Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations
 Where is the Middle East?
World Bank, 1953

In 1952, the World Bank created an Area Department of Operations responsible for Asia and the Middle East. A year later, in 1953, a regional representative for the Middle East was appointed, with offices in Beirut, to serve as a liaison with Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. (It is evident from its activities, however, that the World Bank regarded the Middle East as a larger region that included Turkey, Ethiopia, and Pakistan.)

Sources: Ninth Annual Report to the Board of Governors, 1953-1954 (Washington DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, [1954]), 11-18; World Bank Group Archives, “World Bank Group Historical Chronology,” World Bank, http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTARCHIVES/Resources/World_Bank_ historical_chronology.pdf

"Middle East"
Egypt
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
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