Department of Exercise and Sport Science



Kevin M. Guskiewicz (24) Sports Medicine, Anatomy

Anthony C. Hackney (21) Exercise Physiology, Metabolism and Endocrinology

Bonita L. Marks (26) Exercise Physiology

Joseph B. Myers (35) Anatomy, Biomechanics, Sports Medicine

Darin A. Padua (22) Anatomy, Biomechanics, Sports Medicine

William E. Prentice (15) Athletic Training, Sports Medicine

Associate Professors

Claudio L. Battaglini (32) Clinical Exercise Physiology, Exercise Assessment and Prescription

J. Troy Blackburn (33) Biomechanics, Neuromuscular Control, Sports Medicine

Diane G. Groff (34) Recreation and Leisure Studies

Michael D. Lewek, (51) Biomechanics

Barbara J. Osborne (29) Legal Issues, Sport Administration

Edgar W. Shields Jr. (10) Applied Statistics, Research Design

Assistant Professors

Coyte G. Cooper (39) Sports Business (Economics, Finance, Marketing)

Kristen L. Kucera (46) Sports/Occupational Injury Epidemiology; Musculoskeletal Disorders; Surveillance Exposure Assessment

Jason P. Mihalik (40) Traumatic Brain Injury, Sports Related Traumatic Brain Injury

Brian G. Pietrosimone (45) Sports Medicine, Joint Injury, Neuromuscular Control

Nels K. Popp (47) Revenue Generation Within College Athletics, Sport Sales, International Sport

Johna Register-Mihalik (44) Athletic Training, Sports Medicine

Eric D. Ryan (41) Exercise Physiology, Muscle Function

Abbie E. Smith-Ryan (43) Exercise Physiology, Metabolism and Body Composition

Erianne A. Weight (42) College Sport Business (Entrepreneurship, Management, Finance)

Master Lecturer

Sherry L. Salyer

Senior Lecturer

Meredith A. Petschauer


Alain J. Aguilar

Roberto Aponte

Rebecca L. Battaglini

Debra C. Murray

Lee Schimmelfing

Deborah J. Southall

Visiting Lecturer

Heather L. Tatreau


Jonathan D. Defreese

Professor of the Practice

Richard A. Baddour

Adjunct Professors

Carol Giuliani, Allied Health Sciences

Michael Gross, Allied Health Sciences

Stephen W. Marshall, Epidemiology

Karen McCulloch, Allied Health Sciences

Bing Yu, Allied Health Sciences

Adjunct Associate Professors

David Berkoff, Orthopaedics

William T. Generous, Exercise and Sport Science

Laurence M. Katz, Emergency Medicine

Deborah Thorpe, Allied Health Sciences

Vicki Mercer, Allied Health Sciences

Adjunct Assistant Professors

Elizabeth G. Hedgpeth (30) Sport Psychology

Prudence Plummer, Allied Health Sciences

Professors Emeriti

M. Deborah Bialeschki

John E. Billing

Robert G. McMurray

Frederick O. Mueller

Francis Pleasants Jr.

John M. Silva


The mission of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science (EXSS) is to discover and promote knowledge of human movement to improve quality of life. We prepare individuals to function as scientists, educators, and practitioners. Our program offers a master of arts degree in Exercise and Sport Science with specialization in one of three areas: athletic training, exercise physiology, and sport administration. We seek to provide all students with focused, in-depth knowledge and skills, and an understanding of the challenges facing the areas of athletic training, exercise physiology, and sport administration as well as a global understanding of exercise and sport.

In pursuit of maximum fulfillment of our mission, we also offer quality practical experiences to our students. EXSS has an association with numerous other campus and local area units such as athletics, emergency medicine, orthopedics, Duke Center for Living, the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, Get Real & Heel, Meadowmont Wellness Center, Campus Health Services, Carolina Adventures, Campus Recreation, the North Carolina High School Athletic Association, and local public parks and recreation departments. Supervised assistantships and internships outside the department help students develop practical skills in the specific fields of study. Furthermore, the thesis, a required research experience, is an integral part of every student's program of study. Additional research experience opportunities are numerous, and it is an expectation of the department that graduate students will become actively involved in conducting research while studying at UNC–Chapel Hill.

Additional information regarding the Department of Exercise and Sport Science can be found at

Master of Arts

The Exercise and Sport Science graduate program offers a master of arts degree in Exercise and Sport Science. There are three areas of specialization: athletic training, exercise physiology, and sport administration from which each applicant must choose only one when applying. The minimum number of credit hours required for the degree varies, depending on the area of specialization. Specific courses required are determined by the faculty in each area of specialization. In addition to course requirements, all students in all three areas must pass a written comprehensive examination, complete a thesis, and successfully defend the thesis in a final oral examination on the thesis.

* Departmental Requirements – All Areas of Specialization

In addition to specialization course requirements, two classes in statistics and research methods (EXSS 700, 705), a comprehensive written examination on all coursework, and a thesis (EXSS 993) are required of all graduate students in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science.

Specialization Descriptions

Athletic Training

The Department of Exercise and Sport Science in cooperation with the Campus Health Service's Division of Sports Medicine, and the Department of Athletics offers a specialization in athletic training at the graduate level which has existed as a Post-Professional Athletic Training Education Program since 1975. This is one of only 15 such graduate programs in the United States that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE). The primary mission of the Post-Professional Athletic Training Education Program is to educate and develop post-professionals to be leaders in the field of athletic training. The major objectives for students in the program are 1) to demonstrate excellence in evidence-based clinical practice, 2) to be able to evaluate and conduct clinical research, and, 3) to develop and enhance teaching skills in both the clinic and the classroom. We recruit graduate students who are Board of Certification certified athletic trainers who have distinguished themselves both academically and as highly competent clinicians. We provide the means for each graduate student to gain advanced knowledge and experience in prevention, evaluation, management, and rehabilitation of sport-related injuries through a combination of didactic lecture in the classroom, supervised practical application of this knowledge in a clinical setting, and a strong research experience oriented toward clinical practice. All students admitted to this program serve as Graduate Assistants teaching in the Lifetime Fitness Program and working as athletic trainers in the Department of Athletics.

Go to for additional in-depth information.

Exercise Physiology

The mission of the exercise physiology specialization is to prepare individuals for careers in the wellness industry, including hospital and corporate fitness centers as well as clinical settings, or to pursue research careers in exercise physiology related fields. Students seeking a focus in fitness/wellness are provided the background, knowledge, testing skills, and practical experience to prescribe safe fitness/wellness programs in a variety of settings, as well as the knowledge to act as a liaison between the medical community and the layperson regarding the health implications of exercise. Students preparing for further advanced study in a Ph.D. program are provided in-depth understanding of how physiological constructs are applied to exercise and the environment, as well as an understanding of the research process. Concomitantly, the student develops laboratory techniques and skills. Many graduate students present their thesis research findings at national and regional meetings of the American College of Sports Medicine, and at other professional meetings or conferences. A minimum of 30 hours (excluding prerequisites) of graduate coursework is required.

Go to for additional information.

Sport Administration

The mission of the sport administration specialization is "Integrating theory and practice to prepare graduate students for leadership positions in intercollegiate athletics." Based upon an innovative two year learning experience, the sport-administration cohort, comprised of a highly select and diverse group of students from across the United States, engages in both formal course work and intense practical experiences designed to prepare them for a college-sport administration career. During their first year, students are provided challenging coursework in administration, economics/finance, legal issues, sport marketing, governance and compliance, research methods/statistical analyses, and sport facility and event management. In addition, students engage in extensive "hands-on" event-operations experiences with the University of North Carolina (UNC) Athletic Department. During the second year, students complete a full-time, one-year internship in a functional area within the UNC Athletic Department and conduct a rigorous quantitative or qualitative-based research project. Thirty-two hours of graduate coursework are required.

Go to for additional information.

Law and Sport Administration Dual Degree Program (J.D./M.A.)

The dual degree program provides an opportunity for students who are interested in both law and sport administration to earn both degrees over four years of study. Students benefit from a respected law curriculum, combined with a sport administration curriculum with a unique focus on intercollegiate athletics. There is a growing market in college athletics for professionals with both degrees. Graduates of the dual degree program may work in athletic compliance and enforcement at a university, conference office, or national governing body such as the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Legal positions in athletic departments, fundraising and development, and at law firms that represent colleges and conferences are also likely. Students must be currently enrolled in their second year at the UNC–Chapel Hill School of Law to apply for the Law/EXSS dual degree program. Students will be responsible for paying tuition and fees separately to both the Law School & Graduate School. The M.A. in exercise and sport science must be completed prior to or simultaneously with completion of the J.D.


The master's degree programs in exercise and sport science are open to individuals from differing backgrounds. However, the majority of past entrants into the program have earned undergraduate degrees in exercise science, kinesiology, physical education, or recreation/leisure studies. The department offers admission to the fall semester only, and does not admit non-degree-seeking students. Candidates should check with the department for admission information pertaining to their specific area of specialization.

Go to or for additional information.

Ph.D. Study

An interdisciplinary doctoral program in Human Movement Science is offered with the cooperative effort of the following departments at UNC–Chapel Hill: Allied Health Sciences–Division of Physical Therapy; Exercise and Sport Science; Biomedical Engineering; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Orthopedics; and the Program on Aging.

This curriculum is designed to provide students an opportunity for doctoral study in areas that will increase knowledge of human movement performance. The program focuses on contributing to the scientific basis of human movement, developing theory and methods for maintaining health, preventing disability, and improving movement ability. Areas of concentration include 1) biomechanics of human movement, 2) physiology of human movement and 3) neuromuscular control of human movement.

Go to for additional information.


The Department of Exercise and Sport Science awards a number of teaching and research assistantships annually to help fund students' education and to provide practical experiences related to their area of study. Assistantships may involve any of the following activities or combination of activities: exercise and fitness instructor, certified athletic trainer, athletic department assistant, recreation programmer, recreation research assistant, or teaching assistant in exercise and sport science. Students may apply for these assistantships by completing and returning the appropriate application form. Contact the executive assistant in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science for additional information at (919) 962-0018.

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students


408 Theory and Application of Strength Training and Conditioning for Fitness Professionals (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175 and 276. This is an intermediate- to upper-level course designed to provide students with theoretical and practical knowledge of the physiological, biomechanical, functional, and administrative aspects of designing and supervising conditioning programs for various populations.

410L Exercise Testing (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175, 276, and 376. This is an exercise testing laboratory course for hands-on training of methods and protocols for screening, evaluating, and prescribing exercise.

412 Exercise Prescription (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175, 276, and 376. Introductory course in the theoretical basis of exercise prescription, enabling students to develop safe and effective exercise programs for healthy and at-risk populations.

475 Functional Anatomy (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175, 276, and 385. This course provides an in-depth exploration of joint mechanics. It exposes students to motions of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine as well as the extremities, and relates these concepts to movement of the body during specific activities.

478 Sports Performance Training (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175 and 276. An upper-level course designed to provide students who have a fitness background with the theoretical and practical knowledge related to the Performance Enhancement Specialization for athletes of all ages.

479 Performance Enhancement Specialization for Health Professionals (1). Prerequisites, EXSS 175, 276, 366, and 368. An upper-level course designed to provide students who have a health profession background with the theoretical and practical knowledge related to the Performance Enhancement Specialization for athletes.

493 Field Experience in Sport Administration (1–3). Prerequisites, EXSS 221 and at least two of the following: 322, 323, 324, 326. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. This field experience offers implementation of theory and the practical application of sport administration in a sport organization worksite, under the direct supervision of a business professional.

576 Exercise Endocrinology (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175, 276, and 376. Advanced course examining the responses of the endocrine system to exercise and the adaptations that occur with exercise training. Provides the fundamentals necessary for exercise science and allied health science students to understand the integral role that the endocrine system plays in exercise.

580 Neuromechanics of Human Movement (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 175, 380, and 385. This course explores interactions between the nervous and musculoskeletal systems via integration of concepts from neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, anatomy, neuromuscular control, and biomechanics. Topics include muscle mechanics, sensorimotor function, joint stability, movement disorders, neurocognition, and neuroplasticity following injury and disease. Course meetings involve both lecture and laboratory content.

593 Practicum in Physical Fitness and Wellness (1–2). Prerequisites, EXSS 220, 385, 408, 410L, and 412. Recommended preparation, EXSS 360–site dependent. Current CPR certification and student liability insurance is required. Introductory practical experience to enable student to apply knowledge and skills in a worksite under direct supervision of certified professionals.

693H Senior Honors Thesis (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 273. Required preparation, a cumulative grade point average meeting the University standard and permission of the department. Directed independent research under the supervision of a faculty advisor who teaches in the exercise and sport science curriculum.

694H Senior Honors Thesis (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 273. Required preparation, a cumulative grade point average meeting the University standard and permission of the department. Preparation of an honors thesis and an oral examination on the thesis.

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students


420 Program Planning in Recreation Services (3). This experiential course covers the concepts and skills used in program planning. Students apply their program planning skills to real-life situations and implement a recreation program for a community agency.

430 Introduction to Leadership and Group Dynamics (3). An analysis of the techniques, methods, and motives of group and community leaders. Special attention is focused upon the roles of organizational structure, personnel policies, and in-service training programs.

440 Outdoor Recreation and Environmental Issues (3). A survey course taught from a psychosocial perspective addressing the roles of public and private agencies in meeting increased demand for outdoor recreation. Emphasizes the implications of environmental awareness on outdoor recreation.

470 Recreation and Leisure across the Lifespan (3). An analysis of aspects that affect recreation and leisure behavior from birth to death, with a focus on issues associated with race, class, gender, sexual identity, and disabling conditions.

475 Disability, Culture, and Therapeutic Recreation (3). An examination of disability from a cultural perspective with the application of theoretical and scientific knowledge to provide recreation interventions that facilitate participation in life by individuals with disabilities.

676 Clinical Skills in Therapeutic Recreation (3). Development of helping skills for the practice of therapeutic recreation emphasizing rationale, techniques, and role responsibilities of therapeutic recreation in the area of leisure education. A 20-hour practicum is required.

677 Disabling Conditions and the Practice of Therapeutic Recreation (3). Prerequisites, RECR 475 and 676. Instruction in the relationship between various disabling conditions and the practice of therapeutic recreation. A 24-hour practicum is required.

691H Honors in RECR (3). Special studies for undergraduates. Intensive study on a particular topic under the supervision of a qualified member of the staff. For RECR majors, with special permission of the faculty members involved and the director of undergraduate studies.

692H Honors in RECR (3). Honors project in recreation. The completion of a special project, approved by the department, by a student who has been designated a candidate for undergraduate honors. The second of a two-course honors sequence.

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students


402 Leading Group Fitness Activities (1). All aspects of leading group fitness activities will be explored and applied, including components of an aerobic exercise class, modifications for individual needs and special populations, health screening, fitness testing.

408 Advanced Ballet (1). For the dancer with substantial background in ballet. Speed, endurance, multiple turns, beats, and complicated combinations are emphasized.

409 Advanced Basic Training (1). Advanced fitness program based on the model used by the United States Army Physical Fitness Academy to further improve aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Builds on conditioning level obtained in PHYA 209.

414 Advanced Fencing (1). A review of the footwork and bladework covered in the intermediate course; pair exercises and individual lessons dealing with both technique and tactics. Emphasis in this course is on individual and paired exercises rather than on large group lessons. Officiating is also covered in conjunction with greater competitive opportunities.

416 Advanced Golf (1). Required preparation, a 15 or less handicap. Comprising this course are the ability to score, the analysis of strategy and shot production, and improvement of self-awareness and coping strategies.

419 Advanced Horseback Riding (1). Provides more technical flatwork at the walk, trot, and canter, as well as jumping. Coursework will be primarily jumping. An additional fee is required; this course is taught off campus.

424 Advanced Modern Dance (1). This course is designed for the dancer with a solid understanding of the principles underlying modern dance and several years of dance training. It focuses on longer and more complicated phases of movements.

427 Advanced Open Water Scuba Diving (1). Prerequisite, PHYA 227. Nationally recognized scuba certification may substitute for prerequisite. The course will follow the PADI Advanced Open water course curriculum which contains five specialty dives focusing on deep, night, peak performance buoyancy, underwater navigation, and underwater naturalist.

438 Advanced Tennis (1). Individual skill improvement in all shots with pace and accuracy of shots is stressed. Advanced strategies for singles and doubles play are learned. Analysis of opponent's strengths and weaknesses and physical fitness are stressed through drills and games.

Courses for Graduate Students


700 Applied Statistics and Research Methods in Exercise and Sport Science (3). Required preparation, undergraduate statistics course. Applied statistical analysis - interpretation of data from exercise and sport science. Emphasis: choosing method of analysis, using statistics software to run analyses. Major topics: experimental and nonexperimental research design, sampling, hypothesis testing, power calculation, t-tests, ANOVA, correlation, simple and multiple regression, and chi square.

705 Applied Statistics and Research Methods Laboratory (3). Required preparation, any undergraduate statistics course. Builds heavily upon material presented in EXSS 700. Planning, conducting, and reporting of research. Thesis writing and writing for publication. Problem-solving and practical experience in applied statistical analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data from the field of exercise and sport science.

730 Management of Athletic Injuries (3). Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Designed to provide basic knowledge and skills that aid in the prevention and treatment of injuries common to athletics.

732 Human Anatomy for Athletic Trainers (4). Graduate standing in exercise and sport science or permission of the instructor. The study of gross human anatomy, with emphasis on the functional and clinical aspects of the neck, back, and extremities as related to athletic injuries.

733 Psychological Considerations for Injury and Rehabilitation (3). Athletic training graduate students only. Psychological impact of injury and rehabilitation on the injured athlete. Stress from injury, coping skills for the rigors of rehabilitation, and the improvement of communication skills in order to better the relationship between the athletic trainer, the injured athlete, and the injured athlete's coach.

735 Sports Medicine Analysis: Special Problems Related to Sports Medicine (3). Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Problem and research oriented.

736 Clinical Methods in Athletic Training (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 730. Analysis of theories and techniques used in clinical sports medicine settings.

737 Advanced Muscular Assessment and Treatment (3). Prerequisites, EXSS 730, 732, and 736. Permission of the instructor. Discussion of mechanical properties and healing of musculoskeletal tissues throughout the life cycle, and laboratory/seminar units concerned with assessment and treatment of musculoskeletal pathology.

738 Laboratory Techniques in Sports Medicine (3). This course provides an introduction to measurement techniques used in sports medicine/athletic training research. Course meetings involve lecture and laboratory sessions which encompass data collection, analysis, and interpretation techniques.

739 Practicum in Athletic Training (3). Graduate standing in exercise and sport science or permission of the instructor. The implementation of theories and practices in a professional setting under the direction of a competent practitioner.

740 Administration of Sport (3). Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Policies and problems of organization and administration of athletic programs in colleges.

742 Social Issues in Exercise and Sport (3). A comprehensive study of race and gender discrimination, adherence, value development, violence, and other socialization factors in youth, collegiate, and Olympic sport.

744 Collegiate Sport Marketing (3). Graduate standing required. This course is designed to develop a thorough understanding of sport marketing principles and their application to collegiate athletics.

746 Organizational and Financial Management of Sport (3). Graduate standing in exercise and sport science or permission of the instructor. The study of administrative structures and financial concerns of collegiate athletic programs. An intensive study of NCAA regulations is included.

747 College Sport Facility and Event Management (3). This course provides students with necessary knowledge and skills to manage college-sport facilities and plan a complete sport event. Students also evaluate facility functions related to risk and event management.

748 Legal Issues in Collegiate Sport (3). Provides an introduction to the United States legal system, legal principles, and legal issues related to intercollegiate athletics.

749 NCAA Governance and Compliance (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 740. The implementation of theories and practices in a professional setting under the direction of a competent practitioner.

750 Sport Administration Leadership Seminar I (1). Successful completion of first year in sport administration graduate program. An introduction of organizational leadership concepts in a practical applied context. Students will lead class discussion tying relevant current events with leadership theory.

751 Sport Administration Leadership Seminar II (1). Successful completion of first year in sport administration graduate program. An introduction of organizational leadership concepts in a practical applied context. Students will lead class discussion tying relevant current events with leadership theory.

770 Motor Learning (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 380. Permission of the instructor. A study of the physical and psychological factors that influence skill acquisition and performance in sport and exercise, including applications to teaching and coaching.

780 Physiology of Exercise (HMSC 702) (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 276 or 376. The study of the physical, biochemical, and environmental factors that influence human performance. Emphasis is placed on metabolic, cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular, and endocrine systems. Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week.

781 Clinical Exercise Prescription and Testing (2-3). Prerequisite, EXSS 376 or 410L. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Students who take EXSS 410L must pass with B or equivalent. This course concentrates on the knowledge and skills necessary for providing exercise testing and prescription in the clinical setting, emphasizing cardiac rehabilitation.

782 Nutritional Aspects of Exercise (2-3). Graduate standing in physical education or permission of the instructor. Exploration of the role of macronutrients and micronutrients as they apply to exercise, physical conditioning, and competition. Students obtain experience in dietary analysis as it applies to athletic populations.

783 Assessment of Physiological Functions in Exercise (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 780. Permission of the instructor. Designed to develop laboratory techniques and experimental design skills as applied to the physiology of human performance.

784 Advanced Topics in Exercise Physiology (3). Required preparation, completion of a graduate level exercise physiology course. Graduate standing required. This course deals with current and rapidly developing aspects of the exercise physiology field. Specifically enhancing and adding to the content area of basic physiology acquired in EXSS 780.

785 Seminar in Exercise Physiology (3). Graduate standing in exercise and sport science or permission of the instructor. In-depth study of selected advanced topics in exercise physiology. Emphasis on metabolism, biochemical, and cardiorespiratory physiology, with student presentations on selected topics.

789 Practicum in Exercise Physiology (3). Prerequisite, EXSS 410L, 780, or 781. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. The implementation of theories and practices of fitness or cardiac rehabilitation in a professional setting under the direction of an experienced practitioner.

890 Special Topics in Exercise and Sport Science (1–3). Graduate standing or permission of the instructor. The study of special topics directed by an authority in the field.

990 Research in Exercise and Sport Science (1–3). Graduate standing in exercise and sport science or permission of the instructor. Individually designed research projects conducted by students under the direction of a graduate faculty member.

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).

Graduate Recreation Degree Course Work


710 Leisure and Organized Recreation in the United States (3). An analysis of the scope of leisure research, recreation services, the evolution of leisure and of individual recreation behavior.

770 Administration of Therapeutic Recreation Services (3). Emphasis on information specific to the administration of therapeutic recreation such as fiscal management, quality assurance, evaluation, marketing of therapeutic recreation, and other general administrative topics.

775 Principles and Procedures in Therapeutic Recreation (3). A study of the existing practices and principles of therapeutic recreation. An in-depth treatment of assessment/evaluation, goal setting and individualized planning, documentation, leisure counseling, and clinical skills.

790 Independent Field Study (3). Permission of the department. May be repeated for credit.

830 Managing Organizational Behavior in Recreation Services (3). This course addresses organizational behavior and theory to promote insight into micro and macro issues confronting professionals in organized recreation services.

865 Issues and Trends in Recreation Management (3). A seminar to involve graduate recreation students in in-depth analyses of selected topics, issues, and problems relevant to the recreation management in public and not-for-profit leisure service organizations.

876 Issues and Trends in Therapeutic Recreation (3). An analysis of selected issues, problems and concerns in the provision of therapeutic recreation and inclusive recreation services.

880 Internship in Recreation Administration (2). Participation in full-time, practical on-the-job experience in a recreational agency of the student's choice.

881 Internship in Recreation Administration (2). Completion of a professional project and in-depth paper reflecting the outcomes of the internship completed in RECR 880

890 Seminar in Leisure Studies (3). A survey of contemporary views of society and their structures and functions, as they relate to concepts of leisure and recreation behaviors.

950 Recreation Research Design and Methods I (3). An appraisal of current recreation and leisure research design using both quantitative and qualitative data. Students complete and deliver a formal research proposal.

951 Recreation Research Design and Methods II (3). Prerequisite, RECR 950. Required preparation, any statistics course. Students analyze quantitative and qualitative data and apply their work to theory and practice. Students complete the research proposed in RECR 950.

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).