Department of African, African American,
and Diaspora Studies

aaad.unc.edu

EUNICE SAHLE, Chair

Professors

Kenneth Janken, Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, Bereket H. Selassie.

Associate Professors

Kia Caldwell, Perry Hall, Reginald Hildebrand, Michael Lambert, Margaret Lee, Charlene Regester, Walter Rucker, Eunice Sahle.

Assistant Professors

Lydia Boyd, David Pier, Mamarame Seck.

Senior Lecturer

Timothy McMillan.

Lecturers

Barbara Anderson, Alassane Fall, Donato Fhunsu, Esther Lisanza, Alphonse Mutima, Robert Porter.

Introduction

The Department of African, African American, and Diaspora Studies is an interdisciplinary and transnational program leading to the bachelor of arts degree.

The goal of African, African American, and Diaspora studies at UNC–Chapel Hill is to give specific attention to the histories, cultures, cultural linkages, and contemporary sociopolitical and economic realities of Africa and the African Diasporas in the context of a globalizing world. We encourage majors to consider studying abroad in one of the expanding number of programs in Africa or the Atlantic African Diaspora.

Prospective majors should contact the department’s director of undergraduate studies.

Programs of Study

The degree offered is the bachelor of arts with a major in African, African American, and Diaspora studies and a concentration either in African studies or African American and Diaspora studies. The department also offers a minor in African studies and a minor in African American and Diaspora studies. Finally, the department offers language instruction in Swahili, Wolof, Lingala, and Chichewa.

The department has adopted the following numbering system for all AAAD courses numbered above 99:

• Courses ending in 00 to 29: African studies

• Courses ending in 30 to 59: African American studies

• Courses ending in 60 to 84: African Diaspora outside the United States

• Courses ending in 85 to 99: Courses that cross geography; dedicated courses whose numbers are reserved by the College, such as independent studies and internships.

Foreign language courses have their own subject code: Kiswahili (SWAH), Wolof (WOLO), Lingala (LGLA), and Chichewa (CHWA).

Majoring in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies: Bachelor of Arts

B.A. Major in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies: Concentration in African Studies

Core Requirements

• AAAD 101

• AAAD 130

• AAAD 395 (in the African studies concentration; with permission of instructor and director of undergraduate studies, a student may take this course in the African American and Diaspora studies concentration)

• AAAD 487

• Six additional courses apportioned in the following way:

º One African American and Diaspora studies, or transnational course chosen from AAAD 130–184, AAAD 230–284, AAAD 330–384, AAAD 430–484, AAAD 286, 298, 385, 485, 488, 489

º As many as three courses chosen from AAAD 100–129, 200–229, 300–329, AAAD 386, 387

º At least two courses chosen from AAAD 400–429, 485, 498

º One course may come from this list, so long as students still take two courses at or above the 400 level in the African studies concentration: ARTH 155, 255; ANTH 238; FREN 505; GEOG 268; HIST 130, 301, 535; PORT 385; WMST 237, 283, 289

First-year seminars do not count toward the major.

Recommended

• Three semesters of one African language (either to fulfill the foreign language Foundations requirement or in addition to it) are recommended for the concentration in African studies. The following African language courses currently are offered:

º Arabic: ARAB 101, 102, 203, 204, 305, 306

º Chichewa: CHWA 401, 402, 403

º Lingala: LGLA 401, 402, 403, 404

º Kiswahili: SWAH 112, 234, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406

º Wolof: WOLO 401, 402, 403, 404

B.A. Major in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies: Concentration in African American and Diaspora Studies

Core Requirements

• AAAD 101

• AAAD 130

• AAAD 395 (in the African American and Diaspora concentration; with permission of instructor and director of undergraduate studies, a student may take this course in the African studies concentration)

• AAAD 487

• Six additional courses apportioned in the following way:

º One African studies or transnational course chosen from AAAD 100–129, AAAD 200–229, AAAD 300–329, AAAD 400–429, AAAD 386, 387, 485, 498

º As many as three courses chosen from AAAD 130–184, AAAD 230–284, AAAD 330–384, AAAD 286, 298, 385

º At least two courses chosen from AAAD 430–484, 485, 488, 489

º One course may come from this list, so long as students still take two courses at or above the 400 level in the African American and Diaspora studies concentration: ANTH 130; COMM 437, 662; DRAM 287; ENGL 367, 368, 369, 472, 589; HIST 378, 380; PHIL 274; POLI 274, 419; PSYC 467; RELI 580; SOCI 444; WMST 285, 553

First-year seminars do not count toward the major.

Additional Information about the Major

AAAD 290 (Special Topics in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies) can fulfill one of several major requirements, depending on the topics studied; students should consult the director of undergraduate studies about this.

The department encourages majors to also choose a track within their area of concentration of either African studies or African American and Diaspora studies. While the tracks are optional, they offer majors an opportunity to develop core knowledge in specific areas. Two track areas are offered for each concentration: a cultural and aesthetic track and a sociopolitical and historical track. A track is considered complete when a student takes four courses within it.

African Studies Concentration

• Cultural and aesthetic track: AAAD 201, 210, 318, 320, 402, 414, 421

• Sociopolitical and historical track: AAAD 200, 212, 214, 307, 315, 316, 386, 400, 498

African American and Diaspora Studies Concentration

• Cultural and aesthetic track: AAAD 250, 259, 340, 356, 450, 451

• Sociopolitical and historical track: AAAD 232, 254, 258, 278, 284, 286, 431, 460, 485, 488, 489

Minoring in African Studies

The undergraduate minor in African studies consists of 15 hours.

• AAAD 101

• Four additional AAAD courses at or above the 100 level whose last two digits are from 00 to 29, and African studies courses whose last two digits are from 85 to 99.

Minoring in African American and Diaspora Studies

The undergraduate minor in African American and Diaspora studies consists of 15 hours.

• AAAD 130

• Four additional AAAD courses at or above the 100 level whose last two digits are from 30 to 84, and African American and Diaspora studies courses whose last two digits are from 85 to 99

Honors in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies

Students with an overall grade point average of 3.2 or higher at the beginning of their senior year and who have already completed AAAD 395 are encouraged to apply for candidacy for the B.A. with honors. Students interested in undertaking honors research and the writing of a thesis should consult with the department’s honors coordinator no later than in her/his junior year to discuss the process of applying to the program. Approved candidates will enroll in AAAD 691H in the fall semester of their senior year. Upon completion of AAAD 691H and with the approval of the student’s thesis director and the department’s honors coordinator, students will enroll in AAAD 692H in the spring semester. AAAD 691H can count as one of the five courses students must take in their concentration of study.

Advising

Upon declaring the major in African, African American, and Diaspora studies, students should consult with the director of undergraduate studies, who is also available to students at other times in their academic careers.

Special Opportunities in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies

Departmental Involvement

The department works closely with two important research units on campus: the African Studies Center and the Institute for African American Research. These two units provide an opportunity for the advanced study of issues concerning Africa and its diaspora. Two student organizations of note are the Black Student Movement (BSM) and the Organization for African Students’ Interests and Solidarity (OASIS). The Sonja Haynes Stone Center for Black Culture and History is a resource for students in terms of programming and a library on African, African American and Diaspora studies.

Study Abroad

There are several opportunities for study abroad. Significantly, in collaboration with Honors Carolina, every fall semester the department runs an honors study abroad program in Cape Town, South Africa. The department also runs summer study abroad programs in Ghana; Dakar, Senegal; and Durban, South Africa. In addition, the Sonja Haynes Stone Center runs a study abroad program in Venezuela.

Undergraduate Research

The department encourages undergraduate research. The required seminar for majors (AAAD 395) introduces students to research skills and methods in African, African American, and Diaspora studies. The honors program (AAAD 691H and AAAD 692H) offers qualified students the opportunity to engage in a year-long process of research and writing.

Graduate School and Career Opportunities

The skills and perspectives of African, African American, and Diaspora studies provide an excellent background for students considering careers in international development, education, business, government, or diplomacy. Students go on to a wide variety of managerial, teaching, and research positions. Other careers for which the major is excellent preparation include law, communication, social work, community development, and public administration.

Contact Information

Eunice Sahle, Chair, CB# 3395, 109 Battle Hall, (919) 966-5496, fax (919) 962-2694. Web site: aaad.unc.edu.

AFAM and AFRI courses were renumbered under a new subject code, AAAD. The listing of AAAD courses below includes the former AFAM and AFRI numbers in brackets.

AAAD

50 [AFAM 50] First-Year Seminar: Defining Blackness (3). Blackness and whiteness as racial categories have existed in the United States from the earliest colonial times, but their meanings have shifted and continue to shift. Over the semester we will attempt to define and redefine blackness in the United States.

51 [AFAM 51] First-Year Seminar: Masquerades of Blackness (3). This course is designed to investigate how race has been represented in cinema historically with an emphasis on representations of race when blackness is masqueraded.

52 [AFRI 50] First-Year Seminar: Kings, Presidents, and Generals: Africa’s Bumpy Road to Democracy (3). An introduction to Africa’s modern history and politics with a special focus on types of leadership involved in governmental institutions.

89 [AFRI 89] First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Special topics course: content will vary each semester.

101 [AFRI 101] Introduction to Africa (3). Introduction to the study of the African continent, its peoples, history, and contemporary problems of development in a globalized world, including a survey of the African past, society and culture, and contemporary political, economic, and social issues.

130 [AFAM 101] Introduction to African American and Diaspora Studies (3). The course tracks the contours of life, societies, cultures, and history in the Atlantic African Diaspora from origins in Atlantic Africa to the present. Emphasis on forces that have created African American and African Diaspora peoples in North America, South America, and the Caribbean.

159 [AFAM 550] The History of the Black Church and Social Change (3). A survey of the historical development of the black church in America, beginning during the antebellum period and continuing to the present day.

200 [AFRI 261] Gender and Sexuality in Africa (WMST 200) (3). Introduction to the study of gender and sexuality in African societies. Theoretical questions relating to the cross-cultural study of gender will be a primary focus. Topics include historical perspectives on the study of kinship and family in Africa and the impact of colonialism and other forms of social change.

201 [AFRI 262] The Literature of Africa (3). An introduction to African literature. In addition to substantive themes, we will identify major stylistic characteristics of modern African literature with particular attention to the ways in which African language, literature, and traditional values have affected modern writing.

210 [AFRI 263] African Belief Systems: Religion and Philosophy in Sub-Saharan Africa (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. The relationship between religion and society in sub-Saharan Africa is explored through ethnographic and historical readings. The Nilotic, Bantu, and West African religious traditions are examined in detail.

211 [AFRI 264] African Art and Culture (3). Introduction to the plastic arts of sub-Saharan Africa through study of their relationship to the human values, institutions, and modes of aesthetic expression of select traditional and modern African societies.

212 [AFRI 265] Africa in the Global System (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. A seminar that critically examines the historical and theoretical basis of the state’s centrality in economic development in African countries. Relevant case studies drawn from sub-Saharan Africa.

214 [AFRI 480] Ethnography of Africa (3). By examining ethnographic texts, students will learn about topics in African studies such as systems of thought, aesthetics, the economy, politics, social organization, identity, and the politics of representation.

231 [AFAM 102] African American History since 1865 (3). Special emphasis on postemancipation developments.

232 [AFAM 266] Black Women in America (WMST 266) (3). An examination of the individual and collective experiences of black women in America from slavery to the present and the evolution of feminist consciousness.

237 [AFAM 287] African American Art Survey (ARTH 287) (3). See ARTH 287 for description.

240 [AFAM 267] African American Leadership Styles (3). This course critically examines the ideological and programmatic responses of black leaders to the socio-politico-economic problems of black people and places them in a historical context.

250 [AFAM 276] The African American in Motion Pictures: 1900 to the Present (3). This course will analyze the role of the African American in motion pictures, explore the development of stereotypical portrayals, and investigate the efforts of African American actors and actresses to overcome these portrayals.

252 [AFAM 252] Blacks in the West (3). An interdisciplinary course designed to provide a broad survey of the black experience in the Americas with special emphasis on postemancipation developments.

254 [AFAM 280] Blacks in North Carolina (3). This course is an overview of the black experience in North Carolina with special emphasis on Chapel Hill and Wilmington.

257 [AFAM 269] Black Nationalism in the United States (3). This course traces the evolution of black nationalism, both as an idea and a movement, from the era of the American Revolution to its current Afrocentric expressions.

258 [AFAM 258] The Civil Rights Movement (3). An examination of the struggle by black Americans for social justice since World War II and of the systemic responses.

259 [AFAM 259] Black Influences on Popular Culture (3). This course examines the influence of African American expressive culture, particularly popular music, on American mainstream culture.

260 [AFAM 254] Blacks in Latin America (3). The majority of people of African descent in this hemisphere live in Latin America. This course will explore various aspects of the black experience in Latin America.

278 [AFAM 278] Black Caribbeans in the United States (3). This course will look at the experiences of black Caribbean immigrants in the United States and the activities in which they participate, as well as their shifting senses of their identities.

284 [AFAM 293] Contemporary Perspectives on the African Diaspora in the Americas (3). An interdisciplinary survey of African-descendant communities and the development and expression of African/black identities in the context of competing definitions of diaspora.

286 The African Diaspora in the Colonial Americas, 1450–1800 (3). Explores the experiences of Africans in European colonies in locations such as colonial Mexico, Brazil, the Caribbean, and mainland North America. Lecture and discussion format. The major themes of inquiry include labor, law, gender, culture, and resistance, exploring differing experiences based on gender, location, and religion.

290 [AFAM 190] Topics in African, African American, and Diaspora Studies (3). Subject matter will vary by instructor. Course description available from department office.

293 [AFAM 491] Individual Internships for Majors and Minors (1–3). Students work internships and develop, in conjunction with a faculty supervisor, an academic project relating to their internship experience. Permission of the director of undergraduate studies required.

298 [AFAM 304] Blacks in British North America to 1833 (3). This course looks at blacks in the British world to 1833, with particular attention on the 13 colonies and the lands that would eventually form the Dominion of Canada.

300 Cultures of Health and Healing in Africa (3). This course explores contemporary economic, political, and social factors influencing the health and welfare of African peoples. Emphasis is placed on understanding the cultural perspectives that shape non-Western experiences of health, disease, and notions of spiritual and physical well-being. Readings draw from the fields of anthropology, history, and public health.

301 Contemporary China-Africa Relations (3). The course examines the contemporary relationship between China and Africa. This includes China and Africa’s history; China’s economic, trade, strategic, and foreign policy towards Africa; as well as the relationship between China and the Africans who live and work there.

307 [AFRI 540] 21st-Century Scramble for Africa (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. Examines the 21st-century global competition for African resources and compares it to the 19th-century “scramble for Africa.” Major actors include the European Union, the United States, and China.

315 [AFRI 368] Political Protest and Conflict in Africa (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. This course surveys contemporary forms of political conflict and protest in Africa. The nature, causes, and consequences of these conflicts will be examined.

316 [AFRI 370] Policy Problems in Africa (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. A course on policy making in African states concerning development and/or other issues.

318 [AFRI 375] Politics of Cultural Production in Africa (3). Explores the role that the cultural realm plays in legitimizing, reproducing, resisting, and uncovering dominant structures of power in Africa.

319 [AFRI 353] African Masquerade and Ritual (ANTH 343, ARTH 353) (3). See ARTH 353 for description.

320 [AFRI 320] Music of Africa (3). An introduction to African music new and old, focusing on the continent’s distinctive techniques and concepts, and on its musical interactions with the rest of the world. The politics of music making in various historical settings will be explored. Prior musical experience is helpful, but not required.

330 [AFAM 387] 20th-Century African American Art (ARTH 387) (3). See ARTH 387 for description.

331 [AFAM 392] African America: Contemporary Issues (3). This course will allow students to research, analyze, and engage pressing political, economic, and social issues confronting black people in North America and elsewhere in the diaspora.

332 Remembering Race and Slavery (3). The course provides an examination of the ways that the past plays out in the present. Specifically this course examines memorials, monuments, and museums that remember and reinvent slavery and race in the United States and throughout the rest of the Diaspora.

340 [AFAM 340] Diaspora Art and Cultural Politics (3). Examines the sociopolitical dimensions of African Diaspora art and culture with a focus on African Americans in the 20th century.

341 [AFAM 440] Law and Society (3). This course explores the intersection of law and societal developments drawing from the disciplines of history, political science, anthropology, feminist legal studies, and constitutional law. The themes of the course will vary depending on the training, research interests, and geographical concentration of the faculty teaching the course.

356 [AFAM 356] The History of Hip Hop Culture (3). Examines the emergence and impact of Hip Hop music and culture and its broad influence in mainstream culture, as a global phenomenon and as a vehicle embodying formative ideas of its constituent communities.

385 [AFAM 371] Emancipation in the New World (HIST 371) (3). See HIST 371 for description.

386 [AFRI 430] Comparative Studies in Culture, Gender, and Global Forces (WMST 386) (3). Prerequisites, AAAD 101 and 130. Examines participatory development theory and practice in Africa and the United States in the context of other intervention strategies and with special attention to culture and gender.

387 HIV/AIDS in Africa and the Diaspora (3). This course explores the history and contemporary politics of HIV/AIDS in African communities and across the Diaspora. The differing trajectories of the epidemic on the continent, in the West, and in the Caribbean and Latin America will be explored.

395 [AFAM 395] Undergraduate Research Seminar (3). Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Subject matter will vary with each instructor. Each course will concern itself with a study in depth of some problem in African, African American, or diaspora studies.

396 [AFAM 396] Independent Studies (3). Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. Independent study projects defined by student and faculty advisor. Majors only.

400 [AFRI 550] The Challenges of Democratic Governance in Africa (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. An in-depth examination of trends and theories on democratic governance since the end of the Cold War, together with the implications of these trends and theories for Africa.

401 Ghanaian Society and Culture (3). This course examines the societies, cultures, and history of Ghana. Emphasis on the many forces converging to shape the lives of West African peoples, with a focus on Ghana. This course also offers opportunities to assess issues arising from Ghana’s role in the slave trade to its postcolonial condition.

402 African Media and Film: History and Practice (3). This course explores forms of filmic and photographic representation of and by Africans. An introduction to key concepts in social theory and their application to the field of media studies and ethnography is a primary focus.

405 [AFRI 488] Contemporary African Art (ARTH 488) (3). See ARTH 488 for description.

412 [AFRI 522] Regional Seminar in African Studies (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. Seminar focuses on history, politics, and economic development challenges of a single region or major country of the African continent, with emphasis on contemporary issues. Region, country, and topics vary by semester and instructor.

414 [AFRI 456] Senegalese Society and Culture (3). This course provides an overview of Senegalese culture through movies, literary works, and scholarly books and articles. The course examines the geography, population, ethnic composition, thoughts and religious beliefs, arts and music, polygamy, status of women, and the impact of the tariqas or Sufi orders on people’s daily lives.

419 [AFRI 600] African Studies Colloquium (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. This course will equip students to analyze critically cutting-edge issues concerning Africa today through readings, lectures, and research. For junior/senior majors and students with interest in Africa.

421 [AFRI 421] Introduction to the Languages of Africa (3). This course is an introduction to the languages of Africa. No linguistics background is required. Topics include classification, characteristic linguistic features of Africans languages, and their role in their respective societies.

430 [AFAM 408] African American Intellectual History (3). An examination of the principal intellectual trends in black life during the 19th and 20th centuries as well as the life and work of the intelligentsia.

431 [AFAM 522] DuBois, Howard Thurman, and Malcolm X (3). Examines the ideas of the scholar W. E. B. DuBois, theologian Howard Thurman, and political theorist Malcolm X. Major issues will be conceptualized from the distinct perspectives represented by those leaders.

432 [AFAM 610] Vernacular Traditions in African American Music (FOLK 610) (4). See FOLK 610 for description.

450 [AFAM 560] The Harlem Renaissance (3). This course explores outstanding themes of the Harlem Renaissance through readings, prints and photographs, lectures, and class discussion.

451 [AFAM 697] Orality, Literacy, and Cultural Production: African Americans and Racial Modernity (3). Examines the divide between literacy- and orality-based modes of self-expression and cultural production, and the effects of this fault line on the African American struggle for inclusion and self-definition in the United States.

460 [AFAM 530] Race, Culture, and Politics in Brazil (3). Examines race, culture, and politics in Brazil from historical and contemporary perspectives. Focuses on dynamics of race, gender, class, and nation in shaping Brazilian social relations.

485 [AFAM 474] Black Atlantic Crosscurrents (3). This course explores theoretical issues concerning historical, cultural, sociopolitical, and intellectual formations, connections, and movements between Africa and its Atlantic diaspora.

486 [AFRI 453] Africa in the American Imagination (ARTH 453) (3). See ARTH 453 for description.

487 Intellectual Currents in African and African Diaspora Studies (3). Prerequisite AAAD 101 and 130. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. In this seminar students will examine primary documents of engaged scholarship written by Africans and peoples of African descent in the Americas, Europe and elsewhere in the African Diaspora.

488 [AFAM 422] Human Rights and Democracy in African Diaspora Communities (3). This course examines how questions of democracy and human rights have been conceptualized in African Diaspora communities in the Americas and Europe.

489 [AFAM 421] African Diaspora Theory and History (3). Required preparation, a previous 100- or 200-level AAAD course. This course examines the cultural and political formation of the African Diaspora in the Americas and Europe from the 15th century to the present. Course materials focus on the development of communities in Western Europe, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.

498 [AFRI 416] Human Rights, Constitutions, and Public Policy (3). Prerequisite, AAAD 101. Focusing on major debates in the disciplines of philosophy, political science, and law, this course explores the role of human rights and constitutional frameworks in public policy formation and struggles for equality in selected countries in Africa and the African Diaspora.

691H [AFAM 691H] Honors Research I (3). Permission of the department. Beginning of mentored research on an honors thesis. Required of all candidates for graduation with honors in African, African American, and Diaspora studies.

692H [AFAM 692H] Honors Research II (3). Permission of the department. Completion of an honors thesis under the direction of a member of the faculty. Required of all candidates for graduation with honors in African, African American, and Diaspora studies.

CHWA

401 Elementary Chichewa I (3). The course introduces the essential elements of the Chichewa language. Emphasis is on speaking and writing grammatically acceptable Chichewa and on aspects of central African culture.

402 Elementary Chichewa II (3). Prerequisite, CHWA 401. Emphasis is on speaking and writing grammatically acceptable Chichewa to a proficiency level that will enable the student to live among the Chichewa-speaking people of central southern Africa.

403 Intermediate Chichewa III (3). Prerequisite, CHWA 402. Continued instruction in Chichewa following the materials introduced in CHWA 401 and 402.

LGLA

401 Elementary Lingala I (3). Introduces the essential elements of Lingala structure and vocabulary and aspects of African cultures. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

402 Elementary Lingala II (3). Prerequisite, LGLA 101. Continues the introduction of the essential elements of Lingala structure and vocabulary and aspects of African cultures. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

403 Intermediate Lingala III (3). This course increases language learning ability, communicative proficiency, and proficiency in the cultures of the Lingala-speaking people.

404 Intermediate Lingala IV (3). This course reinforces language learning ability, communicative proficiency in the culture of the Lingala-speaking people through gradual exposure to more challenging tasks, with emphasis on poetry and prose reading, and creative writing.

SWAH

112 Intensive Kiswahili 1–2 (6). The 112 course covers the material in the SWAH 401 and 402 sequence in a single semester.

234 Intensive Kiswahili 3–4 (6). Prerequisite, SWAH 112 or 402. The course covers the material in the SWAH 403 and 404 sequence in a single semester.

401 Elementary Kiswahili I (3). Introduces the essential elements of Kiswahili structure and vocabulary and aspects of African cultures. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

402 Elementary Kiswahili II (3). Prerequisite, SWAH 401. Continues the introduction of essential elements of Kiswahili structure and vocabulary and aspects of African cultures. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

403 Intermediate Kiswahili III (3). Third-semester Kiswahili, designed to increase reading and writing skills. Introduction of literature. Aural comprehension and speaking skills stressed.

404 Intermediate Kiswahili IV (3). Prerequisite, SWAH 403. Fourth-semester Kiswahili, designed to increase reading and writing skills. Introduction of more compound structures. Emphasis on literature, including drama, prose and poetry, and creative writing. Aural comprehension and speaking skills stressed.

405 Advanced Kiswahili V (3). Prerequisite, SWAH 404. This course is offered to students who have completed SWAH 404. It is taught in Swahili and aims at enabling students with grammatical and communicative competence.

406 Advanced Plus Kiswahili VI (3). Prerequisite, SWAH 405. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. This course reinforces and expands the grammatical, cultural, and communicative competence achieved in SWAH 405.

408 Swahili across the Curriculum Recitation (1). Prerequisite, SWAH 403. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Swahili recitation offered in conjunction with selected content courses. Weekly discussion and readings in Swahili relating to attached content courses.

WOLO

401 Elementary Wolof I (3). This course enables students who have no previous experience in Wolof to develop speaking, listening and understanding, writing, and reading skills in Wolof. Students will also be exposed to Wolof culture.

402 Elementary Wolof II (3). This course is for students who have already acquired the basics of Wolof to reinforce their ability to learn speaking, listening and understanding, writing, and reading Wolof. Evidence of basic knowledge of Wolof is required.

403 Intermediate Wolof III (3). This course is intended for learners who have already acquired Wolof proficiency in WOLO 401 and 402. It increases communicative proficiency and language learning ability as well as proficiency in cultures of the Wolof people.

404 Intermediate Wolof IV (3). Prerequisite, WOLO 403. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. This course reinforces students’ communicative and cultural skills via gradual exposure to increasingly challenging tasks. Reading poetry and prose, and introduction to creative writing will be stressed.