Department of Anthropology

301 Alumni Building, CB#3115; (919) 962-1243



Anthropology is the integrative study of human beings at all times and in all places. Anthropological expertise has special application for hidden histories and the ancient past; the intersection of human biology and ecology; and the way communities create and use meaning, values, and history in everyday life. We support studies, research, and professional applications in these areas with three programs of foundational training: archaeology; human biology, ecology, and evolution; and sociocultural anthropology.

Cutting across these specializations, the department supports concentrations that integrate anthropology's diverse expertise to address contemporary world problems. Programming in these areas helps students connect their anthropological studies to work and life beyond the University. Current concentrations focus on health, medicine, and humanity; heritage and unwritten histories; global engagement; race, place and power; and food, environment, and sustainability.

Together, the Department of Anthropology's programs and concentrations offer the undergraduate student one of the best introductions possible to our biological and cultural pasts and to our contemporary world. Anthropology majors thus develop the written and oral skills needed to live and work in a complex world marked by an accelerated rate of environmental, social, and cultural change. Anthropology majors acquire general knowledge and skills valued within a large number of occupations and professions, including but not limited to professional anthropology.

Anthropology Major, B.A.

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

The theoretical perspectives requirement (ANTH 291, 294, 297, or 298) serves as the major's core course; it offers an integrative perspective on the theories and history of anthropology and explores what it means to be an anthropologist. Majors should fulfill this requirement in their junior year. If they cannot do so, they should consult with the director of undergraduate studies.

The department recommends that majors enroll in some field-oriented coursework such as ANTH 393 Internship in Anthropology, 395 Independent Fieldwork, 451 Field School in North American Archaeology, 453 Field School in South American Archaeology, or in study abroad coursework.

Students interested in choosing anthropology as a major or minor should visit the department's Web site at and click on the link for the undergraduate program. Students planning a major in anthropology should inform the department's director of undergraduate studies. Students should consult with the director of undergraduate studies on a regular basis.

General Anthropology Minor

The minor in general anthropology consists of five three-hour courses taken in the department. A maximum of two courses may be numbered below 200. Credit hours for independent study or independent field research may not count towards the minor, including ANTH 195, 196, 295, 296, 393, 395, and 396. Students must have a grade of C or better in at least four of the five courses, and at least three courses must be taken at UNC–Chapel Hill or in a program officially sponsored by the University. Students planning on a minor in anthropology should inform the department's director of undergraduate studies.

Medical Anthropology Minor

This option is especially appropriate for those planning careers in medicine and health professions. The minor consists of five three-hour courses taken from the following list of courses: AAAD 300; ANTH 66H, 143, 147, 151, 270, 278, 280, 315, 318, 319, 320, 323, 325, 414, 422, 423, 426, 437, 439, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 470, 473, 474, 538, 585, 623, 624, 649, and 650. Students must have a grade of C or better in at least four of the five courses, and at least three courses must be taken at UNC–Chapel Hill or in a program officially sponsored by the University. Students planning on a minor in medical anthropology should inform the department's director of undergraduate studies. For more information about medical anthropology see


All majors and minors have a primary academic advisor in Steele Building. Students are strongly encouraged to meet regularly with their advisor and review their Tar Heel Tracker each semester. The department's director of undergraduate studies (see "Contact Information" below) works with current and prospective majors and minors by appointment. Students are encouraged to consult with the director of undergraduate studies about course choices and field work opportunities. Departmental academic advising is particularly important for those majors who are considering going on to graduate school. Further information on courses, undergraduate research opportunities, and the honors program may be obtained from the department's Web site.

Special Opportunities in Anthropology

Honors in Anthropology

The department encourages students with an overall grade point average of 3.3 or higher to apply for candidacy for the B.A. with honors. The aim of the honors program is to free the serious and well-qualified student from some restrictions of the usual undergraduate course format by allowing the student to work closely with a small number of department faculty members. The anthropology honors program requires an independent study and research project presented in the form of a thesis to the department.

Honors candidates must meet the same course requirements as other anthropology majors. In their senior year, honors candidates take ANTH 691H and 692H in two consecutive semesters. These courses provide candidates with the opportunity to pursue original research for the thesis. ANTH 691H and 692H are controlled enrollment courses, which means that students must first confer with the director of undergraduate studies. Honors candidates are encouraged to identify and contact an honors thesis advisor by the end of their junior year and to apply for financial aid for their thesis project.

Candidates who complete and successfully defend a thesis before a committee consisting of their advisor and two readers may graduate with honors or highest honors. The awarding of highest honors for theses written in the department is rare and reserved for those cases in which the examining committee determines that the project is exceptional even among honors degrees.

Students who are interested in becoming honors candidates should contact the department's director of undergraduate studies.

Internships, Field Work, and Independent Study

Students who wish to explore an anthropological concern outside the conventional classroom setting, or who desire advanced or specialized work beyond current course offerings, should consider ANTH 393, 395, 396, 451, and 453.

ANTH 393 provides anthropology students the opportunity to engage in internships or other field experiences within or beyond the University that have a significant anthropological learning component. Variable credit may be obtained for this course. ANTH 393 is a controlled enrollment course; it requires the permission in advance of the faculty member sponsoring the internship, of a responsible official of the agency in which the internship is carried, and of the director of undergraduate studies. It is essential that students make arrangements and secure permissions prior to the semester of the internship.

ANTH 396 provides anthropology students the opportunity to engage in independent study, and ANTH 395, the opportunity to engage in field research, in both cases under the mentoring of a specific faculty member. Variable credit may be obtained for these courses, although three units are usually expected. ANTH 396 and 395 require the permission of the faculty member under whom the student wishes to conduct research prior to the semester in which ANTH 396 or 395 is taken. Both are controlled enrollment courses. In general, these courses should be taken only by students with some prior coursework in anthropology or a related social science.

ANTH 451 and 453 are six-unit field school courses in which the student gains hands-on experience in research and study in the field under the direction of a faculty member.

Anthropology majors are limited to having no more than six credit hours of field-oriented coursework (ANTH 393, 395, 451, or 453) count toward meeting the major requirement, although they are not restricted from enrolling in more than six credit hours of these courses combined.

Study Abroad

Anthropology majors are encouraged to enroll in a study abroad program. These programs can offer direct experience of another culture and intensive language training, as well as excellent coursework in anthropology. By consulting with their departmental advisors as well as with the University's Study Abroad Office, students can assess the relevance of available programs to their interests and arrange to transfer credit hours to count toward their undergraduate degree and, where appropriate, the anthropology major. Study abroad programs are often affordable even to students who require financial aid. Information about student loans and scholarships for the purpose of studying abroad can be obtained from the Study Abroad Office.

Undergraduate Awards

The Honigmann Undergraduate Honors Thesis Award is given each year to the student who completed the best undergraduate honors project.

Graduate School and Career Opportunities

There are three basic career paths for B.A.-level anthropology majors:



Florence Babb, Rudi Colloredo-Mansfeld, Arturo Escobar, Dale L. Hutchinson, Paul W. Leslie, Patricia A. McAnany, Donald M. Nonini, Peter Redfield, C. Margaret Scarry, Vincas P. Steponaitis, Silvia Tomá┼íková.

Associate Professors

Brian Billman, Robert E. Daniels, Glenn D. Hinson, Valerie Lambert, Christopher T. Nelson, Charles R. Price, Michele
Rivkin-Fish, Karla Slocum, Mark Sorensen, Amanda Thompson, Margaret J. Wiener.

Assistant Professors

Anna Agbe-Davies, Benjamin Arbuckle, Jocelyn Chua, Jean Dennison, Christopher T. Middleton, Colin T. West.

Research Associate Professors

William H. Jansen II, Scott L.H. Madry.

Adjunct Professors

Jonathan Boyarin, R.P. Stephen Davis, Sue E. Estroff, Richard G. Fox, Lawrence Grossberg, John Pickles, Debra G. Skinner.

Adjunct Associate Professors

Lorraine V. Aragon, Marisol de la Cadena, Kia Caldwell, Michael C. Lambert, Lauren Leve, Brett H. Riggs, Barry F. Saunders, Patricia Sawin, John F. Scarry, Philip W. Setel.

Adjunct Assistant Professors

Hannah Gill, Flora Lu, Todd Ramon Ochoa, Karaleah Reichart, Beverly A. Sizemore, Sandy Smith-Nonini, Laurie C. Steponaitis.

Professors Emeriti

Carole L. Crumley, Terence M.S. Evens, Dorothy C. Holland, Norris B. Johnson, James L. Peacock.

Contact Information

Margaret Scarry, Director of Undergraduate Studies, CB# 3115, 301 Alumni Building,


The basic division in undergraduate anthropology courses is between lower-division courses numbered below 300 and upper-division courses numbered between 300 and 699. Sophomores should not hesitate to take courses numbered 300 to 699 because of fears of their difficulty but may wish to consult the instructor before enrolling.


ANTH 50 First-Year Seminar: Skeletons in the Closet (3). In this first-year seminar, students explore the use of the human skeleton to modern behavioral and biological investigations, focusing on observations that are used as evidence to prove or disprove hypotheses.

ANTH 51 First-Year Seminar: Environmentalism and American Society (3). This first-year seminar examines United States environmentalism and its relationship to power and privilege, consumer desire, and attachment to place. Students conduct original group research on the environmental movement.

ANTH 52 First-Year Seminar: Asian Cultures, Asian Cities, Asian Modernities (3). Introduction to the processes of cultural productions and the making of social diversity in large Southeast Asian cities, as they have experienced modernity and globalization during the last 30 years.

ANTH 53 First-Year Seminar: Darwin's Dangerous Idea (3). Exploration of how natural selection works, how it has been used and misused for understanding human nature, health and disease, aging, social behavior, how we choose mates, and more.

ANTH 54 First-Year Seminar: The Indians' New Worlds: Southeastern Histories from 1200 to 1800 (AMST 54) (3). See AMST 54 for description.

ANTH 56 First-Year Seminar: The Art of Healing, the Science of Curing. (3). This seminar focuses on cross-cultural healing beliefs and practices and on how social, economic, political, and ethical aspects of our lives relate to health and healing.

ANTH 57 First-Year Seminar: Today in Africa (3). Examination of the daily news as reported online by African newspapers, the BBC, etc. Readings and class discussions of ethnographic and historical background. Student projects based on following major stories.

ANTH 59 First-Year Seminar: The Right to Childhood: Global Efforts and Challenges (3). Do children have special needs and rights? This seminar will answer this question.

ANTH 60 First-Year Seminar: Crisis and Resilience: Past and Future of Human Societies (3). Adopting a long view of human societies, students examine responses to crises engendered by political, economic, and environmental factors. Perspectives on societal change–apocalyptic, transformational, and resilient–undergo scrutiny.

ANTH 61 First-Year Seminar: Deep Economies (3). Using cultural case studies, the course examines how communities organize an economy to promote local well-being. Readings emphasize cross-cultural problems of status, trust, property, exchange and political authority.

ANTH 62 First-Year Seminar: Indian Country Today (3). This course examines current topics in American Indian country through the use of films and interactive case studies.

ANTH 63 First-Year Seminar: The Lives of Others: Exploring Ethnography (3). Can we truly access, understand, and represent the lives of others? In this class, students take on these questions by taking up the practice of ethnography, a research method consisting of entering into a community, interacting with its members, observing social life, asking questions, and writing about these experiences.

ANTH 64 First-Year Seminar: Public Archaeology in Bronzeville, Chicago's Black Metropolis (3). In the early 20th century millions of African Americans migrated to large northern cities. The Phyllis Wheatley Home for Girls was run by black women to provide social services for female migrants to Chicago starting in 1926. The course combines elements of archaeology, anthropology, and history to study their lives.

ANTH 65 First-Year Seminar: Humans and Animals: Anthropological Perspectives (3). In this course we explore the complex relationships between people and animals cross-culturally and through time. Taking both anthropological and archaeological perspectives we address a wide range of topics, including the origins and uses of domestic animals, the history of dogs and cats, animal symbolism, hunting, and animal rights.

ANTH 66H First-Year Seminar: Saving the World? Humanitarianism in Action (3). In this seminar we will explore international aid, with an emphasis on its medical end and the set of organizations and institutions that exist to offer assistance to people suffering from disaster, endemic poverty, and health disparities.

ANTH 77 First-Year Seminar: Windows of Mystery and Wonder: Exploring Self-Taught Art (3). Folk, outsider, visionary: these terms invoke artistry that unfolds outside of mainstream artistic traditions. This seminar explores these worlds of self-taught art, addressing issues of inspiration, authenticity, and cultural (mis)representation.

ANTH 89 First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Special topics course; content will vary each semester.

ANTH 92 UNITAS (3). Fall component of a two-semester course. A seminar that explores issues of social and cultural diversity. Students must be residents of UNITAS residence hall.

ANTH 93 UNITAS (3). Prerequisite, ANTH 92. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Spring component of a two-semester course. Students engage in service learning through APPLES and produce a final product that thoughtfully reflects on their experience. Students must be residents of UNITAS residence hall.

ANTH 101 General Anthropology (3). An introduction to anthropology, the science of humans, the culture-bearing animal. Topics considered: human evolution and biological variations within and between modern populations, prehistoric and historic developments of culture, cultural dynamics viewed analytically and comparatively.

ANTH 102 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3). An introduction to non-Western cultures studied by anthropologists. Includes an in-depth focus on the cultural and social systems of several groups.

ANTH 103 Anthropology of Globalization (3). The study of different approaches to globalization and of inequalities in power between nation-states, ethnic groups, classes, and locales experiencing globalization. Uses ethnographic materials to examine effects of transnational migrations and other processes of globalization.

ANTH 120 Anthropology through Expressive Cultures (3). Introduction to cultural analysis and the anthropological point of view through analytic and interpretive readings of films, fiction, and ethnography. Emphasis on social conditions and native points of view.

ANTH 121 Ancient Cities of the Americas (3). An introduction to archaeology through the study of towns and cities built by the ancient peoples of the Americas. The focus is on historical processes by which these centers arose.

ANTH 123 Habitat and Humanity (3). Cross-cultural survey of building and landscape architecture, including prehistoric dwellings and sacred structures such as shrines and temples. Emphasis on architecture as symbolic form and cultural meaning.

ANTH 130 Anthropology of the Caribbean (FOLK 130) (3). Theories and examples of how Caribbean people live, act, and see themselves within various cultural, social, economic, and political contexts across time. Attention to North American views of the Caribbean.

ANTH 139 Ecological Anthropology (3). Examines how human-environmental adaptations shape the economic, social, and cultural lives of hunter-gatherers, pastoralists, and agriculturalists. Approaches include optimal foraging theory, political ecology, and subsistence risk.

ANTH 142 Local Cultures, Global Forces (3). Globalization as a cultural and economic phenomenon, emphasizing the historical development of the current world situation and the impact of increasing global interconnection on local cultural traditions.

ANTH 143 Human Evolution and Adaptation (3). Evolutionary and ecological approach to understanding the human species' past and contemporary human variation. Emphasis on evolutionary processes, biological adaptation, and biocultural interactions with diverse environments.

ANTH 145 Introduction to World Prehistory (3). Introduction to world prehistory and archaeological methods. Examines the development of human society from the emergence of modern human beings 100,000 years ago through the formation of ancient civilizations.

ANTH 146 The Nature of Moral Consciousness: A Course in General Anthropology (3). An introductory course in general anthropology focusing on the development of moral consciousness. Western and non-Western patterns of thought and culture are compared and contrasted. The course has a strongly philosophical orientation.

ANTH 147 Comparative Healing Systems (3). In this course we compare a variety of healing beliefs and practices so that students may gain a better understanding of their own society, culture, and medical system.

ANTH 148 Human Origins (3). Study of human evolution. Focus on the fossil record of humans and human-like ancestors. Topics include communication, aggression, dietary adaptations, locomotion, major anatomical changes, and behavioral shifts in an evolutionary framework.

ANTH 149 Great Discoveries in Archaeology (3). This course provides students with a detailed look at some of the most significant archaeological discoveries from around the world, including Neanderthals, Stonehenge, and the Egyptian pyramids.

ANTH 151 Anthropological Perspectives on Food and Culture (3). Anthropological perspectives on foodways. This course examines the biological basis of human diets as well as the historical and cultural contexts of food production, preparation, presentation, and consumption.

ANTH 190 Special Topics in Anthropology I (1–4). Examines selected topics from an anthropological perspective. Course description is available from the departmental office.

ANTH 191 Peoples of Siberia (ENEC 191) (3). Comparative study of the cultural and biological diversity of peoples of Siberia from prehistoric through contemporary times. Course topics include the biological diversity, culture, behavior, and history of Siberian populations.

ANTH 194 Anthropology and Community Development (3). The course examines ethnographic, theoretical, practical, and policy approaches to community development and community organizations in America and the English-speaking Caribbean. Students can work with a local community organization.

ANTH 195 Research in Anthropology I (1–3). Permission of the instructor. Data collection, analysis, and interpretation for independent research project.

ANTH 196 Independent Reading or Study in Anthropology I (1–3). Permission of the instructor. Reading and study under a faculty member whose interests coincide with those of the individual student.

ANTH 198H First-Year Honors in Anthropology II (3). Open to honors candidates. Permission of the instructor is required. Reading or study under a faculty member whose interests coincide with those of the individual student.

ANTH 202 Introduction to Folklore (ENGL 202, FOLK 202) (3). See ENGL 202 for description.

ANTH 203 Approaches to American Indian Studies (AMST 203) (3). See AMST 203 for description.

ANTH 206 American Indian Societies (3). Explores the tremendous diversity that exists within and across American Indian nations, together with the concerns, issues, and challenges that shape the futures American Indians are charting for themselves.

ANTH 210 Global Issues in the 20th Century (GEOG 210, GLBL 210, HIST 210, POLI 210) (3). See GLBL 210 for description.

ANTH 220 Principles of Archaeology (3). Introduction to method and theory in archaeology. An examination of how archaeologists make inferences about past societies, including reconstruction of culture histories; lifeways; ideologies; and social, political, and economic relationships.

ANTH 222 Prehistoric Art (3). A survey of prehistoric art in Africa, the Americas, Australia, and Europe.

ANTH 226 The Peoples of Africa (3). Introductory ethnographic survey emphasizing 1) diversity of kinship systems, economies, polities, religious beliefs, etc.; 2) transformations during the colonial era; and 3) political and economic challenges of independent nations. Lectures, films, recitation.

ANTH 230 Native American Cultures (FOLK 230) (3). Broad survey of contemporary American Indian societies and cultures in the United States. Explores sociocultural and historical diversity of tribes through film, autobiography, literature, current issues, guest speakers, archaeology, and history.

ANTH 231 Archaeology of South America (3). An examination of the prehistory of Andean South America (Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia) from first colonization 12,000 years ago to the fall of the Inca Empire in 1532 CE.

ANTH 232 Ancestral Maya Civilizations (3). Maya civilization is prominent among American societies that flourish prior to European incursions. Archaeological, epigraphic, and historical materials provide the foundation for understanding this past and its romance allure.

ANTH 233 Prehistory of Southwest Asia and Egypt: From the Earliest Humans to the Rise of Civilization (3). This course surveys the archaeology of the Middle East focusing on major milestones in human history, including the initial expansion of humans out of Africa, human-Neanderthal interactions, the development of agriculture, and the rise of the world's first states and empires.

ANTH 234 Native American Tribal Studies (AMST 234, HIST 234) (3). See HIST 234 for description.

ANTH 238 Human Ecology of Africa (ENEC 238) (3). Course examines human adaptations to environments across Africa. Focuses on livelihood systems such as farming, herding, and hunting/gathering.

ANTH 240 Action Research (3). Action research is a strategy for answering important questions, solving problems, and generating meaningful and democratic relationships. Through this course students will learn action research through academic and experiential techniques.

ANTH 248 Anthropology and Public Interest (3). Explores how anthropologists can impact or participate in policy debates regarding contemporary social problems. Involves professional and internship options in public service fields. APPLES service-learning course.

ANTH 250 Archaeology of North America (3). The history of North American Indian cultures from 10,000 BCE to the time of the European colonization as reconstructed by archaeological research. Special emphasis on the eastern and southwestern United States.

ANTH 252 Archaeology of Food (3). Examines how people in the past acquired, distributed, prepared, presented, consumed, and thought about food. Considers the questions that archaeologists ask, the data and methods they use to answer those questions, and how the study of food contributes to understanding people in the distant and recent past.

ANTH 259 Culture and Identity (3). Introduces anthropological approaches to identity. Explores the relationship of identity, cultural contexts, and social life. Emphasizes contemporary global cultural interchange and visual media as tools of self-expression.

ANTH 270 Living Medicine (3). This course examines the social and cultural experience of medicine, the interpersonal and personal aspects of healing and being healed. It explores how medicine shapes and is shaped by those who inhabit this vital arena of human interaction: physicians, nurses, other professionals and administrators; patients; families; friends and advocates.

ANTH 277 Gender and Culture (WMST 277) (3). Examines what it means to be male, female, and other gendered categories in different societies. Focus on institutions, groups, and individuals that both shape and challenge how gender is understood, organized, and enacted.

ANTH 278 Women in Science (WMST 278) (3). See WMST 278 for description.

ANTH 280 Anthropology of War and Peace (PWAD 280) (3). Cross-cultural perspectives on war in its relation to society, including Western and non-Western examples. Surveys political, economic, and cultural approaches to warfare and peacemaking.

ANTH 284 Culture and Consumption (3). A cross-cultural look at gift giving, commodities, and status symbols. Course explores branded commodities, materialism as a factor in cultural change, global consumer culture, and local alternatives.

ANTH 290 Special Topics in Anthropology II (3). Examines selected topics from an anthropological perspective. Course description is available from the departmental office.

ANTH 291 Archaeological Theory and Practice (3). A review of historical and theoretical developments that have framed archaeological research, including a discussion of substantive changes in research questions, topics, methods, and analyses that reshaped the field. Course will place American archaeology in a wider international context.

ANTH 294 Anthropological Perspectives on Society and Culture (3). Restricted to anthropology majors. Examines major theoretical perspectives that anthropologists have used to explain cultural diversity, social organization, and relations among societies. The class will offer a historical look at how anthropology developed its commitment to holism and ethnography and how contemporary debates have reshaped the field.

ANTH 295 Research in Anthropology II (1–3). Permission of the instructor. Data collection, analysis, and interpretation for independent research project.

ANTH 296 Independent Reading or Study in Anthropology II (1–3). Permission of the instructor. Reading or study under a faculty member whose interests coincide with those of the individual student.

ANTH 297 Directions in Anthropology (3). Open only to and required of anthropology majors in their junior or senior year. Historical and contemporary issues and directions in the discipline as reflected in various concepts, theories, and research strategies.

ANTH 298 Biological Anthropology Theory and Practice (3). Biological anthropology theory and practice, including human natural history, human genetics, epigenetics, and evolution; primatology; paleoanthropology; human biological variation; human biology and ecology; natural selection and adaptation in human evolution; and evolutionary, ecological, and biocultural perspectives on health and disease.

ANTH 302 Language and Power (LING 302, WMST 302) (3). See LING 302 for description.

ANTH 303 Native Languages of the Americas (LING 303) (3). See LING 303 for description.

ANTH 306 Water and Inequality: Anthropological Perspectives (3). This course aims to foster an appreciation of the tremendous role of water in shaping human experience, including the ways water shapes where people live, constrains what they do, and plays a major role in the institutionalization of social, political, and economic inequalities. No prerequisites or permissions.

ANTH 312 From the Equator to the Poles: Case Studies in Global Environmental Change (3). Case studies in environmental change, highlighting human and environmental dynamics in terrestrial and marine ecosystems on multiple spatial and temporal scales. Includes active learning modules, group presentations, writing assignments.

ANTH 315 Human Genetics and Evolution (3). Interaction of heredity, environment, and culture in shaping human biological diversity and behavior, and what such patterns of diversity reveal about our evolutionary past.

ANTH 317 Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Adaptation and Behavior (3). Critical, partially historical discussion of evolutionary theories, including Darwinism, neo-Darwinism, ethnology, and sociobiology, and their social-science analogs. Focus on the relevance and limitations of these theories for anthropology.

ANTH 318 Human Growth and Development (3). Comparative study of human growth and development from conception through adulthood. Special emphasis on evolutionary, biocultural, ecological, and social factors that influence growth.

ANTH 319 Global Health (3). This class explores some of the historical, biological, economic, medical, and social issues surrounding globalization and health consequences.

ANTH 320 Anthropology of Development (3). Critical exploration of current debates in the anthropology of Third World development, the production of global inequality, and the construction of parts of the world as underdeveloped through discourses and practices of development.

ANTH 323 Magic, Ritual, and Belief (FOLK 323) (3). Permission of the instructor. Starting with the late 19th-century evolutionists, this course discusses, intensively, major anthropological theories of magico-religious thought and practice, then offers an approach of its own.

ANTH 325 Emotions and Society (3). Survey of the interplay between emotional experience and social life. Emotions as learned, culturally variable, and socially performed perceptions, understandings, and actions.

ANTH 330 Melancholy Japan: Myth, Memory, and Everyday Life (3). Ethnographic study of the profound social and cultural transformations that accompanied the capitalist modernization of Japan. Considers the emergence of native ethnology and state interventions into everyday life.

ANTH 331 The Anthropology of Memory (3). This course is a historical and ethnographic study of the problems of history, memory, and forgetting in contemporary society.

ANTH 333 Anthropology of Democracy (3). This course explores how anthropological perspectives might take understandings of democracy in new and unanticipated directions. Using examples from across the globe students will investigate the forces and impacts of democracy. Through hands-on assignments, students will implement a local research project related to the theme of democracy.

ANTH 334 Art, Nature, and Religion: Cross-Cultural Perspectives (FOLK 334) (3). This cross-cultural study of art focuses on the forms, images, and meanings of paintings, drawings, and carvings produced by the Diyin Dine'é (Navajo), the Dogon (Mali, West Africa), and the Haida, Kwagiutl, Tlingit, and Tshimshian (northwest coast of North America).

ANTH 340 Southern Style, Southern Culture (FOLK 340) (4). A journey into the worlds of Southern meaning, exploring aesthetics, faith, race, class, gender, and the politics of culture. In this class, students explore culture through semester-long, group-based fieldwork projects.

ANTH 342 African American Religious Experience (FOLK 342, RELI 342) (3). See RELI 342 for description.

ANTH 343 African Masquerade and Ritual (AAAD 319, ARTH 353) (3). See ARTH 353 for description.

ANTH 356 Artisans and Global Culture: Economic, Historical, Experiential, and Cross-Cultural Dimensions (3). An anthropological investigation of the role of skilled handiwork in the creation of contemporary culture and society. It includes field work with a local artisan. Ethnographies about artisan industries and apprenticeship in Latin America, Africa, and Southeast Asia guide our conceptual focus. No prerequisites, preparation, or permissions required.

ANTH 360 Latin American Economy and Society (3). Examines economic and cultural diversity of Latin America. Using case studies, class focuses on community social organization, work habits, family life and cosmologies, and the problem of inclusion in national cultures.

ANTH 361 Community in India and South Asia (3). This course offers an introduction to the peoples and current dynamics of South Asia by focusing on how communities are constituted and mobilized in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. No prior knowledge of this world area is needed.

ANTH 375 Memory, Massacres, and Monuments in Southeast Asia (ASIA 375) (3). The past in Southeast Asia's present, focusing on global, national, and local processes; individual and collective memory; and the legacies of violent death.

ANTH 377 European Societies (3). This course explores many cultural factors and diverse peoples, non-Greco-Roman as well as Greco-Roman, that have formed the European identity from the earliest human occupation of Europe to present.

ANTH 380 Anthropological Perspectives on Cultural Diversity (3). Introduction to theories of cultural and social difference. Encourages students to use social theory and ethnography to understand how various societies imagine and enact their cultural and political worlds.

ANTH 390 Special Topics in Anthropology (3). Examines selected topics from an anthropological perspective. Course description is available from the departmental office.

ANTH 393 Internship in Anthropology (1–12). Permission of the instructor and the director of undergraduate studies.

ANTH 395 Independent Fieldwork (1–12). Permission of the instructor.

ANTH 396 Independent Reading or Study in Anthropology (1–12). Permission of the instructor.

ANTH 400 Introduction to General Linguistics (LING 400) (3). See LING 400 for description.

ANTH 406 Native Writers (3). Exploration of a broad selection of writings by native or indigenous scholars from tribal societies throughout the world. Seeks to understand the hopes, dreams, priorities, and perspectives of native peoples as expressed by and through their writers.

ANTH 411 Laboratory Methods in Archaeology (3). An examination of the laboratory techniques used by archaeologists to analyze artifacts and organic remains, including the analysis of stone tools, pottery, botanical remains, and bone.

ANTH 412 Paleoanthropology (3). This course traces the evolution of humans and nonhuman primates–including behaviors, tools, and bodies of monkeys, apes, and human hunters and gatherers–evolutionary theory, and paleoanthropological methods.

ANTH 413 Laboratory Methods: Archaeobotany (3). Corequisite, ANTH 413L.This course will focus on the analysis of plant remains from archaeological sites. Introduction to laboratory methods, analytical approaches, and interpretive framework for archaeobotany. Prior course in archaeology recommended but not required.

ANTH 413L Archaeobotany Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 413. Lab analysis of plant remains from archaeological sites with an emphasis on basic procedures for processing, sorting, and identifying macrobotanical remains.

ANTH 414 Laboratory Methods: Human Osteology (3). This course will focus on the analysis of human skeletal materials in the laboratory and in the field, with an emphasis on basic identification, age and sex estimation, and quantitative analysis.

ANTH 414L Human Osteology Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 414. The laboratory analysis of human skeletal materials with an emphasis on basic identification, age and sex estimation, and quantitative analysis.

ANTH 415 Laboratory Methods: Zooarchaeology (3). This course will focus on the analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites. Introduction to laboratory methods, analytical approaches, and interpretive frameworks for zooarchaeology.

ANTH 415L Zooarchaeology Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 415. Required preparation, an archaeological course or permission of instructor. Examination of identification techniques, quantitative methods, and interpretive frameworks used to analyze animal remains recovered from archaeological sites.

ANTH 416 Bioarchaeology (3). The study of human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts. The collection and interpretation of quantitative and qualitative data is emphasized to assess the relationship between past biology, environment, culture, and behavior.

ANTH 417 Laboratory Methods: Lithic Seminar (3). Laboratory techniques in stone tool research and experimental practice.

ANTH 417L Lithic Analysis Lab (1). Corequisite, ANTH 417. Required preparation, any course in archaeology or permission of the instructor. This is a required one-hour laboratory section to be taken in conjunction with ANTH 417.

ANTH 418 Laboratory Methods: Ceramic Analysis (3). A survey of the laboratory techniques used by archaeologists to study and draw social and behavioral inferences from ancient pottery.

ANTH 419 Anthropological Application of GIS (3). Permission of the instructor. GIS experience required. This course explores applying GIS science technologies to anthropological problems. Students will learn GIS skills and apply them using spatial data.

ANTH 420 Public Archaeology (3). The aim of the course is to build an understanding of archaeology as a discipline that involves and affects the public. Among the areas to be covered are the implementation of federal, state, and other statutes, and the presentation of archaeological knowledge through museums and public media.

ANTH 421 Archaeological Geology (GEOL 421) (3). See GEOL 421 for description.

ANTH 422 Anthropology and Human Rights (3). An examination of human rights issues from an anthropological perspective, addressing the historical formation of rights, their cross-cultural contest, and the emergence of humanitarian and human rights organizations on a global scale.

ANTH 423 Written in Bone: CSI and the Science of Death Investigation from Skeletal Remains (3). This course combines laboratory training, field projects, lectures, films, discussion, and student presentations into a course on the science of human skeletal analysis. Students learn the laboratory methods scientists use to study human remains and the role of skeletal analysis in the study of contemporary forensic cases.

ANTH 426 Making Magic (3). Magic in anthropology and popular culture, from the 19th century to the present. Focuses on witchcraft and healing; arts of illusion; fantasy and (multiple) realities. Examines how realities are made and unmade through speech, rites, relations of power.

ANTH 428 Religion and Anthropology (FOLK 428, RELI 428) (3). Religion studied anthropologically as a cultural, social, and psychological phenomenon in the works of classical and contemporary social thought.

ANTH 429 Culture and Power in Southeast Asia (ASIA 429, FOLK 429) (3). The formation and transformation of values, identities, and expressive forms in Southeast Asia in response to forms of power. Emphasis on the impact of colonialism, the nation-state, and globalization.

ANTH 435 Consciousness and Symbols (CMPL 435, FOLK 435) (3). This course explores consciousness through symbols. Symbols from religion, art, politics, and self are studied in social, psychological, historical, and ecological context to ascertain meanings in experience and behavior.

ANTH 437 Evolutionary Medicine (3). This course explores evolutionary dimensions of variation in health and disease in human populations. Topics include biocultural and evolutionary models for the emergence of infectious and chronic diseases and cancers.

ANTH 438 Religion, Nature, and Environment (3). A seminar on concepts of nature within religions and a variety of world-wide spiritual traditions. Emphasis on sacred space, place, and pilgrimage as a vital intersection of religion and nature.

ANTH 439 Political Ecology (3). Examines environmental degradation, hunger, and poverty through the lens of power relationships, particularly inequality, political and economic disenfranchisement, and discrimination. Discussion of global case studies, with a Latin American focus.

ANTH 441 The Anthropology of Gender, Health, and Illness (WMST 441) (3). The course explores cultural beliefs, practices, and social conditions that influence health and sickness of women and men from a cross-cultural perspective.

ANTH 442 Health and Gender after Socialism (3). This course examines post-socialist experiences of the relationship between political, economic, social, and cultural transitions, and challenges in public health and gender relations.

ANTH 443 Cultures and Politics of Reproduction (3). This course takes a cross-cultural approach to understanding how reproduction and associated phenomena become arenas where political debates are played out and where global and local social relations are contested.

ANTH 444 Medicine, Politics, and Justice (3). This course brings an anthropological approach to understanding the intersections between medicine, politics, and public health.

ANTH 445 Migration and Health (3). This course examines the intersections between migration processes and the political, economic, and social dimensions of health and well-being among migrants, their families, and their communities.

ANTH 446 Poverty, Inequality, and Health (3). This course examines poverty, inequalities, and health from a global and historical perspective. We will study the role of sociopolitical context, individual behavior, and human biology, and will pay particular attention to the roles of psychosocial stress, material conditions, and policy in shaping health differences within and between populations.

ANTH 447 The Anthropology of Work (3). Anthropological investigations of work and the relationship between work, family life, and community in contemporary societies in the United States, Asia, and Latin America, within the framework of globalization.

ANTH 449 Anthropology and Marxism (3). Critical study of Marx's mature social theory and its relationship to contemporary anthropology.

ANTH 451 Field School in North American Archaeology (6). Intensive training in archaeological field methods and techniques. Students participate in the excavation, recovery, recording, and interpretation of archaeological remains. Instruction given in survey, mapping, photography, flotation recovery, etc.

ANTH 452 The Past in the Present (3). Memory and history, history and politics, national narratives, the past in the present, and the present in the past; a cross-cultural examination of ways of connecting the present and the past.

ANTH 453 Field School in South American Archaeology (6). Intensive study of archaeological field and laboratory methods and prehistory of the Andes through excavation and analysis of materials from archaeological sites in Peru. Includes tours of major archaeological sites.

ANTH 454 The Archaeology of African Diasporas (3). Considers how archaeological evidence is used to understand the movement of Africans and their descendants across the globe, with an emphasis on the transformation of societies on the African continent and in the Americas.

ANTH 455 Ethnohistory (FOLK 455) (3). Integration of data from ethnographic and archaeological research with pertinent historic information. Familiarization with a wide range of sources for ethnohistoric data and practice in obtaining and evaluating information. Pertinent theoretical concepts will be explored.

ANTH 456 Archaeology and Ethnography of Small-Scale Societies (3). The study of small-scale hunter-gatherer and farming societies from archaeological and ethnographic perspectives. Methods and theories for investigating economic, ecological, and social relations in such societies are explored.

ANTH 458 Archaeology of Sex and Gender (WMST 458) (3). Required preparation, at least one ANTH or one WMST course. A discussion of gender and sex roles and sexuality in past cultures; a cross-cultural examination of ways of knowing about past human behavior.

ANTH 459 Ecological Anthropology (ENEC 459) (3). Examines how human-environmental adaptations shape the economic, social, and cultural lives of hunter-gatherers, pastoralists, and agriculturalists. Approaches include optimal foraging theory, political ecology, and subsistence risk.

ANTH 460 Historical Ecology (ENEC 460) (3). Historical ecology is a framework for integrating physical, biological, and social science data with insights from the humanities to understand the reciprocal relationship between human activity and the earth system.

ANTH 461 Colonialism and Postcolonialism: History and Anthropology (3). This course examines colonialism and postcolonialism through the lenses of history and anthropology respectively. Through history, it asks, What were the dynamics of colonialism then? Through anthropology, it questions, What are the conditions, quandaries, and possibilities of postcolonialism now? Regional focus varies by instructor and year.

ANTH 463 Settler Colonialism (3). This class will be framed around readings that explore the varied impact of European settlement across the globe. In focusing on both the varied global legacies of colonialism and the continued sociopolitical movements of indigenous populations, this class will encourage a broad perspective on what settler colonialism looks like today.

ANTH 466 Alternative Economic Systems (3). An investigation of economic systems that are sustainable alternatives to the prevailing economic order. Topics include markets, the commons, cooperatives, local trading systems, and social movements working to achieve alternatives.

ANTH 467 Culture, Wealth, and Poverty (3). Examines three broad perspectives used to explain inequality: ecological, cultural, and political. Students read theoretical works and evaluate arguments using ethnographies that describe local economies, institutions, and adaptive practices.

ANTH 468 State Formation (3). The course examines the state, from its initial appearance 5,000 years ago to newly established nation-states, exploring the concepts of ethnicity, class, race, and history in state formation and maintenance.

ANTH 469 History and Anthropology (3). Studies links between history and anthropology; cultures in historical perspective and history in cultural perspective; and effects of relations of power and historical interconnections on the peoples of the world.

ANTH 470 Medicine and Anthropology (FOLK 470) (3). This course examines cultural understandings of health, illness, and medical systems from an anthropological perspective with a special focus on Western medicine.

ANTH 473 Anthropology of the Body and the Subject (FOLK 473) (3). Anthropological and historical studies of cultural constructions of bodily experience and subjectivity are reviewed, with emphasis on the genesis of the modern individual and cultural approaches to gender and sexuality.

ANTH 474 The Anthropology of Disability (3). Investigates the social, cultural, and historical variation in the conception of disability, in its practical meaning and performance, and in its social and medical management. Special attention is paid to the interplay of embodiment, identity, and agency in work and everyday life and in political action and advocacy.

ANTH 477 Visual Anthropology (3). This course introduces students to visual forms of communication through both the analysis and production of still and video materials. Ethics, cross-cultural representations, and ethnographic theory will all be explored.

ANTH 484 Discourse and Dialogue in Ethnographic Research (FOLK 484, LING 484) (3). Study of cultural variation in styles of speaking applied to collection of ethnographic data. Talk as responsive social action and its role in the constitution of ethnic and gender identities.

ANTH 490 Undergraduate Seminar in Anthropology (3). Restricted to junior and senior anthropology majors; generally the course is limited to 18 students. The subject matter will vary with the instructor. Each course will concern itself with a study in contemporary anthropology and new directions in research or applications.

ANTH 491 Political Anthropology (3). Introduction to political anthropology. A thematically organized investigation of political processes in state societies, including state formation, with special attention to ethnographic and historical approaches.

ANTH 502 Globalization and Transnationalism (3). Anthropological examination of processes of globalization and transnationalism, with special attention to transnational migration, emergence of transnational ("global") institutions, commodity flows, and dissemination of ideologies, cultural frameworks, and media imagery.

ANTH 503 Gender, Culture, and Development (3). Classic writings and debates relating to gender and development, with emphasis on recent work that critiques conventional development models. The scope is global, with special attention to Latin America and to such questions as how alternative approaches to gender, culture, and development may be more inclusive of diverse peoples and grassroots movements for change.

ANTH 520 Linguistic Phonetics (LING 520) (3). See LING 520 for description.

ANTH 523 Phonological Theory I (LING 523) (3). See LING 523 for description.

ANTH 525 Culture and Personality (FOLK 525) (3). Systems theory used to conceptualize relationship between cultural patterns and individual minds. Functional, dysfunctional, and therapeutic processes considered. Examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Native America. Lectures, films, recitations.

ANTH 537 Gender and Performance: Constituting Identity (FOLK 537, WMST 438) (3). Examines the culturally and historically variable ways in which individuals constitute themselves as cis- or trans-gendered subjects, drawing upon extant expressive resources, modifying them, and expanding options available to others. Performance of self as the product of esthetically marked or unmarked, everyday actions.

ANTH 538 Disease and Discrimination in Colonial Atlantic America (3). Colonization of Atlantic America between 1500 and 1900, through landscape change, agriculture, poverty, labor discrimination, and slavery differentially placed subsets of the general population at risk for infectious disease and other insults to their health. Lecture and discussion using archaeological and bioarchaeological studies, modern disease studies, and historic documents.

ANTH 539 Environmental Justice (3). Course examining issues of race, poverty, and equity in the environmental movement. Cases include the siting of toxic incinerators in predominantly people-of-color communities as well as resource exploitation on indigenous lands.

ANTH 540 Planetary Crises and Ecological and Cultural Transitions (3). Analysis of the social-environmental crisis and approaches to redress it, particularly those that posit ecological and cultural transitions beyond current globalization models. Participants will construct their own scenarios for transitions to sustainable and pluralistic societies. The course will have an in-built, collective research component. Intended for upper-division undergraduates.

ANTH 541 Sociolinguistics (LING 541) (3). See LING 541 for description.

ANTH 542 Pidgins and Creoles (LING 542) (3). See LING 542 for description.

ANTH 545 The Politics of Culture in East Asia (ASIA 545) (3). Examines struggles to define culture and the nation in 20th-century China in domains like popular culture, museums, traditional medicine, fiction, film, ethnic group politics, and biography and autobiography.

ANTH 550 Archaeology of the American South (3). Current issues and interpretations in the archaeology of the American South. Through weekly readings and discussions, students will explore the lifeways and changes that characterized each major period of the South's ancient history, from 12,000 years ago to the beginnings of European colonization.

ANTH 551 Origins of Agriculture in the Ancient World (3). This course explores archaeological evidence for the origins of food production. We address when and where this profound change occurred as well as focusing on why it happened and what its consequences were. We will examine current evidence for the origins of agriculture in both Old and New Worlds.

ANTH 559 History in Person (3). Extends anthropological approaches to identity in social life. Examines social position, power, and cultural imagination; the personal and collective dynamics of sociocultural change; and the concept of agency.

ANTH 567 Urban Anthropology (3). Comparative study of the political economy and cultural politics of populations in spaces and landscapes in cities in America and the Third World undergoing globalization, economic restructuring, and transnational immigration.

ANTH 574 Chinese World Views (ASIA 574, RELI 574) (3). Explores the indigenous Chinese sciences and the cosmological ideas that informed them. Topics include astronomy, divination, medicine, fengshui, and political and literary theory. Chinese sources in translation are emphasized.

ANTH 578 Chinese Diaspora in the Asia Pacific (ASIA 578) (3). Examination of the histories, social organization, and cultures of the Chinese diasporas in the Asia Pacific region, focusing on contemporary issues in the cultural politics and identities of "overseas Chinese."

ANTH 584 Conspiracy Thinking in Contemporary United States (3). We will consider the JFK assassination, in detail and in historical context, and several subsequent real and imagined conspiracies, including 9/11. The course focuses on a fundamental issue in social analysis: the empirical and epistemological bases of what we know about our society, its current events and recent history.

ANTH 585 Anthropology of Science (3). Cultural perspectives on science and technology at a global scale, including research settings and social contexts, knowledge claims and material practice, and relations between scientific worldviews, social institutions, and popular imagination.

ANTH 586 The Gardens, Shrines, and Temples of Japan (ASIA 586) (3). The religious landscape and built environments of Japan. Attention to palace, courtyard, and teahouse architecture and gardens, with emphasis on Shinto shrines and the Zen Buddhist temple and garden.

ANTH 590 Special Topics in Anthropology I (3). Subject matter will vary with instructor but will focus on some particular topic or anthropological approach. Course description is available from the departmental office.

ANTH 623 Human Disease Ecology (3). This seminar considers cultural ecologies of disease by examining how social, cultural, and historical factors shape disease patterns. We examine how ecosystems are shaped by disease, how disease shapes ecosystems, and how cultural processes (e.g., population movements, transportation, economic shifts, landscape modifications, and built environments) contribute to emerging infectious disease.

ANTH 624 Anthropology and Public Health (3). This course compares disciplinary approaches of public health and anthropology. We begin by examining the social determinants of health paradigms and relationships between inequality, poverty, and global health. We will explore epidemiological, biocultural, and symbolic approaches to these problems. Public policy and health development will also be examined.

ANTH 625 Ethnography and Life Stories (3). The course focuses on the practical and research uses of ethnography and oral history, emphasizing life histories, life stories, biographies, and how these intersect with communities.

ANTH 626 African Cultural Dynamics (3). In-depth reading of several books and articles that consider the interaction between indigenous African traditions and intrusive colonial and postcolonial forces. Emphasis on class discussion. Short papers and individual projects.

ANTH 629 Language Minority Students: Issues for Practitioners (EDUC 629) (3). See EDUC 629 for description.

ANTH 639 Beyond the Tragedy of the Commons (3). Reexamination of the "tragedy of the commons" concept in light of recent work on environmental problems, property rights, and community-based conservation. Case studies include fishery, waterway, forest, and pasture management.

ANTH 649 Politics of Life and Death (3). The course examines intersections between life, death, and contemporary politics, with a historical focus on the health of populations. It combines theoretical discussions with comparative empirical cases in a global frame and includes a research component.

ANTH 650 Reconstructing Life: Nutrition and Disease in Past Populations (3). This is an advanced course in the reconstruction of nutrition and health in past populations. Among the topics explored are epidemiology, disease ecology, dietary reconstruction, and paleopathology.

ANTH 660 Kinship, Reproduction, Reproductive Technology, and the New Genetics (WMST 660) (3). This course focuses on the relationship between family, kinship, new reproductive technologies, and the new genetics from a cross-cultural perspective.

ANTH 674 Issues in Cultural Heritage (3). This course examines entanglements between the past and present from multiple and conflicting perspectives, highlighting an archaeological point of view. Models of participatory research are considered in relation to cultural heritage, and indigenous-rights perspectives are discussed in reference to archaeological, nation-state, and global interests.

ANTH 675 Ethnographic Method (FOLK 675) (3). Intensive study and practice of the core research methods of cultural and social anthropology.

ANTH 682 Contemporary Chinese Society (ASIA 682) (3). Presents recent anthropological research on the People's Republic of China. In addition to social sciences sources, fictional genres are used to explore the particular modernity of Chinese society and culture.

ANTH 688 Observation and Interpretation of Religious Action (FOLK 688, RELI 688) (3). Permission of the instructor. Exercises (including field work) in learning to read the primary modes of public action in religious traditions, e.g., sermons, testimonies, rituals, and prayers.

ANTH 690 Special Topics in Anthropology II (3). Subject matter will vary with instructor but will focus on some particular topic or anthropological approach. Course description is available from the departmental office.

ANTH 691H Seniors Honors Project in Anthropology (3). Permission of the instructor. Open only to honors candidates.

ANTH 692H Senior Honors Thesis in Anthropology (3). Permission of the instructor. Open only to honors candidates.