Department of Epidemiology

www.sph.unc.edu/epid

ANDREW F. OLSHAN, Chair

Distinguished Professor

Gerardo Heiss (41) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Professors

Ralph S. Baric (142) Public Health Virology, Molecular Virology

Wilfrida Behets (210) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Myron "Mike" Cohen, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Stephen R. Cole (225) Methodology, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Michael Emch (234) Spatial Epidemiology, Medical Geography, Infectious Diseases, Neighborhoods and Health

Marilie D. Gammon (195) Cancer Epidemiology

David M. Margolis (220) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Stephen W. Marshall (199) Injury Epidemiology, Methodology

Steven R. Meshnick (200) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Andrew F. Olshan (147) Cancer Epidemiology, Reproductive/Perinatal Epidemiology

Wayne D. Rosamond (162) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Robert S. Sandler (73) Cancer Epidemiology

Anna Maria Siega-Riz (218) Nutritional Epidemiology, Reproductive/Perinatal/Pediatric Epidemiology

H. June Stevens (172) Nutritional Epidemiology, Obesity Epidemiology

Til Hans Robert Stürmer (224) Pharmacoepidemiology, Methodology

David J. Weber (96) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Associate Professors

Maurice Alan Brookhart (228) Pharmacoepidemiology, Methodology

Julie Daniels (206) Environmental Epidemiology, Reproductive/Perinatal/Pediatric Epidemiology

Larry Engel (232) Environmental Epidemiology, Cancer Epidemiology

Stephanie Engel (231) Reproductive/Perinatal Epidemiology, Environmental Epidemiology

William C. Miller (191) Infectious Disease and Clinical Epidemiology

Kari North (205) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Genetic Epidemiology

Audrey Pettifor (215) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Charles L. Poole (193) Methodology

David B. Richardson (213) Environmental Epidemiology, Occupational Epidemiology

Victor J. Schoenbach (64) Behavioral Epidemiology, Infectious Disease Epidemiology (Primarily STDs), Cancer Control (Primarily Smoking Cessation)

Lola V. Stamm (145) Public Health Bacteriology, Molecular Cloning, Pathogenics of Infectious Disease

James C. Thomas (127) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Melissa A. Troester (226) Cancer Epidemiology

Annelies Van Rie (202) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Steven B. Wing (99) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Occupational/Environmental Epidemiology

Assistant Professors

Christy L. Avery (233) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Genetic Epidemiology

Brian W. Pence (236) Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Mental Health Epidemiology, Implementation Science Research, Quantitative Epidemiologic Methods

Kimberly A. Powers (237) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Whitney Robinson (229) Social Epidemiology, Cancer Epidemiology, Nutrition, Methodology

Daniel J. Westreich (235) Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Methodology, Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology, Pharmacoepidemiology

Research Professor

John Baron, Cancer Etiology and Prevention, Clinical Epidemiology

Kelly R. Evenson (209) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Physical Activity

Research Associate Professors

Debra E. Irwin (176) Cancer Epidemiology, Reproductive Epidemiology

Jennifer S. Smith (212) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Eric A. Whitsel (221) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Research Assistant Professors

Jeannette Bensen, Cancer Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology

Kathleen C. Dorsey, Cancer Epidemiology

Nora Franceschini, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Yvonne Golightly, Injury Epidemiology, Osteoarthritis

Carla Hand, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Jennifer A. Horney (230) Applied Epidemiology

Michele Jönsson Funk (216) Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Pharmacoepidemiology

Anna Kucharska-Newton, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Laura R. Loehr (227) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Clinical Epidemiology

Sonia Napravnik (223) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Amy Sims, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Anissa Vines, Social Epidemiology, Health Care Epidemiology

Sharon S. Weir, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Karin Yeatts, Environmental Epidemiology

Marcel Yotebieng, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Research Instructor

Andrew Edmonds, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Clinical Professors

Timothy S. Carey (138) Clinical Epidemiology

David F. Ransohoff (160) Health Care Epidemiology

Ross Simpson Jr., Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Clinical Epidemiology

Ronald Strauss, Dental Epidemiology, Social Impacts

Clinical Associate Professors

Lorraine Alexander, Public Health Preparedness, Distance Education

Mary "Bonnie" Rogers (187) Occupational Epidemiology

Adjunct Professors

Adaora Adimora, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Naomar Almeida-Filho, Psychosocial Epidemiology

Donna D. Baird (104) Reproductive Epidemiology

Edward Baker Jr., Occupational Epidemiology, Environmental Epidemiology

James D. Beck (167) Dental Epidemiology

Douglas Bell, Cancer Epidemiology

Dan German Blazer (108) Psychosocial and Aging Epidemiology

Gregory L. Burke, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Willard Cates (188) Reproductive and Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Dennis A. Clements (152) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Joseph Cook, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Parasitology

Glinda S. Cooper (196) Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Reproductive Epidemiology

Joan Cornoni-Huntley (04) Aging, Physical, Cognitive, and Social Functioning

John Dement, Environmental Epidemiology, Occupational Epidemiology

Jeffrey Engel, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Joseph Eron Jr., Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Robert Fletcher (45) Health Care Epidemiology

Suzanne Fletcher (46) Health Care Epidemiology

Judith A. Fortney (116) Reproductive Epidemiology

Joanne M. Garrett (156) Health Services Research

Bradley Gaynes, Psychiatric Epidemiology

Larry Glickman, Biosurveillance, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Paul A. Godley (181) Cancer Epidemiology

Raymond S. Greenberg (86) Cancer Epidemiology

Laura Hanson, Clinical Epidemiology, Geriatrics

Russell P. Harris (125) Cancer Epidemiology, Clinical Epidemiology

Sherman A. James (07) Psychosocial Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

C. David Jenkins, Social Epidemiology

Joanne Jordan, Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Jay Kaufman, Methodology, Social Epidemiology

Ulrich Keil (169) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Occupational Epidemiology

Stephen Kritchevsky, Aging Epidemiology

Peter Leone, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Jay Levine, Veterinary Epidemiology

Stephanie London, Cancer Epidemiology

Matthew Longnecker, Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

Dana P. Loomis, Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

Timothy Mastro, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Melinda S. Meade (58) Medical Geography

Pauline Mendola, Environmental Epidemiology, Reproductive Epidemiology

Kenneth A. Mundt, Occupational Epidemiology

Warren P. Newton, Health Care Epidemiology

David Peden, Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

Miquel Porta, Cancer Epidemiology, Clinical Epidemiology, Pharmacoepidemiology

Walter J. Rogan (39) Environmental Epidemiology

Michael Rosenberg, Reproductive Epidemiology

Dale Sandler (90) Environmental Epidemiology

David A. Savitz (101) Reproductive Epidemiology

Nicholas Shaheen, Health Care Epidemiology

Ilene C. Siegler (148) Aging

Gary Slade, Oral Epidemiology

Betsy Sleath, Pharmacoepidemiology, Outcomes Research

John W. Stamm (92) Dental Epidemiology

Jeffrey S. A. Stringer, Global Women's Health, HIV/AIDS in Women and Child Health

Patrick F. Sullivan, Genetic Epidemiology

Jack A. Taylor, Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

John Thorp Jr., Reproductive Epidemiology

Hugh H. Tilson (87) Pharmacoepidemiology

Edward Wagner, Health Services Research

Clarice Weinberg, Environmental and Reproductive Epidemiology

Allen J. Wilcox (61) Reproductive Epidemiology

Redford Williams (141) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Bonnie C. Yankaskas (82) Diagnostic Radiology/Cancer Epidemiology

Sheryl Zimmerman, Aging

Adjunct Associate Professors

Timothy E. Aldrich, Environmental Epidemiology

Elizabeth B. Andrews (140) Pharmacoepidemiology

Ronald E. Aubert, Chronic Disease Epidemiology

John Barefoot (151) Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Psychosocial Epidemiology

Wendy Brewster, Women's Health

Leigh Callahan, Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Health Care Epidemiology

Patricia Chang, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Honglei Chen, Nutritional Epidemiology

Benjamin H. Chi, Clinical Epidemiology, Global Health, Reproductive Health

Joe Steven Cline, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

Thomas B. Cole, Public Health, Violence, Medical Editing

Martin Crane, Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Reproductive Epidemiology

Nancy Dole, Reproductive Epidemiology

Bruce Duncan, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Sara Ephross, Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Paul J. Feldblum (186) Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Cynthia Girman, Pharmacoepidemiology

Katherine E. Hartmann (196) Reproductive Epidemiology, Women's Health

Duanping Liao (189) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Hester Lipscomb, Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

Mark Massing, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Margaret F. McCann (100) Reproductive Epidemiology

William F. McDonnell III (170) Environmental Epidemiology

Patricia Moorman, Cancer Epidemiology

Dexter L. Morris (113) Cancer Epidemiology

Lucas Neas, Environmental Epidemiology

Daniel Rodriguez, Built Environment, Physical Activity

Kathryn M. Rose, Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Women's Health

Joellen M. Schildkraut (126) Cancer Epidemiology

Maria Schmidt, Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Arlene Sena-Soberano, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

C. Gregory Smith (83) Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology

David C. Sokal (178) Reproductive Epidemiology

Paul E. Stang (163) Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Anthony J. Viera, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Emmanuel Walter, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Suzanne West (207) Health Care Epidemiology, Pharmacoepidemiology

Alice D. White (117) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Timothy C. Wilcosky (98) Cancer Epidemiology

David Wohl, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Adjunct Assistant Professors

Rukmini B. Balu, HIV, STDs, Clinical Research, Biorepositories, Pharmacogenomics

Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Evaluation of Immunization Programs, Rotavirus Vaccines, Pneumococcal Vaccines

Jane H. Brice, Clinical Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Lori Carter Edwards (192) Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Remy Coeytaux, Health Care Epidemiology

Kourtney Davis, Pharmacoepidemiology

Evan Dellon, Health Care Epidemiology

Lisa DeRoo, Envionmental Epidemiology, Genetic Epidemiology, Reproductive Outcomes

Eric Donaldson, Viral Metagenomics, Viral Evolution, Structural Bioinformatics

Mohamed El Hag Ahmed, Environmental/Occupational Epidemiology, Injury Epidemiology

Aaron Fleischauer, Applied Epidemiology, Surveillance, Preparedness and Response

Dionne Gesink, Reproductive Epidemiology, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Louise Henderson, Health Services Research, Cancer Epidemiology

Jane Hoppin, Environmental Epidemiology

Esther C. Janowsky, Cancer Epidemiology

Jonathan Juliano, Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics of Malaria

Barbara Kowalcyk, Foodborne Illness

Thomas Luben, Environmental Epidemiology, Adverse Reproductive Outcomes

William C. Maier, Pharmacoepidemiology

Ann M. McNeill, Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Prema Menezes, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Lynne Messer, Social Epidemiology

David Miller, Pharmacoepidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology

Keri Monda, Genetics, Obesity Epidemiology

Miriam Morey, Health Care Epidemiology, Aging Epidemiology

Matthew E. Nielsen, Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services, Cancer Outcomes

Padmaja "Piku" Patnaik, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, International Health

Scott Proescholdbell, Injury Epidemiology

Vilma Santana, Occupational Epidemiology

Williams Saunders, Psychosocial Epidemiology

Jane C. Schroeder, Cancer Epidemiology, Health Services Epidemiology

Pamela Schwingl, Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Reproductive Epidemiology

Markus Steiner, Methodology

Steve M. Taylor, Malaria, Tropical Disease Epidemiology, Hemoglobin Disorders

Vani Vannappagari, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Emily Vavalle, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Timothy Wade, Environmental Epidemiology

Rachel E. Williams, Health Care Epidemiology

Christopher Woods, Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Adjunct Instructor

Amy Ising, Public Health Informatics, Public Health Surveillance, Syndromic Surveillance

Professors Emeriti

Barbara S. Hulka

Michel A. Ibrahim

Berton H. Kaplan

J. Richard Seed

Carl M. Shy

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

EPID

600 Principles of Epidemiology (3). An introductory course that considers the meaning, scope, and applications of epidemiology to public health practice and the uses of vital statistics data in the scientific appraisal of community health. One lecture and two lab hours per week.

620I Aging and Health (DENT 604I, HMSC 904I, MEDI 604I, NURS 782I, PHCY 604I, PHYT 904I, PSYC 904I, SOCI 824, SOWO 604I) (3). See SOWO 604I for description.

625 Injury as a Public Health Problem (1). Pre- or corequisite, EPID 600. This course considers the causes and consequences of traumatic injury and dilemmas in injury research and prevention. This one-credit course consists of 10 class sessions of 75 minutes each over the first five weeks of the semester.

626 Intentional Injury as a Public Health Problem (1). Corequisite, EPID 625. This one-credit course considers the causes and consequences of intentional injury and dilemmas in injury research and prevention. The course meets once a week for 75 minutes starting the sixth week of the semester. Students may enroll concurrently in EPID 627.

627 Unintentional Injury as a Public Health Problem (1). Corequisite, EPID 625. This one-credit course considers the causes and consequences of unintentional injury and dilemmas in injury research and prevention. The course meets once a week for 75 minutes starting the sixth week of the semester.

689 Resources for International Students (1). Structured opportunities for international students to become informed about U.S. academic and cultural issues as they pertain to their training in epidemiology. Not for degree credit.

695 Research in Epidemiology (1-3). Permission of the instructor. A course for undergraduate students who wish to conduct research as part of an ongoing epidemiology project or as an independent activity.

696 Problems in Epidemiology (1-3). A course for undergraduate students who wish to make an intensive study of some special problems in epidemiology.

Courses for Graduate Students

EPID

700 SAS and Data Management (3). An introduction to statistical analysis, programming, and data management, using the SAS programming language. Two lecture hours and two lab hours per week.

705 Introduction to Deductive and Probability Logic in Epidemiology (2). Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Covers properties of logical relations, truth tables and Euler diagrams, valid and fallacious arguments, cognitive heuristics and biases, interpretations of probability, the probability calculus, Bayes' theorem, binomial and normal distributions, applications of probability logic and probabilistic fallacies, all in an epidemiologic context.

710 Fundamentals of Epidemiology (4). Corequisite, BIOS 600. Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Intensive introduction to epidemiological concepts and methods for students intending to engage in, collaborate in, or interpret the results of epidemiologic studies. An alternate to EPID 600 for satisfying the SPH core requirements. Three lecture and two seminar hours a week.

711 Clinical Measurement/Evaluation (PUBH 760) (3). See PUBH 760 for description.

715 Theory and Quantitative Methods in Epidemiology (4). Prerequisites, EPID 705, EPID 710 or 711. Corequisite, BIOS 545. Required preparation, competence in SAS. Permission of the instructor required for nonmajors. An in-depth treatment of basic concepts and skills in epidemiologic research, including problem conceptualization, study design, research conduct, data analysis, and interpretation. Four lecture hours per week.

716 Epidemiologic Data Analysis (2). Prerequisites, EPID 705, 710 or 711. Corequisite, EPID 715. Required preparation, documented SAS proficiency. This course is a combined lecture/lab format where students get hands-on experience in the analysis and interpretation of data from cohort and case-control studies.

718 Epidemiologic Analysis of Binary Data (3). Prerequisite, EPID 715. Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Concepts and applications, including logistic regression, binomial regression, model building strategy, additive and multiplicative interaction, and graphical exploration. Includes computer-based experience with real data. Two lecture hours and one lab hour per week.

719 Readings in Epidemiologic Methods (1). Corequisite, EPID 718 (fall); EPID 722 (spring). A discussion in journal-club format of readings in general epidemiologic methods, from problem conceptualization to application of results.

722 Epidemiologic Analysis of Time-to-Event Data (4). Prerequisite, EPID 718. Required preparation, SAS software expertise. Course covers epidemiologic analysis of time-to-event data and emphasizes weighing threats to the accuracy of inferences. Class time is spent discussing weekly readings and homeworks..

725 Research Planning Workshop (0.5). Open to second-year Ph.D. students (majors only). This course is designed to guide students through the initial stage of formulating an epidemiologic research topic and plan, leading towards the development of a full research proposal.

726 Epidemiologic Research Methods (3). Prerequisites, EPID 715 and 725. Minimum second- year standing in doctoral program or permission of the instructor. Majors only. A second-level course in the design and conduct of epidemiologic research. Each student will comprehensively address the conceptual and practical aspects of developing a high-quality, detailed research proposal.

730 Advanced Methods for Epidemiology (1). Prerequisites, BIOS 545, EPID 715 and 718. A seminar for advanced students exploring methodological issues in epidemiology, including measurement error, missing data, intermediate variables, complex study designs, meta-analysis, splines, and other topics.

731 Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (1). This seminar provides training in systematic review and meta-analysis. Topics include problem definition, literature search, extraction of results and study characteristics, publication bias and funnel plot analysis, analysis overall heterogeneity, and stratified and meta-regression analysis of study and population characteristics.

733 Clinical Trials in Epidemiology (3). Required preparation, introductory epidemiology and biostatistics. Systematic overview of principles in design, implementation, and analysis of clinical trials. Emphasis on applications in chronic disease epidemiology. In-depth discussion of case examples from cardiovascular disease epidemiology emphasized. Three lecture hours a week.

735 Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology (3). Required preparation, introductory epidemiology and biostatistics taken concurrently. Review of the main causes of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality, and their population determinants. Topics include epidemiologic methods, risk factors, strategies for prevention, and a student research project. Three lecture hours a week.

737 Advanced Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology (3).

742 Biomarkers in Population-Based Research (2). This course surveys the major issues relevant to the application of biomarkers in epidemiological research, including the logistical hurdles in biospecimen collection and storage, assessments of biomarker quality, analytic issues, and the interpretation of quantitative estimates.

743 Genetic Epidemiology: Methods and Applications (3). Prerequisites, BIOS 545 and EPID 715. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Concepts and methods of genetic epidemiology relevant to the study of complex human diseases, including segregation analysis, linkage analysis, and gene-environment interaction. Includes whole genome approaches, as well as nonhuman systems. Three lecture hours a week.

744 Advanced Genetic Epidemiology (3). Prerequisites, EPID 715 and 743. This course will provide students who already possess a foundation in genetic epidemiology with practical knowledge required to use software tools for gene structure/function and disease association analysis.

745 Molecular Techniques for Public Health Research (2). Required preparation, undergraduate-level biology and genetics course(s). Theory and application of selected nucleic acid and protein based techniques for public health research, including topics of sample preparation, PCR, DNA sequencing, genotyping, microarrays, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry. Two lecture hours per week.

750 Fundamentals of Public Health Surveillance (3). This course provides the conceptual foundations and practical skills for designing and implementing surveillance systems, for using surveillance data for the conduct and evaluation of public health programs and research.

751 Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases (3). Basic principles of infectious diseases, focusing on emerging and re-emerging disease agents that affect public health. Includes an introduction to the biology of viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic parasites.

753 Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases at the Level of the Community (3). Primary focus at county/state level; surveillance/control of acute infectious diseases; public health vs. individual rights. Bridging epidemiological concepts with community activities and real world health department issues. Three lecture hours per week.

754 Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases (3). Prerequisite, EPID 600. Introduction to basic methods for analysis and interpretation of epidemiological data on infectious diseases, and for predicting the impact of control programs such as HIV prevention programs and vaccination strategies. Two lecture hours and two lab hours per week.

755 Introduction to Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3). Permission required for non-majors. Objectives of the course are to: (1) understand the general principles of infectious disease epidemiology; (2) understand surveillance, prevention and control of infectious diseases; and (3) apply principles to specific infectious diseases. Course is part lecture and part group projects/discussion period per week.

756 Control of Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries (3). Prerequisite, EPID 600. Epidemiology and control of selected infectious diseases prevalent in developing countries. Course involves lectures, critical discussions of published articles, and a final group project. Three lecture hours per week.

757 Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries (3). Prerequisite, EPID 600. This course examines the epidemiology of AIDS from an international perspective. It considers the AIDS pandemic in a broad epidemiologic perspective, including key aspects of basic, clinical, and social science. Three lecture hours per week.

758 Methods and Principles of Applied Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3). Prerequisite, EPID 600. This course will cover the interaction between an infectious agent, host, and environment; modes and dynamics of transmission; the role of immunity in infectious disease epidemiology; and disease elimination strategies. Three lecture hours per week.

759 Methods in Field Epidemiology (3). Course will focus on epidemiological methods required to investigate urgent public health problems. Course covers the skills and tools needed to conduct outbreak investigations and communicate findings to the public. Three lecture hours per week.

764 Hospital Epidemiology (1–2). Prerequisites, EPID 710 and 752. Permission of the instructor. Comprehensive seminar in hospital infection control. Topics include issues in employee health, surveillance, outbreak investigation, environmental sampling, and policy formation. May be repeated for credit. Two to four seminar hours.

765 Methods and Issues in Pharmacoepidemiology (3). Required preparation, introductory-level epidemiology and biostatistics. Application of the epidemiologic knowledge, methodology, and reasoning to the study of the effects (beneficial and adverse) and uses of drugs in human populations.

770 Cancer Epidemiology and Pathogenesis (3). Prerequisites, BIOS 600 and EPID 710. Undergraduate major or strong preparation in the biological sciences required. Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Emphasis on integration of epidemiologic data with laboratory and clinical research findings. Issues in epidemiologic research design, analysis, and interpretation are presented within the context of substantive epidemiology. Three lecture hours a week.

771 Cancer Epidemiology Methods (3). Cancer statistics, lead time/length time bias, screening, causation, multistage models, study designs. Applications include cancer and infectious disease, risk assessment, genetic and molecular epidemiology of cancer, and public policy issues. Three lecture hours per week.

772 Cancer Prevention and Control Seminar (HBEH 765, HPM 765) (3). See HPM 765 for description.

775 Advanced Cancer Epidemiology: Classic and Contemporary Controversies in Cancer Causation (2). Prerequisites, EPID 715, 718, and 770 or 771. Permission of the instructor. Readings and discussions on classic and contemporary controversies in cancer causation. Two seminar hours per week.

780 Occupational Epidemiology (3). Required preparation, introductory epidemiology and biostatistics. This course provides a background in the epidemiology of work-related illness and injury and the application of epidemiologic concepts and methods in protecting workers' health and safety.

783 Injury as a Public Health Problem (HBEH 725, MHCH 725) (3). See HBEH 725 for description.

785 Environmental Epidemiology (3). Prerequisites, BIOS 600 and EPID 710. Epidemiologic ideas and methods applied to evaluation and control of human health consequences of environmental hazards. Pollution of environmental media and global change are considered from a human-ecological perspective, with local and international examples. Three lecture hours per week.

786 Community-Driven Epidemiology and Environmental Justice (2). Principles for conducting research within communities unduly burdened by environmental health threats are presented. Topics include research ethics, community presentations, study design and implementation, and student research projects.

790 Intervention Epidemiology (2). Corequisites, EPID 705 and 710. Epidemiologic methods for evaluating interventions, primarily in infectious disease epidemiology and injury epidemiology. Covers randomized designs, such as community trials, and evaluation of non-randomized interventions, such as policies and laws.

795 Introduction to Public Health Informatics (1). This course provides students with an overview of public health informatics and includes in-depth discussions on informatics approaches used in developing the public health information systems in use today.

799A Special Studies in Epidemiology I (1). Experimental course to be offered by faculty to determine the need and demand for the subject. Topics will be chosen by faculty based on current public health issues. One credit option.

799B Special Studies in Epidemiology II (2). Experimental course to be offered by faculty to determine the need and demand for the subject. Topics will be chosen by faculty based on current public health issues. Two credits option.

799C Special Studies in Epidemiology III (3). Experimental course to be offered by faculty to determine the need and demand for the subject. Topics will be chosen by faculty based on current public health issues. Three credits option.

800 Epidemiology of Medical Care (2). Prerequisite, EPID 600. Epidemiology applied to issues in health care, variations in disease and medical care, quality of care measures, role of health care in determination of trends, epidemiological approaches in planning/policy. Three lecture hours a week.

801 Data Analysis in Oral Epidemiology (2–3). Required preparation, basic knowledge of SAS. Permission of the instructor. Data analysis project in oral epidemiology: data cleanup, file construction, analysis. For three credit hours, student also completes multivariate analysis with linear, logistic regression. Project to result in publishable paper. Two to three seminar hours a week.

802 Clinical Research Skills I: Basics (2). Corequisite, EPID 711 or PUBH760. Includes basic development of research ideas, manuscript writing, manuscript review.

803 Clinical Research Skills II -- Measurement in Clinical Research (2). Prerequisites, EPID 711, PUBH 741. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. This course addresses measurement in clinical research including reliability and validity, scale development, use of scales, and bias associated with measurement error.

804 Design of Clinical Research (3). Prerequisite, EPID 711. Clinical research majors only. The goal of this course is to develop a strong fundamental understanding of the design of clinical research studies, excluding traditional (Phase III) randomized clinical trials.

805 Clinical Research Skills III: Proposal Development - Part 1 (2). Corequisites, EPID 711 and PUBH 741 or permission of instructor. This course will address the process for proposal development for clinicians with an emphasis on the initial stages including development of the research questions, specific aims, and significance.

806 Clinical Research Skills IV -- Proposal Development (2). Prerequisites, EPID 805, EPID 711, PUBH 741. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Proposal writing and study implementation skills. Emphasis is given to NIH style proposals for clinical and translational research.

810 Physical Activity Epidemiology and Public Health (NUTR 810) (3). Prerequisite, EPID 600. This course provides an overview of major issues in physical activity measurements, population distribution, correlates, impacts (physically and economically), and public health recommendations. Interventions, including relevant theories, will be reviewed. Three lecture hours per week.

813 Nutritional Epidemiology (NUTR 813) (3). See NUTR 813 for description.

814 Obesity Epidemiology (NUTR 814) (3). See NUTR 814 for description.

815 Diet and Cancer (NUTR 815) (3). See NUTR 815 for description.

818 Advanced Nutritional Epidemiology (NUTR 818) (3). See NUTR 818 for description.

825 Social Determinants of Health: Theory, Method, and Intervention (HBEH 802) (3). See HBEH 802 for description.

826 Social Epidemiology: Concepts and Measures (3). Prerequisite, EPID 600. Social forces affecting community health and how to measure them for epidemiologic analysis. Topics range from social networks to racism and ethics. Three lecture hours per week.

827 Social Epidemiology: Analysis and Interpretation (2). Prerequisites, BIOS 545 and EPID 715. Approaches to social epidemiologic data and application/interpretation of various analytic methods. Topics include multilevel models, econometric and psychometric techniques, and issues in causal inference.

851 Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology (MHCH 851) (3). Corequisites, BIOS 600 and EPID 600. Epidemiology of reproductive and perinatal health outcomes, including infertility, fetal loss, preterm birth, birthweight, congenital malformations, and infant mortality. Includes current knowledge regarding epidemiology of these outcomes and discussion of methodologic issues. Three lecture hours per week.

853 Advanced Topics in Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology (MHCH 853) (2). Prerequisites, EPID 710 and 851. Permission of the instructor for master's level students. Critical review of current topics in, and methods for, perinatal and pediatric epidemiology.

883 Teaching Experience in Epidemiology (1–4). Open to EPID majors, second-year or above. Provides epidemiology majors with supervised experience in teaching and course preparation. Students act as assistants in departmental courses. Two to eight seminar hours a week.

886 Readings in Epidemiology (1-3). Permission of the instructor required. Independent reading and tutorial guidance in special areas of epidemiology.

889 Topics in Epidemiology Seminar (1). Prerequisite, EPID 710. EPID majors only. Topics are chosen to reflect emerging issues in the field, as well as those that meet the interests of the students and faculty in the department.

890 Seminar for M.S.P.H. Students (1). A workshop for addressing special topics related to M.S.P.H. program including, but not limited to, research topic development, career planning, and public health ethics.

891 Epidemiology Doctoral Seminar (2). Exposes students to issues and debates in the philosophy of science, the object of knowledge in epidemiology, and the place of epidemiology in public health.

892 Interdisciplinary Seminar in Health Disparities (MHCH 892) (1). Prerequisite, MHCH 756. This seminar will provide an opportunity for students to synthesize knowledge across disciplines and to develop an interdisciplinary approach to addressing their identified health disparities research topic.

893 Pharmacoepidemiology Seminar (1). Required preparation, basic knowledge of epidemiology and biostatistics. This is a weekly seminar to explore current problems in pharmacoepidemiology. It supplements the introductory course, EPID 765. May be repeated. Two seminar hours a week.

894 Infectious Disease Seminar (1). Required preparation, introductory epidemiology and biostatistics. Detailed review of selected topics in infectious disease epidemiology. May be repeated for credit.

895 Seminar in Oral Epidemiology (1). Prerequisite, EPID 710. Explores conceptual and methods issues in conducting epidemiologic investigations of oral conditions, specifically caries, periodontal disease, and oral cancer (topics rotate semesters).

896 Clinical Research and Professional Development Seminar (1). Clinical and Translational Science Curriculum Fellows or permission of the instructor. Practical clinical research and professional development topics presented by faculty, local experts, and CTSC Fellows.

897 Advanced Seminar in Cardiovascular Research (1–3). Permission of the instructor. Review of substantive and methodological research in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. May be repeated for credit. Two to six seminar hours a week.

898 Global Health Ethics Seminar (2). Required preparation, basic knowledge of epidemiology or permission of the instructor. This seminar aims to introduce students to the myriad of complex ethical issues that arise from health research, health policy, and health care practice in both domestic and international contexts.

900 Epidemiology Practice (4). Designed to give epidemiology majors a supervised field experience in population health research.

905L Epidemiology Laboratory Practice (0.5–9). Permission of the instructor. Students work individually with a faculty member on supervised laboratory research and skills development. May be repeated for credit. Two to 18 laboratory hours a week.

910 Research in Epidemiology (1–21). Permission of the instructor. Independent investigation in consultation with an instructor who must assign or approve the subject of research. Credits vary according to the effort and rigor of the research.

992 Master's Paper (3–6).

994 Doctoral Dissertation (3–9).