Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations
 Where is the Middle East?
U.S. Department of State, 1948

In 1948, the Division of Middle Eastern Affairs was renamed South Asian Affairs. This change marked the end of the use of the term "Middle East" to designate regional offices of the State Department. Also in this year, some of the countries from Near Eastern Affairs were shifted to a new Division of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs, thus changing how the State Department defined "Near East." Sudan was shifted from African Affairs to Near Eastern Affairs.

Source: U.S. Government Manual, Summer 1948, 90.

"Near East"
Egypt
Iraq
Israel
Lebanon
Palestine
Saudi Arabia and other countries of the Arabian peninsula
Syria
Sudan
Transjordan
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