Research
“China today consumes more than half the world's cement, about 40 percent of its steel and a quarter of its aluminum.”
The Program on Chinese Cities conducts and collaborates on research within the broad areas described below: Documenting China's Urbanization, Making and Evaluating Urban Plans, Integrating Land Use and Transportation, Environmental Planning and Green Cities, and Land and Housing Policy.

Documenting China's Urbanization

The Program documents China's urbanization process. Our researchers provide data and analysis to answer a range of questions such as: How quickly are urban areas in China growing? What are the socioeconomic and political factors driving the rapid expansion of China's urban areas? How has the urbanization process in China changed over time? How has the Chinese government responded to calls for more sustainable models of development? How has rapid urbanization affected China's rural areas? In addition, we conduct rigid research on the specification of global implications of Chinese urbanization by answering questions such as: What are the impacts of urbanization on China's environment and ecosystems? What are the implications for global environmental health? How will China secure the energy and natural resources it needs to sustain extensive urbanization? How can the Chinese experience inform planning in other countries? How does the Chinese urban experience fit within prevailing theories of modernization and international development? How does it force the reformulation of those theories?

Making and Evaluating Urban Plans

Over the past decades, Chinese cities have become more expansive. Although plans have been made to accommodate rapid urbanization and suburbanization of cities, many of these plans are not yet meeting the goals of directing and managing efficient and equitable growth. Program researchers provide information and analysis to help planners and policymakers understand what planning techniques are available for the promotion of sustainable growth.

Key areas of study include:
  • Planning technique
  • Urban growth management and smart growth
  • Monitoring and evaluation of urban plans
  • Urban transition and inner-city revitalization

Research Papers:

Evaluating the Effects of Urban Master Plan: Learning from American Experiences
Zhiyong Jiang, Yan Song

Evaluating Urban Plan Contextual Validity: A Case Study of Shenzhen
Li Zhihui, Song Yan,Chen Yanping, China Academic Journal Eletronic Publishing House

From Local to Global: One Hundred Years of Neighborhood Planning
William M. Rohe

New Research Directions in Urban Form: A Multi-disciplinary, Multi-scale and Policy-oriented Review
Yan Song, Chun Zhang

Reflection on the New Urbanism Movement in the U.S.
Yan Song, Chun Zhang

The Internal Evaluation of Urban Plan Validity: Learning from American Planning Experiences
Haozhe Zhang, Yan Song, Yanping Chen, Guangjun Jin

Urban Plan Evaluation: Learning From American Examples
Song Yan, Jiang Zhiyong, Yang Xiaochun, Chen Yanping, China Academic Journal Eletronic Publishing House

Which index can explain the development of urban economy more accurately—traditional factors or creative class?
Mingsheng Chen

Integrating Land Use and Transportation

Chinese cities are mimicking the suburbanization trends and patterns of auto-dependent nations: Vehicular travel is a necessity for commuting, shopping, and socializing. Automobile dependence promotes urban expansion, significantly increases energy consumption, and notably worsens the urban environment. Program researchers provide tools to help planners understand how to employ integrated land use and transportation planning to reduce auto dependence.

Key areas of study include:
  • Land use and transportation planning integration
  • Land use and transportation modeling
  • Transit-oriented development

Research Papers:

Ridership and effectiveness of bikesharing: The effects of urban features and system characteristics on daily use and turnover rate of public bikes in China
Jinbao Zhao, Wei Deng, Yan Song

How To Ensure The Implementation of TOD With Public Policies?--- Learning From International Experiences
Zhihui Li, Ke Peng, Yan Song, Yanping Chen

Non-Motorized Travel Research and Contemporary Planning Initiatives
Daniel Rodriguez, Associate Professor, City and Regional Planning, Journal of Urban and Regional Planning

Urban Road Space Management-Experience from American Cities
Ke Peng, Yan Song, Yanping Chen

Dynamic Congestion Pricing for Multi-Class and Multi-Modes Transportation System with Asymmetric Cost Functions
Shaopeng Zhong, Wei Deng

Urban Expansion, Land Use and the Development of Rapid Transt: the Case of New York Subway
Laifang Sheng, Yan Song

How Land Use Characteristics Affects Travel Mode--- Case Study of Shenzhen
Yanping Chen, Yan Song, Xiaohong Pan, Ke Peng, Xinjin

Environmental Policy and Green Cities

China began to rethink its policies in light of its worsening environmental crises. There is a cry for cities to be made green and for urban development to be environmentally sensitive. Will green projects move beyond test phases and succeed in meeting their goals of small-footprint urban design? Program researchers provide tools to help planners and policymakers understand the determinants of implementing green planning.

Key areas of study include:
  • Integration of environmental policy with urban planning
  • Successful environmental planning practices/case studies
  • Planning for climate change

Research Papers:

How To Promote Low-Carbon City Through Master Plan---Learning from the City of New York
Yan Song, Ke Peng

How Should Urban Planning Respond to Climate Change: Learning from Local Strategies in the U.S.
Yan Song, Zhidan Liu,Ke Peng

Land and Housing Policy

China's land and housing reforms are recent and gradual. In 2002, the central government enacted the Regulation for Conveyance of State-Owned Land Through Tender Offer, Auction, and Posting, which mandated that urban land-use rights for residential, commercial, and other uses be conveyed in an open market. China's housing sector has experienced major changes since the adoption and implementation of the National Plan for Housing Reform in 1990s. Many new challenges emerge with these new developments in land and housing sectors. Program researchers provide policy analyses to address issues such as efficiency of land reforms, accommodation of rural migrants in urban housing markets, and urban affordable housing.

Key areas of study include:
  • Documentation and evaluation of rural land transaction programs
  • Land and housing policy analysis
  • Redevelopment of village urbanization
  • Affordable housing policies

Research Papers:

Bridging The Urban-Rural Divide? A Case Study on Rural Land Transition in Sichuan Province, China
Qinlin Gong, Yan Song, Christine Boyle

An Empirical Study of Hedonic Housing Price Model in Beijing with 2007 Market Data
Peihong Chen, Jiaqiong Wang

Depending on Marketing to an Ecological Vision: A Case Study of Overseas Chinese Town's Developing Management in Shenzhen, China
Haozhe Zhang, Guangjun Jin, Yan Song

Development, Performance and Challenge of Land Reserve Institution in China: Evidence from Hangzhou
Chuanhao Tian, Yan Song

Research Papers

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's faculty research papers.

Bridging The Urban-Rural Divide? A Case Study on Rural Land Transition in Sichuan Province, China
Qinlin Gong, Yan Song, Christine Boyle

Evaluating the Effects of Urban Master Plan: Learning from American Experiences
Zhiyong Jiang, Yan Song

Evaluating Urban Plan Contextual Validity: A Case Study of Shenzhen
Li Zhihui, Yan Song, Chen Yanping, China Academic Journal Eletronic Publishing House

From Local to Global: One Hundred Years of Neighborhood Planning
William M. Rohe

How To Ensure The Implementation of TOD With Public Policies?--- Learning From International Experiences
Zhihui Li, Ke Peng, Yan Song, Yanping Chen

How To Promote Low-Carbon City Through Master Plan---Learning from the City of New York
Yan Song, Ke Peng

New Research Directions in Urban Form: A Multi-disciplinary, Multi-scale and Policy-oriented Review
Yan Song, Chun Zhang

Non-Motorized Travel Research and Contemporary Planning Initiatives
Daniel Rodriguez, Associate Professor, City and Regional Planning, Journal of Urban and Regional Planning

Reflection on the New Urbanism Movement in the U.S.
Yan Song, Chun Zhang

The Internal Evaluation of Urban Plan Validity: Learning from American Planning Experiences
Haozhe Zhang, Yan Song, Yanping Chen, Guangjun Jin

Urban Plan Evaluation: Learning From American Examples
Yan Song, Jiang Zhiyong, Yang Xiaochun, Chen Yanping, China Academic Journal Eletronic Publishing House

An Empirical Study of Hedonic Housing Price Model in Beijing with 2007 Market Data
Peihong Chen, Jiaqiong Wang

Depending on Marketing to an Ecological Vision: A Case Study of Overseas Chinese Town's Developing Management in Shenzhen, China
Haozhe Zhang, Guangjun Jin, Yan Song

Urban Road Space Management-Experience from American Cities
Ke Peng, Yan Song, Yanping Chen

Dynamic Congestion Pricing for Multi-Class and Multi-Modes Transportation System with Asymmetric Cost Functions
Shaopeng Zhong, Wei Deng

Development, Performance and Challenge of Land Reserve Institution in China: Evidence from Hangzhou
Chuanhao Tian, Yan Song

Urban Expansion, Land Use and the Development of Rapid Transt: the Case of New York Subway
Laifang Sheng, Yan Song

How Should Urban Planning Respond to Climate Change: Learning from Local Strategies in the U.S.
Yan Song, Zhidan Liu,Ke Peng

How Land Use Characteristics Affects Travel Mode--- Case Study of Shenzhen
Yanping Chen, Yan Song, Xiaohong Pan, Ke Peng, Xinjin

Which index can explain the development of urban economy more accurately—traditional factors or creative class?
Mingsheng Chen


The Program on Chinese Cities
UNC-CH New East Building
Campus Box #3140
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3140
Phone: +1 919-962-4761
Fax: +1 919-962-5206
Email: pcc@email.unc.edu