During World War II, the Middle East Air Command’s jurisdiction
was expanded to incorporate Aden, Iraq, Malta, Palestine, and Transjordan.
The British army reorganized its regional jurisdictions in like
fashion. By 1942, the Middle East Command was operating also in
Crete, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Greece, Iran, Libya, Somaliland, and Syria.
Source: Roderic H. Davison,
“Where Is the Middle East?” Foreign Affairs
38 (1960): 669.