Department of Romance Languages and Literatures

roml.unc.edu

FEDERICO LUISETTI, Chair

Professors

French

Dominique Fisher (46) 19th-Century French Literature, Fin-de-Siècle Literature, Francophone Literature

Hassan Melehy (64) Early Modern French and Comparative Literature, Contemporary Critical Theory, Film, Franco-American Literature

Italian

Dino Cervigni (44) Medieval and Renaissance Italian Literature

Federico Luisetti (69) 20th-Century Italian Literature, Contemporary Critical Theory

Ennio Rao (15) Italian Renaissance, Classical Heritage, Italian Dialectology

Portuguese

Monica P. Rector (43) Portuguese Language and Literature

Spanish

Lucia Binotti (47) Medieval, Renaissance, Golden Age Philology and Linguistic Thought

Frank A. Domínguez (25) Medieval and Golden Age Spanish Literature, Ideology and Literature, Computer Applications in the Humanities

Larry D. King (36) Spanish and Portuguese Linguistics

Rosa Perelmuter (37) Colonial Spanish American Literature, Contemporary Spanish American Narrative

Associate Professors

French

Ellen Welch (08) 17th-Century French Literature; Colonial/Postcolonial and Transnational Approaches

Spanish

Samuel Amago (3) 19th through 21st-Century Spanish Literature, Culture, and Film

Emilio del Valle Escalante (05) Indigenous Literatures and Social Movements, Central American Literatures and Cultures, Cultural and Postcolonial Studies

Oswaldo Estrada (04) 20th-Century Latin American Literature, Mexican and Peruvian Literatures, Theory of the Novel, New Narrative

Irene Gómez Castellano (13) 18th-Century Spanish Literature and Culture, Poetry and Visual Arts

Juan Carlos González Espitia (62) 19th-Century Spanish American Literature, Decadentism and Nation Building

Carmen Hsu (51) Golden Age Spanish Literature, Chronicle Literature of the East Indies

Alicia Rivero (38) Contemporary Spanish American Literature, Contemporary Critical Theory, Gender Issues, Literature and Science, Intellectual History

Assistant Professors

French

Jessica Tanner (30) 19th-Century French Literature and Culture, Contemporary Critical Theory, Colonial Studies, Urban Studies

Italian

Marisa Escolar (39) Modern and Contemporary Italian Literature and Culture, Translation and Censorship Theory, Anglophone Translations of Italian Narrative

Spanish

Patricia Amaral, Spanish and Portuguese Linguistics, Semantics

Bruno Estigarribia (22) Spanish Syntax; First Language Acquisition; Corpus Linguistics; Language Contact

Irene Gómez Castellano (13) 18th-Century Spanish Literature and Culture, Poetry and Visual Arts

Professors Emeriti

Cesáreo Bandera

Pablo Gil Casado

Angel L. Cilveti

Fred M. Clark

Yves de la Quérière

I. R. Stirling Haig II

Antonio Illiano

Catherine A. Maley

Edward D. Montgomery

José Manuel Polo de Bernabé

María A. Salgado

Carol Lynn Sherman

Requirements for Advanced Degrees

The Department of Romance Languages and Literatures offers the MA and PhD degrees with concentration in French and Francophone Studies, Franco-Arab Studies (MA only), Hispanic Studies, and Italian Studies. Students interested in the Franco-Arab Studies concentration apply to the MA; all other students apply directly to the PhD program. All students in the PhD program may receive the MA degree en route after completing satisfactorily all of the second year requirements.

For students applying to the doctoral program with the MA in hand, appropriate placement and course transfer will be determined on a case-by-case basis by the Director of Graduate Studies in consultation with the Graduate Advisors. The Department may transfer up to 4 courses (12 credits) into the PhD program and in very exceptional cases up to 9 (27 credits). For these students transferring a total of 9 courses (27 credits) the Research Paper (Thesis Substitute) and the second-year qualifying exams are waived. Students currently in the PhD program will have the option of changing to the new course of study or remaining with the old.

After completing all of the second-year requirements, students will have the option of requesting an MA if they choose not to continue to the PhD or if they just want to have the diploma.

Research Facilities

The Walter Royal Davis Library's Spanish, French, and Italian collections rank in the top 20 in the nation. The Spanish and Spanish American collections are particularly strong in medieval, Golden Age/Colonial, 19th- and 20th-century holdings. The French collection has similar strengths in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries and is enriched by the Charles Nodier and René Char materials. The Italian collection exhibits strength in the 19th century. These strengths are enhanced by extensive holdings in reference, specialized journals, and rare books. Among the latter are a notable gathering of 20th-century first editions of French writers, a distinguished Spanish drama collection of more than 26,000 plays (many of them pre-1830 sueltas) and the Flatow Collection of Latin American Cronistas, consisting of early imprints of the discovery and conquest of the New World. A more complete description of the collections is available in the "Resources" section of the department's Web site at roml.unc.edu.

Catalan

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

CATA

401 Elementary Catalan (3). Introduction to Catalan language and culture. Designed for students who already have proficiency in another foreign language.

402 Intermediate Catalan (3). Continuation of CATA 401 with more emphasis on reading authentic texts.

French

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

FREN

401 Beginning Accelerated French (3). For students with proven competence in another foreign language. Covers first-year material in one semester; emphasis on speaking and grammar. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

402 Intermediate Accelerated French (3). Prerequisite, FREN 102, 105, 111, or 401. Covers second-year material in one semester. Develops skills, with increasing emphasis on reading and writing. Prepares for more advanced courses. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

403 Advanced Composition (3). Prerequisite, FREN 300. Review of advanced grammar. Exercises in translation from English into French of literary and critical materials. Free composition and training in the use of stylistic devices.

451 Orientalist Fantasies and Discourses on the Other (ASIA 451) (3). See ASIA 451 for description.

452 Muslim Women in France and the United States (3). This class will follow Muslim women's experiences and changing roles in France and the United States from the 1970s through today.

500 Research Methods in French and European Studies (3). Provides training in research methodology either for a B.A. honors or M.A. thesis topic related to contemporary European studies. Students will learn to conceptualize an original research project and to identify and assess the current intellectual debates in their chosen areas of research.

504 Cultural Wars: French/United States Perspectives (3). This course examines the limits of universalism in today's "multicultural" France and how the European Union will affect French universalism and French resistance to identity politics.

505 African Francophone Cinema (3). Prerequisite, FREN 300. Study of the production of films from francophone sub-Saharan and North African communities.

564 History of the French Language (LING 564) (3). Prerequisite, FREN 300. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. The phonology, morphology, and syntax of French are traced from the Latin foundation to the present. Lectures, readings, discussions, and textual analysis.

565 French Phonetics and Phonology (LING 565) (3). Prerequisite, FREN 300. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. The study of sounds as system in modern standard French. Lecture, discussion, laboratory practice in practical phonetics according to individual needs.

566 Structure of Modern French (LING 566) (3). Prerequisite, FREN 300. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Introduction to phonology, morphology, and syntax of modern standard French. Application of modern linguistic theory to the teaching of French.

594 Writing the Mediterranean (3). Explores early modern literary representations of the Mediterranean as a space of cross-cultural encounter, exchange, rivalry, and negotiation.

601 French for Reading (3). French language for reading. For students with no background in French or those needing a review of grammatical structures and vocabulary in preparation for the reading knowledge exam for graduate degrees (FLPA).

611 French Novelists of the 20th Century (3). Evolution of the novel in France up to the nineties.

613 20th-Century Literature (3). Studies of a single author, a literary movement, or an aesthetic movement from the avant-garde to postmodernism.

615 Readings in Francophone Literature (3). Evolution of francophone literature from a literary and cultural perspective (Maghreb, Africa, Caribbean Islands, and Canada).

616 Readings in Cultural Studies (3). An examination of national and transnational identity within European culture and recent economic and ethnologic changes in Western Europe and France.

617 Framing Identities: Franco-Arab Transvisual Transcultural Contexts (3). Prerequisite, FREN 300, 372, or 375. This course focuses on the representation of identities in Franco-Arab contexts and in various artistic productions (fiction, photography, paintings, comics, films, etc.), with a special focus on Algeria, Tunisia, France, Lebanon, and Québec.

622 Cultural Diversity in the French Middle Ages (3). Readings in a variety of medieval texts in light of contemporary literary theory.

630 Postmodernisms (3). Theory, literary texts, films, and cultural phenomena associated with postmodernism and the interaction of art, philosophy, film, literature, and popular culture.

661 Studies in French Renaissance (3). Interdisciplinary seminar on a cultural topic or a theme through readings in literary and nonliterary texts.

662 Poetry of the French Renaissance (3). Major currents in French Renaissance poetry: the Rhétoriqueurs, the break with the Middle Ages, Italian influences, the formation of the French Renaissance sonnet, poetry and gender, poetry and politics, the Plé├»ade. Clément Marot, Maurice Scève, Louise Labé, Olivier de Magny, Pierre de Ronsard, Joachim Du Bellay. Taught in French.

670 Studies in 17th-Century French Literature (3). Prerequisites, FREN 300, and 371, 372, or 373. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. In-depth study of a particular aspect of 17th-century literature and culture. Possible topics are the court and its elsewhere, Frenchness and foreignness in the 17th century, theater and theatricality, enchantment and disenchantment.

683 18th-Century Prose (3). Intensive study of a major 18th-century writer.

685 Libertinism (3). In-depth study of the genealogy of the concept of libertinage as a philosophical discourse and aesthetic manifestation.

687 Diaspora and Transculturalism in Québécois Literature (3). Evolution of identity and nationhood in Québécois literature from the 1960s to the present, including the study of the literature of immigration (diasporic or littrature migrante).

690 Seminar (3). Prerequisites, FREN 300, and 370, 371, or 372. Open to both graduate and undergraduate students. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

691H Honors Thesis in French (3). Required of students reading for honors. Preparation of an essay under the direction of a member of the faculty. Topic to be approved by thesis director in consultation with honors advisor.

692H Honors Thesis in French (3). Restricted to senior honors candidates. Second semester of senior honors thesis. Thesis preparation under the direction of a departmental faculty member.

Courses for Graduate Students

FREN

714 French Drama of the Twentieth Century (3). Semiotic readings in French and Francophone theater at the crossroads of cultures from the avant-garde to postmodernism.

721 Old French (3). An introductory course designed to enable students to read medieval texts with rapidity and accuracy. Phonology, morphology, semantics, and syntax.

726 French Feminist Theory (WMST 726) (3). See WMST 726 for description.

734 Seventeenth-Century Drama (3). Readings in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century French theater, Crébillon père and Voltaire. Selection of texts will be announced by the instructor.

735 Eighteenth-Century Drama (3). A study of the genre from Marivaux to the end of the nineteenth century.

737 Literary and Cultural Theory in France (3). A study of structuralist and poststructuralist methods in poetics, semiotics, psychoanalysis, sociology, and philosophy.

781 Eighteenth-Century Novel (3). An array of novelists and conteurs such as Prévost, Lesage, Marivaux, Laclos, Crébillon fils, Montesquieu, Diderot, Rousseau, and others.

784 Philosophers of the Enlightenment (3). Intellectual currents (religious, scientific, epistemological) and morals as reflected in such writers as Bayle, la Mettrie, Condillac, Helvétius, d'Holbach, the Encyclopedists, and others.

789 Franco-Asian Encounters (3). Cultural encounters between France, Vietnam, and China and overview of the French presence in Vietnam from the 1880s to the end of the colonial period in 1954.

793 Nineteenth-Century French Literature (3). Intensive study of a single major author of the romantic or post-romantic period. The subject changes from year to year among writers in the different literary genres.

794 French Nineteenth-Century Post-Romantic Poetry (3). A study of the evolution of poetry and poetics in modernity beginning with Baudelaire.

795 The French Realistic and Naturalistic Novel (3). A study of major realistic and naturalistic novelists (Flaubert, the Goncourts, Daudet, Zola, Maupassant, and Huysmans).

796 French Brief Fiction of the Nineteenth Century and/or Twentieth Century (3). A study of short narrative as a hybrid genre from a literary and cultural perspective.

797 Fin-de-Siècle Literatures (3). Fiction from the 1880s through WWI and its aftermath: modernity (the1850s), decadence, naturalism, the avant-garde, and the belle époque.

830 Seminar (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

840 Special Readings (1–21). Doctoral students only.

992 Master's (Non-Thesis) (3). Master's Thesis Substitute.

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3). Research in a special field under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty.

Italian

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

ITAL

401 Beginning Accelerated Italian (3). For students with special aptitude and interest in developing Italian language skills. Covers first-year material in one semester. Emphasis in the first semester is on grammar. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

402 Intermediate Accelerated Italian (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 102 or 401. Covers second-year material in one semester. Develops skills, with increasing emphasis on reading and writing. Prepares students for more advanced courses. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

503 Advanced Composition for Graduate Students (3). Review of advanced grammar. Composition on a variety of topics designed to enhance writing proficiency in Italian. Training in the use of stylistic devices.

511 Survey of Italian Literature and Culture I (to 1600) (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. The survey is based on anthologies, with particular attention to authors and texts included in the current departmental reading lists.

512 Survey of Italian Literature and Culture II (1600 to present) (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. See ITAL 511 for description.

526 History of the Italian Language (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. The evolution of the Italian language from vulgar Latin. Substratum theory and the development of the various dialects. Codification of the literary standard during the Renaissance. "Questione della lingua."

691H Honors Thesis (3). Required of students reading for honors. Preparation of an essay under direction of a member of the faculty. Topics to be approved by thesis director in consultation with honors advisor.

692H Honors Thesis in Italian (3). Restricted to senior honors candidates. Second semester of senior honors thesis. Thesis preparation under the direction of a departmental faculty member.

Courses for Graduate Students

ITAL

706 Proseminar (3). An introduction to modern Italian criticism and to current methods of research and scholarship. Bibliographic survey of basic tools and secondary literature. Guidance in preparation of papers, theses, and dissertations.

731 Dante I (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. Dante's life and works; a critical reading of the Vita Nuova and Inferno. Original texts; course taught in Italian or English.

732 DANTE II (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. Completes the critical reading of the Divine Comedy. Original texts; course taught in Italian or English.

734 Petrarch and Lyric Tradition (3). A reading of Petrarch's Canzoniere within the context of previous lyric tradition and Petrarchism in Europe. Class discussion in English; readings in Italian for majors and in translation for nonmajors.

735 Boccaccio and European Narrative (3). Boccaccio's Decameron within the context of previous narrative traditions and the subsequent development of narrative in Europe. Class discussions in English; readings in Italian for majors and in translation for nonmajors.

741 Italian Literature of the Renaissance I: The Quattrocento (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. A study of the major figures of Italian Humanism, Latin, and vernacular, from Salutati to Poliziano.

751 Italian Literature of the Renaissance II: The Cinquecento (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. Brief description of the literary and historical situation in the Cinquecento. Three authors studied in detail are Ariosto, Orlando Furioso, Machiavelli, Il Principe, and Castiglione, Il Cortegiano.

771 The 17th and 18th Centuries (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. The Age of the Baroque, Campanella, the new genres, Tassoni. The literature of Arcadia, the Enlightenment, Goldoni, Parini, and Alfieri.

781 Italian Romanticism (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. Preromanticism; Alfieri; the lyrics and novels of Foscolo, Leopardi, Manzoni; the romantic drama from Pindemonte to Niccolini.

782 Italian Literature in the Second Half of the 19th Century (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. The major literary forms in the second half of the century with particular regard to Verismo, Verga, Carducci, Pascoli, Scapigliatura, and Decadentismo.

784 Italian Avant-Gardes and Neo-Avant-Gardes 20th Century (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. Examines the critical issues raised by the Italian avant-gardes and neo-avant-gardes of the 20th century.

795 Modern Italian Fiction (3). Prerequisite, ITAL 204 or 402. D'Annunzio, Svevo, Moravia, Pavese, Vittorini, Calvino, etc.

796 Modern Italian Drama (3). Grotteschi, Pirandello, Italian drama after World War II, Eduardo de Filippo, etc.

830 Seminar (3). Special study and research in set topics; e.g., Seicento and Baroque, autobiography, Renaissance theater, literature, and film.

840 Special Readings (1–21). A tutorial on a topic agreed upon by the student and a member of the graduate faculty.

992 Master's (Non-Thesis) (3).

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3). Research in a special field under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty.

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3). Research in a special field under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty.

Portuguese

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

PORT

401 Accelerated Brazilian Portuguese I (3). For students who have fulfilled their foreign language requirement with another language. Covers first-year material in one semester. Introduction to spoken Portuguese with literary and cultural readings. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

402 Accelerated Brazilian Portuguese II (3). Prerequisite, PORT 102, 111, or 401. Covers second-year material in one semester. Further study of spoken Portuguese with literary and cultural readings. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

501 Survey of Portuguese Literature I (3). Prerequisite, PORT 204 or 402. An introduction to Portuguese literature from its origins through the 18th century.

502 Survey of Portuguese Literature II (3). Prerequisite, PORT 204 or 402. A survey of Portuguese literature of the 19th and 20th centuries.

503 Survey of Brazilian Literature I (3). Prerequisite, PORT 204 or 402. A survey of Brazilian literature of the colonial period and 19th century.

504 Survey of Brazilian Literature II (3). Prerequisite, PORT 204 or 402. Study of major writers of 20th-century Brazilian literature.

526 History of the Portuguese Language (3). Prerequisite, PORT 402. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Survey of the history of Portuguese with stress on the characteristics of Brazilian Portuguese and the factors underlying them.

530 Varieties of Portuguese (3). Introduction to the linguistic analysis of Portuguese. Basic linguistic comparison of Portuguese dialects at different levels of linguistic structure. Emphasis on theoretical background in understanding language variation as a property of natural languages.

535 Brazilian Drama (3). Prerequisite, PORT 402. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. A study of representative Brazilian plays of the 20th century with a review of the development of the theater in Brazil.

691H Honors Thesis (3). Required of all students reading for honors. Preparation of an essay under the direction of a faculty member. Topic to be approved by thesis director in consultation with honors advisor.

692H Honors Thesis in Portuguese (3). Restricted to senior honors candidates. Second semester of senior honors thesis. Thesis preparation under the direction of a departmental faculty member.

Courses for Graduate Students

PORT

703 Advanced Composition for Graduate Students (3). Advanced grammar with exercises in translation from English into Portuguese. Free composition and training in the use of stylistic devices.

704 Luso-Brazilian Bibliography and Methodology (3). An introduction to bibliography and methodology in Luso-Brazilian literary and linguistic research.

710 The Portuguese Novel (3). A study of prose fiction, particularly from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with special emphasis on Camilo Castelo Branco, Eça de Queirós, Aquilino Ribeiro, Ferreira de Castro, and the neo-realistas.

712 The Brazilian Novel (3). Extensive reading of representative Brazilian novels from the second half of the 19th century to the present.

713 Machado de Assis (3). A study of the prose fiction, drama, poetry, and criticism of Machado de Assis, with reference to other major writers of the second half of the 19th century.

714 Modern Brazilian Short Fiction and Essays (3). A study of Brazilian short stories, novellas, and essays of the twentieth century.

721 Old Portuguese (3). A study of Portuguese historical phonology and morphology with readings from medieval verse and prose.

731 Camões (3). The works of Camões (epic, lyric poetry, and drama) are studied with reference to the contemporary Iberian historical and literary background.

791 Portuguese Overseas Language and Literature (3). A survey of the use and characteristics of Portuguese as used in Africa and Asia (especially Cape Verde creole) and readings from contemporary African authors using Portuguese.

830 Seminar in Portuguese Literature (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

833 Seminar in Luso-Brazilian Linguistics (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

835 Seminar in Brazilian Literature (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

840 Special Readings (1).

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3).

Romance

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

ROML

500 Research Methods in Romance Languages and European Studies (3). Provides training in research methodology either for a B.A. with honors or M.A. thesis. Students will learn to conceptualize an original research project and to identify and assess the current intellectual debates in their chosen areas of research.

600 Master's Workshop on Theory (3). This graduate seminar consists of a series of in-depth studies of several major contemporary approaches to literary theory. Designed primarily as an elective for master's candidates in Romance languages, this course aims to prepare students for advanced literature and literary theory courses.

650 The Politics of Remembering: Memory, History, and Power in 20th-Century Europe (3). Interdisciplinary, comparative, and multimedia approach to the question of memory and history in 20th-century Europe. Explores individual memory, collective memory, and commemoration. Survey of interdisciplinary approaches to the field and an examination of historical sites through the narratives of mental illness, fiction, memoir, testimonial literature, photography, and film.

660 Film and Culture in Brazil and Spanish America (3). Critical examination of 20th-century Latin American cultural history in Brazil and Spanish-speaking countries, including Mexico, Cuba, El Salvador, Peru, Colombia, and Argentina. Course is framed between late 19th-century modernization and the contemporary discussion on globalization.

698 Seminar in Romance Languages: Capstone Course (3).

Courses for Graduate Students

ROML

700 Theories and Techniques of Teaching (3). Required of all new graduate instructors. Exploration of theoretical issues in teaching Romance languages with their practical applications, including the integration of technology.

751 Introduction to Medieval Studies (3). Interdisciplinary course to introduce graduate students to the sources, methods, and approaches of medieval studies.

755 Workshop on Literary Theory and Research Methods (1.5). An introduction to contemporary theoretical positions to acquaint the student with issues posed by formalism, Marxism, feminism, and deconstruction. Orientation to Romance bibliography and research methods.

820 Introduction to Latin for Romance Studies (3). Thorough study of the basic grammar and syntax of classical Latin, followed by readings from representative medieval literary texts and a sampling of writings by the Italian humanists. Restricted to graduate students in the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures.

824 Romance Paleography (3). Study of the development of medieval romance book hands and diplomatics from their origins to the advent of printing; with practical exercises.

825 Provençal (3). Linguistic analysis of the langue d'oc and investigation of medieval Provençal literature.

830 Seminar in Romance Languages (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

840 Special Readings (1–21).

870 Minor Romance Tongues (3). Introduction to the historical development of Catalan, Rhaeto-Romance, and Rumanian. Readings in period texts.

992 Master's (Non-Thesis) (3).

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3).

Spanish

Courses for Graduate and Advanced Undergraduate Students

SPAN

401 Beginning Accelerated Spanish (3). Required preparation, proven competence in another foreign language. Covers first-year material in one semester. Emphasis on speaking and grammar. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

402 Intermediate Accelerated Spanish (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 102, 105, 111, or 401. Covers second-year material in one semester. Continued development of all skills. Spanish 402 prepares students for more advanced courses. May not be used to satisfy the Foundations foreign language requirement.

403 Advanced Composition (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 300 or 326. Review of advanced grammar. Compositions on a variety of topics designed to enhance writing proficiency in Spanish. Training in the use of stylistic devices.

404 Elementary Spanish for Health Professionals (3). Distance course requiring access to the Internet. Focuses on communication within the context of Latino/a immigrant culture in health care settings.

405 Intermediate Spanish for Health Care Professionals (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 102 or 404. Distance course requiring access to the Internet. Focuses on improving communication within the context of Latino/a immigrant culture in health care settings. This course is equivalent to SPAN 203 (Intermediate Spanish I) and therefore fulfills the foreign language requirement.

414 Languages of Spain I (3). Study of the language and culture of one of the languages of Spain other than Spanish. Selection will vary according to term: Catalan, Euskera (Basque), Galician.

415 Languages of Spain II (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 414. Continuation of the study of the language and culture of one of the languages of Spain other than Spanish. Selection will vary according to term: Catalan, Euskera, Galician.

416 Languages of the Americas I (3). Study of the language and culture of one of the languages of Spanish America other than Spanish. Selection will vary according to term: Mayan, Nahuatl, Quechua, Guarani.

417 Languages of the Americas II (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 416. Continuation of the study of the language and culture of one of the languages of Spanish America other than Spanish. Selection will vary according to term: Mayan, Nahuatl, Quechua, Guarani.

601 Spanish for Reading (3). For students with no background in Spanish or those needing a review of grammatical structures and vocabulary in preparation for the reading knowledge exam for graduate students (FLPA).

613 Colonial and 19th-Century Spanish American Literature (3). Prerequisites, SPAN 371 or 372, and 373. Advanced survey of literary works from 16th- through 19th-century Spanish America, with emphasis on their rhetorical foundations and historical, political, and aesthetic connections.

614 Modernist and Contemporary Spanish American Literature (3). Prerequisites, SPAN 371, and 372 or 373. Advanced survey of Spanish American works from the 1880s through the present, with emphasis on their rhetorical foundations and historical, cultural, political, and aesthetic connections.

617 Cervantes and the Quijote (3). Prerequisites, SPAN 371, and 372 or 373. Close reading of Cervantes' Quijote and selected Novelas ejemplares, with consideration of the background of Renaissance prose (romance of chivalry, pastoral, and sentimental novel) in relation to 16th-century historiography.

620 Women in Hispanic Literature (WMST 620) (3). Prerequisites, SPAN 371 or 372, and 373. The image of woman in 16th- and 17th-century Hispanic literature. A study of texts by Spanish and Spanish American authors. Readings in Spanish or in English translation. Lectures in English.

625 Indigenous Literatures and Cultures of the Américas (3). Panoramic view of indigenous literatures in the Américas through a study of a variety of indigenous textual production including chronicles, manifestos, novels, testimonial narratives, short stories, poetry, artistic production, and film.

630 Literature and the Visual Arts in Spain (3). Study of the literature of the Iberian Peninsula and developments in the visual arts from the Middle Ages to the early 20th century.

650 The Spanish Comedia of the Golden Age (3). Prerequisites, SPAN 371, and 372 or 373. A comprehensive study of the Golden Age Spanish theater from its Renaissance beginnings through the 17th century.

677 Spanish Syntax (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 377. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Why do we say in Spanish "me gusta" ("to me pleases") for "I like it"? Syntax studies how words associate in larger structures. This class provides the tools to understand the forms of different varieties of Spanish.

678 Cultural and Linguistic History of the Spanish Language (LING 309) (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 300 or 326. The formation of the Spanish language and its cultures from Latin origins. Special attention to expansion of the Spanish Americas and the situation of Spanish today.

679 Spanish Pragmatics (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 377. This course is an introduction to the study of meaning and language use, with a focus on Spanish. Includes discussion of the classical texts in the field as well as analysis of a variety of data (corpora, fieldwork, and experimental materials).

680 First- and Second-Language Acquisition of Spanish (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 377. Why and how do children learn language so easily, and why is it so difficult for adults to learn a second language? This course examines these and related questions in the light of current theories of first- and second-language acquisition, with a focus on Spanish.

681 Spanish Semantics (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 377. This course is an upper undergraduate/graduate-level introduction to the study of the meaning of words and sentences, with a focus on Spanish. It covers the following topics: truth-conditional theories of meaning, modality, quantification, reference, tense and aspect, Aktionsart. The course also addresses cross-linguistic data collection, e.g., fieldwork and experimental methods.

682 Spanish Sociolinguistics (3). Prerequisite, SPAN 376, 377, or 378. Interdisciplinary approach to studying the Spanish language as a social and cultural phenomenon. Explores the relationship between language and culture, communicative competence and pragmatics, social and linguistic factors in language variation and change, attitudes toward language and language choice, linguistic prejudice and language myths, and language and identity.

691H Honors Thesis (3). Required of students reading for honors. Preparation of an essay under the direction of a faculty member. Topic to be approved by thesis director in consultation with honors advisor.

692H Honors Thesis in Spanish (3). Restricted to senior honors candidates. Second semester of senior honors thesis. Thesis preparation under the direction of a departmental faculty member.

Courses for Graduate Students

SPAN

701 Beginnings of Castilian Hegemony to 1369 (3). Early medieval romance period (11th century to 1369). The establishment of Castilian hegemony studied through a variety of texts (chronicles, miracles, collections of law and exempla, fueros, epic and lyric poems).

702 The Trastamara Dynasty: 1369 to 1504/1516 (3). The final shaping of Castile, the beginning of nationhood, and American expansion studied through a variety of texts (chronicles, books of chivalry, lyric and narrative poems, sentimental novels and travel narratives).

707 Film Theory and Practice (3). Introduction to theoretical, analytical and historical approaches to narrative cinema in the Spanish-speaking world. For graduate students with no prior experience working with film.

709 Nonfiction Prose of the 16th and 17th Centuries (3). An examination of the histories, chronicles, and other documents written in Spain and Spanish American, with special emphasis on the literature of exploration.

710 19th-Century Spanish Novel (3). A study of the development of romanticism, costumbrismo, realism, and naturalism, principally through the novels of Gil y Carrasco, Pereda, Valera, Pérez Galdós, Pardo Bazán, Clarín, and Blasco Ibañez.

711 The Modern Spanish Novel (3). Trends in modern Spanish narrative fiction from 1900 to 1975. Modernism, Civil War, and dictatorship.

712 The Contemporary Spanish Novel (3). Trends in contemporary Spanish narrative from 1975 to the present. Post-totalitarian fiction, postmodernism, and minority literatures.

713 War, History, and Society in Iberian Narrative and Film (3). Focuses on the narrative production of Iberian literature in Castilian, Catalan, Basque, and Galician since 1936, with their corresponding film adaptations when available. Begins with the end of the Spanish Civil War, continuing with the years of the Francoist dictatorship and the transition to democracy, and concludes with Spain today.

714 Golden Age Poetry (3). Selected poetic works from Garcilaso through Quevedo.

715 Modern and Contemporary Spanish Poetry (3). Study of Spanish poetry from the 19th to the 21st centuries in terms of aesthetics and literary movements including romanticism, modernism, and postmodernism.

716 Contemporary Lyric Poetry (3). Major poets from the Generation of 1927 to the present.

721 Old Spanish I (3). Provides a detailed and comprehensive survey of the Spanish language, tracking its development from its Indo-European ancestors to modern usage and examining its phonology, morpho-syntax, verbal dynamics, lexis, and semantics.

722 Old Spanish II (3). Traces the development of the Spanish language from Latin to the present, focusing upon cultural, literary, and historical factors that have contributed to its evolution.

725 Golden Age Prose (3). The major prose works of the Golden Age, excluding those of Cervantes.

737 Topics in Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory (3). Study of major topics in modern theory such as identities, time, space, history, nation, language, text, and image, from modernity to postmodernity and beyond.

738 Topics in the Intellectual History of Spain (3). Historical concepts such as power, ideology, class, culture, identity, attitude, race, perception, and methods as they developed among elite and nonelite groups of the 16th and 17th century Spanish society. Focuses on evolution of ideas, sciences, arts, techniques, and cultural expression of social movements–nationalism, colonialism, racism–and historical reflection.

741 The Essay and Short Story (CMPL 741) (3). Theory and practice of the essay and short story. Topics include masters of the Spanish American and international essay and short story, the evolution of both genres, gender, cultural studies.

742 Poiesis in Spanish America (3). Theories and practices of literary creation across genres and periods.

743 Topics in Spanish American Performance Studies (3). A thorough grounding in contemporary plays in the Spanish-speaking Americas. Topics include performing class, ethnicity, and gender; parody; staging nations; politics of metatheatre; post-modern agency; and the performance of everyday life.

744 The Aesthetics of the Baroque in Spanish American Literature (3). The origin, development, and persistence of a baroque aesthetic in Spanish American literature through an examination of diverse theories of baroque and close readings of representative texts.

745 The Vanguards (CMPL 745) (3). The theory and practice of innovative writing, especially since the 19th century. Topics include the historical Spanish American and Anglo-European vanguards, experimental literature, modernismo's literary rebellion, gender, and cultural studies.

746 The Novel in Spanish America (3). The novel to 1960. The course examines romanticism, realism, naturalism, modernism, and the new national literatures through such authors as Avellaneda, Blest Gana, Silva, Asturias, Carpentier, Rulfo, Bombal, and Vargas Llosa.

747 The Contemporary Spanish American Novel (CMPL 747) (3). The theory and practice of the novel since the 1960s. Topics include: the Spanish American "Boom" of the 60s and 70s, major international trends and writers, gender, cultural studies.

750 Enlightenment and Romanticism in Spain (3). Readings from 18th and 19th-century Spanish authors in various genres.

834 Seminar in Peninsular Spanish Literature and Culture (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

835 Seminar in Spanish American Literature (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

836 Seminar Spanish/Spanish American Transatlantic Topics (3). Topic determined by instructor and announced in advance.

840 Special Readings (1–21). Doctoral students only.

992 Master's (Non-Thesis) (3).

993 Master's Research and Thesis (3).

994 Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3).