Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations
 Where is the Middle East?
Proposed Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East, 1990

The UN General Assembly has passed a resolution every year since 1974 calling for the creation of a "nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East," yet has never determined which countries would fall within this zone. A report of the Secretary-General in 1990 proposed a definition that included "core" and "peripheral" countries. The "core" countries corresponded to a definition of the Middle East drawn up a year earlier by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The "peripheral" countries were other members of the League of Arab States, which the 1990 report said would also be desirable to include in the nuclear-free zone.

Sources: Technical Study on Different Modalities of the Application of Safeguards in the Middle East, 29 August 1989 (IAEA-GC XXXIII/887), 1, 4-8; Study on Effective and Verifiable Measures Which Would Facilitate the Establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East: Report of the Secretary-General, 10 October 1990 (A/45/435), 20-21; Jan Prawitz and James F. Leonard, A Zone Free of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East (New York and Geneva: United Nations, 1996).

"Middle East"

Core:
Bahrain
Egypt
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

Peripheral:
Afghanistan
Algeria
Djibouti
Mauritania
Morocco
Pakistan
Somalia
Sudan
Tunisia
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