Department of Classics
JAMES B. RIVES, Chair
Robert Babcock, Donald C. Haggis, James J. O'Hara, William H. Race, James B. Rives, G. Kenneth Sams.
Emily Baragwanath, Sharon James.
Jennifer E. Gates-Foster, Owen Goslin, Luca Grillo.
Edwin L. Brown, Carolyn L. Connor, George W. Houston, George Kennedy, Jerzy Linderski, Sara Mack, Kenneth J. Reckford, Peter M. Smith, Philip A. Stadter, William C. West, Cecil W. Wooten.
Classics is the study of the ancient Greek and Roman world; the Greek and Latin languages and literature; and the history, art, and culture that have been fundamental in shaping modern society. A genuine understanding of the past can be gained only through a wide-ranging approach, encompassing words, thoughts, events, and objects. For this reason, the field of classical studies is interdisciplinary in nature.
Programs of Study
The degree offered is the bachelor of arts with a major in classics. Students may choose to concentrate in any one of five areas of study: classical archaeology, classical civilization, Greek, Latin, and combined Greek and Latin. Minors are offered in Greek, Latin, and classical humanities.
Majoring in Classics: Bachelor of Arts
B.A. Major in Classics: Classical Archaeology
CLAR 244, and 245 or 247
CLAR 411 or ANTH 220
Four additional courses in classical archaeology, including two numbered between 400 and 699 (CLAS 691H and 692H can be used to satisfy this requirement, but CLAR 120 cannot)
HIST 225 or 226
GREK or LATN up to 204 or 205
This concentration focuses on the material remains of prehistoric and classical antiquity, while also providing a background in civilization, history, and at least one classical language. The program of study is designed to give students a basic knowledge of the art and architecture of the Greeks and Romans and to introduce them to the use of archaeology in the reconstruction of the past, including Egypt and the ancient Near East. Majors in classical archaeology may not elect a minor in the classical language that they use to satisfy their major requirements, although they may elect a minor in the other classical language. Students interested in majoring in classical archaeology should consult the department as early as possible.
B.A. Major in Classics: Classical Civilization
CLAS 121 and 122
One of the three following courses: CLAR 244, 245, 247
One GREK or LATN course numbered 204 or higher, except LATN 212
Four additional courses chosen from the following list: any CLAR or CLAS course at the 200 level or above; any GREK or LATN course numbered 221 or higher; courses in ancient history at the 200 level or above (HIST 225, 226, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 427, 428); courses in ancient philosophy at the 200 level or above (PHIL 210, 411, 412)
GREK or LATN 101, 102, and 203
This concentration is designed to provide students with a broad, basic knowledge of the classical world and with skills in analysis, written and oral communication, and logical argument that will be applicable in any profession. The civilization program is not designed to lead to graduate work in classics, although students do sometimes go on in the field, and it is often taken as part of a double major. Majors in classical civilization may not elect a minor in the classical language that they use to satisfy their major requirements, although they may elect a minor in the other classical language. Students considering a major in classical civilization should consult the department as soon as possible.
B.A. Major in Classics: Greek
GREK 204 or 205
Five additional courses in Greek above GREK 205 (includes CLAS 691H and 692H for honors students)
HIST 225 or a course numbered 400 or above in Greek history
GREK 101, 102, and 203
The goal of the concentration in Greek is the development of a basic command of the language and a solid knowledge of the literature, history, and culture of the Greeks. Students interested in an undergraduate major in Greek or in a combined major in Greek and Latin should consult the department by the second semester of the sophomore year. For Greek as satisfying the language requirement for the B.A. degree, see the section "General Education Requirements" in this bulletin.
B.A. Major in Classics: Latin
HIST 226 or a course numbered 400 or above in Roman history
LATN 204 or 205
Six additional courses in Latin above LATN 205 (includes CLAS 691H and 692H for honors students)
LATN 101, 102, and 203
The goal of the concentration in Latin is the development of a basic command of the language and a solid knowledge of the literature, history, and culture of the Romans. Students interested in an undergraduate major in Latin or a combined major in Latin and Greek should consult the department by the second semester of the sophomore year. For Latin as satisfying the language requirement for the B.A. degree, see the section "General Education Requirements" in this bulletin.
B.A. Major in Classics: Combined Greek and Latin
Greek emphasis: five Greek courses above GREK 205; three Latin courses above LATN 205; CLAS 391; and HIST 225 or 226
Latin emphasis: five Latin courses above LATN 205; three Greek courses above GREK 205; CLAS 391; and HIST 225 or 226
CLAS 691H and 692H can substitute for any two courses above 205 in either the Greek emphasis or the Latin emphasis.
GREK 101, 102, 203, and 204 or 205
LATN 101, 102, 203, and 204 or 205
This is not a double major, but a concentration designed to develop facility in both ancient languages and in the literatures of both Greece and Rome. This program is recommended for students who have a strong interest in continuing classical languages at the graduate level. In this major students emphasize one language yet acquire facility in the other.
Minoring in Classical Humanities
The undergraduate minor in classical humanities consists of five courses:
CLAR 244 Greek Archaeology, 245 Archaeology of Italy, or 247 Roman Archaeology
CLAS 121 The Greeks or 122 The Romans
CLAS 131 Classical Mythology
Two additional courses: any CLAR or CLAS course numbered above 132 or any GREK or LATN course not being used to fulfill the foreign language General Education requirement
Minoring in Greek
The undergraduate minor in Greek consists of four courses in Greek, including GREK 204 or 205 and three courses numbered 221 or higher. The minor in Greek may not be used as an option for majors in classical archaeology or classical civilization who have chosen that language to fulfill degree requirements in that major.
Minoring in Latin
The undergraduate minor in Latin consists of four courses in Latin numbered 221 or higher. The minor in Latin may not be used as an option for majors in classical archaeology or classical civilization who have chosen that language to fulfill degree requirements in that major.
Honors in Classics
Classics majors wishing to take part in the departmental honors program during their senior year must have a grade point average of at least 3.3 at the beginning of their senior year and maintain an average no lower than this through their final semester in order to be eligible for honors consideration.
The program consists of two courses, CLAS 691H and 692H, taken sequentially in the fall and spring semesters. CLAS 691H involves a directed reading in Greek, Latin, or archaeology in a general area of the student's interest and is conducted under the supervision of a faculty member chosen by the student to serve as the honors advisor. Requirements of the course include the preparation of a thesis prospectus with accompanying bibliography and a preliminary oral examination by the student's thesis committee. A grade for CLAS 691H is assigned on the basis of the total semester's work. CLAS 692H entails the writing of the thesis under the direction of the honors advisor and a final oral defense before the candidate's committee. This body, in turn, reports its judgment to the department. If a degree with honors is to be awarded, a recommendation for either honors or, for particular merit, highest honors is made.
All majors and minors have a primary academic advisor in Steele Building. Students are strongly encouraged to meet regularly with their advisor and review their Tar Heel Tracker each semester. The department's director of undergraduate studies and undergraduate advisor work with current and prospective majors by appointments (see "Contact Information" below). Departmental academic advising is particularly important for those majors who are considering going on to graduate school. Further information on courses, undergraduate research opportunities, the honors program, careers, and graduate schools may be obtained from the department's Web site.
Special Opportunities in Classics
The Department of Classics supports a number of activities, including informal reading groups; the UNC Classics Club, the principal student-run organization; and annual oral performances and competitions in recitation and translation of Greek and Latin texts.
Students in the Department of Classics participate in archaeological field work as research assistants, as part of independent or directed study toward the completion of a senior honors thesis, or as Fulbright scholars.
Students are encouraged to apply to study in Rome at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies or at the American Academy, or in Athens at the College Year in Athens or at the American School Summer Program. Certain University scholarships may be used to help fund study abroad (see also the Nims Scholarship, below).
Field Schools: The department encourages archaeology and classics majors and minors to take part in a field school. In previous years, classics students have joined excavations, as volunteers or trench supervisors, at Aqaba on the Red Sea in Jordan, at Caesarea in Israel, in the Athenian Agora, and at Pompeii.
The Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome (studyabroad.duke.edu/home/Programs/Semester/ICCS_Rome): The department is a founding member of the ICCS and regularly sends students there for a semester. The ICCS offers a program of study in Latin, Greek, archaeology, art history, ancient history, and Italian for juniors and first-semester seniors. Students attend for one semester.
College Year in Athens (www.cyathens.org): The department regularly sends undergraduate students to summer, semester, and yearlong programs at the CYA in Athens, Greece. CYA offers a variety of courses in Greek and Latin, classics, archaeology, Aegean prehistory, Greek and Mediterranean history, Greek anthropology, architecture, religion, ancient art, and modern Greek language and literature. The year and semester programs consist of numerous trips to sites around mainland Greece, Crete, and the Aegean, as well as a number of regular courses actually taught on site or in Greek museums.
The American School in Athens (www.ascsa.edu.gr) offers two summer sessions that run more or less concurrently. Advanced undergraduates are eligible to apply for the school's regular, yearlong program for the year following their graduation.
Several prizes are available to undergraduate majors, including the Herington Prize (recitation of Greek and Latin poetry and prose), the Nims Scholarship (need-based aid through the Office of Scholarships and Student Aid), the Albert Suskin Prize in Latin, the Eben Alexander Prize in Greek, the Herington Scholarship, the Epps Prize in Greek Studies, and the Manson A. Stewart Scholarship (awarded by the Classical Association of the Midwest and South).
Classics majors may choose to write an honors thesis during their senior year, enrolling in CLAS 691H and 692H. The thesis subject is usually derived from areas explored in advanced coursework, allowing a more detailed and in-depth examination of the topic. For a list of past senior theses, see classics.unc.edu/academics/undergraduate/research.
DukeUNC Consortium for Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology (CCMA)
The DukeUNC Consortium for Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology represents collaboration between the institutions in order to enhance archaeology curricula and concentrations in the respective departments and programs in archaeology. The Consortium fosters an interdisciplinary dialogue on methods, theory, and practice in classical archaeology and material culture, providing students access to coursework, seminars, excavations, and other research opportunities, academic advising, and developing avenues for curricular and extracurricular interaction.
Master of Arts in Teaching in Latin
Students who wish to be certified to teach in public high schools should major in Latin and then apply for admission to the M.A.T. program in the School of Education. They also should discuss their plans with an advisor in the School of Education no later than their junior year.
Graduate School and Career Opportunities
The undergraduate curriculum prepares majors for specialized graduate study in classical studies: classical philology, comparative literature, archaeology (prehistoric, classical, and Byzantine), medieval studies, philosophy, art history, ancient history, or linguistics. While graduating students continue to pursue professional and graduate programs in the humanities and social sciences, they also utilize their skills in a diversity of professions such as field archaeology, art, conservation, and cultural resource management, among others. Graduating majors (and double majors and minors) have pursued degree programs and careers in a variety of other fields such as law, medicine, physics, museology, high school teaching, anthropology, archaeological conservation, contract archaeology, Latin American studies, Egyptology, theology, and poetry.
Questions and requests regarding degree tracks and programs should be directed to Donald Haggis, Director of Undergraduate Studies, CB# 3145, 226 Murphey Hall, firstname.lastname@example.org. Web site: classics.unc.edu.
CLAR (Classical Archaeology)
50 First-Year Seminar: Art in the Ancient City (3). The course offers a comparative perspective on the archaeology of ancient Egypt and Bronze Age Greece (30001100 BCE) exploring the public art produced by these two early Mediterranean societies: the Aegean Bronze Age palace centers of Crete and Mainland Greece and the territorial state of ancient Egypt.
51 First-Year Seminar: Who Owns the Past? (3). Archaeology is all about the past, but it is embedded in the politics and realities of the present day. This course introduce students to the ethical, moral, and political dimensions of archaeological sites and artifacts, especially in situations where the meaning and stewardship of ancient artifacts is under dispute.
110 The Archaeology of Palestine in the New Testament Period (JWST 110, RELI 110) (3). See RELI 110 for description.
120 Ancient Cities (3). An introduction to Mediterranean archaeology through the examination of archaeological sites from the Neolithic period (ca. 9000 BCE) to the Roman Empire (fourth century CE). The sites, geographic and cultural areas, and chronological periods of study vary depending on instructor. Does not satisfy classical archaeology major requirements.
241 Archaeology of Ancient Near East (3). A survey of the cultures of the ancient Near East, Mesopotamia, Anatolia (modern Turkey) and the Levant, from the first settled villages of the ninth millennium to the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 BCE.
242 Archaeology of Egypt (3). A survey of the archaeological remains of ancient Egypt, from the earliest settlements of the Neolithic period until the end of the New Kingdom.
243 Minoans and Mycenaeans: The Archaeology of Bronze Age Greece (3). A survey of the material culture of Greece, the Cyclades, and Crete from the Paleolithic period (ca. 50,000 years ago) until the end of the Bronze Age (ca. 1200 BCE). Primary focus will be the urbanized palatial centers that emerged in mainland Greece (Mycenaean) and the island of Crete (Minoan).
244 Greek Archaeology (3). The historical development of the art and architecture of Greece from the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period.
245 Archaeology of Italy (3). The historical development of the Italian peninsula as seen in its physical remains, with emphasis upon Etruscan and Roman sites.
246 History of Early Christian and Byzantine Art (3). An introduction to the history of Christian art in Italy and the eastern Mediterranean from the time of Constantine (ca. 300) to the end of the Byzantine Empire (fall of Constantinople in 1453). Major monuments and art forms will be studied with an emphasis on their historical and cultural context.
247 Roman Archaeology (3). This course explores the archaeology of the Roman world between the eighth century BCE and the fifth century CE, focusing on issues of urbanization, trade and consumption, colonization, and the Roman army.
262 Art of Classical Greece (ARTH 262) (3). See ARTH 262 for description.
263 Roman Art (ARTH 263) (3). The arts of Rome, particularly architecture, sculpture, and painting, preceded by a survey of Etruscan and Hellenic art and their influence on Rome.
268 Hellenistic Art and Archaeology (35031 BCE) (3). Survey of the archaeology of the Hellenistic Mediterranean from the time of Alexander the Great until the Roman conquest (35031 BCE), with emphasis on art and architecture of cities and sanctuaries.
375 The Archaeology of Cult: The Material Culture of Greek Religion (RELI 375) (3). See RELI 375 for description.
411 Archaeological Field Methods (3). Systematic introduction to archaeological field methods, especially survey and excavation techniques.
440 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission of the department.
460 Greek Painting (ARTH 460) (3). See ARTH 460 for description.
461 Archaic Greek Sculpture (ARTH 461) (3). See ARTH 461 for description.
462 Classical Greek Sculpture (ARTH 462) (3). Permission of the instructor. A focused study of Greek sculpture during the classical period.
463 Hellenistic Greek Sculpture (ARTH 463) (3). See ARTH 463 for description.
464 Greek Architecture (ARTH 464) (3). Prerequisite, CLAR 244. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. A survey of Greek architectural development from the Dark Ages through the fourth century BCE. Special topics include the beginnings of monumental architecture, the development of the orders, and interpretations of individual architects in terms of style and proportions.
465 Architecture of Etruria and Rome (ARTH 465) (3). Prerequisite, CLAR 245. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. The development of architecture in the Roman world from the ninth century BCE through the fourth century CE. The course focuses on the development of urbanism and the function, significance, and evolution of the main building types and their geographic distribution.
470 History and Archaeology of Bathing (3). Cross-cultural survey of the sociocultural and archaeological history of bathing from antiquity (500 BCE) to today, including bathing customs, baths, bathing images, and toilets of different cultures around the world.
474 Roman Sculpture (ARTH 474) (3). Survey of Roman sculpture (200 BCE300 CE), including portraiture, state reliefs, funerary monuments, and idealizing sculpture, with emphasis on style, iconography, and historical development of sculpture in its sociocultural, political, and religious contexts.
475 Rome and the Western Provinces (3). Survey of the material remains of the western provinces of the Roman Empire, with attention to their historical context and significance.
476 Roman Painting (ARTH 476). Surveys Roman painting from 200 BCE to 300 CE, with emphasis on style, iconography, historical development of painting in its sociocultural, political, and religious contexts. Treats current debates in scholarship.
488 The Archaeology of the Near East in the Iron Age (3). Prerequisite, CLAR 241. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. A survey of the principal sites, monuments, and art of the Iron Age Near East, ca. 1200 to 500 BCE.
489 The Archaeology of Anatolia in the Bronze and Iron Ages (3). Prerequisite, CLAR 241. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. A survey of Anatolian archaeology from the third millennium through the sixth century BCE.
491 The Archaeology of Early Greece (1200500 BCE) (3). This course surveys the development of Greek material culture from 1200 to 500 BCE, exploring the origins of Greek art, architecture, cities, and sanctuaries in the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean.
512 Ancient Synagogues (JWST 512, RELI 512) (3). See RELI 512 for description.
561 Mosaics: The Art of Mosaic in Greece, Rome, and Byzantium (3). Required preparation, any course in classics, art history, or religious studies. Traces the development of mosaic technique from Greek antiquity through the Byzantine Middle Ages as revealed by archaeological investigations and closely analyzes how this dynamic medium conveyed meaning.
650 Field School in Classical Archaeology (6). This course is an introduction to archaeological field methods and excavation techniques, through participation in archaeological excavation.
683 Etruscan Art (ARTH 683) (3). Survey of the art, architecture, and archaeology of the Italian peninsula before the Roman Republic, focusing primarily on Villanovan and Etruscan material culture and its relationship to contemporary cultural influences and crosscurrents in the Mediterranean in the first millennium BCE.
CLAS (Classics in English/Classical Civilization)
52 First-Year Seminar: Happiness: For and Against (3). An investigation of the major differences between Aristotelian and Kantian ethics.
55 First-Year Seminar: Three Greek and Roman Epics (3). This first-year seminar will involve a close reading of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Vergil's Aeneid, and as a transition from Homer to Vergil, students will also read the tragedies of Sophocles from fifth-century Athens.
56 First-Year Seminar: Women and Men in Euripides (3). What can be learned from Greek tragedy about human nature? This first-year seminar will serve, first of all, as an introduction to Euripidean drama in its cultural and historical setting in fifth-century Athens.
58 First-Year Seminar: What's So Funny? Women and Comedy from Athens to Hollywood (3). This first-year seminar will consider what Greeks and Romans found funny, as well as how that humor translated (or not) into modern America. Students will write and present publicly a short comic play that represents the themes they identify and study in this seminar.
60 First-Year Seminar: Love, War, Death, and Family Life in Classical Myth (3). This first-year seminar studies parent-child relations, gender dynamics, and conflict in mythic families. Students will study these mythic families, looking especially at parent-child relations, gender dynamics, and conflict; the seminar will ask what aspects of ancient culture are revealed by these legends and stories.
61 First-Year Seminar: Writing the Past (3). Translated works of three Greek historiansHerodotus, Thucydides, and Polybiuswill provide a lens through which to explore the capacity for literature and other modes of representation to convey history.
62 First-Year Seminar: Barbarians in Greek and Roman Culture (3). A study of Greek and Roman depictions of non-Greeks and non-Romans in both literary and visual sources, with consideration of their origin, development, and social roles.
64 First-Year Seminar: Cinema and the Ancient World (3).
In this first-year seminar, students will investigate what films set in classical Roman antiquity say about contemporary culture, and will also attempt to understand their impact on the shaping of our sense of history.
65 First-Year Seminar: The City of Rome (3). This first-year seminar is an introduction to the history and art of Rome from antiquity through the present. Students will survey the entire period, but will look in particular at four specific periods in the city's life from the early second century CE until the present day.
71 First-Year Seminar: The Architecture of Empire (3). The goal of the first-year seminar will be to examine the architecture of ancient empires, beginning with that of Egypt and ending with the Roman Empire. Analysis will be particularly concerned with the use of architecture as an instrument of empire.
73 First-Year Seminar: Life in Ancient Pompeii (3). A study of this well-preserved ancient site provides an understanding of life in an Italian town during the early Roman empire. Students will study town planning, architecture, the arts, social organization, politics, entertainment, artisanry, commerce, and family life in this first-year seminar.
89 First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Special topics course; contents will vary each semester.
111 Grammar (1). This course provides a systematic review of English grammar and style for students of Latin and Greek.
121 The Greeks (3). Introduction to the history, literature, religion, philosophy, science, art, and architecture of Greece from Homer to Alexander the Great. Emphasis on primary sources.
122 The Romans (3). A survey of Roman civilization from the beginning to the late empire, dealing with history, literature, archaeology, philosophy and religion, technology, the economy, and social and political institutions.
123 Summer Study Abroad in Greece (3). Introduction to the history and culture of ancient Greece, from the Bronze Age to the end of the Roman period, through field study of historical and archaeological sites in Greece.
125 Word Formation and Etymology (3). Systematic study of the formation of words from Greek or Latin to build vocabulary and recognition. For medical terminology see CLAS 126.
126 Medical Word Formation and Etymology (3). Systematic study of the formation of medical terms from Greek and Latin roots, to build vocabulary and recognition. For general etymology see CLAS 125.
131 Classical Mythology (3). An introduction to the mythology of the ancient Greek and Roman world. Readings may include selections from Homer, Hesiod, Greek tragedy, and Vergil.
133H Epic and Tragedy (3). First-year honors students only. Study of classical epic and tragedy. Special emphasis on Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, and on the rethinking of Homeric epic in the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides.
231 The Theater in the Greek and Roman World (3). The physical setting and techniques of classical theater: tragedy, comedy, and other public spectacles in Greece and Rome.
240 Women in Greek Art and Literature (WMST 240) (3). Course examines law, religion, medicine, social practices, and ideologies in the lives of women in ancient Greece, from Homer to Hellenistic Egypt, using literature, art, and epigraphy.
241 Women in Ancient Rome (WMST 241) (3). Course examines the life of women in ancient Rome, from the first beginnings of the organized community in Rome through the early Empire, a period of about 900 years. Also explores aspects of the lives of women in provinces governed by Rome.
242 Sex and Gender in Antiquity (WMST 242) (3). Exploration of gender constructs, what it meant to be a woman or a man, in antiquity, as revealed in literary, historical, and archaeological sources. Readings from Homer, Euripides, Plato, Ovid, Virgil, Juvenal, Petronius, and other ancient authors.
253 The Age of Pericles (3). An introduction to classical civilization through study of its most important period in Greece. Attention to history, philosophy, and art. Lecture and discussion.
254 Alexander and the Age of Hellenism (3). An introduction to classical civilization through study of the period in which it spreads beyond mainland Greece to influence and partially merge with the cultures of the Near East, Egypt, and Rome. Attention to history, literature, philosophy, and art. Lectures and discussion.
257 The Age of Augustus (3). An introduction to classical civilization through study of the literature, history, and art of one of the most crucial periods in Roman history. Lectures and discussion.
258 The Age of the Early Roman Empire (3). An introduction to the civilization of the Roman Empire through study of the literature, history, and archaeology of its most colorful period.
259 Pagans and Christians in the Age of Constantine (3). Introduction to the literature and culture of the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine. Special attention to the fundamental cultural and social changes resulting from the Christianization of the Empire.
263 Athletics in the Greek and Roman World (3). Study of athletics as a unifying force in ancient society, emphasizing the Olympic games and other religious festivals. Consideration of athletic professionalism, propaganda, and social trends using literary and archaeological sources.
265 Technology and Culture in the Roman Empire (3). A survey of the state of technology in Rome during the first three centuries CE. Consideration of the interrelationships of technology and government, art, economics, and the quality of life.
361 Homer and the Heroic Age of Greece (3). The Iliad, the Odyssey, Hesiod, heroic and oral poetry. The archaeology of Homeric Greece, the study and influence of the Homeric poems in modern times.
362 Greek Tragedy (3). An introduction to the three great tragedians of ancient Greece and to their historical and cultural context. Discussion is based on close readings of the English translations of selected plays by Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles.
363 Latin and Greek Lyric Poetry in Translation (3). Introduction to the lyric and elegiac poetry of antiquity in English translation, including Hesiod, Sappho, Catullus, Ovid, and Horace.
364 The Classical Background of English Poetry (CMPL 364) (3). Study of classical writers' influence on selected genres of English poetry.
391 Junior Seminar (3). Junior standing required. All departmental majors will jointly explore the history, archaeology, art, and literature of one or more geographical regions of the Mediterranean. Several oral and written reports; seminar format.
396 Independent Study in Classical Studies (3). Students may suggest to the chair of the department topics for individual or group study. Advance arrangements required.
409 Historical Literature Greek and Roman (3). The study in English translation of selections from Herodotus, Thucydides, Livy, Tacitus, and others, with consideration of their literary qualities and their readability as historians.
415 Roman Law (3). Introduction to Roman law, public and private. On the basis of Roman texts in translation (or the original if desired), consideration of the principles of Roman constitutional law and the legal logic and social importance of Roman civil law.
540 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission of the department.
541 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission of the department.
547 Approaches to Women in Antiquity (3). Permission of the instructor. Graduate students and senior classics majors. Intensive interdisciplinary introduction to women in antiquity, using literary, historical, and visual materials.
691H Honors Course (3). Honors course for departmental majors in classical archaeology, classical civilization, Greek, and Latin.
692H Honors Course (3). Honors course for departmental majors in classical archaeology, classical civilization, Greek, and Latin.
101 Elementary Classical Greek I (4). Comprehensive coverage of basic grammar and syntax in two semesters, preparing students for reading Plato or Xenophon in GREK 203 (and with the instructor's permission, New Testament Greek in GREK 205).
102 Elementary Classical Greek II (4). Comprehensive coverage of basic grammar and syntax in two semesters, preparing students for reading Plato or Xenophon in GREK 203 (and with the instructor's permission, New Testament Greek in GREK 205).
121 Elementary Modern Greek I (4). Essential elements of the structure and vocabulary of modern Greek and aspects of Greek culture. Aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing are stressed in that order. Continues proficiency-based instruction, with emphasis on development and refinement of speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills including a review and continuation of grammar.
122 Elementary Modern Greek II (4). Continuation of GREK 121.
203 Intermediate Greek I (3). Prerequisites, GREK 101 and 102. Review of fundamentals; reading in selected classical texts, such as Xenophon, Plato, Euripides, or others.
204 Intermediate Greek II (3). Continuation of GREK 203.
205 Greek New Testament (3). Prerequisite, GREK 203.
221 Advanced Greek I (3). Substantial readings from Homer's Iliad or Odyssey, the remainder of the selected poems to be read in translation.
222 Advanced Greek II (3). Readings from one or more Greek tragedies.
351 Classical Greek Prose (3). Prerequisite, GREK 221. Readings in Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, or other authors. With permission of the department, this course may be repeated for credit.
352 Greek Poetry (3). Prerequisite, GREK 222. Readings in Sappho, Aeschylus, and other authors. With permission of the department, this course may be repeated for credit.
396 Special Readings in Greek Literature (3). Prerequisite, GREK 222.
409 Greek New Testament (RELI 409) (3). See RELI 409 for description.
506 Greek Dialects (LING 506) (3). Permission of the instructor. Survey of the major dialects of Classical Greek and study of their derivation from Common Greek. Texts include both literary and epigraphical sources from the eighth century BCE to the Hellenistic period.
507 Greek Composition (3). Prerequisite, GREK 221.
508 Readings in Early Greek Poetry (3). Prerequisite, GREK 221 or 222.
509 Readings in Greek Literature of the Fifth Century (3). Prerequisite, GREK 221 or 222.
510 Readings in Greek Literature of the Fourth Century (3). Prerequisite, GREK 221 or 222.
540 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission of the department.
541 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission of the department.
101 Elementary Latin I (4). The basic elements of Latin grammar, practice in reading and writing Latin, introduction to Roman civilization through a study of the language of the Romans.
102 Elementary Latin II (4). The basic elements of Latin grammar, practice in reading and writing Latin, introduction to Roman civilization through a study of the language of the Romans.
111 Accelerated Beginning Latin (4). Permission of the instructor. Taught in conjunction with LATN 601 in the fall and independently in the spring. Introduction to Latin grammar (the material covered in LATN 101 and 102). Students meet for a fourth session dedicated to Latin prose composition.
203 Intermediate Latin I (3). Review of fundamentals. Reading in selected texts such as Catullus, Ovid, Cicero, or others.
204 Intermediate Latin II (3). Review of fundamentals. Reading in selected texts such as Catullus, Ovid, Cicero, or others.
205 Medieval Latin (3). Prerequisite, LATN 203.
212 Accelerated Intermediate Latin (4). Prerequisite, LATN 102 or 111. Permission of the instructor. Taught in conjunction with LATN 602 in the spring. Review of Latin grammar, vocabulary building, and development of reading and translation skills. Students meet for a fourth session devoted to grammar, style, and poetics.
221 Vergil (3). Prerequisite, LATN 204. Systematic review of Latin grammar. Reading in Virgil's Aeneid, normally two books in Latin, and the remainder in translation. First-year and sophomore elective.
222 Cicero: The Man and His Times (3). Prerequisite, LATN 204. Careful reading of selected works of Cicero, exercises in Latin composition.
223 Ovid (3). Prerequisite, LATN 204. Systematic review of Latin grammar. Reading in Ovid's Metamorphoses, normally two books in Latin, and the remainder in translation. First-year and sophomore elective.
331 Roman Historians (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Readings in Caesar, Sallust, and/or Livy.
332 Roman Comedy (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Readings in Plautus and Terence, or both.
333 Lyric Poetry (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Readings in Catullus and Horace.
334 Augustan Poetry (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Readings in Ovid, Tibullus, Propertius, or other poets.
335 Roman Elegy (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. This course studies Ovid, Propertius, and Tibullus, focusing on themes such as love, male-female relations, politics, war, Roman culture, and poetry itself.
351 Lucretius (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Readings in Lucretius and related works.
352 Petronius and the Age of Nero (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221.
353 Satire (Horace and Juvenal) (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221.
354 Tacitus and Pliny's Letters (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221.
396 Special Readings in Latin Literature (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
510 Introductory Latin Composition (3). Prerequisite, LATN 222. Review of Latin grammar and idiom, exercises in composition, introduction to stylistics.
511 Readings in Latin Literature of the Republic (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221 or 222.
512 Readings in Latin Literature of the Augustan Age (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221 or 222.
513 Readings in Latin Literature of the Empire (3).
Prerequisite, LATN 221 or 222.
514 Readings in Latin Literature of Later Antiquity (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221 or 222.
530 An Introduction to Medieval Latin (3). Prerequisite, LATN 221 or 222. Survey of medieval Latin literature from its beginnings through the high Middle Ages.
540 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission
of the department.
541 Problems in the History of Classical Ideas (3). Permission
of the department.