Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations
 Where is the Middle East?
CIA, Directorate of Operations, 1955-1975

Another department within the CIA, the Directorate of Operations (DO), formerly known as the Directorate for Plans or Clandestine Services, has never released information about its internal organization. However, a memoir published by Duane R. Clarridge, chief of operations for the DO from 1973 to 1975, indicates that by 1957, the DO had a Near East and South Asia division, more frequently called the Near East division. Judging from information mentioned in Clarridge’s memoir, the DO’s Near East division probably corresponded to the State Department’s post-1974 Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.

Source: Duane R. Clarridge (with Digby Diehl), A Spy for All Seasons: My Life in the CIA (New York: Scribner, 1997).

"Near East and South Asia"
Cyprus
Egypt
Greece
India
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya (and perhaps the rest of North Africa)
Nepal
Pakistan
Palestine
Saudi Arabia
Tibet
Turkey
Yemen
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