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Dr. Fredrickson's new book was released January 2013. Learn more here

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Dr. Fredrickson's book Positivity:


In Press


Fredrickson, B. L., Grewen, K. M., Coffey, K. A., Algoe, S. B., Firestine, A. M., Arevalo, J. M. G., Ma, J. & Cole, S. M. (2013). A functional genomic perspective on human well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, PNAS Early Edition. doi:10.1073/pnas.1305419110

Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). Updated Thinking on Positivity Ratios. American Psychologist. Advance online publication.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). Recalculating a Positivity Ratio, and Finding a Metaphor. The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). Positive emotions broaden and build. In E. Ashby Plant & P.G. Devine (Eds.), Advances on Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 1-53. Burlington: Academic Press.

Kok, B. E., Coffey, K. A., Cohn, M. A., Catalino, L. I., Vacharkulksemsuk, T., Algoe, S. B., Brantley, M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). How positive emotions build physical health: Perceived positive social connections account for the upward spiral between positive emotions and vagal tone. Psychological Science, 24, 1123-1132.

Van Cappellen, P., Saroglou, V., Iweins, C., Piovesana, M., & Fredrickson, B., L. (2013). Self-transcendent positive emotions increase spirituality through basic world assumptions. Cognition and Emotion. Advance online publication.

Pecina, M., Azhar, H., Love, T. M., Lu, T., Fredrickson, B. L., Stohler, C. S., & Zubieta, J.K (2013). Personality Trait Predictors of Placebo Analgesia and Neurobiological Correlates. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38 639-646.

Kok, B. E., Waugh, C. E., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). Meditation and Health: The Search for Mechanisms of Action. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 27-39.


Lee, Y.-C., Lin, Y.-C., Huang, C.-L., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2012). The construct and measurement of peace of mind. Journal of happiness studies. Advance online publication.

Vacharkulksemsuk, T. & Fredrickson, B.L. (2012). Strangers in sync: Achieving embodied rapport through shared movements. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 399-402.


Algoe, S.B. and Fredrickson, B.L. (2011) Emotional fitness and the movement of affective science from lab to field. American Psychologist, 66, 35-42.

Algoe, S. B., Fredrickson, B. L., & Chow, S. M. (2011). The future of emotions research within positive psychology. In K. M. Sheldon, T.B. Kashdan, & M.F. Steger (Eds.), Designing positive psychology: Taking stock and moving forward (pp. 115-132). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Catalino, L. I. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2011). Tuesdays in the lives of flourishers: The role of positive emotional reactivity in optimal mental health. Emotion, 11, 938-950.

Garland, E. L., Gaylord, S. A., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2011). Positive appraisal mediates the stress-reductive effects of mindfulness: An upward spiral process. Mindfulness, 2, 59-67.

Johnson, D. P., Penn, D. L., Fredrickson, B. L., Kring, A. M., Meyer, P. S., Catalino, L. I., & Brantley, M. (2011). A pilot study of loving-kindness meditation for the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 129, 137-140.


Coffey, K. A., Hartman, M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010) Deconstructing Mindfulness and Constructing Mental Health: Understanding Mindfulness and its Mechanisms of Action Mindfulness, 1, 235-253.

Cohn, M. A., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010) In search of durable positive psychology interventions: Predictors and consequences of long-term positive behavior change. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 355-366.

Garland, E. L.., Fredrickson, B. L., Kring, A. M., Johnson, D. P., Meyer, P. S., & Penn, D. L. (2010). Upward spirals of positive emotions counter downward spirals of negativity: Insights from the broaden-and-build theory and affective neuroscience on the treatment of emotion dysfunctions and deficits psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 849-864.

Gross, M. M., Crane, E. A., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Methodology for assessing bodily expression of emotion. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 34, 223-248.

Johnson, K. J., Waugh, C. E., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Smile to see the forest: Facially expressed positive emotions broaden cognition. Cognition & Emotion, 24, 299-321.

Kok, B.E. & Fredrickson, B.L. (2010). Upward spirals of the heart: Autonomic flexibility, as indexed by vagal tone, reciprocally and prospectively predicts positive emotions and social connectedness Biological Psychology, 85, 432-436.

Sekerka, L. E., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Working positively toward transformative cooperation. In P.A. Linley, S. Harrington, & N.Garcea (Eds.), Oxford handbook of positive psychology and work (pp. 81-94). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Tong, E. M. W., Fredrickson, B. L., Chang, W. C., & Lim, Z. X. (2010). Re-examining hope: The roles of agency thinking and pathways thinking. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 1207-1215.


Brown, S. L., Fredrickson, B. L., Wirth, M. M., Poulin, M. J., Meier, E. A., Heaphy, M. D., Cohen, M. D., & Schultheiss, O. C. (2009). Social closeness increases salivary progesterone in humans. Hormones and Behavior, 56, 108-111.

Cohn, M. A., Fredrickson, B. L., Brown, S. L., Mikels, J. A., & Conway, A. M. (2009). Happiness Unpacked: Positive emotions increase life satisfaction by building resilience. Emotion, 9, 361-368.

Dunsmore, J. C., Bradburn, I. S., Costanzo, P. R., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2009). Mother's expressive style and emotional responses to children's behavior predict children's prosocial and achievement-related self-ratings. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33, 253-264.

Johnson, D. P., Penn, D. L., Fredrickson, B. L., Meyer, P. S., Kring, A. M., & Brantley, M. (2009). Loving-kindness meditation to enhance recovery from negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 499-509.

Wager, T. D., Waugh, C. E., Lindquist, M., Noll, D. C., Fredrickson, B. L., & Taylor, S. F. (2009). Brain mediators of cardiovascular responses to social threat, Part I: Reciprocal dorsal and ventral sub-regions of the medial prefrontal cortex and heart-rate reactivity. Neuroimage, 47 831-835.


Burns, A. B., Brown, J. S., Sachs-Ericsson, N., Plant, E. A., Curtis, J. T., Fredrickson, B. L., & Joiner, T. E. (2008). Upward spirals of positive emotion and coping: Replication, extension, and initial exploration of neurochemical substrates. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 360-370.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2008). Promoting Positive Affect. In M. Eid & R.J. Larsen (Eds). The Science of Subjective Well-Being (pp. 449-468), NY: Guilford Press.

Fredrickson, B. L. & Cohn, M.A. (2008). Positive Emotions. In M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones, & L. F. Barrett (Eds). Handbook of Emotions (pp. 777-796), 3rd Ed. NY: Guilford Press.

Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: Positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1045-1062.

Kok, B. E., Catalino, L. I., & Fredrickson, B.L. (2008). The broadening, building, buffering effects of positive emotions. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Positive psychology: Exploring the best of people: Vol. 3 Capitalizing on emotional experiences/ (pp.1-19). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Company.

Mikels, J. A., Reuter-Lorenz, P. A., Beyer, J. A., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2008). Emotion and working memory: Evidence for domain-specific processes for affective maintenance. Emotion, 8, 256-266.

Sekerka, L. E. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2008). Establishing positive emotional climates to advance organizational transformation. In N. A. Ashkanasy & C. L. Cooper (Eds). Research Companion to Emotion in Organizations (pp. 531-545), Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Waugh, C. E., Fredrickson, B. L., & Taylor, S. F. (2008). Adapting to life's sling's and arrows: Individual differences in resilience when recovering from an anticipated threat. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1031-1046.

Waugh, C. E., Wager, T. D., Fredrickson, B. L., Noll, D. C., & Taylor, S. F. (2008). The neural correlates of trait resilience when anticipating and recovering from threat. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 3, 322-332.


Tugade, M. M. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2007). Regulation of positive emotions: Emotion regulation strategies that promote resilience. Journal of Happiness Studies, 8, 311-333.

Wirth, M. M., Meier, E. A., Fredrickson, B. L., & Schultheiss, O. C . (2007). Relationship between salivary cortisol and progesterone levels in humans. Biological Psychology, 74, 104-107.


Cohn, M. A. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2006). Beyond the moment, beyond the self: Shared ground between selective investment theory and the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotion. Psychological Inquiry, 17, 39-44.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2006). Unpacking positive emotions: Investigating the seeds of human flourishing. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1, 57-60.

Otake, K., Shimai, S., Tanaka-Matsumi, J., Otsui, K., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2006). Happy people become happier through kindness: A counting kindnesses intervention. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 361-375. doi: 10.1007/s10902-005-3650-z

Waugh, C. E. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2006). Nice to know you: Positive emotions, self-other overlap, and complex understanding in the formation of new relationships. Journal of Positive Psychology, 1, 93-106.


Fredrickson, B. L. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. In F. A. Huppert, N. Baylis, & B. Keverne (Eds.) The Science of Well-Being (pp. 217-238). New York: Oxford University Press.

Fredrickson, B. L., & Branigan, C. (2005). Positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought-action repertoires. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 313-332.

Fredrickson B. L. & Losada M. F. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60, 678-686.

Johnson, K. J. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2005). "We all look the same to me:" Positive emotions eliminate the own-race bias in face recognition. Psychological Science, 16, 875-881.

Keller, M. C., Fredrickson, B. L., Ybarra, O., Cote, S., Johnson, K. J., Mikels, J., Conway, A. & Wager, T (2005). A warm heart and a clear head: The contingent effects of weather on mood and cognition. Psychological Science, 16, 724-731.

Mikels, J. A., Fredrickson, B. L., Larkin, G. R., Lindberg, C. M., Maglio, S. J., & Reuter-Lorenz, P. A. (2005). Emotional category data on images from the International Affective Picture System. Behavior Research Methods, 37, 626-630.


Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Gratitude, like other positive emotions, broadens and builds. In R. A. Emmons & M. E. McCullough (Eds.) The Psychology of Gratitude (pp. 145-166). New York: Oxford University Press.

Tugade, M. M. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Tugade, M. M., Fredrickson, B. L., & Feldman-Barrett, L. (2004). Psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity: Examining the benefits of positive emotions on coping and health. Journal of Personality, 72, 1161-1190.


Fredrickson, B. L. (2003). Positive emotions and upward spirals in organizational settings. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship (pp. 163-175). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2003). The value of positive emotions. American Scientist, 91, 330-335. Spanish pdf / German pdf

Fredrickson, B. L., Tugade, M. M., Waugh, C. E., & Larkin, G. (2003). What good are positive emotions in crises?: A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 365-376.


Fredrickson, B. L. (2002). How does religion benefit health and well-being?: Are positive emotions active ingredients? Psychological Inquiry, 13, 209-213.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2002). Positive emotions. In C.R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.) Handbook of Positive Psychology (pp. 120-134). New York: Oxford University Press.

Fredrickson, B. L., & Joiner, T. (2002). Positive emotions trigger upward spirals toward emotional well-being. Psychological Science, 13, 172-175.

Tugade, M. M. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2002). Positive emotions and emotional intelligence. In L. F. Barrett & P. Salovey (Eds.) The Wisdom in Feeling (pp. 319 - 340). New York: Guilford Press.


Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56, 218-226.


Fredrickson, B. L. (2000). Extracting meaning from past affective experiences: The importance of peaks, ends, and specific emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 577-606.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2000). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Target article in Prevention and Treatment, 3.

Fredrickson, B. L., Mancuso, R. A., Branigan, C., & Tugade, M. M. (2000). The undoing effect of positive emotions. Motivation and Emotion. 24, 237-258.


Larsen, R. J. & Fredrickson, B. L. (1999). Measurement issues in emotion research. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener & N. Schwarz (Eds.) Well-being: Foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 40-60). New York: Russell Sage.


Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2, 300-319.

Fredrickson, B. L. & Levenson, R. W. (1998). Positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 12, 191-220.