During the past decade, ModMon has supported over 80 publications and reports in premier, peer-reviewed journals and books. These publications have had major impacts on research, management and decision-making concerning North Carolinas estuaries. They include:

Mallin, M. A. and H. W. Paerl. 1994. Commentary on primary productivity and nutrient limitation in the Neuse River Estuary , North Carolina , USA . Mar Ecol. Progr. Ser. 111:311-312.

Mallin, M. A. and H. W. Paerl. 1994. Planktonic trophic transfer in an estuary: Seasonal, diel and community structure effects. Ecology 75:2168-2184.

Paerl, H. W., M. A. Mallin, C. A. Donahue, M. Go and B. L. Peierls. 1995. Nitrogen loading sources and eutrophication of the Neuse River estuary, NC: Direct and indirect roles of atmospheric deposition. UNC Water Resources Research Institute Report No. 291. 119 p.

Paerl, H. W. 1995. Coastal eutrophication in relation to atmospheric nitrogen deposition: Current perspectives. Ophelia 41:237-259.

Paerl, H. W., M. L. Fogel, P. W. Bates and P. M. O'Donnell. 1995. Is there a link between atmospheric nitrogen deposition and eutrophication in coastal waters? pp. 197-201 in K. L. Dyer (ed.), Changes in Fluxes in Estuaries: Implications for Science and Management. Olsen and Olsen, Copenhagen .

Tester, P. A., M. E. Geesey, C. Guo, H. W. Paerl and D. Millie. 1995. Evalua­ting phytoplankton dynamics in the Newport River Estuary ( North Carolina , USA ) by HPLC-derived pigment profiles. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 124:237-245.

Paerl, H. W. 1996. Primary productivity and producers. pp. 252-262, in C.J. Hurst (ed.), Manual of Environmental Microbiology. ASM Publications, Washington , DC .

Paerl, H. W. and J. L. Pinckney. 1996. Microbial consortia: Their role in aquatic produc-tion and biogeochemical cycling. Microb. Ecol. 31:225-247.

Paerl, H. W. 1996. A comparison of cyanobacterial bloom dynamics is freshwater, estuarine and marine environments. Phycologia 35(6):25-35.

Paerl, H. W. and D. F. Millie. 1996. Physiological ecology of toxic cyanobacteria. Phycologia 35(6):160-167.

Pinckney, J. L., D. F. Millie, K. E. Howe and J. P. Hurley. 1996. Flow scintillation counting of 14 C-labeled microalgal photosynthetic pigments. J. Plankton Res. 18:1867-1880.

Paerl, H. W. 1997. Coastal eutrophication and harmful algal blooms: Importance of atmospheric deposition and groundwater as "new" nitrogen and other nutrient sources. Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:1154-1165.

Pinckney, J. L., D. F. Millie, B. T. Vinyard and H.W. Paerl. 1997. Environmental controls of phytoplankton bloom dynamics in the Neuse River Estuary ( North Carolina , USA ). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54:2491-2501.

Peierls, B. L. and H. W. Paerl. 1997. The bioavailability of atmospheric organic nitrogen deposition to coastal phytoplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:1819-1823.

Paerl, H. W., C. Aguilar and M. L. Fogel. 1997. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition in estuarine and coastal waters: Biogeochemical and water quality impacts. pp. 415-430, in J. Baker [ed.], Atmospheric Deposition Impacts in Coastal Waters. SETAC Press, Pensacola , FL.

Paerl, H. W. 1998. Microbially-mediated nitrogen cycling. pp.3-30, in R. Burlage (ed.), Techniques in Microbial Ecology. Oxford Univ. Press, New York .

Pinckney, J. L., H. W. Paerl, M. B. Harrington and K. E. Howe. 1998. Annual cycles of phytoplankton community structure and bloom dynamics in the Neuse River Estuary, NC (USA). Mar. Biol. 131:371-382.

Paerl, H. W. 1998. Structure and function of anthropogenically altered microbial communities in coastal waters. Curr. Opinion in Microbiol. 1:296-302.

Paerl, H. W., J. L. Pinckney, J. M. Fear & B. J. Peierls. 1998. Ecosystem responses to internal and watershed organic matter loading: consequences for hypoxia in the eutrophying Neuse River Estuary , North Carolina , USA . Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 166:17-25.

Lenihan, H and C.H. Peterson. 1998. How habitat degradation through fishery disturbance enhances impacts of hypoxia on oyster reefs. Ecological Applic. 8:128-140.

Thompson, S.P., H.W. Paerl and M.C. Go. 1998. Denitrification dynamics of an Estuarine Headwater Creek Receiving Agricultural Runoff. Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina . Report No. 317, 60 pp.

Woodruff, D. L., R. P. Stumpf, J. A. Scope and H. W. Paerl. 1999. Remote estimation of water clarity in Pamlico Sound , North Carolina . Rem. Sensing Environ. 68:41-52.

Paerl, H. W. and D. R. Whitall. 1999. Anthropogenically-derived atmospheric nitrogen deposition, marine eutrophication and harmful algal bloom expansion: Is there a link? Ambio 28:307-311.

Paerl, H. W. 1999. Cultural eutrophication of shallow coastal waters: Coupling changing anthropogenic nutrient inputs to regional management approaches. Limnologica 29:249-254.

Paerl, H. W., J. L. Pinckney, J. M. Fear and B. L. Peierls. 1999. Fish kills and bottom-water hypoxia in the Neuse River and Estuary: reply to Burkholder et al. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 186:307-309.

Pinckney, J. L., H. W. Paerl and M. B. Harrington. 1999. Responses of the phytoplankton community growth rate to nutrient pulses in variable estuarine environments. J. Phycol. 35:1455-1463.

Pinckney, J. L., H. W.Paerl, E. Haugen and P. A. Tester. 2000. Repsonse of phytoplankton and Pfiesteria -like dinoflagellate zoospores to nutrient enrichment in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina , USA . Marine Ecol. Progr. Ser. 192:65-78.

Moisander, P. H. and H. W. Paerl. 2000. Growth, primary productivity, and nitroegn fixation potential of Nodularia spp. (Cyanophyceae) in water from a subtropical estuary in the United States . J. Phycol.. 36:645-658.

Paerl, H. W. and J. P. Zehr. 2000. Nitrogen Fixation. Pp. 387-426., In , D. Kirchman [Ed.], Microbial Ecology of the Oceans, Academic Press, New York ..

Paerl, H. W., Boynton, W. R., Dennis, R. L., Driscoll, C. T., Greening, H. S., Kremer, J. N., Rabalais, N. N., Seitzinger, S. P. 2000). Atmospheric Deposition of Nitrogen in Coastal Waters: Biogeochemical and Ecological Implications. Pp. 11-52, In , R. Valigura et al., Nitrogen Deposition in Coastal Waters, Coastal and Estuarine Studies No. 57. American Geophysical Union Press, Washington , DC .

Piehler, M.F., S.P Thompson, J. Dyble, P.H. Moisander, J.M. Fear, and H.W. Paerl. 2002. Biologically mediated nitrogen dynamics in eutrophying estuaries: Assessing denitrification, N 2 fixation and primary productivity responses to Proposed N Loading Reductions in the Neuse River Estuary. Water Res. Research Instit., University of North Carolina . UNC-WRRI-2002-339.53 pp.

Paerl, H. W., J. D. Bales, L. W. Ausley, C. P. Buzzelli, L. B. Crowder, L. A. Eby, M. Go, B. L. Peierls, T. L. Richardson, and J. S. Ramus. 2000. Hurricanes' hydrological, ecological effects linger in major US estuary. EOS 81(40):457-462.

Luettich, R.A., Jr., J.E., McNinch, H.W. Paerl, C.H. Peterson, J.T. Wells, M. Alperin, C.S. Martens, and J.L. Pinckney. 2000. Neuse River Estuary modeling and monitoring project stage 1: hydrography and circulation, water column nutrients and productivity, sedimentary processes and benthic-pelagic coupling. Report UNC-WRRI-2000-325B, Univ. of North Carolina Water Resources Research Institute, 172p.

Bowen, J. D., Hieronymus, J. 2000. Neuse River Estuary modeling and monitoring project stage 1: predictions and uncertainty analysis of response to nutrient loading using a mechanistic eutrophication model. Water Resources Research Institute Report No. 325-D. University of North Carolina Water Resources Research Institute.121p.

Thompson, S. P., M. F. Piehler, and H. W. Paerl. 2001. Denitrification in an estuarine headwater creek within an agricultural watershed. J. Environ. Qual. 29: 1914-1923.

Stow , C.A. , M.E. Borsuk and, D.W. Stanley. 2001. Long-term changes in watershed nutrient inputs and riverine exports in the Neuse River, North Carolina. Water Res. 35:1489-1499.

Borsuk, M. Stow, C. A., Luettich, R. A., Paerl, H., Pinckney, J. L. 2001. Probabilistic prediction of hypoxia in the Neuse River Estuary using an empirical model of oxygen dynamics. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 52:33-49.

Pinckney, J. L., T. L. Richardson, D. F. Millie, H. W. Paerl. 2001. Application of photopigment biomarkers for quantifying microalgal community composition and in situ growth rates. Org. Geochem. 32:585-595.

Paerl, H.W., R. S. Fulton, P.H. Moisander and J. Dyble. 2001. Harmful Freshwater Algal Blooms, With an Emphasis on Cyanobacteria . The Scientific World 1:76-113.

Paerl, H.W., J. D. Bales, L.W. Ausley, C.P. Buzzelli, L.B. Crowder, L.A. Eby, J. M. Fear, M. Go, B.L. Peierls, T.L. Richardson and J.S. Ramus . 2001. Ecosystem impacts of 3 sequential hurricanes (Dennis, Floyd and Irene) on the US 's largest lagoonal estuary, Pamlico Sound , NC . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 98(10):5655-5660.

Borsuk , M.E. , C.A. Stow , R.A. Luettich, H.W. Paerl and J.L. Pinckney. 2001. Modelling oxygen dynamics in an intermittently stratified estuary. Estimation of process rates using field data. Est. Coast . Shelf Sci. 52:33-49.

Affortit, J., J.P. Zehr and H.W. Paerl. 2001. Distribution of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms along the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina . Microbial Ecol. 41:114-123.

Whitall, D.R. and H.W. Paerl. 2001. Spatiotemporal variability of wet atmospheric nitrogen deposition to the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina . J. Environ. Qual. 30: 1508-1515.

Paerl, H.W., C.P. Buzzelli, M. Go, B.L. Peierls, R.A. Luettich, T.L. Richardson, J.S. Ramus, L.E. Eby, L.B. Crowder, L.W. Ausley, J. Overton and J.D. Bales. 2001. Water quality and fisheries habitat changes in the Pamlico Sound after three hurricanes: A short-term and long-term perspective. Pp. 255-263, In , J.R. Maiolo, J.C. Whitehead, M. McGee, L. King, J. Johnson and H. Stone (Eds.), Facing Our Future: Hurricane Floyd and Recovery in the Coastal Plain. Coastal Carolina Press, Wilmington , NC .

Richardson , T.L., J.L. Pinckney and H. W. Paerl. 2001. Responses of estuarine phytoplankton communities to nitrogen form and mixing using microcosm bioassays. Estuaries 24(6A): 828-839.

Pinckney, J. L., H. W. Paerl, P. Tester and T. L. Richardson. 2001. The role of nutrient loading and eutrophication in estuarine ecology. Environ. Health Perspect. 109 (Suppl. 5): 699-706.

Buzzelli, C.P., S. P. Powers, R. A. Luettich Jr., J. E McNinch, C.H. Petereson, J.L. Pinckney and H.W. Paerl. 2002. Estimating the spatial extent of bottom water hypoxia and benthic fishery habitat degradation in the Neuse River Estuary, NC. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 230:103-112.

Paerl, H. W. (2002). Primary Productivity and Producers. Pp. 329-341, In C. J. Hurst (ed.) Manual of Environmental Microbiology (2 nd Ed.). ASM Press, Washington , DC .

Piehler, M.F., S.P. Thompson, J. Dyble, P.H. Moisander, J. Fear and H.W. Paerl. 2002. Biologically mediated nitrogen cycling in the Neuse River Estuary. UNC Water Resources Research Institute Report #339. UNC-WRRI, Raleigh, NC .

Moisander, P.H., E. McClinton III and H.W. Paerl. 2002. Salinity effects on growth, photosynthetic parameters, and nitrogenase activity in estuarine planktonic cyanobacteria. Microb. Ecol. 43:432-442.

Piehler, M.F., J. Dyble, P.H. Moisander, J.L. Pinckney and H.W. Paerl. 2002. Effects of modified nutrient concentrations and ratios on the structure and function of the native phytoplankton community in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina USA. Aquat. Ecol. 36: 371-385.

Reynolds-Fleming, J.V., J.G. Fleming, and R.A. Luettich, 20 02. Portable autonomous vertical profiler for estuarine applications . Estuaries 25(1):142-147.

Paerl, H.W. 2002. Connecting atmospheric deposition to coastal eutrophication. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36, No.15:323A-326A.

Paerl, H.W, R. L. Dennis and D. R. Whitall. 2002. Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen: Implications for nutrient over-enrichment of coastal waters. Estuaries 25:677-693.

Luettich, R.A., S.D. Carr, J.V. Reynolds-Fleming, C.W. Fulcher, and J.E. McNinch. 2002. Semi-diurnal seiching in a shallow, micro-tidal lagoonal estuary . Continental Shelf Research, 22, 1669-1681.

Paerl, H.W. J. Dyble, L. Twomey, J. L. Pinckney, J. Nelson and L. Kerkhof. 2002. Characterizing man-made and natural modifications of microbial diversity and activity in coastal ecosystems: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 81:487-507.

Reynolds-Fleming, J.V. 2003. The hydrodynamics of the upper NRE and their influence on dissolved oxygen distribution. Ph.D. Dissertation, Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill .

Whitall, D., B. Hendrickson and H. W. Paerl. 2003. Importance of atmospherically deposited nitrogen to the annual nitrogen budget of the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina . Environment International 29:393-399.

Paerl, H.W., J. Dyble, P.H. Moisander, R.T. Noble, M.F. Piehler, J.T. Pinckney, L. Twomey and L.M. Valdes. 2003. Microbial Indicators of Aquatic Ecosystem Change: Current Applications to Eutrophication Studies. FEMS Microbial Ecology 46 (3):233-246.

Stow , C.A. and M.E. Borsuk. 2003. Assessing TMDL effectiveness using flow-adjusted concentrations: A case study of the Neuse River, North Carolina. Environmental Science and Technology 37:2043-2050.

Paerl, H.W., L.M. Valdes, J.L. Pinckney, M.F. Piehler, J. Dyble and P.H. Moisander. 2003. Phytoplankton photopigments as Indicators of Estuarine and Coastal Eutrophication. BioScience 53(10) 953-964.

Borsuk M.E. , C.A. Stow and K.H. Reckhow. 2003. Integrated approach to total maximum daily load development for Neuse River Estuary using Bayesian probability network model (Neu-BERN). J. Water Resources Planning and Management 129(4): 271-282.

Bowen JD, and Hieronymous JW. 2003. A CE-QUAL-W2 model of Neuse Estuary for total maximum daily load development. J. Wat.Res. Plan. Manag. 129(4): 283-294

Buzzelli, C.P., Ramus, J.R. and Paerl, H.W. 2003 Ferry-based monitoring of surface water quality in North Carolina estuaries. Estuaries 26:975-984.

Paerl, H.W. and T.F. Steppe 2003. Scaling up: The next challenge in environmental microbiology. Environ. Microbiol. 5(11): 1025-1038.

Paerl, H.W., L.M. Valdes, M.F. Piehler and M.E. Lebo. 2004. Solving problems resulting from solutions: The evolution of a dual nutrient management strategy for the eutrophying Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina , USA . Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 3068-3073.

Niemi, G., D. Wardrop, R. Brooks, S. Anderson, V. Brady, H. Paerl, C. Rakocinski, M. Brouwer, B. Levinson, and M. McDonald. 2004. Rationale for a new generation of indicators for coastal waters. Environmental Health Perspectives 112:979-986.

Fear, J. T. Gallo, N.Hall, J. Loftin and H. Paerl. 2004. Predicting benthic microalgal oxygen and nutrient flux responses to a nutrient reduction management strategy for the eutrophic Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina , USA . Estuar. Coastal Shelf Sci. 61:491-506.

Reynolds-Fleming, J.V. and R.A. Luettich, Jr., 2004 "Wind-driven lateral variability in a partially mixed estuary", Estuarine , Coastal and Shelf Science, 60(3):395-407.

Paerl, H.W. 2004. Estuarine eutrophication, hypoxia and anoxia dynamics: Causes, consequences and controls. Pp. 35-56, In , Rupp, G.L. and M. D. White. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Fish Physiology, Toxicology and Water Quality.  May 12-15, 2003 , Tallinn , Estonia .  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development, Ecosystems Research Division, Athens , Georgia , USA . EPA/600/R-04/049.

Christian, R. R., J. E. O'Neal, B.Peierls, L.M. Valdes, and H. W. Paerl. 2004. Episodic Nutrient Loading Impacts on Eutrophication of The Southern Pamlico Sound : The Effects of the 1999 Hurricanes. UNC Water Resources Research Institute Report No. 349, UNC Water Resources Research Institute, Raleigh , NC .

Piehler, M.F., L.J. Twomey, N.S. Hall and H.W. Paerl.  2004.  Impacts of inorganic nutrient enrichment on the phytoplankton community structure and function in Pamlico Sound , NC USA .  Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 61:197-207.

Paerl, H. W., J. Dyble, J.L. Pinckney, L.M. Valdes, D.F. Millie, P.H. Moisander, J.T. Morris, B. Bendis, B., and M.F. Piehler. 2005. Using microalgal indicators to assess human and climactically-induced ecological change in estuaries. Pp. 145-174, In S. Bartone (Ed.) Proceedings of the Estuarine Indicators Workshop . Boca Raton , Florida : CRC Press, Orlando.

Twomey, L.J., M.F. Piehler and H.W. Paerl.  2005.  Phytoplankton uptake of ammonium, nitrate and urea in the Neuse River Estuary , NC , USA .  Hydrobiologia 533:123-134.

Vähätalo, A. V., R.G. Wetzel and H.W. Paerl. 2005. Light adsorption by phytoplankton and chromatophoric dissolved organic matter in the drainage basin and estuary of the Neuse River, North Carolina ( USA ). Freshwater Biology 50:477-493.

Paerl, H.W., M.F. Piehler, L.M. Valdes, J. Dyble, P.H. Moisander, J.L. Pinckney and T.F. Steppe. 2005. Determining anthropogenic and climatically-induced change in aquatic ecosystems using microbial indicators: An integrative approach. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 29:89-133.

Paerl, H.W. 2005. Ecological effects of a recent rise in Atlantic hurricane activity on North Carolina 's Pamlico Sound System: Putting Hurricane Isabel in perspective. P. 3-18, In, K.G. Sellner (ed.), Hurricane Isabel in Perspective. Chesapeake research Consortium, CRC Publications 05-160, Edgewater , MD.

Fear, J.M., S.P. Thompson, T. E. Gallo and H.W. Paerl. 2005. Denitrification Rates Measured Along a Salinity Gradient in the Eutrophic Neuse River Estuary , North Carolina , USA . Estuaries 28(4):608-619.

Paerl, H.W. 2005. Assessing and managing nutrient-enhanced eutrophication in estuarine and coastal waters: Interactive effects of human and climatic perturbations. Ecological Eng ineering 26:40-54.

Paerl, H.W., L.M. Valdes, J.E, Adolf, B.M. Peierls and L.W. Harding Jr. 2006. Anthropogenic and climatic influences on the eutrophication of large estuarine ecosystems. Limnology and Oceanography 51: 448-462.

Groffman, P. J. Baron, T. Blett, A.Gold, I. Goodman, L. Gunderson, B. Levinson, M. Palmer, H. Paerl, G. Peterson, N. Poff, D. Rejeski, J. Reynolds, M. Turner, K. Weathers, J. Wiens. 2006. Ecological thresholds:  The key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical applicatio n? Ecosystems 9: 1-13.

Paerl, H.W., L.M. Valdes, M.F. Piehler and C. A. Stow. 2006. Assessing the effects of nutrient management in an estuary experiencing climatic change: the Neuse River Estuary, NC, USA . Envir onmental Management 37:422-436.

Millie, D.F., G.R. Weckman, H.W. Paerl, J.L. Pinckney, B.J. Bendis, R.J. Pigg, G.L. Fahnenstiel. 2006. Neural net modeling of estuarine indicators: Hindcasting phytoplankton biomass and net ecosystem production in the Neuse ( North Carolina ) and Trout ( Florida ) Rivers, USA . Ecological In dicators 6: 589-608 .

Valdes, A.M., M.F. Piehler, J.L. Pinckney, K.E. Howe, K. Rossignol, and H.W. Paerl. 2006. Long-term temporal and spatial trends in phytoplankton biomass and class-level taxonomic composition in the hydrologically variable Neuse-Pamlico estuarine continuum, NC, USA . Limnology an d Oceanography51(3): 1410-1420.

Paerl, H.W. and R.S. Fulton III.  2006.  Ecology of harmful cyanobacteria.  Pp. 95-107, In E. Graneli and J. Turner [Eds.].  Ecology of Harmful Marine Algae.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Lunetta, R.S., J.F. Knight, H.W. Paerl, J.J. Streicher, B.L. Peierls, T. Gallo, J.G. Lyon, T.H. Mace, and C.P. Buzzelli, 2006. Measurement of case II water color using AVIRIS Imagery in Pamlico Sound , North Carolina . Remote Sens. Environ., in preparation.

Paerl, H.W., L.M. Valdes, A.R. Joyner, B.L. Peierls, C.P. Buzzelli, M. F. Piehler, S.R. Riggs, R R. Christian, J.S. Ramus, E.J. Clesceri, L.A. Eby, L.W. Crowder, and R.A. Luettich . 2006. Ecological response to hurricane events in the Pamlico Sound System, NC and implications for assessment and management in a regime of increased frequency. Estuaries 29:1033-1045

Ensign, S.H., and H.W. Paerl. 2006.  Development of an unattended estuarine monitoring program using ferries as data collecting platforms.  Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 4:399-405.

Whipple, A.C., R.A. Luettich, Jr., H.E. Seim, 2006 "Measurements of Reynolds stress in a Wind Driven Lagoonal Estuary", Ocean Dynamics, in press.

Arhonditsis, G.B., H.W. Paerl, L.M. Valdes-Weaver, C.A. Stow, L.J. Steinberg and K.H. Reckhow.  2007.  Application of Bayesian structural equation modeling for examining phytoplankton dynamics in the Neuse River Estuary (North Carolina, USA).  Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science 72:63-80.

Paerl, H.W., L.M. Valdes, A.R. Joyner, and V. Winkelmann. 2006. Phytoplankton Indicators of Ecological Change in the Nutrient and Climatically-Impacted Neuse River-Pamlico Sound System, North Carolina . Ecological Applications 17(5): 88-101.

Fries, J.S., R.T. Noble, H.W. Paerl and G.W. Characklis.  2007.  Particle suspensions and their regions of influence in the Neuse River Estuary:  Implications for water quality monitoring.  Estuaries and Coasts 30:359-364.

Fear, J.M, H.W. Paerl, and J. Braddy.  2007.  Importance of Submarine Groundwater Discharge as a Source of Nutrients for the Neuse River Estuary, NC, USA.  Estuaries and Coasts, Vol 30, 1027-1033.

Paerl, H.W. and M.F. Piehler.  2007.  Nitrogen and Marine Eutrophication.  In, D.G, Capone, M. Mulholland and E. Carpenter (Eds.),  Nitrogen in the Marine Environment, Vol. 2.  Academic Press, Orlando, Ch. 11, 529-567.

Hall, N.S, R.W. Litaker, E. Fensin, J.E. Adolf, A.R. Place and H.W. Paerl.  2008. Environmental factors contributing to the development and demise of a toxic dinoflagellate (Karlodinium veneficum) bloom in a shallow, eutrophic, lagoonal estuary.  Estuaries and Coasts 31:402-418.

Paerl, H.W. and B.L. Peierls.  2008.  Ecological Responses of the Neuse River–Pamlico Sound Estuarine Continuum to a Period of Elevated Hurricane Activity: Impacts of Individual Storms and Longer Term Trends.  American Fisheries Society Symposium 64:101-116.

Paerl, H.W., K.L. Rossignol, Nathan S. Hall, B.L. Peierls, and M.S. Wetz.  2009.  Phytoplankton community indicators of short- and long-term ecological change in the anthropogenically and climatically impacted Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA.  Estuaries and Coasts 33:485-497.


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