Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations
 Where is the Middle East?
U.S. Department of State, 1944

During the same period that "Near East" moved towards obsolescence among the British, it became the preferred term of the U.S. Department of State. In 1944, the State Department had an Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs, subdivided into three divisions: Near Eastern, Middle Eastern, and African. The region covered by the Division of Middle Eastern Affairs corresponded to the earliest British usage of "Middle East." The core of the region usually referred to today as the Middle East (Turkey, the Levant, Arabia, Egypt) was covered by the Division of Near Eastern Affairs.

Source: U.S. Government Manual, Summer 1944, 191.

"Middle East"
Afghanistan
Burma
Ceylon
India
Iran
Nepal

"Near East"
Egypt
Greece
Iraq
Lebanon
Palestine
Saudi Arabia and other countries of the Arabian peninsula
Syria
Transjordan
Turkey

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