Department of Asian Studies

asianstudies.unc.edu

NADIA YAQUB, Chair

Associate Professors

Jan Bardsley, Mark Driscoll, Li-ling Hsiao, Wendan Li, Pamela Lothspeich, Morgan Pitelka, Afroz Taj, Robin Visser, Nadia Yaqub, Gang Yue.

Assistant Professors

Uffe Bergeton, Zeina Halabi, Ji-Yeon Jo, Yaron Shemer.

Senior Lecturers

Yuki Aratake, Yuko Kato, Nasser Isleem, Yi Zhou.

Lecturers

Shahla Adel, Farida Badr, John Caldwell, Doria El Kerdany, Lili Fan, Lini Ge, Fumi Iwashita, Jia Lin, Reiko Nitta, Elisheva Perelman, Katsu Sawamura, Hanna Sprintzik, Rachana Umashankar, Canguzel Zulfikar.

Affiliated Faculty

Neel Ahuja (English and Comparative Literature), Barbara Ambros (Religious Studies), Glaire Anderson (Art), Benjamin Arbuckle (Anthropology), Cemil Aydin (History), Inger Brodey (English and Comparative Literature), Yong Cai (Sociology), Xi Chen (Political Science), Jocelyn Chua (Anthropology), Peter A. Coclanis (History), Barbara Entwisle (Sociology), Carl Ernst (Religious Studies), Emma Flatt (History), W. Miles Fletcher (History), Pika Ghosh (Art), Banu Gökariksel (Geography), Guang Guo (Sociology), Juliane Hammer (Religious Studies), Gail Henderson (Social Medicine), Carmen Hsu (Romance Languages and Literatures), Michelle King (History), Charles Kurzman (Sociology), David Lambert (Religious Studies), Lauren Leve (Religious Studies), Wei-Cheng Lin (Art), Townsend Middleton (Anthropology), Christopher Nelson (Anthropology), Donald M. Nonini (Anthropology), James L. Peacock (Anthropology), Lisa Pearce (Sociology), Ronald Rindfuss (Sociology), Steven Rosefielde (Economics), Omid Safi (Religious Studies), Iqbal Sevea (History), Wenhua Shi (Communication Studies), Sarah Shields (History), Kumi Silva (Communication Studies), Jennifer Smith (Linguistics), Sara Smith (Geography), Yan Song (City and Regional Planning), Eren Tasar (History), Meenu Tewari (City and Regional Planning), Michael Tsin (History), Margaret Wiener (Anthropology), Jiayun Zhuang (Dramatic Art).

Professor Emeritus

Jerome P. Seaton.

Senior Lecturer Emeritus

Eric Henry.

Introduction

The interdisciplinary major within the Department of Asian Studies provides an intellectual challenge as well as sound training for students who intend to go on to graduate school in the social sciences or humanities and focus their research on Asia. It also provides an essential background for students who are contemplating professions (such as business, law, or journalism) with the intent of doing extensive work in Asia. The department offers students an extensive range of language classes in Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi-Urdu, Japanese, Korean, Persian, and Turkish, as well as a wide selection of courses taught by both our core and affiliated faculty in the humanities (art, drama, linguistics, literature, and religious studies) and in the social sciences (anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, and sociology).

Programs of Study

The degree offered is the bachelor of arts with a major in Asian studies; within the major it is possible to pursue the general interdisciplinary track or one of the following concentrations: Arab cultures, Chinese, Japanese, or South Asian studies. Minors in Asian studies, Arabic, Chinese, modern Hebrew, Hindi-Urdu, Japanese, and Korean are also offered. Students majoring in the Department of Asian Studies also may pursue a minor in the Department of Asian Studies that is different from their major.

Majoring in Asian Studies: Bachelor of Arts

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

A student may not count toward the interdisciplinary major in Asian studies both of any of the following pairs of courses: ASIA/HIST 138 and ASIA/RELI 180, ASIA/HIST 139 and ASIA/RELI 181, ASIA 451 and ASIA/HIST 538.

ASIA 122 and 224 may be counted for either the Middle East or South Asia region, but not both.

No more than one first-year seminar may be counted among the eight major courses.

With the approval of the associate chair of Asian studies, a student may substitute a course in directed readings (ASIA 496) for one of the major courses. To register for ASIA 496, a student must obtain the approval of the associate chair and the faculty member who will supervise the project.

Of the eight major courses, at least six must be passed with a grade of C (not C-) or better. No major course may be taken Pass/D+/D/Fail.

B.A. Major in Asian Studies: Arab Cultures Concentration

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

B.A. Major in Asian Studies: Chinese Concentration

The concentration in Chinese can be pursued along one of two tracks, depending on the student's initial Chinese language placement. Students whose initial language placement is above CHIN 305 or 313 should consult the department. Track A is for students who have completed CHIN 204; track B is for students who have completed CHIN 212. Both require eight courses.

Core Requirements (Track A)

Additional Requirements (Track A)

Core Requirements (Track B)

Additional Requirements (Track B)

Approved courses taken in UNC–Chapel Hill-sponsored study abroad programs may count in the concentration. No more than one first-year seminar or senior honors thesis course may be included among the two culture courses.

Students majoring in Chinese are also encouraged to take the following courses as electives or to fulfill some of the General Education requirements: ANTH/ASIA 545, 574, 578, 682; ASIA/GEOG 265; ASIA/HIST 133, 134, 282; ASIA/RELI 183, 284.

With the approval of the associate chair of Asian studies, a student may count a course in directed readings (ASIA 496 or CHIN 496) in the concentration in Chinese. To register for ASIA 496 or CHIN 496, a student must obtain the approval of the associate chair and the faculty member who will supervise the project.

Of the eight courses in the concentration in Chinese, at least six must be passed with a grade of C (not C-) or better. No course in the concentration may be taken Pass/D+/D/Fail.

B.A. Major in Asian Studies: Japanese Concentration

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

Approved courses taken in UNC–Chapel Hill-sponsored study abroad programs may count in the concentration. No more than one first-year seminar or senior honors thesis course may be included among the two culture courses.

Students majoring in Japanese are also encouraged to take the following courses as electives or to fulfill some of the General Education requirements: ANTH/ASIA 586; ASIA/GEOG 265; ASIA/HIST 134, 281, 286, 287, 288; ASIA/RELI 183, 284.

With the approval of the associate chair of Asian studies, a student may count a course in directed readings (ASIA 496 or JAPN 496) in the concentration in Japanese. To register for ASIA 496 or JAPN 496, a student must obtain the approval of the associate chair and the faculty member who will supervise the project.

Of the eight courses in the concentration in Japanese, at least six must be passed with a grade of C (not C-) or better. No course in the concentration may be taken Pass/D+/D/Fail.

B.A. Major in Asian Studies:
South Asian Studies Concentration

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

The above additional requirements may also be met by placement.

Approved courses taken in UNC–Chapel Hill-sponsored study abroad programs may count in the concentration. No more than one first-year seminar may be counted among the eight major courses.

With the approval of the associate chair of Asian studies, a student may count a course in directed readings (ASIA 496 or HNUR 496) in the concentration in South Asian studies. To register for ASIA 496 or HNUR 496, a student must obtain the approval of the associate chair and the faculty member who will supervise the project.

Of the eight courses in the concentration in South Asian studies, at least six must be passed with a grade of C (not C-) or better. No course in the department may be taken Pass/D+/D/Fail.

Minoring in Asian Studies

A student may take an interdisciplinary minor in Asian studies by completing five courses from among those accepted for the interdisciplinary Asian studies major. At least two courses must be taken within the Department of Asian Studies, chosen from the list above in the section describing the major. The courses taken for the minor must include one from three of the six regions of Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia), as defined above in the section describing the major. Students interested in advanced Asian language training should consider the Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi-Urdu, Japanese, or Korean minors.

No more than one first-year seminar may be counted toward the minor.

A student may not count toward the interdisciplinary minor in Asian studies both of any of the following pairs of courses: ASIA/HIST 138 and ASIA/RELI 180, ASIA/HIST 139 and ASIA/RELI 181, ASIA 451 and ASIA/HIST 538.

Minoring in Arabic

The undergraduate minor in Arabic consists of four courses.

Three courses are language courses beyond ARAB 203 (the first semester of Intermediate Arabic).

The other course must be chosen from among the following: ARAB 150, 151, 350, 433, 434, 443, 452, 453, 468, 477; ARAB/ASIA/RELI 681; ARTH 351; ARTH/ASIA 154, 251, 458, 561; ASIA 50, 51, 64, 66, 357, 435, 451, 452, 455; ASIA/GEOG 447; ASIA/HIST 138, 139, 275, 276, 277, 536, 537, 538; ASIA/RELI 180, 181, 581, 582, 584; RELI 480; SOCI 419.

Minoring in Chinese

The undergraduate minor in Chinese consists of five courses.

At least three of the courses must be language courses beyond CHIN 203 (the first semester of Intermediate Chinese), chosen from among the following: CHIN 204, 212, 305, 306, 313, 407, 408, 414, 440, 441, 442, 443, 490, 510, 511, 525, 532, or 590.

The other two courses may be chosen either from the same list or from among the following: ASIA 52, 55, 56, 65, 453; CHIN 150, 231, 232, 244, 252, 253, 255, 342, 346, 354, 356, 361, 367, 463, 464, 531, 551, 552, 562, 563. No more than one first-year seminar may be counted toward the minor.

Minoring in Modern Hebrew

The undergraduate minor in Hebrew consists of four courses.

Three courses are language courses beyond HEBR 203 (the first semester of Intermediate Hebrew).

The other course must be chosen from among the following: ASIA 60, 235, 357; ASIA/HIST 277; HEBR 142, 436; RELI 103, 343, 401, 402, 403, 404.

Minoring in Hindi-Urdu

The undergraduate minor in Hindi-Urdu consists of four courses.

Three courses are language courses beyond HNUR 203 (the first semester of Intermediate Hindi-Urdu), chosen from among HNUR 204, 305, 306, 407, 408, 410, or 490.

The other course must be chosen from among the following: ARTH/ASIA 153, 266, 273, 456; ASIA 59, 61, 152, 163, 164, 224, 228, 231, 232, 261, 262, 331, 332, 333, 453; ASIA/HIST 135, 136; ASIA/RELI 285, 581, 582, 583; ASIA 300/RELI 283; HNUR 592; RELI 381.

Minoring in Japanese

The undergraduate minor in Japanese consists of four language courses beyond JAPN 203 (the first semester of Intermediate Japanese), chosen from among the following: JAPN 204, 305, 306, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 420, 490, 590.

Minoring in Korean

The undergraduate minor in Korean consists of four courses. Three courses are language courses beyond KOR 203 (the first semester of Intermediate Korean): KOR 204, 305, and 306. The fourth course must be chosen from among the following courses: ARTH/ASIA 158; ASIA 253; ECON 469; JAPN 376; KOR 150, 151, 327.

Honors in Asian Studies

A candidate for honors in Asian studies will write a substantial paper under the guidance of a faculty member. While researching and writing the honors paper, the student will enroll in ASIA 691H and 692H. ASIA 692H may count as one of the interdisciplinary courses for the major; ASIA 691H will count for elective credit only. In the case of the concentrations in Arab cultures, Chinese, Japanese, and South Asian studies, ASIA 692H may count toward the major in the concentration.

A committee composed of at least two faculty members will examine the candidate. To be accepted as an honors candidate, a student must meet the University's requirement of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.3, secure the consent of a faculty member in the Asian studies field to act as advisor for the project, and submit a proposal to the associate chair of Asian studies for approval.

Advising

All majors and minors have a primary academic advisor in Steele Building. Students are strongly encouraged to meet regularly with their advisor and review their Tar Heel Tracker each semester. All majors are also required to meet each year with a faculty advisor within the department. Departmental advising is an opportunity to discuss major progress, course selection and planning, study abroad, graduate school, career opportunities, and other matters pertinent to the major field. Advisors are assigned by concentration; advisor listings and contact information may be found on the department's Web site and are also disseminated via the majors' listserv.

Special Opportunities in Asian Studies

Departmental Involvement

The department sponsors a wide variety of cultural events—lectures, film series, performances, and more—as well as social and informational events where students can get to know each other and faculty members in an informal setting. Faculty members in the department serve as advisors to some of the many Asia-related student organizations on campus, such as the Japan Club, Chinese Conversation Club, and more.

Languages across the Curriculum

The department participates in the Languages across the Curriculum (LAC) program, offering a one-credit-hour discussion section that is conducted in Arabic but associated with a variety of courses offered in English, both in Asian studies and in such other departments as history or religious studies. This LAC recitation section offers students the opportunity to use their Arabic language skills in a broader intellectual context.

Libraries

The University has rich collections of books and periodicals on Asia in the relevant Asian languages, as well as in English and other Western languages. Experts in the collection development department of Davis Library are available to help students locate the materials they need. The University also has an outstanding collection of Asian films and other audiovisual materials, housed in the Media Resource Center at House Library.

Speaker Series

The department sponsors an annual speaker series. These events include lectures by prominent artists, scholars, and writers and are often cosponsored by other units on campus.

Study Abroad

UNC–Chapel Hill sponsors several study programs (summer, semester, and yearlong) in China, Egypt, India, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Oman, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam. Asian studies majors are strongly encouraged to take advantage of these opportunities to live and study in an Asian setting; UNC-approved study abroad programs also satisfy the experiential education requirement. For further information on these programs and other study abroad opportunities in Asia, contact the UNC Study Abroad Office.

Undergraduate Research

The department actively encourages undergraduate student research. Through classes, advising, and office hours, faculty members guide students toward defining areas of interest, conceptualizing research questions, identifying sources, and writing academic papers. Students may pursue research through independent studies, the senior honors thesis, and study abroad research opportunities such as the Burch Fellowship. Asian studies students have received a variety of competitive research support and travel awards, won regional contests for undergraduate papers, published papers in academic journals, and presented their work at such events as the Senior Colloquium in Asian Studies and the campuswide Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research in the spring.

Facilities

Students taking courses in the Department of Asian Studies have support for their work through the Language Resource Center (LRC), housed on the ground floor of Dey Hall. The LRC provides resources and services for language teaching and learning, including audio and video materials; smart classrooms with PCs and projection equipment; listening, viewing, and recording facilities; a walk-in computer lab; and online databases for language learning.

Graduate School and Career Opportunities

As a liberal arts major, the Asian studies major trains undergraduates to read and think analytically and to present their ideas effectively in oral and written communication, essential preparation for a variety of careers and for the responsibilities of living in an interdependent world. Graduates of the program have continued their academic preparation in top-ranked graduate programs across the country while others have built distinguished careers in banking, journalism, international education, and government.

Contact Information

Department of Asian Studies, CB# 3267, 113 New West, (919) 962-4294, asia@unc.edu. Web site: asianstudies.unc.edu.

Asian Studies Courses in English

ASIA (Asian Studies General)

50 First-Year Seminar: Real World Arabic (3). What are the historical roots of Arabic? How has Arabic affected identity for its speakers? How do Arabs today use standard and dialectal Arabic? No prior knowledge of Arabic is necessary.

51 First-Year Seminar: Cultural Encounters: The Arabs and the West (3). Examines the historical, cultural, literary, and artistic relations between the Arab world and the West (Europe and the United States) from the 18th century until today.

52 First-Year Seminar: Food in Chinese Culture (3). Examines the cultural practice and meanings of food, cooking, eating, and drinking through Chinese literature and cinema. Main themes include food and rituals, gourmandism and poetic taste, cannibalism and the grotesque, and hunger and revolution.

54 First-Year Seminar: The American Life of Japanese Women (3). Considers how American popular culture has portrayed Japanese women since the 1860s, asking what this reveals about changing American ideas of race, gender, and national identity.

55 First-Year Seminar: Kung-Fu: The Concept of Heroism in Chinese Culture (3). Film, history, novels, and theater are used to explore the rich, complex kung-fu tradition in Chinese culture from ancient to modern times, as well as its appropriation in foreign films.

56 First-Year Seminar: Writing Women in Modern China (3). Compares the rhetoric of equality between the sexes presented by late Qing, May Fourth, and communist thinkers to perspectives on gender and society by 20th-century Chinese women writers.

57 First-Year Seminar: Dis-Orienting the Orient (3). Examines how the East is constructed as the Orient in different historical periods: 19th-century European colonialism, 1950s to 1960s Hollywood films, contemporary Japanese animation, and the current global war on terrorism.

58 First-Year Seminar: Chasing Madame Butterfly (3). Course explores diverse tales of Madame Butterfly from Puccini's famous opera to productions of M. Butterfly and Miss Saigon, asking questions about constructions of race, gender, nation, travel, and romance.

59 First-Year Seminar: Media Masala: Popular Music, TV, and the Internet in Modern India and Pakistan (3). Explores different examples of broadcast and digital media (music videos, soap operas and reality shows, radio and the internet) with respect to history, gender, sexuality, globalization, religion, regionalism, and activism.

60 First-Year Seminar: Israeli Culture and Society: Collective Memories and Fragmented Identities (3). The course explores selected themes and case studies pertinent to culture and society in modern Israel, with emphasis on debates about "Israeliness" in various cultural and social arenas.

61 First-Year Seminar: India through the Lens of Master Filmmakers (3). Elements of Indian culture and history are illuminated through works chiefly in the art film genre. Basic film theory is also introduced to help students read the text of film.

62 First-Year Seminar: Women and Spirituality in Turkey (3). This course will examine the various definitions of who and what constitutes a mystic woman, the social engagement of these women, and the controversies around gendered authority in the Sufi communities in Turkey.

63 First-Year Seminar: Japanese Tea Culture (3). This seminar explores the history of tea culture in Japan, particularly the emergence in the 16th and 17th centuries of the ritualized practice often referred to in English as the "tea ceremony" (chanoyu). Practitioners included merchants, Buddhist monks, warlords, European Jesuits, and professional tea masters.

64 First-Year Seminar: Arab World Photography (3). Introduces students to photography in the Arab world, including colonial and Orientalist photography, indigenous studio and portrait photography, the ethics of photographing disasters, art photography, and photography and revolutions.

65 First-Year Seminar: Philosophy on Bamboo: Rethinking Early Chinese Thought (3). This course will introduce students to the main works and themes in early Chinese thought from the earliest recorded writings down to the Qin unification in 221 BCE.

66 First-Year Seminar: The 2011 Revolution through Egyptian Eyes (3). This seminar explores the historical and political context of the revolution, its representation in the West, the role of social media in events, and the culture that has emerged from it.

89 First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Special topics course. Content will vary each semester.

122 Introduction to Iranian Culture (3). This course will examine the cultural identity of the country of Iran and its people, from its roots in antiquity to the modern day. Students develop familiarity with cultural facts of life and traditions that have made Iran a significant and distinctive cultural arena for more than 3,000 years.

131 Southeast Asia to the Early 19th Century (HIST 131) (3). See HIST 131 for description.

132 Southeast Asia since the Early 19th Century (HIST 132, PWAD 132) (3). See HIST 132 for description.

133 Introduction to Chinese History (HIST 133) (3). See HIST 133 for description.

134 Modern East Asia (HIST 134, PWAD 134) (3). See HIST 134 for description.

135 History and Culture of Hindus and Muslims: South Asia to 1750 (HIST 135) (3). See HIST 135 for description.

136 History of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh: South Asia since 1750 (HIST 136) (3). See HIST 136 for description.

138 History of Muslim Societies to 1500 (HIST 138) (3). See HIST 138 for description.

139 History of Muslim Societies since 1500 (HIST 139) (3). See HIST 139 for description.

147 Lost in Translation: Understanding Western Experience in East and Southeast Asia (3). An examination of the experiences of Western travelers in East/Southeast Asia, from both fictional and nonfictional accounts in print and film.

150 Asia: An Introduction (3). The course introduces Asia's historical, cultural, and political diversity by examining some of the global forces that have shaped Asian societies (e.g., colonialism, orientalism, and neoliberalism).

151 Literature and Society in Southeast Asia (3). This course is an introduction to the societies of Southeast Asia through literature. Background materials and films will supplement the comparative study of traditional works, novels, short stories, and poems.

152 Survey of South Asian Cultural History (3). Readings from diverse disciplines illuminate the broad features of South Asia throughout history. Topics include political history and social thought, including gender and caste, and religious and imaginative literature.

153 Introduction to South Asian Art (ARTH 153) (3). See ARTH 153 for description.

154 Introduction to Art and Architecture of Islamic Lands (Eighth–16th Centuries CE) (ARTH 154) (3). See ARTH 154 for description.

155 Anthropology of South Asia (ANTH 155) (3). See ANTH 155 for description.

158 Introduction to East Asian Art and Architecture (ARTH 158) (3). See ARTH 158 for description.

163 Hindi-Urdu Poetry in Performance (3). This course examines the connection between poetry and performance in the context of Hindi-Urdu literature, particularly the genres of Sufi poetry (qawwali), Bhakti poetry, and the ghazal.

164 Music of South Asia (3). This course provides a comprehensive overview of the music of South Asia, focusing on India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The entire spectrum of musical genres will be covered.

180 Introduction to Islamic Civilization (RELI 180) (3). See RELI 180 for description.

181 Later Islamic Civilization and Modern Muslim Cultures (RELI 181) (3). See RELI 181 for description.

183 Asian Religions (RELI 183) (3). See RELI 183 for description.

222 Turkey: Beyond Tradition and Modernity (3). Turkey will be examined within its multicultural setting. Turkish literature, music, and art will be explored. We will discuss different paradigms, such as tradition and modernity, as tools for historical analysis to learn about the difficulty of presenting Turkey in the binary of traditionalist versus modernist.

224 Introduction to Iranian Cinema (3). This course will offer students an opportunity to study selected, socially engaged Iranian films. By watching, contextualizing, and discussing films that explore cultural and historical issues affecting modern-day Iran, we will discover themes of politics, religion, gender, class, and history.

225 Istanbul: Crossroads of Asia and Europe (3). Istanbul will be examined in its historical and cultural aspects through literature, art, and music. We will investigate Istanbul in its setting as a bridge connecting Asia and Europe and varieties of cultures. How this metropolis has been shaped and is developing in the global context will be explored.

228 Contested Souls: Literature, the Arts, and Religious Identity in Modern India (3). An analysis of how historical interactions between Hinduism and Islam have inspired the creation of philosophies and great works of literature and art that continue to inform Indian society today.

231 Bollywood Cinema (3). This course explores the development of the Indian cinema, with particular emphasis on the Hindi-Urdu films produced in Mumbai (Bollywood).

232 Cities and Villages of South Asia: A Historical and Cultural Tour (3). The history, cultures, and societies of South Asia are explored through virtual visits to various cities, towns, and villages of the region. An interdisciplinary approach will be employed.

235 Israeli Cinema: Gender, Nation, and Ethnicity (3). The course explores major periods and trends in Israeli cinema. Focus is given to issues pertaining to gender, ethnicity, and the construction of national identity.

237 Global Whiteness: Race and Righteousness in Britain, the United States, and Japan (3). This course will look at whiteness as an ethno-racial ideology and practice in popular culture and social struggle, primarily in the United States, Great Britain, and Japan.

240 Performance in Southeast Asia: Gongs, Punks, and Shadow Plays (MUSC 240) (3). See MUSC 240 for description.

241 Asian Literature/Study Abroad Program (3–6). This course, taught in a study abroad program in Asia, will focus on topics related to Asian literature.

242 Asian Fine Arts/Study Abroad Program (3–6). This course, taught in a study abroad program in Asia, will focus on topics related to Asian fine arts.

243 Asian Societies/Study Abroad Program (3–6). This course, taught in a study abroad program in Asia, will examine Asian society from a social science perspective.

244 Asian History/Study Abroad Program (3–6). This course, taught in a study abroad program in Asia, will focus on topics related to Asian history.

251 Art and Architecture in the Age of the Caliphs (Seventh–12th Centuries CE) (ARTH 251) (3). See ARTH 251 for description.

252 Popular Culture in Modern Southeast Asia (CMPL 252) (3). This course examines popular culture in Southeast Asia as a response to colonialism, nationalism, modernization, the state, and globalization. Topics include theater, film, pop songs, television, rituals, and the Internet.

253 The Social History of Popular Music in East Asia (3). This course traces the origins, nature, development, and social function of popular music in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam from the 1920s to the present.

255 The Feast in Film, Fiction, and Philosophy (CMPL 255) (3). See CMPL 255 for description.

261 India through Western Eyes (3). Examines Western views of India and Indian culture and how these views differ from the way Indians in India and Indian immigrants in the West understand themselves and express their relationship to India through novels and travelogues.

262 Nation, Film, and Novel in Modern India (3). Focus on how modern Indian writers and filmmakers have represented the creation of an Indian national identity through such historical periods as British colonialism, the Rebellion of 1857, the Indian Independence Movement, the Partition, and the eras of national integration and globalization.

265 Eastern Asia (GEOG 265) (3). See GEOG 265 for description.

266 Arts of Early and Medieval Asia (ARTH 266) (3). See ARTH 266 for description.

267 South Asia (GEOG 267) (3). See GEOG 267 for description.

273 Arts under the Mughal Dynasty in India (ARTH 273) (3). See ARTH 273 for description.

275 History of Iraq (HIST 275, PWAD 275) (3). See HIST 275 for description.

276 The Modern Middle East (HIST 276) (3). See HIST 276 for description.

277 The Conflict over Israel/Palestine (HIST 277, PWAD 277) (3). See HIST 277 for description.

281 The Pacific War, 1937–1945: Its Causes and Legacy (HIST 281, PWAD 281) (3). See HIST 281 for description.

282 China in the World (HIST 282) (3). This course explores the evolution of China as a geopolitical entity from global perspectives, 1350 to the present.

284 The Buddhist Tradition: East Asia (RELI 284) (3). See RELI 284 for description.

285 The Buddhist Tradition: Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka (RELI 285) (3). See RELI 285 for description.

286 Samurai, Peasant, Merchant, and Outcaste: Japan under the Tokugawa, 1550–1850 (HIST 286) (3). See HIST 286 for description.

287 Japan's Modern Revolution (HIST 287) (3). See HIST 287 for description.

288 Japan in the 20th Century (HIST 288) (3). See HIST 288 for description.

300 The Buddhist Tradition: India, Nepal, and Tibet (RELI 283) (3). See RELI 283 for description.

301 Premodern Japanese Religions (RELI 286) (3). See RELI 286 for description.

302 Modern Japanese Religions (RELI 287) (3). See RELI 287 for description.

303 Chinese Religions (RELI 288) (3). See RELI 288 for description.

331 Cracking India: Partition and Its Legacy in South Asia (3). What happened when the British carved Pakistan out of the Muslim-dominated corners of India? Readings and films focus on the causes and consequences of this event, the Partition of India.

332 The Story of Rama in India (3). Centered on Ramkatha, "the story of [Lord] Rama," this course explores Valmiki's Ramayana, alternate versions of the story, its performance in folk plays, and political uses of the epic tale.

333 The Mahabharata: Remembered, Reimagined, Performed (3). This course offers an introduction to the Sanskrit Mahabharata as well as modern retellings/recastings of the epic in contemporary literature, film, and folk productions of India.

344 Alienation: Nature, Network, and the (Cyborg) Ningen (3). Alienation is a theme that cuts across the fields of environmental studies, philosophy, and religious studies. This class will focus on ecology, new technology, and East Asian religious traditions.

350 The Asian American Experience (3). The course addresses the history and sociology of Asian immigration and experience in the United States, as well as the formation of diasporic identities among Asian Americans.

357 The Arab-Jews: Culture, Community, and Coexistence (3). This course is designed to examine Jewish life in Arab lands in the last century by examining culture, language, and the communal life that the Arab-Jews shared with their neighbors.

360 Contemporary Asian American Literature and Theory (ENGL 360) (3). See ENGL 360 for description.

375 Memory, Massacres, and Monuments in Southeast Asia (ANTH 375) (3). See ANTH 375 for description.

379 Cowboys, Samurai, and Rebels in Film and Fiction (CMPL 379) (3). See CMPL 379 for description.

380 Almost Despicable Heroines in Japanese and Western Literature (CMPL 380, WMST 380) (3). See CMPL 380 for description.

390 Seminar in Asian Studies (3). Permission of the instructor. When offered, the topic will vary with the instructor. The class will be limited to a seminar size.

424 Power, Rebellion, and Identity in the Ottoman Empire (3). This is an advanced seminar on rebellions throughout Ottoman history. Historically, during the Ottoman Empire, many were considered rebels; while examining the actors of rebellions, we will consider their relationships with each other and with the state power, and examine the various definitions of "rebel."

429 Culture and Power in Southeast Asia (ANTH 429, FOLK 429) (3). See ANTH 429 for description.

435 The Cinemas of the Middle East and North Africa (3). This course explores the social, cultural, political, and economic contexts in which films are made and exhibited and focuses on shared intraregional cinematic trends pertaining to discourse, aesthetics, and production.

445 Asian Religions in America (RELI 445) (3). See RELI 445 for description.

447 Gender, Space, and Place in the Middle East (GEOG 447) (3). See GEOG 447 for description.

451 Orientalist Fantasies and Discourses on the Other (FREN 451) (3). This interdisciplinary course (literature, film, painting, music) examines the Eastern and Western encounters with and discourses on the other from the 18th century to the present.

452 Muslim Women in France and the United States (3). This class will follow Muslim women's experiences and changing roles in France and the United States from the 1970s through today.

453 Global Shangri-La: Tibet in the Modern World (3). An examination of the history, society, and culture of modern Tibet and its imagination in the context of international politics and from a multidisciplinary perspective.

455 Arabs in America (3). Traces the history and development of Arab American communities in the United States from the slave trade to the most important immigration waves over the past two centuries.

456 Art and Visual Culture of South Asia (ARTH 456) (3). See ARTH 456 for description.

457 Globalization in East Asia/East Asianized Globalization (3). Focusing on East Asia, this course will treat globalization as a truly global phenomenon and not one centered in the United States or even Euro-America. Here, the emphasis will be on the often overlooked impact of Japanese and Chinese pop culture, film, technology, and finance on different fields of globalization.

458 Islamic Palaces, Gardens, and Court Culture (Eighth–16th Centuries CE) (ARTH 458) (3). See ARTH 458 for description.

460 Sex, Crime, and Corruption in East and Southeast Asia (3). A political economy and comparative approach to crime and corruption in Asia, seeking to understand linkages and relationships between corruption and development in changing political, social, and economic contexts.

461 The Political Economy of Southeast Asia (3). The course examines critical linkages between economic policy and processes and political decisions—neoclassical, institutionalist, dependency/world-systems, and structuralist approaches. These theories are applied to contemporary Southeast Asia.

466 Murder and Mayhem in Modern Thailand (3). Murders provide one way of understanding modern Thai society. The course examines political control and the nature of violence, including business homicide, political assassination, regicide, and state mass murder.

468 Visual Arts and Culture in Modern and Contemporary China (ARTH 468) (3). See ARTH 468 for description.

469 Western and Asian Economic Systems (ECON 469) (3). See ECON 469 for description.

481 Rhetoric of Silence: Cross-Cultural Theme and Technique (CMPL 481) (3). See CMPL 481 for description.

483 Cross-Currents in East-West Literature (CMPL 483) (3). See CMPL 483 for description.

486 Literary Landscapes in Europe and Japan (CMPL 486) (3). See CMPL 486 for description.

487 Mountains, Pilgrimage, and Sacred Places in Japan (RELI 487) (3). See RELI 487 for description.

488 Shinto in Japanese History (RELI 488) (3). See RELI 488 for description.

489 Animals in Japanese Religion (RELI 489). See RELI 489 for description.

490 Advanced Topics in Asian Studies (1–4). The course topic will vary with the instructor.

496 Independent Readings (1–3). Permission of the department. For the student who wishes to create and pursue a project in Asian studies under the supervision of a selected instructor. Course is limited to three credit hours per semester.

536 Revolution in the Modern Middle East (HIST 536) (3). See HIST 536 for description.

537 Women in the Middle East (HIST 537, WMST 537) (3). See HIST 537 for description.

538 The Middle East and the West (HIST 538) (3). See HIST 538 for description.

539 The Economic History of Southeast Asia (HIST 539) (3). See HIST 539 for description.

545 The Politics of Culture in East Asia (ANTH 545) (3). See ANTH 545 for description.

561 Art and Society in Medieval Islamic Spain and North Africa (ARTH 561) (3). See ARTH 561 for description.

570 The Vietnam War (HIST 570, PWAD 570) (3). See HIST 570 for description.

574 Chinese World Views (ANTH 574, RELI 574) (3). See ANTH 574 for description.

578 Chinese Diaspora in the Asia Pacific (ANTH 578) (3). See ANTH 578 for description.

581 Sufism (RELI 581) (3). See RELI 581 for description.

582 Islam and Islamic Art in South Asia (RELI 582) (3). See RELI 582 for description.

583 Religion and Culture in Iran, 1500–Present (RELI 583) (3). See RELI 583 for description.

584 The Qur'an as Literature (RELI 584) (3). See RELI 584 for description.

586 The Gardens, Shrines, and Temples of Japan (ANTH 586) (3). See ANTH 586 for description.

681 Readings in Islamicate Literatures (ARAB 681, RELI 681) (3). See RELI 681 for description.

682 Contemporary Chinese Society (ANTH 682) (3). See ANTH 682 for description.

691H Senior Honors Thesis I (3). Permission of the department. Required for honors students in Asian studies.

692H Senior Honors Thesis II (3). Permission of the department. Required for honors students in Asian studies.

ARAB (Arab World)

150 Introduction to Arab Cultures (3). Introduction to the cultures of the Arab world and of the Arabs in diasporas: art, literature, film, music, dance, food, history, religion, folklore, etc.

151 Arabic Literature through the Ages (3). Introduces the rich literary heritage of the Arabic language from pre-Islamic to modern times and covers major genres. Emphasis on critical thinking, literary analysis, and academic writing.

350 Women and Leadership in the Arab World (3). A service-learning, study abroad course focusing on women and leadership in the Arab world. Topics include women and religion, family, community and selfhood, citizenship and legal rights, and politics.

433 Medieval Arabic Literature in Translation (3). Introduction to the main literary themes and genres from the pre-Islamic era to the early 16th century; course will include discussion of Andalusian literature.

434 Modern Arabic Literature in Translation (3). Course treats a variety of themes and genres of Arabic literature from the mid-20th century to the present.

443 Dissident Voices in Arab Cultures (3). Examines alternative interpretations of Arab history, culture, and identity that challenge our understanding of contemporary Arab cultures. Traces how Arab writers and filmmakers simultaneously engage and subvert questions of identity and representation.

452 Imagining Palestine (PWAD 452) (3). Explores how Palestine is portrayed in writings, films, and other creative works and how Palestinian portrayals of homeland affect others' perceptions of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and the Arab World.

453 Film, Nation, and Identity in the Arab World (3). Introduction to history of Arab cinema from 1920s to present. Covers film industries in various regions of the Arab world and transnational Arab film. All materials and discussion in English.

468 Modernity and Its Discontents in Arabic Literature and Culture (3). This course probes the different conceptualizations of Arab modernity beginning from the colonial era and ending with the contemporary critiques of modernity in history, literature, and cinema.

477 Sexualities and Homoerotic Desire in Arab and Muslim Societies (3). A study of articulations of sexualities and homoeroticism in Arab and Muslim societies in a selection of classical Arabic erotic treatises and contemporary novels, short stories, films, and cyber publications. The course will also explore the implications that these Arab voices have for a more inclusive articulation of queer theory.

CHIN (China)

150 Introduction to Chinese Civilization (3). A course designed to introduce students to the Chinese world of past and present. Chinese civilization is explored from a variety of perspectives: political, social, cultural, intellectual, and economic.

231 Chinese Literature in Translation through the T'ang (3). A survey of Chinese literature from the classical period to the end of the T'ang dynasty (906 CE).

232 Chinese Literature in Translation since the Sung (3). A survey of Chinese literature from the Sung Dynasty to 1949.

244 Introduction to Modern Chinese Culture through Cinema (3). This course uses select feature and documentary films, supplemented by texts of critical and creative literature, to introduce students to a broad overview of modern China since the mid-19th century, focusing on the major events that have shaped a turbulent course of decline, revolution, and resurgence.

252 Introduction to Chinese Culture through Narrative (3). This course shows how Chinese historical legends define and transmit the values, concepts, figures of speech, and modes of behavior that constitute Chinese culture.

253 Chinese Language and Society (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 102 or 111. Chinese language in social, cultural, historical, and political contexts in China. Topics include basic linguistic features, dialects, writing, literacy, and language reform in the era of modernization and globalization.

255 Bandit or Hero: Outlawry in Chinese Literature and Films (3). This course explores the idea of outlaws as hero in the 16th-century kung-fu novel Outlaws of the Marsh and its influence on modern kung-fu and gangster films.

342 The Rise of China: A Global and Multidisciplinary Approach (3). The rise of China has altered the economic and political order of the post–Cold War world. This course examines the historical context and trajectory of China's rise, its internal dynamics, and the challenges it poses to the rest of the world.

346 History as Fiction or Fiction as History? Early Chinese History in Film and Literature (3). Through analysis of the role movies play in the formation of popular perceptions of the past, this course provides an introduction to the history of the Qin and Han dynasties.

354 Chinese Culture through Calligraphy (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 102, CHIN 111, or JAPN 102. An introduction to the basic skills of brush writing and the cultural, historical, and artistic aspects of Chinese calligraphy.

356 Chinese Environmental Literature (3). Introduces students to Chinese and Taiwanese cultural understandings of human relations to the natural environment. Analyzes classical and modern environmental literature (poetry, essays, fiction, and philosophy) and evaluates how contemporary building practices, governmental policies, and green technologies may be influenced by diverse Chinese philosophical traditions.

361 Chinese Traditional Theater (3). This course introduces traditional Chinese theater from its earliest development to modern times by examining the interrelation of its elements—music, dance, poetry, and illustration—with performance footage, visual art, and dramatic texts.

367 Illustration and the Animation of Text (3). This course examines illustration as both a form of literary criticism and a narrative tradition in its own right.

463 Narrative Ethics in Modern China (3). By exploring intersections of the narrative and the normative, this course considers relations between text, ethics, and everyday life in 20th-century China by reading texts on aesthetics.

464 The City in Modern Chinese Literature and Film (3). This course analyzes historical changes of the city through examining the individual, national, and global identity of Shanghai, Beijing, Taipei, and Hong Kong as reflected in their histories, politics, built environment, ethos, language, and culture.

531 The Chinese Zither in Poetry and Painting (3). This course explores zither as a cultural locus of traditional China and contemplates the relations between musical and poetic expressions, abstract musical and visual representation, and word and image.

551 Chinese Poetry in Translation (3). Selected topics in Chinese poetry concentrating on one period or one genre.

552 Chinese Prose in Translation (3). Selected topics in Chinese fiction, historical writing, and prose belles lettres, concentrating on one period or one genre.

562 Post-Mao Chinese Urban Culture and Arts (3). This course examines contemporary art, architecture, film, fiction, and city planning documents to consider the impact of three decades of market-based, postrevolutionary, urban transformation on a traditionally rural-based, agricultural civilization.

563 Post-Mao Chinese Literature in Translation (3). A study of Chinese literature since 1977, its historical context in the New Era of reform, and influences from modern Western literature.

HEBR (Israel)

142 Jerusalem in Israeli Literature, Cinema, and Art (3). A focus on stories, poems, essays, paintings, and films in which Jerusalem and its people figure prominently. Course will address the multifaceted and often schizophrenic description of the city.

436 Language, Exile, and Homeland in Zionist Thought and Practice (3). Employing Zionist and post- and anti-Zionist documents, treatises, and mostly literary and cinematic texts, this class will focus on the relations between language, Jewish-Israeli identity, and the notion of homeland.

HNUR (India/Pakistan)

592 Religious Conflict and Literature in India (RELI 592) (3). Historical causes of violence between Hindus and Muslims in modern India. Short stories, poetry, and novels in translation are used to explore how conflicts over religious sites, religious conversion, image worship, and language contributed to a sense of conflicting religious identity.

JAPN (Japan)

150 Introduction to Japanese Culture (3). Introduces students to major periods, themes, and issues in Japanese culture and history, from prehistoric times to the present.

160 Introduction to Japanese Literature in Translation (3). The major genres, aesthetic concepts, and classic and modern works of Japanese literature in English translation.

161 Geisha in History, Fiction, and Fantasy (3). Explores the artistic traditions of Japanese performers known as geisha. Sources include woodblock prints, novels, photographs, academic studies, and popular Japanese and American films.

162 Japanese Popular Culture (3). This course will examine how and why Tokyo emerged as a dominant locale in global mass culture. Students will be introduced to major figures and genres in Japanese pop culture.

165 Gods, Ghosts, and Heroes: Myths and Legends in Japanese History and Culture (3). Introduces students to the gods, ghosts, and heroes of premodern Japanese literature and culture. We will focus on early myths and works of literature, medieval plays and folktales, and early modern novels and woodblock prints.

231 Premodern Japanese History and Culture (HIST 271) (3). This survey examines Japanese history from early times to the Tokugawa settlement of 1603. We will consider the archaeology of prehistoric Japan; the first great capitals at Nara and Heian; the rise of the samurai; and the tenuous medieval balance of power between the court, warrior government, and Buddhist institutions.

246 Early Modern Japanese History and Culture (3). This course focuses on Japan's early modern period (1600–1868) and explores the historicism of the artist Hon'ami Koetsu; the status system and village life; the writings of Matsuo Basho; dramatic culture and the life of the city; and the interplay between sex, gender, and commerce.

261 Japanese Theater (3). Explores the major forms of classical Japanese theater (Noh, Kabuki, Bunraku), modern innovations in dramatic art, and contemporary reinventions of the classical theater in Japanese animated film.

277 Empire of Sex: Eroticism, Mass Culture, and Geopolitics in Japan, 1945-Present (3). Tokyo, Japan, became the center of global pornographic culture after the United States occupation ended in 1952. This course will use film, animation, and historical texts to try to understand how and why this happened. Moreover, we will identify how this phenomenon impacted the lives of Japanese men and women.

333 Six Diseases That Changed Japan (3). Students in this course will analyze the impact disease has on Japanese culture, society, and nation (and the cultures, societies, and nations impacted by Japan) at different historical moments.

363 Samurai, Monks, and Pirates: History and Historiography of Japan's Long 16th Century (3). This course will examine Japan's long 16th century. Introduces students to the history of, and historiographical problems with the representation of, some of the most fascinating characters in Japanese history, including pirates, warlords, tea masters, Jesuit monks, Buddhist priests, and peripatetic artists.

375 The Culture of Modern, Imperial Japan, 1900–1945 (3). This course will examine the various expressions of cultural modernity in Japan with a focus on film, literature, and popular culture from 1900 to the end of the Pacific War.

376 Colonial East Asia/Postcolonial Japan (3). Focusing on literary, philosophical, and media works, this course will first examine Japanese colonialism from 1895 to 1940 and then the postcolonial effects of that colonialism within Japan after 1945.

377 Cultural Studies of Early Modern Japan (3). Introduction to political, aesthetic, and intellectual works of Japan's Tokugawa period (1603–1868). Examines the characteristics of Tokugawa cultural works alongside developments in critical thought in ethics, economics, and social philosophy.

381 Women and Work in Japan (WMST 381) (3). Examines construction of traditional women's roles in Japan and feminist challenges to them by exploring various aspects of "women's work." Interdisciplinary readings consider law, social custom, media representations, and feminist activism.

384 Women Writers in Japanese Society (WMST 384) (3). Examines Japanese literature and culture through fiction and poetry by women. Explores ideas in contemporary feminist criticism in Japan and the West as a means to read Japanese women's writing.

451 Swords, Tea Bowls, and Woodblock Prints: Exploring Japanese Material Culture (3). This course surveys Japanese material culture. Each week we will examine a different genre of visual or material culture in terms of its production, circulation through time and space, and modern deployment in narratives of national identity. This course includes regular engagement with the Ackland Art Museum at UNC.

482 Embodying Japan: The Cultures of Beauty, Sports, and Medicine in Japan (3). Explores Japanese culture and society through investigating changing concepts of the human body. Sources include anthropological and history materials, science fiction, and film.

563 Structure of Japanese (LING 563) (3). See LING 563 for description.

KOR (Korea)

150 History, Memory, and Reality in Contemporary Korea (3). This course will provide an introduction to Korean studies and examine contemporary issues in Korean society and culture through social and cultural movements, multiple genres of texts, and artistic manifestations.

151 Education and Social Changes in Contemporary Korea (3). This course will provide an introduction to Korean studies and examine contemporary issues in Korean society through policies and systems in education, social and cultural trends and phenomena, and globalism.

327 Korean Diasporas (3). This course will explore multiple contexts of the Korean diaspora such as historical, political, social, and educational contexts. Examines uniqueness and commonalities among various Korean diasporic communities around the world.

VIET (Vietnam)

252 Introduction to Vietnamese Culture through Music and Narrative (3). This course shows how Vietnamese music and historical legends define, reinforce, and transmit core values, concepts, figures of speech, and modes of behavior in Vietnamese culture.

Asian Studies Language Courses

ARAB (Arabic)

101 Elementary Arabic I (4). Introduction to Modern Standard Arabic, including the Arabic script, basic grammar, and vocabulary, and developing skills in reading, writing, listening, and speaking.

102 Elementary Arabic II (4). Prerequisite, ARAB 101. Introduction to Modern Standard Arabic, including the Arabic script, basic grammar, and vocabulary, and developing skills in reading, writing, listening, and speaking.

123 Conversational Arabic Abroad (3). Conversational course introducing one of the major dialects of Arabic. Only offered within the context of a University faculty-led study abroad program in the Arab world.

203 Intermediate Arabic I (4). Prerequisite, ARAB 102. A proficiency-based course centered on reading, writing, speaking, and listening to Modern Standard Arabic with an emphasis on understanding the application of grammatical structures and vocabulary development.

204 Intermediate Arabic II (4). Prerequisite, ARAB 203. A proficiency based course centered on reading, writing, speaking, and listening to Modern Standard Arabic with an emphasis on understanding the application of grammatical structures and vocabulary development.

300 Arabic Grammar and Composition (3). Prerequisite, ARAB 204. Intensive grammar review and composition to improve accuracy and develop writing skills in Modern Standard Arabic.

305 Advanced Arabic I (3). Prerequisite, ARAB 204. Intensive reading of a variety of texts; films, oral presentations, and writing; extensive vocabulary development.

306 Advanced Arabic II (3). Prerequisite, ARAB 305. Intensive reading of a variety of texts; films, oral presentations, and writing; extensive vocabulary development.

308 Arabic Languages across the Curriculum Recitation (1). Prerequisite, ARAB 204. Arabic recitation offered in conjunction with selected content courses. Weekly discussion and readings in Arabic relating to attached content courses.

407 Readings in Arabic I (3). Prerequisite, ARAB 306. Classical and/or modern readings in Arabic, according to the students' interest.

408 Readings in Arabic II (3). Prerequisite, ARAB 306. Classical and/or modern readings in Arabic, according to the students' interest.

496 Independent Readings in Arabic (1–3). Permission of the department. For the student who wishes to create and pursue an independent project in Arabic under the supervision of a selected instructor. Maximum three credit hours per semester.

681 Readings in Islamicate Literatures (ASIA 681, RELI 681) (3). See RELI 681 (only when offered in Arabic) for description.

CHIN (Chinese)

101 Elementary Chinese I (4). Introduction to Mandarin Chinese, focusing on pronunciation, simple conversation, and basic grammar. Reading and writing Chinese characters are also taught. Four hours per week.

102 Elementary Chinese II (4). Prerequisite, CHIN 101. Continued training in listening, speaking, reading, and writing on everyday topics. Four hours per week.

111 Elementary Written Chinese (3). Designed for students who already understand and speak some Chinese; entry to this course is by placement only. The training in the course centers on reading and writing. This course is taught in Chinese. CHIN 111 is equivalent to CHIN 101 and 102. CHIN 111 does not count toward the Chinese minor. Three hours per week.

123 Chinese Character Writing (3). Entry to this course is by placement only. This course focuses on writing and memorizing Chinese characters. It is intended for students who have basic speaking and listening skills but do not know how to write characters.

203 Intermediate Chinese I (4). Prerequisite, CHIN 102. Second-year level of modern standard Chinese. Four hours per week.

204 Intermediate Chinese II (4). Prerequisite, CHIN 203. Second-year level of modern standard Chinese. Four hours per week.

212 Intermediate Written Chinese (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 111. Designed for students who already understand and speak some Chinese. The training in the course centers on reading and writing. This course is taught in Chinese. CHIN 212 is equivalent to CHIN 203 and 204. Three hours per week.

305 Advanced Chinese I (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 204. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. This course emphasizes the development of conversational skills and vocabulary building with readings on everyday topics. Three hours per week.

306 Advanced Chinese II (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 305. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. This course provides training in advanced conversation and composition with readings that cover a range of topics on Chinese society, economics, history, politics, etc. Three hours per week.

313 Advanced Written Chinese (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 212. This is the third course in modern written Chinese for heritage students. The material covered is comparable to the material dealt with in the third year of the regular Chinese language sequence. Three hours per week.

407 Readings in Modern Chinese I (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 306. Readings selected from high quality authentic texts of modern Chinese, including newspaper articles and published writings of literary, cultural, and social interest relating to modern Chinese society. This course is taught in Chinese, with further training in speech and writing.

408 Readings in Modern Chinese II (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 407. Readings selected from high quality authentic texts of modern Chinese, including newspaper articles and published writings of literary, cultural, and social interest relating to modern Chinese society. This course is taught in Chinese, with further training in speech and writing.

414 Advanced Reading and Composition (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 313. Fourth course for heritage students, comparable to fourth year of the regular sequence. Focuses on reading and writing skills in modern Chinese, using authentic reading materials. Three hours per week.

440 Advanced Chinese Grammar (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 407 or 414. An overview of major grammatical features of Mandarin Chinese and how they differ from English. The textbook is written in relatively simple Chinese; class discussion is also in Chinese. Coursework includes grammatical exercises, class presentations, and writing assignments.

441 Chinese-English Translation and Interpreting (3). Prerequisite or corequisite, CHIN 407 or 414. Instruction and practice in Chinese-to-English translation (written) and interpreting (oral), designed for second-language learners of Chinese. Students work with materials covering many fields.

442 Modern Chinese Society (3). Prerequisite or corequisite, CHIN 408. This is a theme-based and proficiency-oriented advanced Chinese conversation course designed for nonheritage students. The purpose of the course is to train students in the skills of composing formal speech.

443 Business Communication in Chinese (3). Pre- or corequisite, CHIN 407 or 414. The goal of this course is to improve students' overall language proficiency using Chinese for business purposes. They will develop enhanced skills of reading business journalism and case studies and writing business letters or email messages.

490 Topics in Chinese Literature and Language (3). Pre- or corequisite, CHIN 407 or 414. Readings in Chinese literature and language on varying topics. May be taken more than once for credit as topics change.

496 Independent Readings in Chinese (1–3). Permission of the department. For the student who wishes to create and pursue an independent project in Chinese under the supervision of a selected instructor. Maximum three credit hours per semester.

510 Introduction to Classical Chinese (3). Pre- or corequisite, CHIN 408 or 414. Advanced study of Chinese classics.

511 Literary Chinese (3). Prerequisite or corequisite, CHIN 408 or 414. Introduction to the classical Chinese language through reading short essays and poems. Instruction focuses on the similarities and differences between classical and modern Chinese in sentence structure and vocabulary.

525 Ancient Philosophers and Their Modern Reincarnation (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 408 or 414. Recommended preparation, CHIN 510 or 511. This course examines the reinterpretation and appropriation of ancient Chinese philosophy in contemporary China, on such themes as Confucian ethics and Daoist metaphysics and aesthetics.

532 Modernizing the Chinese Language (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 510 or 511. An overview of the development of Chinese language during the 20th century. Topics include the unique features of Chinese, the role of Chinese language in education, Chinese language change and modern history, regional dialects, spoken versus written language, and language planning.

590 Advanced Topics in Chinese Literature and Language (3). Prerequisite, CHIN 408 or 414. This is an advanced topics course in Chinese literature and language, culture and society. The instruction is entirely in Chinese with the use of authentic materials. Three hours per week.

HEBR (Hebrew)

101 Elementary Modern Hebrew I (JWST 101) (4). Introduces the essential elements of modern Hebrew structure and vocabulary and aspects of modern Israeli culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

102 Elementary Modern Hebrew II (JWST 102) (4). Prerequisite, HEBR 101. Continued instruction in the essential elements of modern Hebrew structure and vocabulary and aspects of modern Israeli culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

203 Intermediate Modern Hebrew I (JWST 203) (4). Prerequisite, HEBR 102. Second-year level instruction in the essential elements of modern Hebrew structure and vocabulary and aspects of modern Israeli culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed. An introduction to representative literary works is included.

204 Intermediate Modern Hebrew II (JWST 204) (4). Prerequisite, HEBR 203. Continued instruction in the essential elements of modern Hebrew structure and vocabulary and aspects of modern Israeli culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed. An introduction to representative literary works is included.

305 Advanced Modern Hebrew I (JWST 305) (3). Prerequisite, HEBR 204. Third year of instruction in modern Hebrew with an emphasis on Israeli culture, literature, and media.

306 Advanced Modern Hebrew II (JWST 306) (3). Prerequisite, HEBR 305. Third year of instruction in modern Hebrew with an emphasis on Israeli culture, literature, and media.

HNUR (Hindi-Urdu)

101 Elementary Hindi-Urdu I (4). Introduction to modern spoken and written Hindi-Urdu. Speaking and listening practice, basic sentence pattern exercises, grammar fundamentals, the writing system, and creative applications exploring South Asian culture are included.

102 Elementary Hindi-Urdu II (4). Prerequisite, HNUR 101. Continued instruction in modern spoken and written Hindi-Urdu. Sessions include speaking and listening drills, skits, role-play, and discussion of video and audio materials.

203 Intermediate Hindi-Urdu I (4). Prerequisite, HNUR 102. Second year of instruction in modern spoken and written Hindi-Urdu, including situational speaking and listening practice, complex sentence pattern exercises and idioms, vocabulary building, intermediate grammar topics, and reading exercises.

204 Intermediate Hindi-Urdu II (4). Prerequisite, HNUR 203. Continued second year of instruction in modern spoken and written Hindi-Urdu. Students practice writing short essays and letters and continue to develop mature oral competency in Hindi-Urdu.

220 Introduction to the Hindi Script (Devanagari) (1). In this course, students will master the Hindi alphabet, the Sanskrit-based Devanagari writing system. This course complements the regular Hindi-Urdu language sequence. Prior knowledge of spoken Hindi or Urdu is required; entry to this class is by placement only.

221 Introduction to the Urdu Script (Nastaliq) (1). This course introduces the Urdu alphabet (Nastaliq). Prior knowledge of spoken Urdu or Hindi is required; entry to this class is by placement only.

305 Advanced Hindi-Urdu I (3). Prerequisite, HNUR 204. Third year of instruction in spoken and written Hindi-Urdu with an emphasis on the reading and discussion of short stories, prose articles, and interviews.

306 Advanced Hindi-Urdu II (3). Prerequisite, HNUR 305. Third year of instruction in spoken and written Hindi-Urdu with an emphasis on the reading and analysis of poetry.

407 Readings in Hindi-Urdu Poetry (3). Prerequisite, HNUR 306. Introduces the development of Hindi and Urdu poetry from the 15th century to the present, including the epic, devotional, dramatic, and romantic genres.

408 Readings in Hindi-Urdu Prose (3). Prerequisite, HNUR 306. Introduces the range of Hindi-Urdu prose genres: the short story, the romance, the novel, and the autobiography.

410 Seminar on the Urdu-Hindi Ghazal (3). Prerequisite, HNUR 306. Ghazal is the most important genre of Urdu-Hindi poetry from the 18th century to the present. This course, taught in Hindi-Urdu, concerns the analysis and interpretation of ghazals.

490 Topics in Hindi-Urdu Literature and Language (3). Directed readings in Hindi-Urdu literature and language on topics not covered by scheduled classes. Possible areas of study include Indian film and literature, Hindi-English translations, the Indian diaspora, Hindi journalism, and readings in comparative religions.

496 Independent Readings in Hindi-Urdu (1–3). Permission of the department. For the student who wishes to create and pursue an independent project in Hindi-Urdu under the supervision of a selected instructor. Maximum three credit hours per semester.

JAPN (Japanese)

101 Elementary Japanese I (4). Introduction to modern Japanese with text and supplementary materials. Hiragana, katakana, and basic kanji are introduced. Weekly class hours devoted to basic sentence pattern exercises, speaking and writing practice, and creative application. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

102 Elementary Japanese II (4). Prerequisite, JAPN 101. Continued beginning course of modern Japanese with text and supplementary materials. Approximately 150 additional kanji are introduced. Focus on basic sentence pattern exercises, speaking and writing practice, and creative application. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

203 Intermediate Japanese I (4). Prerequisite, JAPN 102. Emphasis on situational expressions, mastery of basic structures, and approximately 150 new kanji. Conversation practice, reading and writing of passages, and creative application expected. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

204 Intermediate Japanese II (4). Prerequisite, JAPN 203. Continued emphasis on situational expressions, mastery of basic structures, and approximately 150 to 200 new kanji. Conversation practice, reading and writing of passages, and creative application expected. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

305 Advanced Japanese (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 204. Advanced written and spoken Japanese introduced to students who have learned more than 500 kanji. Emphasis is placed on advanced expressions, conversation for a variety of situations, reading and writing longer texts, and approximately 150 additional kanji. Class conducted in Japanese. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

306 Topics in Japanese Society and Culture (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 305. A study of geography, history, social structures, customs, and traditions of Japan through written and spoken materials. Advanced expressions, vocabulary, and approximately 150 additional kanji are learned. Class conducted in Japanese. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

408 Japanese Journalism (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Uses newspaper and magazine articles and television broadcasts to introduce journalistic writing and speech as well as contemporary social and cultural issues. Class conducted in Japanese. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

409 Japanese Modernism (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. This course instructs students in how to read prewar forms of modern Japanese and introduces them to the writers and ideas of the Modern influential between the years 1907 and 1930. Class conducted in Japanese. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

410 Topics in Contemporary Japanese Literature (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. This course introduces students to the popular writing, both fiction and nonfiction, designed for mass-market consumption in contemporary Japan. Class conducted in Japanese. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

411 Food and Culture in Japan (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Advanced Japanese course designed to develop Japanese skills and deepen appreciation of Japanese cooking. Students will develop the ability to discuss and write about topic-oriented issues in Japanese.

412 Making Music in Japan (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Students will learn a history of postwar Japanese music as an integral part of Japanese society and culture, and try to understand what messages each song attempts to communicate.

413 Fashioning Japan: Gender, Nation, and Dress (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. This course explores the language of fashion in modern Japan through advertising, film, fiction, and magazines. How do fashion trends shape notions of gender, race, class, national identity, and global citizenship?

414 Manga as a Japanese Art and Culture (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. This course explores contemporary Japanese language and culture through the pop cultural media of manga and anime. Topics include manga history, production, and various genres of Japanese comic books, manga.

415 Sports in Japanese Culture (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Introduces students to the unique Japanese cultural perspective on sports, while introducing new kanji and grammar structures and improving reading, speaking, and writing abilities.

416 Understanding Japanese Business Culture and Its Practice (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Students will learn about business culture in Japan, including customs and rules, in order to broaden their understanding of Japanese culture and people, while improving their language skills.

420 Reading Japanese History (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Introduces advanced students of Japanese to Japanese historical writing. We will read essays on Japanese history, discuss them in class in Japanese and English, translate excerpts into English, and write about them in Japanese.

490 Topics in Japanese Language and Literature (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Possible areas of study include popular culture, business Japanese, and Japanese-English translation. Course may be repeated for credit as topic changes. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

496 Independent Readings in Japanese (1–3). Permission of the department. For the student who wishes to create and pursue an independent project in Japanese under the supervision of a selected instructor. Maximum three credit hours per semester.

590 Advanced Topics in Japanese Language and Literature (3). Prerequisite, JAPN 306. Topic varies by instructor. Possible topics include Japanese literature, popular culture, and media. Course may be repeated for credit as topic changes. Participation in relevant extracurricular activities encouraged.

KOR (Korean)

101 Elementary Korean I (4). Introduction to the basics of modern Korean, including the pronunciation of spoken Korean, the writing system of Hangul, communication and reading skills in controlled contexts, and fundamentals of grammar.

102 Elementary Korean II (4). Prerequisite, KOR 101. Develops speaking and listening skills for everyday communication, reading skills for simple narratives and descriptive texts, and understanding for core grammatical patterns.

203 Intermediate Korean I (4). Prerequisite, KOR 102. Continues developing reading and writing skills for narrative and descriptive texts and increasing communicative competence in applied social contexts.

204 Intermediate Korean II (4). Prerequisite, KOR 204. Develops and applies comprehensive grammatical knowledge and vocabularies in complex listening, speaking, reading, and writing contexts. Emphasis on Korean cultural and historical understanding.

305 Advanced Korean I (3). Prerequisite, KOR 204. Advanced study of written and spoken Korean language and Korean culture. Three hours per week.

306 Advanced Korean II (3). Prerequisite, KOR 305. Advanced study of written and spoken Korean language and Korean culture. Three hours per week.

496 Independent Readings in Korean (1–3). Permission of the department. For the student who wishes to create and pursue an independent project in Korean under the supervision of a selected instructor. Maximum three credit hours per semester.

PRSN (Persian)

101 Elementary Persian I (3). Introduction to the spoken and written Persian (Farsi) language.

102 Elementary Persian II (3). Prerequisite, PRSN 101. Introduction to the spoken and written Persian (Farsi) language.

203 Intermediate Persian I (3). Prerequisite, PRSN 102. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Second-year instruction in the spoken and written Persian (Farsi) language.

204 Intermediate Persian II (3). Prerequisite, PRSN 203. Second-year instruction in the spoken and written Persian (Farsi) language.

TURK (Turkish)

101 Elementary Turkish I (3). Introduces the essential elements of Turkish structure and vocabulary and aspects of Turkish culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

102 Elementary Turkish II (3). Prerequisite, TURK 101. Continued instruction in the essential elements of Turkish structure and vocabulary and aspects of Turkish culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed.

203 Intermediate Turkish I (3). Prerequisite, TURK 102. Second-year level instruction in the essential elements of Turkish structure and vocabulary and aspects of Turkish culture. Aural comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing are stressed. Introduces representative literary works.

204 Intermediate Turkish II (3). Prerequisite, TURK 203. A proficiency-based course centered on reading, writing, speaking, and listening to Turkish with an emphasis on understanding the application of grammatical structures and vocabulary development through the study of literature.