Department of History

www.unc.edu/depts/history

W. FITZHUGH BRUNDAGE, Chair

Professors

William L. Barney (92) Political History of 19th-Century America

Christopher R. Browning (30) 20th-Century Germany, the Holocaust

W. Fitzhugh Brundage (96) U.S. South since the Civil War, New South

Marcus G. Bull (20) Medieval History

Melissa M. Bullard (38) Renaissance, Mediterranean, and Early Modern Europe

Kathryn Burns (47) Colonial Latin American Gender/Women's History

John C. Chasteen (45) 19th-Century Latin America (Especially Brazil), Popular and Political Culture

Peter A. Coclanis (85) U.S. Economic and Business History, Colonial History

William Ferris (65) U.S. South (with Emphasis on Literature), Documentary Studies

W. Miles Fletcher (52) Japanese History

Joseph T. Glatthaar (69) Civil War Era, U.S. History

Karen Hagemann (40) Modern Europe, Gender and Social

Jacquelyn D. Hall (90) U.S. Women's History, Oral History, U.S. South

Konrad H. Jarausch (32) 19th- and 20th-Century Europe

John F. Kasson (88) American Intellectual and Cultural History, Technology and Society, Art and Literature

Lloyd S. Kramer (39) European Intellectual History

Wayne E. Lee (71) Military History, Colonial American History

James L. Leloudis (91) North Carolina History, U.S. South, Education History

Roger W. Lotchin (81) Urban Political History, 1800 to the Present

Genna Rae McNeil (86) African American History

L. Louise McReynolds (42) 19th-Century Russia

Susan D. Pennybacker (44) British History

Louis A. Pérez Jr. (46) Latin America, Caribbean, Cuba

Cynthia Radding (48) Colonial Latin America, Environmental History, Ethnohistory

Donald J. Raleigh (64) 20th-Century Russian/Soviet History

Donald M. Reid (36) Modern French History

Sarah D. Shields (55) Islamic Civilization

Jay M. Smith (34) France 1550–1815

Richard J. A. Talbert (18) Ancient Rome, Classics

Zaragosa Vargas (72) History of Latinos in the United States

Harry L. Watson (93) North Carolina History

Heather A. Williams (94) 19th-Century American History, African-American History

Associate Professors

Chad Bryant (66) 20th-Century Eastern European History

Kathleen A. DuVal (67) Early America, Early American Women

Jerma A. Jackson (96) African American History

Lisa A. Lindsay (80) West Africa; African Diaspora

Malinda Maynor Lowery (79) Native American History

Terence V. McIntosh (33) Early Modern European History, Economic and Social

Fred Naiden (41) Ancient Greece

John W. Sweet (68) Early American History

Michael Tsin (54) Modern Chinese History

Brett E. Whalen (41) Medieval History

Assistant Professors

Flora Cassen (35) Jewish History

Emma Flatt (56) Medieval South Asian History

Michelle King (59) Modern Chinese History

Miguel LaSerna (49) Latin American History

Michael C. Morgan (31) Modern International History

Iqbal Sevea (51) Modern South Asian History

Benjamin Waterhouse (99) 20th-Century American Political and Business History

Molly Worthen (87) U. S. Religious and Intellectual History

Joint Appointments

Robert C. Allen (73) American Studies

Reginald F. Hildebrand (75) African and African American Studies

Adjunct Professor

Kenneth R. Janken, African and Afro-american Studies

Daniel J. Sherman, French Cultural History, Modern Art

Adjunct Associate Professor

Daniel M. Cobb, American Studies, 20th-century American Indian

Morgan Pitelka, East Asian Studies

Adjunct Assistant Professors

Eve Duffy, Humanities and Human Values

Raúl Necochea, Modern Medicine Global

Jacqueline Olich, Slavic, Eurasian, and Eastern European Studies, Russian

Anne M. Whisnant, American History, Public History

Faculty in Phased Retirement

Professors Emeriti

Josef Anderle

Samuel H. Baron

Stephen B. Baxter

Frederick O. Behrends

Judith M. Bennett

Herbert L. Bodman Jr.

Henry C. Boren

E. Willis Brooks

Stanley J. Chojnacki

Peter G. Filene

Michael D. Green

David M. Griffiths

Barbara J. Harris

John M. Headley

Michael H. Hunt

Lawrence D. Kessler

Frank W. Klingberg

Richard H. Kohn

William E. Leuchtenburg

Donald G. Mathews

W. James McCoy

Michael R. McVaugh

John K. Nelson

Theda Perdue

Richard W. Pfaff

William S. Powell

John E. Semonche

Peter F. Walker

Gerhard L. Weinberg

Joel R. Williamson

The graduate history program at UNC-Chapel Hill is committed to training professional historians to be both scholars and teachers. Our program allows ample choice to students in designing academic programs to fit particular interests and needs while providing them with rigorous training in ancient history, Asian history, European history, global history, Latin american history, military history, Russian and East European history, U.S. history, and the history of women and gender. Degree requirements and departmental culture encourage comparative and interdisciplinary study. The program promotes close mentoring relationships with faculty and sustains a lively intellectual community among the graduate students.

Extensive information about the graduate program in history is available at https://history.unc.edu/graduate-program. Please use this to supplement the brief summary below.

Admission

The department considers applications from those holding undergraduate degrees and those who have obtained M.A. degrees elsewhere. Students admitted to the department with an M.A. from another university will be reviewed by the faculty at the time of entry into the program to determine whether they should take second M.A. degrees here or proceed directly to the Ph.D. training. Preference in admission is given to students who intend to proceed to doctoral work, either directly or after completion of the M.A. degree.

The M.A. Program

The courses required for the M.A. degree usually include an introduction to research (HIST 700) and an introductory seminar (HIST 900), to be taken in the first year of study, a two-semester reading colloquium or its equivalent in the student's major field, one additional seminar (900-level course), three hours of thesis credit (HIST 993), and four other courses, of which as many as three may be taken in fields other than that in which the student is concentrating or even in other disciplines. M.A. candidates must also pass a reading-knowledge examination in an appropriate foreign language, prepare a thesis based on original research, and pass an oral examination on the thesis. Students entering in fall 2010 and afterwards are expected to complete the M.A. after three semesters in residence.

The Ph.D. Program

Satisfactory completion of the M.A. does not automatically entitle a student to continue at the doctoral level. After the M.A. oral examination, the student's committee reaches a formal written decision about whether he or she should continue toward the Ph.D.

All courses taken at UNC–Chapel Hill for the M.A. (except HIST 993) may be credited toward the doctoral program. If The Graduate School approves for transfer credit up to six hours of graduate courses taken elsewhere, these may be credited as well. Candidates for the Ph.D. complete the following minimum course program (in addition to the requirements for the M.A.): a research seminar, two courses in a second field of study, research design (HIST 905), and dissertation credit (HIST 994). A reading knowledge of two foreign languages or advanced proficiency in one is required for the Ph.D. degree.

Each doctoral student must pass written comprehensive examinations in the major field, as well as an oral examination that focuses on the dissertation. The final requirements for the Ph.D. are a dissertation and an oral examination on it.

The department expects doctoral students to proceed efficiently with their work. For those who enter the program in fall 2010 and afterwards and who are pursuing both the M.A. and the Ph.D., all coursework and the comprehensive written and oral examinations must be completed by the end of the sixth semester. For those who enter the program with an acceptable M.A. from another institution, A.B.D. status must be achieved within four semesters. The entire degree program must be completed within a period of eight years.

Fellowships and Assistantships

The department funds most of its students through teaching assistantships or fellowships, and also offers research grants and dissertation fellowships. In addition, The Graduate School awards fellowships to both entering students and students in the later phases of their doctoral training.

Libraries and Research Opportunities

The Davis and Wilson libraries have many collections of great value, and the University itself is conveniently situated close to a number of other research centers, particularly the Duke University Library and the North Carolina State Department of Archives and History (www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us). The library houses many outstanding special collections, including the William Henry Hoyt Collection on revolutionary France and the Peabody Collection on international law and diplomacy. Especially notable are the Southern Historical Collection (one of the most important manuscript collections on the subject), and the North Carolina Collection (a repository of books, magazines, pamphlets, and newspapers published in or about North Carolina). The Southern Oral History Program and the Center for the Study of the American South further enhance research and training in the history of our region.

The University Center for International Studies, the Center for European Studies, and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies (TISS) sponsor fellowships, seminars, speakers, and other opportunities in their respective areas. The History Department participates in the new, interdisciplinary Medieval and Early Modern Studies Program (MEMs) which offers fellowships and research grants. MEMs places special emphasis upon viewing the premodern world from a global perspective. The Ancient World Mapping Center forms part of the Department of History, and there is no other unit worldwide that matches its mission of promoting cartography and geographic information science within ancient studies. For research and other initiatives at the center, visit www.unc.edu/awmc. The department also sponsors the Project for Historical Education, an outreach program for teachers in secondary schools. In addition, a wide variety of workshops regularly bring together faculty and graduate students who share interest in particular historical topics or approaches.

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

HIST

420 Politics and Religion in Ancient Greece (3). This course deals with ancient Greek religious practices and seeks to place them in their legal, political, and cultural contexts, and thus integrate them into the study of Greek history.

421 Alexander (PWAD 421) (3). The rise of Macedonia; the careers of Philip II and Alexander (with emphasis on the latter's campaigns); the emerging Hellenistic Age. The course integrates computer (including Web site) and audiovisual materials throughout.

422 Ancient Greek Warfare (PWAD 422) (3). War and the warrior in the archaic and classical Greek world, seventh to the fourth centuries BCE.

423 Archaic Greece, 800–480 BCE (3). HIST 225 strongly recommended. Topical approach to the social and cultural history of the ancient Greek city states, ca. 800–336 BCE.

424 Classical Greece (Sixth–Fourth Centuries BCE) (3). HIST 225 strongly recommended. The life and times of the ancient Athenians from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE.

425 Roman History, 154 BCE–14 CE (3). Explores the transformation from Republic to Principate. Conducted in considerable part by student reports and classroom discussions.

427 The Early Roman Empire, 14 CE–193 CE (3). Focuses upon administrative, social, and economic themes. Conducted in considerable part by student reports and classroom discussions.

428 The Later Roman Empire, 193 CE–378 CE (3). Focuses upon administrative, social, and economic themes. Conducted in considerable part by student reports and classroom discussions.

431 The Medieval Church (3). The nature and workings of the Western church between roughly 600 and 1300. Emphasis on the church "from within," organization, missionary strategies, liturgy, monasticism, popular religion.

432 The Crusades (3). Students in this course will examine Christian attitudes toward holy war, crusading, and other forms of coercive violence from the 11th until the 15th centuries, with a focus on the major crusades to the Holy Land.

433 English Society, 1200–1700 (3). Examines critical issues in the development of English society and economy in the centuries before industrialization.

434 Medieval England (3). A consideration of England's origins, unification, and development as a national monarchy. Primary emphasis is on political, ecclesiastical, and cultural aspects.

435 The Medieval University (3). The origins and development of the university during the period 1100 to 1400; types of organization, curricula and degrees, intellectual life, town-gown and student-master relationships.

436 Medieval Theology, Gender, and the Body (3). This course will explore notions of male and female sanctity from Late Antiquity to the High Middle Ages. Topics will include martyrdom, the cult of relics, and bodily resurrection.

437 Aristocratic Culture in the Central Middle Ages (3). This course has as its theme the lives of aristocratic men and women in western Europe between about 850 and 1200 CE. Discusses the nature of aristocratic identity, the trends that shaped the lives of aristocratic men and women, and the different roles of men and women within aristocratic culture.

438 Medieval Masculinities, 500–1200 (3). This course examines the multifaceted constructions of masculinity found in narrative texts produced in medieval western Europe. Focuses on topics such as gender relations, male self-fashioning, homosocial bonding, family structures. Sources studied range from epic and romance to chronicles and visual records.

452 The Renaissance: Italy, Birthplace of the Renaissance, 1300–1550. (3). A study of the people, culture, and intellectual achievements of the Italian Renaissance with emphasis on the interaction between culture and society.

453 Mediterranean Societies and Economics in the Renaissance World (3). A picture of Mediterranean social and economic life 1300 to 1600, with special focus on rural and urban society, family structure, patronage, work and wages, public and private finance.

454 The Reformation (RELI 454) (3). Examines a movement of religious reform that shattered Latin Christendom and contributed many of the conditions of early modern Europe. Emphases: religious, political, social.

455 Europe in the 17th Century (3). The century marks the watershed in European development. Emphases: statecraft, the emerging state-system, the new scientific world view, the evolution of European society.

458 Europe and the World Wars, 1914–1945 (3). Europe and the experience of total war, with special focus on national conflicts; ideological conflicts among fascism, communism, and liberalism; and the dictatorships of Hitler and Stalin.

460 Late Medieval and Reformation Germany (3). Examines the major late medieval religious, social, and political developments plus the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Topics include Luther's theology, the German Peasant's War, Jewish-Christian relations, witch-hunting, and family life.

461 Early Modern Germany, 1600–1815 (3). Examines major political, social, and cultural developments. Topics include the growth of absolutist government, Prussia's militarism and rivalry with Austria, German Jewry, Baroque music, the Enlightenment, and the Napoleonic wars.

462 Germany, 1815–1918 (3). The nature of Prussian society, the rivalry between Prussia and Austria for the command of German affairs, and the quality of Prussian leadership in the German Empire of 1871.

463 History of Germany since 1918 (3). Politics and culture in the Weimar Republic, Nazi totalitarianism, and the reshaping of East and West Germany since World War II.

464 History of Spain (3). A survey of Spanish history from the Islamic invasion to Napoleon. Particular attention will be given to the period of the Hapsburgs, 1516 to 1700.

465 Intellectual History of Europe, Early Period (3). The course examines the gradual erosion of and criticism within the classical Christian tradition that led to the emergence of a new mentality by the end of the 17th century. Two lectures, one discussion per week.

466 Modern European Intellectual History (3). The main developments in European thought from the Enlightenment to the 20th century, with some attention to social context. Readings include Voltaire, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, Tocqueville, Sand, Flaubert, Nietzsche, Freud.

467 Society and Family in Early Modern Europe (3). A survey of changes in social organization, family life, courtship practices, sexual behavior, and the relations between the economy and population that occurred in preindustrial Europe, 1500–1815.

469 European Social History, 1815–1970 (3). The social transformation of Europe from agrarian through postindustrial society, discussing population growth, family history, spread of education, class structure, social conflict, group ideologies, and mass politics, as well as everyday lives and popular lifestyles.

470 The Scientific Revolution (3). Traces the creation of scientific thought 1500 to 1700, from Leonardo to Newton, examining the various strands—Greek science, art, engineering, experimentation, occultism, etc.—woven into it.

471 History of Science from Newton to Einstein (3). A survey of the development since 1700 of the various branches of physical and biological science, culminating in the 20th-century revolution in physics.

472 Medicine and Health in Early Modern Europe (3). Shows how the age of Shakespeare and Newton (16th- to 17th-century England) fused old and new ideas about medicine and health, anticipating some of our own beliefs and practices.

473 Tudor and Stuart England, 1485–1660 (3). A lecture course, open to juniors, seniors, and graduate students.

477 Revolution in Russia, 1900–1930 (3). A close study of Russia's age of revolution from the reign of the last tsar to the turbulent Stalin Revolution of 1929, with emphasis on the revolutions of 1917.

478 Stalin and After: The USSR, 1929–Present (3). An in-depth examination of Soviet and post-Soviet history from 1929 to the present.

479 History of Female Sexualities in the West (WMST 479) (3). Spanning the ancient, medieval, and modern West, this course explores normative and non-normative female sexualities, ideas about female bodies, and the regulation of female sexuality by families, religions, and states.

480 Russia, 1796–1917 (3). The diplomatic, military, and ideological confrontations with the West; the decline and fall of the Russian autocracy; the evolution of reform thought; and revolutionary opposition.

481 Eastern Europe since World War II (3). An examination of the countries of Eastern Europe, their origins and development since World War II, their cohesion and conflict.

482 Russia, Eurasian Empire (3). This course examines the development of the Russian Empire, from the Mongol conquest in the 13th century to the transformation of Imperial Russia in the Soviet Union after 1917.

490 Special Topics in History (3). Subject matter will vary with instructor but will focus on some particular topic or historical approach. Course description available from the departmental office.

493 Internship in History (1–3). Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. A supervised internship at an organization or institution engaged in the promotion of historical studies or the collection and preservation of historical documents and artifacts.

496 Independent Studies in History (1–3). Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. Special reading and research, supervised by a member of the department, in a selected field of history. Prior coursework in the selected field is recommended.

500 Gender and Nation in Europe and Beyond: From the 18th to the 20th Century (WMST 500). The course explores the growing body of research on gender and nation/nationalism by focusing on problems of national belongings, citizenship, state and nation formation, and national iconography.

501 Gender of Welfare (WMST 501) (3). An interdisciplinary examination of issues pertaining to gender and welfare, such as the sexual division of labor and social policy, the work-family balance, and social citizenship in a transnational perspective.

513 Imperialism and the Third World (3). This course explores the processes by which 19th-century imperialism set the contours of the modern world, establishing relations among societies and reconfiguring both colonial cultures and European cultures.

514 Monuments and Memory (3). Museums and monuments have played a key role in the formation of cultural memory and identity, both nationally and globally. This course explores the relation between museums and monuments historically and theoretically, and relates them to national and international developments in the 19th and 20th centuries.

516 Historical Time (3). This course explores the ways in which Western historians and other students of the past from Adam Ferguson to Stephen Jay Gould have conceptualized and packaged historical time.

517 Military, War, and Gender in Comparative Perspective, 18th to the 20th Century (3). This course introduces students to the gender history of the military and war in a comparative perspective with a focus on Germany and the United States from the 18th to the 20th century.

526 History of the Andes (3). This course offers a survey of the history of the Andean region. The primary focus will be either the pre-Inca, Inca, and colonial periods or the 19th and 20th centuries, depending on the instructor.

527 Latin American Indigenous Peoples (3). This course surveys the history of Latin American indigenous peoples from the conquest to the present. Focus is on indigenous struggles and survival strategies.

528 Guerrillas and Revolution in 20th-Century Latin America (3). This course examines the leftist guerrilla movements that swept Latin America and the Caribbean during the latter half of the 20th century. Students will analyze the origins, trajectories, and legacies of these insurgencies, paying particular attention to the roles of race, class, and gender.

529 Mexico, 1750–1870: War, Independence, and Reforms: Citizenship and Conflict in a New Nation. This upper-division course focuses on the major issues, debates, and conflicts that arose over citizenship in a multiethnic society, tensions between church and state, and the definition of national territory in Mexico as a new and modernizing nation.

531 History of the Caribbean (3). Thematic approach to the history of the West Indies, with emphasis on the period from European conquest through the 20th century. Topics include colonialism, slavery, monoculture, United States–Caribbean relations, and decolonization.

532 History of Cuba (3). Thematic approach to Cuban history, from conquest to the revolution. Attention is given to socioeconomic developments, slavery and race relations, the 19th-century independence process, and the 20th-century republic.

533 History of Brazil (3). This course is concerned primarily with the creation of a new society through race mixture and culture change, and with the political and economic development of Brazil.

534 The African Diaspora (3). A comparative examination of the movements, experiences, and contributions of Africans and people of African descent from the period of the Atlantic slave trade to the present.

535 Women and Gender in African History (3). Analysis of historical transformations in Africa and their effects on women's lives and gender relations. Particular themes include precolonial societies, colonialism, religious change, urban labor, nationalism, and sexuality.

536 Revolution in the Modern Middle East (ASIA 536) (3). This course will focus on revolutionary change in the Middle East during the last century, emphasizing internal social, economic, and political conditions as well as international contexts.

537 Women in the Middle East (ASIA 537, WMST 537) (3). Explores the lives of women in the Middle East and how they have changed over time. Focus will change each year.

538 The Middle East and the West (ASIA 538) (3). This course explores changing interactions between the Middle East and the West, including trade, warfare, scientific exchange, and imperialism, and ends with an analysis of contemporary relations in light of the legacy of the past.

539 The Economic History of Southeast Asia (ASIA 539) (3). This course is intended as a broad overview of Southeast Asian economic history from premodern times to the present day.

540 African Intellectual History: Discourse, Knowledge, Politics (3). This course traces Africa's modern intellectual history, exploring such topics as Africa's place in history, African nationalism, pan-Africanism, the problem of colonialism, and the meaning of progress.

541 African Environmental History: Ecology, Economy, Politics (3). This course addresses the major themes of the environmental history of Africa with an emphasis on issues of local ecology, land use, and labor and the struggles over these issues.

542 Development in Africa and Its Discontents (3). This course examines the changing meanings of the idea of development in Africa and the role that Africans have played in shaping these meanings from the late 19th century.

543 Histories of Health and Healing in Africa (3). This course focuses on the historical, social, medical, cultural, policy, and economic aspects of health and health crises in Africa.

550 Gender in Chinese History (3). This course is designed to introduce undergraduates to recent historical scholarship in the field of Chinese gender studies. Topics include family and kinship, the body and bodily practices, social space, writing, sexuality, work, and law, covering both the premodern and modern periods. No prior coursework required.

561 The American Colonial Experience (3). Major topics: European reconnaissance; founding of new societies; character and structure of institutions; thought and feeling from Cotton to Franklin; privilege and cost of empire.

562 Oral History and Performance (COMM 562, FOLK 562, WMST 562) (3). See COMM 562 for description.

563 Jacksonian America, 1815–1848 (3). The society and politics of the United States during the period dominated by President Andrew Jackson. Topics include economic development, the expansion of slavery, religion and reform, the changing roles of women, and the political movements associated with "Jacksonian democracy."

564 Revolution and Nation Making in America, 1763–1815 (PWAD 564) (3). Major topics: constitutional conflict in the British empire; independence and war; Confederation and Constitution; growth of political parties and nationality in a period of domestic change and international conflict.

565 Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848–1900 (PWAD 565) (3). Focus is on causes, nature, and consequences of the Civil War.

566 The History of Sexuality in America (3). A history of the sexual practices, desires, and understandings of Americans, from earliest colonial encounters to the late 20th century.

568 Women in the South (WMST 568) (3). An exploration of the distinctive themes in Southern women's lives, using the evidence of history and literature.

569 African American Women's History (WMST 569) (3). The course covers the history of black women in the United States from the 18th century to the present. It deals with such themes as work, family, community, sexuality, politics, religion, and culture.

570 The Vietnam War (ASIA 570, PWAD 570) (3). A wide-ranging exploration of America's longest war, from 19th-century origins to 1990s legacies, from village battlegrounds to the Cold War context, from national leadership to popular participation and impact.

571 Southern Music (FOLK 571) (3). Explores the history of music in the American South from its roots to 20th-century musical forms, revealing how music serves as a window on the region's history and culture.

574 Spanish Borderlands in North America (3). The history of the Spanish colonial experience north of Mexico, to 1820.

576 The Ethnohistory of Native American Women (WMST 576) (3). Introduces students to the study of Native American women through the perspectives of anthropology, history, and autobiography.

577 United States Foreign Relations in the 20th Century (PWAD 577) (3). How the United States came to occupy a leading role in world affairs as a diplomatic, military, economic, and cultural power and what that role has meant to Americans and to other peoples, especially during the Cold War.

581 American Constitutional History to 1876 (3). In a classroom environment characterized by discussion, simulation, and interaction, the antecedents, formation, and interpretation of the Constitution are confronted in a broad historical matrix.

582 American Constitutional History since 1876 (3). Using a classroom environment similar to HIST 581, constitutional adjustments and change are related to psychological, political, social, and economic factors, and to Supreme Court members.

584 The Promise of Urbanization: American Cities in the 19th and 20th Centuries (3). A survey of the development of American cities since 1815 and their influence upon American history.

586 The Old South (3). Economic, cultural, and social history of the antebellum South. The region's political history will serve as a supporting part of the study.

587 The New South (3). This course explores the transformation of the South from the time of the Civil War and emancipation to the contemporary rise of the Sunbelt.

589 Race, Racism, and America: (United States) Law in Historical Perspective (3). This course will historically and critically examine the changing legal status of people of color in the United States. Within a broad historical matrix from the colonial era to the present, it will focus on African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Latina/os, and United States law.

622 Medicine and Society in America (3). A survey of major developments in the history of American medicine. Emphasis will be placed upon setting the practice of medicine as well as the experience of health and disease into broad social, cultural, and political contexts.

624 Intellectual History of African Americans (3). Examines African American intellectuals in North America with some attention to black writers in the Caribbean. Emphasizes American Negro Academy, black scholars, scholar-activists, writers, and public intellectuals.

625 Technology and American Culture (3). Technology's impact on American thought and society and the response it has engendered. Topics will include the factory town, search for utopia, impact of Henry Ford, war, and depersonalization.

670 Introduction to Oral History (FOLK 670) (3). Introduces students to the uses of interviews in historical research. Questions of ethics, interpretation, and the construction of memory will be explored, and interviewing skills will be developed through field work.

671 Introduction to Public History (3). Introduces the theory, politics, and practice of historical work conducted in public venues (museums, historic sites, national parks, government agencies, archives), directed at public audiences, or addressed to public issues.

674 Field Methods in Archaeology and History (3). This course will introduce many techniques employed by archaeologists and historians in locating and excavating sites of past human activity. It will involve field work at an active archeological site.

691H Honors in History (3). Permission of the instructor. Introduction to the methods of historical research; designed to lead to the completion of an honors essay.

692H Honors in History (3). Permission of the instructor. Introduction to the methods of historical research; designed to lead to the completion of an honors essay.

697 Myth and History (3). Myths and legends are the stuff of history. An interdisciplinary capstone course treating topics such as Alexander the Great and George Washington as mytho-historical heroes, the Holy Grail, and uses of myth in the modern world.

Courses for Graduate Students

HIST

700 Thinking Historically (3). Introduces students to the intellectual currents and schools of thought that have characterized the historical profession over time. By examining such diverse conceptual frameworks, students will prepare themselves to tackle more confidently the research projects they will design and execute in HIST 900 and 901.

701 Introduction to Medieval Studies (3). This is an interdisciplinary course to introduce graduate students to the sources, methods, and approaches of medieval studies.

702 Introduction to Historical Education (3). Provides an introduction to teaching history. Topics include the history of historical education, planning a course, the role of the teacher, goals and methods, using new technologies and evaluating students.

711 Introductory Colloquium on Early Modern Europe (3). Directed readings on early European history, from Britain through European Russia.

712 Introductory Colloquium on Modern Europe (3). Directed readings on modern European history, from Britain through European Russia.

713 Introductory Colloquium in Latin American History before 1810 (3). Directed readings on Latin American history from preconquest to 1810; required for students entering the field.

714 Introductory Colloquium in the History of Latin America since 1810. Directed readings on Latin American history in the National Period; required for students entering the field.

715 Introductory Colloquium in United States History to 1865 (3). Directed readings on American history through the Civil War; required for students entering the field.

716 Introductory Colloquium in United States History since 1865 (3). Directed readings on American history from the Civil War to the present; required for students entering the field.

717 Introduction to Military History (3). An introduction to the methods, issues, and literature of military history, including classic works and scholarship representative of a variety of approaches from history and other disciplines.

718 Colloquium in World Military History (3). Reading colloquium in world military history, emphasizing Europe, focusing on the most significant issues, methods, and approaches in the field today.

720 Introduction to Asian History (3). An introduction to major works and themes in the history of Asia with an emphasis on the history of China, Japan, and South Asia.

721 Readings in European Expansion and Global Interaction, 1400–1800 (3). Examines the dynamics of cross-cultural contacts and exchange between Europe and other civilizations in the context of a growing global interconnectedness.

722 Readings in Contemporary Global History (3). Focus on the 19th and 20th centuries. Mixing theory, case studies, and comparisons, the readings reflect disciplinary diversity.

725 Selected Readings in the Comparative or Global History of Women and Gender (WMST 725) (3). Readings in the history of women and gender in a comparative, global, or transnational perspective.

730 Feminist and Gender Theory for Historians (WMST 730) (3). Readings in contemporary feminist and gender theory, focused especially on theories that address the construction, writing, and general practice of history.

735 Readings in the History of Sexuality and Gender (WMST 735) (3). Readings on the historical study of gender and sexuality and on definitions of femininity and masculinity in different historical contexts.

741 Readings in the History of Science and Medicine (3). Examines the principal historiographical problems in the history of science and medicine, focusing on a different topic each year.

746 History and the Social Sciences (3). The relationship of the social sciences to history, logic of inquiry, use of quantitative methods, and introduction to the computer.

751 Problems in Greek History, 600–323 BCE (3). Permission of the instructor. This course introduces graduate students to problems in the use of literary, epigraphic, and archaeological sources for a range of issues, including religion, law, and warfare.

752 History of Rome, 27 BCE–180 CE (3). Readings, reports, and discussions on selected topics of current importance for the field. Topics to be announced n advance.

755 Readings in Medieval and Early Modern Women's History (WMST 755) (3). A readings course on the history of women, gender, and sexuality in Medieval Europe.

757 Late Medieval England (3). Prerequisite, HIST 433 or 434. Readings in English history, ca. 1300–1500, with a focus on social, economic, political, and legal topics.

760 Europe in the 16th Century (3). A survey of the best historical literature emphasizing churches, varieties of secular power, and religious practice.

761 Readings in Early Modern European History (3). Selected readings and discussion of topics and relevant historiography in early modern Europe.

763 Early Modern Germany (3). A topical survey of the political, social, and economic history of early modern Germany.

765 Problems in the History of the French Revolution (3). Readings, reports, and discussion on aspects of the French Revolutionary upheaval in Europe.

770 Readings in Modern European Women's and Gender History (WMST 220) (3). A readings course in the history of women in Europe since 1500.

771 Topics in Modern European History (3). This course examines particular themes, events, and historiographical debates of Modern European History in a seminar setting.

772 Readings in the Intellectual History of Europe (3). A readings course on specific themes and debates in modern European intellectual life.

773 Readings in European Social History (3). This graduate readings course discusses classic works as well as recent landmark books about the development of European society in the 19th and 20th centuries.

774 Readings in Modern European History, 1918–1945 (3). Directed readings, varying from year to year, selected from historiographical classics as well as the most recent scholarly publications.

775 Studies in Modern English History (3). Directed readings in 19th- and 20th-century English history. Topics vary from year to year.

776 Topics in French History (3). Open to graduate students from all departments. This course examines one period or one set of problems within French history since the Renaissance. Topics determined by instructor.

781 Readings in Russian History, 1796–1917 (3). Selected readings and discussion of various topics in the history of Russia from the late 18th century to the Russian Revolution.

782 Readings in Soviet History (3). A historiographical reading colloquium covering Soviet and post-Soviet Russian history, 1917-present. The course familiarizes students with Western, Soviet, and post-Soviet literature on the most important issues in Soviet history.

783 Special Topics in Russian and East European History (3). This interdisciplinary seminar provides an in-depth look at some of the major topics in modern Russian, East European, and Central Asian history.

784 Readings in East European History (3). Directed readings on modern East European history.

816 Topics in Asian History (3). Instructors use this course to focus on particular topics or historical approaches related to Asian history.

820 Problems in Latin American History (3). Instructors use this course to focus on particular topics or approaches in Latin American history. Topics to be announced in advance.

831 Readings in Early American History (3). Selected readings and research in United States history and its multicultural dimensions up to the American Revolution.

832 The American Revolutionary Era, 1763-1789 (3).

833 The United States in the Federal Period, 1789–1820 (3). Readings, discussion, and book lists designed to give familiarity with the historiographical problems, research opportunities, and bibliography of the period.

834 The United States in the Middle Period, 1815–1860 (3). An analysis of the material and ideological transformations within the antebellum republic, which climaxed in the sectional crisis of the 1850s.

835 Readings in the Antebellum South (3). A review of traditional and modern literature on the pre-Civil War South, focusing on the interrelationships of its economy, society, culture, and politics.

840 Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860–1876 (3). An intensive readings course on key works comprising the core historiography for Civil War-Reconstruction America. Discussions, short papers, and a 20-page historiographical paper comprise the bulk of the assignments.

841 Readings in the South since Reconstruction (3). Readings, reports, and discussions on selected topics with a view to gaining familiarity with the literature of the field.

842 Political and Social History of Modern America (3). A course of readings for advanced students that relate social history to the history of the state in America in the period from the Great Depression and the New Deal to the present.

845 Readings in United States Labor History (3). A graduate reading seminar on the history of America's workers from the 20th century to the present. The struggle of American workers to achieve a measure of dignity and security is examined from social, economic, and political perspectives. The course critically evaluates recent scholarship in the field of labor history.

860 Colloquium in United States Military History (3). Reading colloquium in United States military history focusing on the most significant issues, methods, and approaches in the field today.

861 History of United States Foreign Relations (3). Readings and research exploring various topics in modern American foreign relations and diplomacy.

863 Readings in Urban History (3). A readings course to introduce students to the main topics in urban history.

864 19th and 20th Century American Labor History (3). Graduate reading seminar in American labor history intended for students doing research as well as those writing M.A. and doctoral theses. Graduate students from fields other than United States history welcome. Students will read texts and articles by scholars in a wide variety of fields of American labor history.

865 Readings in United States Women's and Gender History (WMST 865) (3). A readings course on the history of women and gender in the United States.

870 Readings in African American History (3). Graduate students compile bibliographies and read important contributions to various aspects of African American history, stressing shifts in African American historiography and including very recent works.

875 Topics in American Cultural History (3). Research seminar exploring various topics in United States cultural history to be announced in advance.

878 Readings in Native American History (AMST 878) (3). Readings in and discussions of the major works in Native American history.

890 Topics in History for Graduates (3). Instructors use this course to focus on particular topics or historical approaches. Specific course descriptions are available each semester on the departmental Web site (www.unc.edu/depts/history).

899 Independent Study for Graduate Students (3). Permission of the instructor. Independent reading programs for graduate students whose needs are covered by no course immediately available. For students resident in Chapel Hill or vicinity.

900 Crafting a Historical Project (3). Intended to help students develop a plan of research and writing, select a bibliography, develop an understanding of the literature available for their topic, and articulate a problem or facet of the topic to which they can contribute original research in their M.A. thesis.

901 M.A. Research Seminar (3). A seminar for those preparing the M.A. thesis. Pursuing original research in primary sources, students prepare full drafts of their theses.

902 Writing for Historians: A Seminar on the Craft of Historical Writing (3). Doctoral students focus intensively on the writing process to produce an article-length piece of work suitable for publication. Topics include quotation, translation, narrative technique, structuring argument, and addressing a wide audience.

905 Dissertation Practicum (3). Required of all doctoral candidates in the last semester of coursework, this practicum helps students refine a dissertation topic and produce a prospectus.

906 Dissertation Seminar (3). A seminar for A.B.D. students, offered as demand and resources permit.

910 Ancient History (3). Research seminar on selected topics of current importance for the field. Topics to be announced in advance.

911 Medieval Dissertation Design (3). This course complements HIST 905, focusing on specific skills, sources, and methods for designing a dissertation prospectus in the field of medieval European history.

924 Seminar in Modern European History (3). This writing seminar explores the process of working with primary sources, creating a narrative, and shaping an interpretation based on examples from the last two centuries of European history.

925 Seminar in Russian and East European History (3). A multi-purpose writing seminar on Russian and Soviet history in which students may write a seminar paper, M.A. thesis, dissertation prospectus, or dissertation chapter.

930 American Revolution, 1763–1789 (3). Research seminar exploring various topics related to United States history in the late 18th century around the time of the American Revolution.

948 Research in Native American History (AMST 948) (3). This course introduces graduate students to research methods in Native American history, including the methodology of ethnohistory and the techniques of compiling a source base, taking notes, and outlining.

951 Introductory Seminar in Military History (3). Introduction to research that should result in a major research product. Students will alternate reading classic texts in military history with discussions of project conceptualization and research strategies.

952 Advanced Seminar in Military History (3). A research seminar designed to bring major projects (usually an M.A. thesis) to completion.

971 Seminar in Latin American History (3). All students will be required to complete an original research paper based on use of primary sources on a Latin American topic corresponding to the theme of the seminar to be announced in advance.

975 Seminar in Women's and Gender History (WMST 975) (3). Writing seminar for graduate students on all levels who work on the history of women and gender.

990 Seminar in History (3). Given on demand and as resources permit, this seminar allows faculty to respond to student interest in particular topics.

993 Master's Thesis (3). Individual work on the M.A. thesis, pursued under the supervision of the M.A. advisor.

994 Doctoral Dissertation (3). Individual work on the doctoral dissertation, pursued under the supervision of the Ph.D. advisor.