examination of Victorian critics, travel writers, feminists, scientists, and historians in relation to the controversies of the period.

840 Studies in Victorian Literature: Poetry (3). Study of Victorian poets, focused on a group or a topic, including figures such as Tennyson, the Brownings, Arnold, and the Pre-Raphaelites.

841 Seminar in 19th-Century Romanticism in England (3). Topics concerning major authors and issues of the Romantic period.

842 Seminar in Victorian Literature (3). Topics concerning major authors and issues of the Victorian period.

843 Seminar in American Literature to 1860 (3). Topics vary: e.g., New England Puritanism, New England response to American literary nationalism; Emerson; Irving, Hawthorne, and Poe and the development of the American short story.

844 Seminar in American Literature, 1860–1900 (3). In-depth exploration for doctoral students of selected topics or authors in American literature from 1860 to 1900.

847 Seminar in the American Novel (3). Doctoral-level seminar in the selected topics or authors.

848 Seminar in American Poetry (3). Selected topics of authors.

850 Studies in English and American Poetry of the 20th Century (3). Usually taught as a survey of major poets: Yeats, Frost, Stevens, Williams, Pound, Eliot, Auden, with some more recent poets.

851 Studies in English and American Drama of the 20th Century (3). Usually taught as a survey of major playwrights of the modern era, from the continental influences (Ibsen and Strindberg) to such contemporary figures as Pinter and Stoppard.

852 Seminar in Modern Drama (3). Explores representative works of contemporary playwrights.

857 Studies in 20th-Century English and American Literature (3). Studies in special modern and/or contemporary topics; e.g., the Irish literary renaissance, Latina/o studies, Asian American studies, cultural, visual culture, postcolonial, gender and/or ethnic studies, and British and/or American literature.

858 Studies in English and American Fiction of the 20th Century (3). Usually taught as a survey of major writers: Joyce, Lawrence, Woolf, Hemingway, Faulkner, with some other writers.

860 Seminar in 20th-Century Literature, English and American (3). Seminar examining issues in modern English and American Literature.

861 Seminar in Literary and Cultural Theory (3). Seminar with varying topics, focusing on recent developments in literary and cultural theory, including narratology, feminism, psychoanalysis, and postcolonial and materialist theory.

862 Seminar in Cultural Studies (3). Advanced exploration of myriad tests, topics, controversies, institutions, and personalities that make up the ongoing knowledge projects that are loosely affiliated under the rubric "cultural studies."

863 Seminar in Postcolonial Literature (3). Course examines the shifting meanings of postcoloniality in 20th- and 21st-century literature from formerly colonized countries.

864 Studies in Latina/o Literature, Culture, and Criticism (3). Representative work by Latina/o writers and critics in relation to major social and historical trends and critical models-border theory, biculturalism, mestizaje, tropicalization, diaspora, pan-latinidad, Afro-Latina/o disidentifications, and LatinAsia studies.

867 African American and African Diasporan Literature to 1930 (3). Representative writers and literary and cultural traditions from the beginning of African American literature to 1930.

868 African American and African Diasporan Literature, 1930–1970 (3). Key writers within the context of selected literary, cultural, and critical traditions from 1930 to 1970.

869 African American and African Diasporan Literature, 1970 to the Present (3). Representative writers and literary, cultural, and critical traditions from 1970 to the present.

871 Seminar in African American Literature (3). An intensive study of a major writer or text, a group of writers or texts, or an important trend, tradition, or literary period.

872 Studies in African American and African Diasporan Literature (3). An intensive study of a particular aspect of African American literature, such as speculative fiction, subject formation, comparative diasporan literatures, gender issues, theoretical and critical approaches, or formal innovations.

873 Seminar in the Literature of the U.S. South (3). An in-depth treatment of selected writers of the U.S. South, focusing on a single genre or historical period.

874 Literature of the U.S. South: Special Topics (3). An in-depth treatment of selected topics (e.g., the Southern Renaissance, postmodern southern fiction, the racial conversion narrative) in Southern literature.

876 Introduction to Modern Irish I (3). An introduction to modern Irish grammar.

877 Introduction to Modern Irish II (3). Prerequisite, ENGL 876. Readings in modern Irish literature.

878 Critical Ireland (3). This course explores the creation of Irish culture in literature and history through the medium of 20th-century critical texts.

879 Writing the Northern Irish Troubles (3). This course examines literature's response to "the troubles" in Northern Ireland, that outbreak of civil violence which has taken place, most recently, since 1968.

880 Ireland in Modernity (3). This course will examine the relationships between Irish writing, culture, and modernism, in the context of international developments in literature and art.

881 Studies in Cinema (3). This course offers graduate students the opportunity to investigate, in a seminar setting, a particular subject within the domain of film studies.

886 Seminar in Ecological Theory and Practice (3). In-depth evaluation of ecological theory, ecocritical pedagogy, and literary criticism.

990 Directed Readings (3). Topics vary according to the needs and interests of the individual student and the professor directing the reading and writing project.

992 Non-Thesis Option (3).

993 Master's Thesis (3–6).

994 Doctoral Dissertation (3–9).

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

CMPL

411 Critical Theory (3). Overview of those realms of modern and contemporary thought and writing that are known as, and closely associated with, "critical theory."

420 Film, Photography, and the Digital Image (3). This course examines the shifting nature of the cinematic medium in relation to both traditional photography and newer digital forms of image production. The aesthetic, ethical, and ontological aspects of cinema are explored in light of emergent technological and cultural conditions that demand a full-scale reconsideration of cinema's specificity.

435 Consciousness and Symbols (ANTH 435, FOLK 435) (3). See ANTH 435 for description.

450 Major Works of 20th-Century Literary Theory (3). Comparative study of representative works on literary and cultural theory or applied criticism to be announced in advance.

452 The Middle Ages (3). Study of selected examples of Western medieval literature in translation, with particular attention to the development of varieties of sensibility in various genres and at different periods.

453 The Erotic Middle Ages (3). Readings of major works of medieval European literature in translation from the 12th to 15th centuries, focusing on topics such as courtship, marriage, adultery, homoeroticism, domestic violence, mystical visions, and prostitution.

454 Literature of the Continental Renaissance in Translation (3). Discussion of the major works of Petrarch, Boccaccio, Machiavelli, Castiglione, Ariosto, Tasso, Rabelais, Ronsard, Montaigne, Cervantes, and Erasmus.

456 The 18th-Century Novel (3). English, French, and German 18th-century narrative fiction with emphasis on the epistolary novel. The relation of the novel to the Enlightenment and its counterpart, the cult of sentimentality, and on shifting paradigms for family education, gender, and erotic desire.

458 Sense, Sensibility, Sensuality, 1740–1810 (3). The development of the moral aesthetic of sensibility or Empfindsamkeit in literature of western Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

460 Romanticism (3). An exploration of the period concept of Romanticism, using selected literary works by such writers as Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Goethe, Novalis, Schlegel, Hugo, Nerval, Chateaubriand.

462 Realism (3). An exploration of the period concept of Realism through selected works by such writers as George Eliot, Dickens, James, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Balzac, Stendhal, Flaubert, Zola.

463 Cinema and Surrealism (3). This course examines surrealism as an inter-art development between the First and Second World Wars. Taking a comparativist view, it focuses mainly on cinema but explores surrealist literature, painting, and sculpture as well. Much of the course traces the continuing relevance of surrealist practices in contemporary cinema.

464 Naturalism (3). The Naturalist movement in European and American literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, focusing on its philosophical, psychological, and literary manifestations in selected plays and novels.

466 Modernism (3). An exploration of the period concept of modernism in European literature, with attention to central works in poetry, narrative, and drama, and including parallel developments in the visual arts.

468 Aestheticism (3). Aestheticism as a discrete 19th-century movement and as a major facet of modernism in literature and literary theory. Authors include Kierkegaard, Baudelaire, Nietzche, Huysmans, Wilde, Mann, Rilke, Nabokov, Dinesen, Barthes, Sontag.

469 Milan Kundera and World Literature (3). This course traces Milan Kundera's literary path from his communist poetic youth to his present postmodern Francophilia. His work will be compared with those authors he considers his predecessors and influences in European literature. Taught in English. Some readings in Czech for qualified students.

470 Concepts and Perspectives of the Tragic (3). History and theory of tragedy as a distinctive literary genre and as a more general literary and cultural problem. Authors include Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Shakespeare, Racine, Goethe, Nietzsche, Wagner, Mann, Samuel I and II, Faulkner. Also engages theorists, ancient and modern.

471 Classical Rhetoric and Modern Theory (3). Explores how the theory and practice of classical, medieval, and early modern rhetoric continue to challenge and stimulate contemporary theory. Two-thirds of the course examines texts written before 1750.

472 The Drama from Ibsen to Beckett (3). The main currents of European drama from the end of the 19th century to the present. Includes Chekhov, Strindberg, Pirandello, Lorca, Brecht, Anouilh.

473 Drama, Pageantry, and Spectacle in Medieval Europe (3). An exploration of different expressions of medieval drama and pagentry, including plays, tournaments, public executions, and religious processions.

478 The Medieval Frame Tale: Chaucer, Boccaccio, and the Arabian Nights (3).A comparative study of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Boccaccio's Decameron, and the earliest known version of The Arabian Nights. Knowledge of Middle English desirable, but students with no experience in the language will be able to attend tutorial sessions early in the semester.

481 Rhetoric of Silence: Cross-Cultural Theme and Technique (ASIA 481) (3). The uses of literary silence for purposes such as protest, civility, joy, oppression, nihilism, awe, or crisis of representation. Authors include Sterne, Goethe, Austen, Kawabata, Soseki, Oe, Toson, Camus, Mann.

482 Philosophy in Literature (PHIL 482) (3). See PHIL 482 for description.

483 Cross-Currents in East-West Literature (ASIA 483) (3). The study of the influence of Western texts upon Japanese authors and the influence of conceptions of "the East" upon Western writers. Goldsmith, Voltaire, Soseki, Sterne, Arishima, Ibsen, Yoshimoto, Ishiguro.

485 Approaches to 20th-Century Narrative (3). An examination of central trends in 20th-century narrative.

486 Literary Landscapes in Europe and Japan (ASIA 486) (3). Changing understandings of nature across time and cultures, especially with regard to its human manipulation and as portrayed in novels of Japan and Europe. Rousseau, Goethe, Austen, Abe, Mishima.

487 Literature and the Arts of Love (3). Love and sexuality in literary works from various historical periods and genres. Authors include Sappho, Plato, Catullus, Propertius, Ovid, Dante, Petrarch, Shakespeare, LaClos, Goethe, Nabokov, and Roland Barthes.

490 Special Topics (3). Topics vary from semester to semester.

492 The Fourth Dimension: Art and the Fictions of Hyperspace (3). An exploration of the concept of the fourth dimension, its origins in non-Euclidean geometry, its development in popular culture, and its impact on the visual arts, film, and literature.

494 Cinematic Uses of the Essay Form (3). Examines aesthetic, political, and philosophical aspects of essay films in international cinema. Focusing on works by figures such as Chris Marker, Orson Welles, Harun Farocki, Alexander Kluge, Guy Debord, and Jean-Luc Godard, the course traces the genre's literary roots and addresses how the essay deviates from more traditional documentary forms.

496 Reading Course (3). Readings vary from semester to semester. The course is generally offered for three credits.

558 The Lives and Times of Medieval Corpses (3). An investigation of the social, political, and literary uses of corpses in the Middle Ages.

560 Reading Other Cultures: Issues in Literary Translation (SLAV 560) (3). See SLAV 560 for description.

621 Arthurian Romance (ENGL 621) (3). See ENGL 621 for description.

622 Medieval Cosmopolitanisms (3). An examination of medieval engagements with the foreign and the extent to which those engagements challenged conventional ways of thinking about the world.

624 The Baroque (3). Required preparation, one course from CMPL 120–129. Analysis of the Baroque as an aesthetic movement, including major, representative literary works, comparisons of literature and the visual arts, and the study of theories of the Baroque and Neo-Baroque. Authors studied may include Tasso, Racine, Cervantes, and Shakespeare, among others.

685 Literature of the Americas (AMST 685, ENGL 685) (3). See ENGL 685 for description.

691H Comparative Literature Senior Honors Thesis Part I (3). Required of all students reading for honors in comparative literature.

692H Comparative Literature Senior Honors Thesis Part II (3). Prerequisite, CMPL 691H. Required of all students reading for honors in comparative literature.

697 Senior Seminar (3). This seminar allows comparative literature majors to work on an independent project to synthesize their curricular experience, and it introduces them to current, broadly applicable issues in comparative literature.

Courses for Graduate Students

CMPL

700 Problems and Methods in Comparative Literature (3). The course deals with the history of comparative literature, bibliographical materials, orientations of the subject in Europe and America, and problems of methodology, periodization, literary movements, and concepts of literary theory.

737 Topics in Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory (3). Selected critical topics in poststructuralist thought, chosen by the instructor and announced in advance.

741 The Essay and Short Story (SPAN 741) (3). See SPAN 741 for description.

745 The Vanguards (SPAN 745) (3). See SPAN 745 for description.

747 The Contemporary Spanish American Novel (SPAN 747) (3). See SPAN 747 for description.

796 Reading Course (1–21).

821 Reading Ironies (3). Study of processes of recognizing and constructing ironies in texts, with consideration of both theoretical issues and practical readings.

841 History of Literary Criticism I: The Origins of Theory and Criticism (3). Traces major strains in literary criticism and theory from classical antiquity to the 18th century, pairing primary critical texts with contemporary literary examples and modern day theoretical responses. Authors read include: Plato, Aristotle, Aristophanes, Horace, Augustine, and Burke; Homer, Ovid, Virgil, Dante, and Pope; and Auerbach, Derrida, Ricoeur, and Benjamin.

842 History of Literary Criticism II: 1750–1950 (3). Study of major theoretical and critical writings in Europe from the middle of the 18th to the early 20th century.

843 20th-Century Literary Theory (3). An overview of major theoretical developments of the 20th century, including such movements as Saussurean linguistics, Russian Formalism, Prague Circle Semiotics, poststructuralism, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, feminism and Marxism.

844 Modern Women Writers (3). Exploration of ‘l'ecriture feminine' through texts of modern women writers, artists, and critics who expanded the frontiers of expression beyond the conventionally articulable into spaces of silence and the ‘non-dit.'

890 Special Topics in Comparative Literature (3).

892 Interdisciplinary Seminar in Renaissance Studies (3). Topic announced annually in advance.

894 Seminar (3). Topic announced annually in advance.

900 Research (0.5–21).

993 Master's Thesis (3–6).

994 Doctoral Dissertation (3–9).