School of Nursing

nursing.unc.edu

KRISTEN M. SWANSON (5) Dean

Gwen Sherwood (33) Associate Dean for Academic Affairs

Jennifer D'Auria (85) Director of Master's Programs

Suzanne Thoyre (45) Director of Ph.D. and Postdoctoral Programs

Debra Barksdale (122) Director of Doctor of Nursing Practice Program

Distinguished Professors

Linda Beeber (109) Health Care Environments

Linda R. Cronenwett (105) Health Care Environments

Kathleen Knafl (48) Research Division

Barbara Mark (124) Health Care Environments

Mary H. Palmer (6) Adult and Geriatric Health

Margarete Sandelowski (64) Family Health

Sheila Santacroce (51) Family Health

Mi-Kyung Song (22) Adult and Geriatric Health

Professors

Donna Havens (123) Health Care Environments

George Knafl (47) Research Division

Mary Lynn (84) Health Care Environments

Deborah Mayer (28) Adult and Geriatric Health

Gwen Sherwood (33) Adult and Geriatric Health

Marcia Van Riper (120) Family Health

Associate Professors

Debra Barksdale (122) Family Health

Anna Beeber (14) Adult and Geriatric Health

Diane Berry (130) Adult and Geriatric Health

Beth Black (42) Family Health

Jennifer D'Auria (85) Family Health

Eric Hodges (16) Family Health

Coretta Jenerette (39) Adult and Geriatric Health

Cheryl Jones (112) Health Care Environments

Shawn Kneipp (134) Health Care Environments

Virginia J. Neelon (13) Adult and Geriatric Health

Pamela Rowsey (44) Adult and Geriatric Health

Suzanne Thoyre (45) Family Health

SeonAe Yeo (108) Family Health

Assistant Professors

Jada Brooks (141)Family Health

Cheryl Giscombe (31) Adult and Geriatric Health

Ashley Leak Bryant (143) Health Care Environments

Jennifer Leeman (133) Health Care Environments

Cecelia Roscigno (125) Family Health

Lixin Song (56) Adult and Geriatric Health

Theresa Swift-Scanlan (30) Adult and Geriatric Health

Mark Toles (142) Health Care Environments

Debbie Travers (38) Health Care Environments

Jia-Rong Wu (91) (Research) Adult and Geriatric Health

Jessica Zegre-Hemsey (144) Health Care Environments

Emeriti Faculty

Barbara Bunker

Margaret E. Campbell

Jo Ann Dalton

Molly C. Dougherty

Margery Duffey

Catherine I. Fogel

Cynthia M. Freund

Sandra G. Funk

Barbara Germino

Joanne Harrell

Carol C. Hogue

Margaret F. Hudson

Diane Kjervik

Betty H. Landsberger

Patricia Lawrence

Merle Mishel

Margaret Miles

Nancy Milio

Helen M. Murphy

Susan Pierce

Barbara C. Rynerson

Anne Skelly

Ingrid Swenson

Eleanor Taggart

Master of Science in Nursing

The Master of Science in nursing (M.S.N.) program prepares nurses for advanced practice nursing focused on direct patient care or as advanced specialists in health care systems

Length of Program

The program of study varies from 35 to 49 credits of academic course work including clinical practice, a professional portfolio as a substitute for the oral comprehensive examination, and a master's paper (or in some cases, a thesis). Students may pursue the M.S.N. degree on a full-time or part-time basis.

Master's Program Curriculum

The curriculum consists of four components: the professional core, the research core, the clinical core, and the advanced nursing practice core courses. The professional core courses (NURS 646, NURS 815) and research core courses (NURS 778, NURS 779, NURS 992 or 993) are required of most M.S.N. students. The clinical core courses and advanced clinical courses focus on the student's selected area of specialization and role preparation.

The program options offered reflect a combination of current practice trends as well as available faculty resources. . In some advanced practice specialty areas, electives in nursing or other disciplines or courses to support a focus area are required. Each student is admitted to a specific advanced practice area and assigned a faculty advisor to design a program of study that is appropriate to the student's educational and career goals. Upon completion of the program, most students are eligible to sit for national certification examinations appropriate to their advanced area of preparation.

The current advanced practice nursing population foci include Adult/Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner, Family Nurse Practitioner, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner/Primary Care, and Psychiatric-mental Health Nurse Practitioner. The advanced specialties in health care systems include administration, clinical nurse leader, education, informatics, and outcomes management. The M.S.N. program also includes advanced practice courses in adult oncology. M.S.N. students may elect to take these offerings as electives or declare an oncology focus in addition to their primary population of interest. For students in the health care systems informatics option, dual M.S.N./M.S.I.S. and M.S.N./M.S.L.S. degree options are available through the School of Nursing and the School of Information and Library Science.

Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing

The Ph.D. program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is grounded in our commitment to enhancing the health of individuals, families and communities, increasing the effectiveness of health care systems, and furthering the translation of research into practice. Graduates of the program are prepared to advance the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of nursing science, engage in interdisciplinary inquiry, and disseminate knowledge. The Ph.D. curriculum reflects the goals of the National Institutes of Health to foster discovery and increase the knowledge base for improving the health of all populations and to reduce health disparities. The program emphasizes the integration of the biological and behavioral sciences, the development and testing of evidence-based, theoretically grounded interventions, and the improvement of health care quality and outcomes. Faculty research addresses three areas of emphasis: enhancing health in vulnerable populations, managing chronic health problems, and strengthening health care systems. Students work closely with internationally renowned faculty from nursing and other disciplines to develop the skills and expertise needed to launch their program of research and pursue a successful career in academic and health care settings.

Length of Ph.D. Program

The Ph.D. program of study is a minimum of 50 credits of academic coursework including a qualifying examination and a dissertation. Students may pursue the Ph.D. degree on a full-time or part-time basis.

Ph.D. Program Curriculum

The curriculum in the School of Nursing includes the following components: coursework, a written qualifying exam, and the dissertation. The program of study for students incorporates both required and menu-driven courses distributed as follows: core knowledge and competencies (16 credits); research methods (13 credits); elective courses in the student's substantive area or courses that support the development of methods or additional research practicum (9 credits); courses from a secondary area of concentration outside of Nursing (6 credits); and a minimum of 6 dissertation credits.

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program prepares nurses for the highest level of advanced practice nursing focused on direct patient care (e.g. nurse practitioner) or as advanced specialists in health care systems (e.g. administration, outcomes).

Length of Program

The program has a minimum of 68 credits hours for those with baccalaureate preparation and 37 credits hours for those with MSN preparation in certain practice areas. The program includes academic course work, clinical practice, a qualifying examination, and a practice-focused scholarly project. Students may pursue the DNP degree on a full-time or part-time basis.

DNP Program Curriculum

The DNP program of study builds upon baccalaureate education and expands current MSN education to prepare nurses for clinical leadership and advanced practice. Graduates of the DNP program receive preparation in such key areas as evidence-based practice, scientific inquiry, organization and systems leadership, finance, health policy, information technology, population health, quality improvement, patient safety, and translational research with the goal of improving patient and population health status and outcomes. The DNP does not create a new role; rather it provides advanced practice nurses and specialist in health care systems with additional knowledge and skills that better prepares them to address evolving and increasingly complex societal needs.

The DNP program offers two tracks: (a) advanced clinical practice focused on direct patient care (e.g., NPs), and (b) administration and organizational leadership focused on support of clinical practice. The curriculum for the DNP program is based on national accreditation standards. The following options are available at the DNP level: Adult-Gerontology Nurse Practitioner/Primary Care, Family Nurse Practitioner, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner/Primary Care, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, and advanced roles in health care systems.

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

NURS

456 Discipline of Nursing II (2). Prerequisites, NURS 254 and at least one of the following: NURS 470, 472, 477, or 479. Majors only. This course emphasizes professional development through exploration of a variety of roles and practice environments. Students analyze personal and professional goals and values to develop a framework for nursing practice.

470 Public Health Nursing (5). Prerequisites, NURS 364 and 371. Corequisites, NURS 472, 477, or 479. Majors only. Students apply public health concepts to community practice to improve health and reduce disparities across the lifespan, emphasizing interventions using partnership strategies at individual/family, organizational, and policy levels.

472 Nursing Care of Infants, Children, and Their Families (5). Prerequisite, NURS 364. Majors only. Nursing care of infants, children, and their families is explored. Knowledge from a variety of disciplines is applied through the nursing process to the direct care of infants and children.

477 Psychiatric Mental Health Concepts for Broad Clinical Application in Nursing (5). Prerequisites, NURS 253, 361, and 362. Corequisites, NURS 364 and 382. Majors only. Using theories of psychosocial development, psychopathology, therapeutic communication, and psychotherapy, this course requires students to examine the range and complexities of human emotional suffering and methods of effective intervention.

479 Maternal/Newborn Nursing (5). Prerequisite, NURS 364. Majors only. The course focuses on application of caring and critical thinking skills in providing evidence-based nursing care to childbearing families.

487 Practicum in Nursing: Work-Study Experience (3). Prerequisites, NURS 254 and 364. Certification as Nurse Aide I and II also required as pre- or corequisite. Majors only. This course provides the student an opportunity to participate in a work-study experience in participating health care agencies. Students participate in a reflective experience that integrates classroom and experiential learning.

488 Practicum in Nursing: Health Services Improvement Work Experience (3). Prerequisites, NURS 254 and 364. Majors only. Certification as a Nurse Aide I and Nurse Aide II are recommended. Practice in health care settings is the course focus. Students participate in a reflective experience that provides the context to integrate classroom and experiential learning into an evolving professional identity.

489 Practicum in Nursing: Global Health Experience (3). Prerequisites, NURS 254, 364, and two of the following: 470, 472, 477, 479, 591. Majors only. Certifications as a Nurse Aide I and Nurse Aide II are recommended. Practice in global health care settings is the course focus. Students participate in a reflective experience that provides the context to integrate classroom and experiential learning into an evolving professional identity.

491 Improving Nursing Practice: Application of Concepts, Theories, and Research (3). Majors only. This course emphasizes analysis of clinical problems that affect the nursing care of selected populations. Students also apply the nursing process, therapeutic communication skills, and teaching-learning principles in clinical situations.

492 Conceptual Bases of Professional Nursing Practice (3). Majors only. Selected concepts, theories, and models are explored as a basis for making judgments and decisions in nursing practice. Emphasis is on helping students expand and refine the body of knowledge upon which they base practice decisions. Critical thinking skills are developed as an essential component of professional practice.

494 Community Health Nursing for the Public's Health (3–6). Majors only. Prepares R.N. students for population-focused practice in community health nursing. Analyses and applications of selected theories; health promotion/protection and disease prevention strategies are emphasized.

496 Advanced Practicum in Nursing (1–3). Majors only. The focus of this course is the development of knowledge and experience related to research or service learning and its application to the practice of nursing and health care.

585Alternative Paradigms for Nursing Practice (3). Majors only. Concepts and principles underlying biomedical and biopsychosocial approaches to health care delivery are analyzed to determine their impact on health and to provide a framework for integrating both approaches to care.

586 Contemporary Issues in Nursing Practice (3). Majors only. The context of professional nursing practice will be analyzed from a social, economic, and policy perspective. Analysis will include projections for the future of the profession.

588 Leadership in Health Care Organizations (4). Prerequisites, NURS 364, 371, and 487 or 489, and 472 or 477 or 479. Corequisite NURS 488. Majors only. This course explores organizational leadership and management practices and theories. Current social, economic, legal, ethical, and policy issues affecting practice, education, and the profession of nursing are examined.

591 Nursing Care of Adults with Major Health Problems, II (8). Prerequisites, NURS 364 and 371. Corequisite NURS 456. Majors only. This senior-level course focuses on applying critical thinking, clinical decision making, and evidence-based nursing practice to complex health problems of adults. Unique health needs of older adults are addressed.

600 SHAC: Student Health Action Coalition (0). This course provides service-learning opportunities to apply nursing practice within the context of interprofessional care for vulnerable populations by participating with Student Health Action Coalition (SHAC) activities.

607I Interprofessional Team Work and Communication: Key to Patient Safety (3). Majors only. This interprofessional course focuses on understanding roles, teamwork, and communication to improve patient safety within the health care environment. National standards and initiatives will be the foundation of the course. Pass/Fail only.

609 Health Care in the Global Context (1). Majors only or permission of the instructor. A faculty led experiential learning opportunity focusing on development and knowledge related to research, health care systems, or service learning and its application to nursing and health care.

613I Intermediate Spanish for Health Care I (AHSC 613I, PHCY 613I, PUBH 613I, SOWO 613I) (3). See PUBH 613I for course description.

614I Intermediate Spanish for Health Care II (AHSC 614I, PHCY 614I, PUBH 614I, SOWO 614I) (3). See PUBH 614I for course description.

615I Advanced Spanish for Health Care I (AHSC 615I, DENT 615I, MEDI 615I, PHCY 615I, PUBH 615I, SOWO 615I) (3). See PUBH 615I for course description.

646 Health Care Policy in the United States: Development, Impacts, and Implications for Nurses (3). This course examines health care policy development, impacts, and prospects for change. Content enables nurses to draw implications for nursing practice and advocacy for improving systems.

671 Nursing Inquiry and Evidence-Based Practice for Advanced Scholarship (3). Students anticipating graduate study are introduced to scientific inquiry and principles of evidence-based practice, including theoretical perspectives related to inquiry; ethics; identification of research problems, development of research questions, and appropriate design; data interpretation with emphasis on statistical analysis; and rigorous appraisal of research reports.

680 Experimental Courses (1–3). Pilot test for new courses in the nursing program.

685 Care of the Dying and Bereaved throughout the Life Span (3). Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Students from a variety of health sciences-related disciplines gain an understanding of issues in working with dying and bereaved individuals of all ages and their families.

686 Advanced Concepts in the Clinical Care of Older Adults (2). Graduate students only. Focuses on advanced concepts for nursing management of older adults and their families with an emphasis on interdisciplinary care.

687 Ethical Issues in Nursing (2). Examination and discussion of major ethical issues arising in the professional practice of nursing in the context of systematic consideration of the nature of ethical choice.

689 Advanced Concepts in Oncology Nursing (2). Admission to Adult-Gerontology Nurse Practitioner program or permission of the instructor required. This course focuses on an evidence-based approach for the advanced practice nurse, incorporating pathophysiology; prevention/detection; medical treatment; nursing management; and socioeconomic, ethical, and legal issues related to adult cancer care.

691H Honors in Nursing, Part I (3). Permission of the program director. Majors only. Preparation of a two-semester honors project under the direction of department advisors.

692H Honors in Nursing, Part II (3). Permission of the program director. Majors only. Preparation of a two-semester honors project under the direction of department advisors.

Courses for Graduate Students

NURS

703I Alternative Medicine (3).

704 Scientific Writing (1). Focuses on the principles and practice of scientific writing, with emphasis on research proposals, theses, research reports, dissertations and articles for publication.

710 Developmental Physiology and Pathophysiology (3). This course explores developmental changes in morphological processes and normal and pathologic physiology in humans from conception through adolescence. Physiological differences between infants and children and adults are emphasized.

715 Pathophysiology for Advanced Nursing Practice (3). This course examines the physiological and pathophysiological responses to injury-effects on cell function, host defense responses, maintenance of vital functions, and neuro-endocrine-immune responses to stress across the lifespan.

720 Pharmacotherapeutics in Advanced Nursing Practice (3-4). Prerequisite, NURS 710 or 715. Examines principles of pharmacotherapeutic decision making in advanced nursing practice with application to clinical management of common health problems specific to all age groups, encompassing a life-span approach.

721 Pediatric Pharmacology (1). Prerequisites, NURS 715 and 720. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. The course will examine the principles of pharmacotherapeutic decision making in advanced nursing practice, with application to the clinical management of common health problems specific to pediatrics.

722 Psychopharmacology in Psychiatric-Mental Health Advanced Practice Nursing (2). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 726, and 727. Co-requisite, NURS 720. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the pre- and corequisites. Examines the principles of psychopharmacology and neurobiology for safe and effective psychotherapeutic management of individuals with psychiatric and mental health problems across the lifespan.

725 Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning in Pediatric Nursing (4). Pre- or corequisite, NURS 710. Course is designed to prepare the advanced practice nurse to comprehensively assess pediatric clients using a diagnostic reasoning process.

726 Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning in Primary Care (4). Pre- or corequisite, NURS 715. This course examines the process of diagnostic reasoning as a framework to synthesize comprehensive assessment of patients throughout the lifespan.

727 Advanced Diagnostic Process in Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing (4). Pre- or corequisites, NURS 715 and 726. This course introduces students to the role of the advanced practice psychiatric-mental health nurse. Models for assessment, intervention, and evaluation are explored and tested clinically.

776 Research for Advanced Clinical Practice (3). Graduate standing and successful completion of an undergraduate statistics course required. This course explores approaches to research problems in advanced practice nursing. Theories, methods, designs, measurement, ethical conduct, and skills in critical appraisal are emphasized.

777 Intermediate Statistical Applications in Health Care (3). Graduate standing required. This course provides an introduction to probability, statistical concepts, and analytical techniques useful in health care research and for interpreting the literature.

778 Interpreting Research Reports (3). For Nursing students admitted to The Graduate School. Focuses on approaches for critical reading of research reports to evaluate the evidence base for practice.

779 Synthesis and Translation of Evidence (3). Prerequisite, NURS 778. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Focuses on the translation of research evidence to support improved models of care delivery.

780I Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Managing Diabetes Mellitus (PHCY 608I) (2). This course examines the current issues involved in managing diabetes mellitus in persons over their life span. Contributions of the multidisciplinary team are an important theme throughout this course.

781I Genomics and Society (3). This multidisciplinary course offers students the opportunity to gain a basic understanding of human genetics and explore the ethical, legal, and social implications of recent advances in genetics.

782I Aging and Health (DENT 604I, EPID 620I, HMSC 904I, MEDI 604I, PHCY 604I, PHYT 904I, PSYC 904I, SOCI 824, SOWO 604I) (3). See SOWO 604I for description.

783I Aging and Public Policy (DENT 607I, FMME 607I, HMSC 951I, HPM 961, MEDI 607I, PSYC 907I, SOWO 607I) (3). See SOWO 607I for description.

799 Special Problems (1–3).

810 Primary Care Management of Adults (5). Prerequisites, NURS 715 and 726; pre- or corequisite, NURS 720. Focuses on the management of illnesses common to young, middle, and older adults in ambulatory care.

811 Selected Issues in Adult Health (5). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, and 810. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Provides the opportunity for an in-depth examination of management strategies with selected health problems in adults. Also examines issues inherent in the management of women and elderly populations.

812 Management of Complex Health Problems in Adults (6). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, 810, and 811. This capstone course focuses on the management of complex health problems in adult populations for the adult nurse practitioner.

815 Advanced Practice Nursing Role (1). Prerequisites, NURS 810, 840, or 860. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Examines current advanced practice nursing roles issues, within the context of contemporary healthcare delivery, legal, and sociopolitical systems.

819 Practicum in Primary Care Management of Adults (2). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, and 810. A precepted practicum in community-based ambulatory care settings that provides experiences in continuity of care in the delivery of personal health services to adult individuals and their families.

820 Clinical Practicum in Advanced Oncology Nursing (2-4). Prerequisites, NURS 688 and 699. Corequisite, NURS 821. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the corequisite. Focuses on the evidence-based management of common acute, episodic, and chronic health problems in adult cancer patients for the oncology nurse practitioner.

821 Seminar in Advanced Oncology Nursing (0.5). Prerequisites, NURS 688 and 689. Co-requisite, NURS 820. Permission of instructor for students lacking the corequisite. Focuses on evidence-based nursing and medical management issues relevant to the care of patients and their families across the cancer continuum and practice settings.

825 Sexual and Reproductive Health (4). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, and 810. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Uses a life span approach to examine principles of primary care management of childbearing couples and sexual reproductive health in women and men. Application is in community-based settings.

826 Introduction to Population Health and Community-Based Practice (2). This course introduces fundamental concepts and models of population-oriented nursing practice and the central issues affecting that practice. Focuses on health disparities and underserved populations.

827 Child Health Issues in Primary Care (4). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, and 810. Examines the principles of assessment, management, evaluation, and continuing care of children in primary care settings. Developmentally-appropriate, family-centered approaches and management of common medical problems are addressed.

828 Advanced Clinical Practicum in Primary Care of Families (4). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, 810, 825, and 827. This course is the capstone practicum for family nurse practitioner students. It emphasizes the comprehensive clinical management of primary health care needs in the context of the individual, the family, and/or the community.

833 Specialty Care in the Health of Women (4). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 726, 810, and 825. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Focuses on the primary care of women with complex gynecological problems, reproductive complications, and socially derived health care problems. Emphasis is placed on assessment, diagnosis, management, and clinical decision making.

835 Population Health and Epidemiology (3). Admission to Nursing graduate program. Focuses on epidemiologic approaches for studying the impact of social, economic, and cultural inequalities on health and illness patterns at population and clinical levels.

838 Health Care of Women Practicum (1–5). Prerequisites, NURS 715,726, 810, 825, and 833. The women's health care advanced practicum focuses on the synthesis and clinical management of primary health care and specialty health care problems of women.

840 Primary Care of Children (5). Prerequisites, NURS 710 and NURS 725. Pre- or corequisite, NURS 720. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. This course focuses on advanced practice nursing management of common clinical symptomatology and problems in pediatric primary care.

841 Advanced Concepts in Family-Centered Health Care of Children and Adolescents (4). Prerequisites, NURS 710, 725, and 840. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Focuses on advanced concepts in family-centered health care of selected child and adolescent health problems. Students function in an advanced practice role working with children, adolescents, and their families in primary care, acute, and/or chronic illness settings.

842 Management of Complex Conditions in Advanced Practice Pediatric Nursing (4). Pre- or corequisites, NURS 710, 720, and 840. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the pre- or corequisites. This course prepares the advanced practice nurse to design, implement, and evaluate a coordinated system of interventions that aim to promote optimal health and maximize outcomes for infants, children, and adolescents with complex conditions.

849 Clinical Practicum in Advanced Practice Pediatric Nursing (1–5). Prerequisites, NURS 710 and 725. Corequisites, NURS 720 and 840. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the pre- or corequisites. Supervised practicum in an advanced practice role in a selected health care setting that provides primary care and/or specialized health care to infants, children, or adolescents.

860 Psychiatric Nursing Interventions with Individuals (5). Prerequisite, NURS 727. Focuses on theories, techniques, and research related to providing individual psychotherapy. Contextual factors affecting the delivery of psychiatric-mental health nursing services are analyzed.

863 Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing for Underserved Populations (3). Prerequisites, NURS 727 and 860. Utilizing epidemiology, psychoeducation, case management, and health policy, students examine the scope of mental health problems and services for underserved populations.

864 Psychiatric-Mental Nursing Interventions: Families and Groups (4). Prerequisites, NURS 727 and 860. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Students will analyze theories, techniques, and research relevant to therapy with groups and families experiencing mental health problems.

865 Psychiactric-Mental Health Nursing Interventions with Children (2). Prerequisites, 715, 720, 722, 726, 727, and 860. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Students will analyze theories, techniques, and research relevant to therapeutic interventions with children experiencing mental health problems.

868 Management of Complex Psychiatric-Mental Health Problems Across the Lifespan (6). Prerequisites, NURS 715, 720, 722, 726, 727, 860, 864, and 865. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. This courses focuses on the management of complex psychiatric-mental health problems across the lifespan for the psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner.

869 Practicum in Psychiatric Mental Health Care for Advanced Practice Nurses (1–3). Prerequisites, NURS 727, 860, 863 and 864. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. This is the final advanced clinical course for students to apply knowledge and skills in selected domains of the advanced practice of psychiatric-mental health nursing. Supervision, peer evaluation, seminar, and independent readings will enhance the experience.

870 Health Care Informatics (3). Focuses on developing an understanding of the concepts relevant to health care informatics and the use of computerized information systems, as well as the use of computer applications to support clinical and administrative decision making.

871 Leadership and Advanced Practice Roles in Health Care Organizations (3). This course examines health care and nursing practice organizations, and the influence of the external and internal environment on these organizations. Roles and functions of nurses at different levels and in different types of health care settings are explored.

872 Human Resource Management (3). Explores the knowledge and skills required for effective human resource management. Managerial behaviors that promote and maintain a professional nursing practice environment are emphasized.

873 Financing for Valued-Based Care (3). Admission to graduate program. This course examines theoretical underpinnings and financial management concepts that pertain to costs, cost analysis, budgeting, variance analysis, staffing, productivity, and forecasting to prepare nurse leaders for decision-making in complex health care organizations.

874 Improving Quality, Safety, and Outcomes in Healthcare Systems (3). Majors only. Explores theories and methods for improving the quality, safety, and outcomes of care and patient and organizational levels, with emphasis on the quality and patient safety movement, improvement science, and evidence based practice.

875 Principles of Teaching Applied to Nursing (3). Provides students who have had minimal or no teaching experience with the educational principles necessary to teach in nursing programs or health care settings.

876 Innovations in Nursing and Health Care Curricula (3). This online course examines foundations of contemporary nursing and health care education, including academic, staff development, patient education programs, and lifelong learning.

878 Health Care Residency and Integrative Seminar (5). Required preparation, all required courses for the HCS specialty or concurrent enrollment in final HCS coursework. Course provides students an opportunity to develop, implement, and evaluate advanced practice and leadership strategies in a Health Care Systems area of focus.

880 Evidence-Based Care for Clinical Nurse Leaders I (4). Prerequisite, NURS 715. Permission of the instructor. First of two courses preparing clinical nurse leaders. Emphasis is on the use of evidence-based approaches from outcomes/quality, transitional care, and finance to improve nursing care delivery in clinical systems.

881 Evidence-Based Care for Clinical Nurse Leaders II (6). Pre- or corequisites, NURS 715 and 880. Advanced clinical nurse leadership course emphasizing collaboration with key stakeholders to implement evidence-based interventions and improve care delivery in clinical systems.

882 Clinical Teaching (3). Graduate standing required. Prepares nurses for teaching in clinical settings. Focuses on how to develop a clinical course, select clinical settings, work with staff, plan teaching methods and learner activities, and evaluate outcomes.

889 Special Topics in Nursing (1–5). Topics directed by an authority in the field.

912 Theoretical Foundations of Scientific Inquiry (3). Critically analyzes historical and current views of knowledge development and scientific development. It examines the underlying ontological and epistemological assumptions of these views and how they influence scientific inquiry. Students will learn to critically evaluate extant theories, concepts, and models for use in research, including their testability and utility.

915 Nursing, Health Organizations and Policy Making (3). Examines interrelated changes in nursing, ethical and legal expectations, and the organization of health care and health policy. Ways that nurse leaders in health care organizations adapt to and challenge public policies throughout the policymaking process and consequences for organizations and for health, practice, research, and education are explored.

920 Theoretical Foundations in Advanced Practice (3). Admission to Nursing graduate program. Focuses on philosophical and theoretical foundations for practice and the utility of these foundations for advanced practice.

928 Organizational Theories (3). Examines the major theoretical paradigms, perspectives, and issues in organization theory, particularly as applied to organizations providing health care services.

930 Children at Risk: Prenatal Period Through Emerging Young Adulthood (3). This course will apply ecological and developmental perspectives to research with children at risk for conditions threatening life/quality of life and resilience under risk. Emphasis is on critically evaluating conceptual models, designs, and methods, and responsible conduct of research aiming to understand, prevent, or manage risk.

932 Families and Health (3). Explores theoretical, methodological, and ethical issues related to research in families and health across the life span. Content includes family research related to health promotion, risk reduction, vulnerability, and health risk, and the family in the context of acute and chronic illness. Cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic issues are included.

933 Health Care Quality and Patient Outcomes: Conceptual and Empirical Approaches (3). Prerequisite, NURS 976. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Examines literature on quality of care -- effectiveness, safety, efficiency, equity, timeliness, and patient-centeredness. Critically evaluates conceptual frameworks, research designs, sources of data, analytic approaches, and implications for health care policy.

941 Practice Inquiry Seminar I and Residency (2). Pre- or corequisite, NURS 778. Permission of instructor for students lacking the prerequisite or corequisite. Seminar and residency focused on guiding the development of the DNP project including problem statement and review of literature, and engaging stakeholders, project site, and resources.

942 Practice Inquiry Seminar II and Residency (2). Pre- or corequisites, NURS 778, 779, and 941. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites or corequisites. Seminar and residency focused on design implementation and leadership issues related to planning the DNP project.

943 Practice Inquiry Seminar III and Residency (2). Prerequisites, NURS 778, 779, 941 and 942. Seminar and residency focused on issues related to the implementation, evaluation, and dissemination of findings of the DNP project.

950 Analysis of the Academic Role in Nursing Education (3). Knowledge, theories, and skills necessary for transition into an academic teaching role in university schools of nursing. Particular emphasis on the teaching-learning process as used in higher education.

953 Ethics and Law in Health Care and Research (3). Focuses on the analysis of contemporary ethical/legal dilemmas in health care and research. Examines nurses' ethical/legal responsibilities, law and the impact of judicial precedent upon clinical practice and research, the interface of law and ethics, and comparative theories/models of ethical reasoning and decision-making.

957 From Theory to Intervention (3). Required preparation, NURS 912 or graduate level theory course. In-depth exploration of selected programmatic research in nursing and related fields on prevention and management of chronic conditions in order to generate and evaluate treatment theory and intervention protocol.

958 Designing Intervention Studies (3). Prerequisite, NURS 957. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Examines methodological, ethical, and practical issues in the design and implementation of theory-based intervention studies.

959 Research Grant Writing (3). Course is designed to assist doctoral students and post-docs with preparation of Individual National Research Service Award (NRSA) or other research grant application. All steps in grant writing process will be addressed. Student should have solidified research idea prior to course. Mentor must agree to work with student throughout course.

960 Proseminar in Nursing (1–3). Proseminars are offered for one, two, or three credits. Topics differ each semester.

962 Conducting Systematic Reviews and Writing Specific Aims (4). Designed to develop students' skills in conducting systematic reviews of the literature in their area of research focus. In addition, students will gain proficiency in developing aims for a research study and in using findings from their systematic literature reviews to further develop and refine those aims.

963 Writing for Publication (3). In this course, students apply principles and practices of writing to the preparation of manuscripts for publication.

965 Issues in Gerontological Research (3). This course is designed to enhance the student's knowledge of relevant issues researchers face when planning, designing, and implementing research with an older adult population.

972 Statistical Models for Health Research (4). Prerequisite, NURS 671 or 777. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. This course will examine principles of bivariate and multiple regression and correlation, as well as univariate ANOVA, multiple ANOVA, ANCOVA, and repeated measures ANOVA. Emphasis is on application of these techniques in the analysis of nursing and health-related data.

976 Issues in Sampling and Design (3). Systematic and critical analysis of quantitative research designs including experimental, quasi-experimental, longitudinal, comparative, correlational, and descriptive. Examines sampling frameworks, types of samples, sampling errors and biases, and advantages and disadvantages of these designs for the study of nursing and healthcare issues.

977 Qualitative Approaches to Knowledge Development in Nursing (3). Examines the philosophical orientation and techniques of qualitative methodologies including qualitative description, grounded theory, ethnography, and narrative. Design issues related to sampling, data collection, data analysis, and data re-presentation, validation, rigor, and ethical concerns are considered.

978 Principles of Measurement (3). Required preparation, graduate level statistics course in the previous three years. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the required preparation. Examination of measurement and techniques for assessing validity, reliability, and structure of data collection instruments. Instrument construction and procedures for critical evaluation of instruments are included.

979 Qualitative Analysis (3). Required preparation, doctoral level qualitative methods course or NURS 977. Emphasizes the work of analysis and interpretation. Students apply relevant qualitative techniques to their own data.

980 Observational Methods (3). Explores quantitative observational research techniques. Strategies for developing coding systems, determining reliability and validity, and analyzing data are included.

981 Longitudinal Methods and Analysis (3). Prerequisite, NURS 972. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Examines longitudinal research methods, including conceptualization, design, and analysis. Assumptions and limitations of longitudinal statistics, relationship between design and analyses, and strategies to maintain scientific integrity are covered.

985 Research Seminar and Practicum: Guided Individual Research Experience (1–5). Directs students to develop research skills related to the dissertation and to their future research.

986 Elective Doctor of Nursing Practice Residency (1-3). Prerequisites, NURS 941and 942. Corequisite, NURS 943. This course focuses on the synthesis of knowledge related to advanced practice, practice leadership, and practice inquiry and is composed of a residency related to the DNP project.

992 Master's (Non-Thesis) (3).

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation/Project (3).