Department of Political Science



Frank Baumgartner, Thomas Carsey, Pamela Conover, Virginia Gray, Jonathan Hartlyn, Liesbet Hooghe, Evelyne Huber, Michael Lienesch, Stuart Elaine Macdonald, Michael MacKuen, Gary Marks, Kevin McGuire, Timothy McKeown, Layna Mosley, Lars Schoultz, Donald Searing, Jeffrey Spinner-Halev, John Stephens, James Stimson.

Associate Professors

Navin Bapat, Susan Bickford, Mark Crescenzi, Stephen Gent, Michele Hoyman, Stephen Leonard, Rahsaan Maxwell, Thomas Oatley, Andrew Reynolds, Jason Roberts, Graeme Robertson, Terry Sullivan, Isaac Unah, Milada Vachudova.

Assistant Professors

Anna Bassi, Andrea Benjamin, Xi Chen, Christopher Clark, Skyler Cranmer, Justin Gross, Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo, Sarah Treul.

Adjunct Professors

John Aldrich, Michele Berger, Erica Edwards, Daniel Gitterman, Kevin Hewison, Kerry Haynie, Michael Munger, Jonathan Oberlander, Niklaus Steiner, Sue Tolleson-Rinehart.

Senior Lecturers

Robert Jenkins, Donna LeFebvre.


Hollie Mann.

Visiting Professor

Holger Moroff.

Professors Emeriti

Thad Beyle, Raymond Dawson, Lewis Lipsitz, Robert Rupen, Jurg Steiner, James White.


Political science is concerned with the description and explanation of political ideas, institutions, processes, policies, and behavior, both in the United States and in other countries. The undergraduate program provides students with a basic knowledge of the political and economic relationships that exist among nations, international agencies, and governmental and nongovernmental organizations. It also introduces students to the role that traditions of thought and political ideologies have played in shaping our understanding of politics in the past and today.

The undergraduate major is designed to provide 1) a broad understanding of political ideas, institutions, and issues as a central element of a general education; 2) a basic knowledge of the governmental process as preparation for those considering a career in public service as well as for active and informed citizenship; 3) preprofessional training for students planning to enter law school; and 4) a foundation in political science for those contemplating specialization at the graduate level.

Program of Study

The degree offered is the bachelor of arts with a major in political science. The Department of Political Science also participates in the Joint Degree Program with the National University of Singapore.

Majoring in Political Science:
Bachelor of Arts

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

Students must earn a grade of C or better in six of the eight political science courses used to satisfy the core requirements of the major. This grade requirement does not apply to ECON 101. First-year seminars do not count toward the political science major. Whenever possible, students should take an introductory course in a subfield (American politics, comparative politics, international relations, political theory) before taking more advanced courses.

Honors in Political Science

The honors program provides political science majors the opportunity to pursue an independent research project over a two-semester period. Students begin the program by taking POLI 691H Honors Seminar in Research Design in the spring semester of their junior year. During this course they complete a thesis proposal.

If the proposal is acceptable, students continue their thesis research in the senior year under the supervision of the honors director and a faculty advisor in POLI 692H and POLI 693H. A maximum of two honors thesis courses can count as elective credit in the major. Upon successful completion of the program, which includes an oral defense of the thesis, students are awarded a degree with honors or with highest honors in political science.

To be admitted to the honors program, students must have at least a 3.3 overall grade point average and 3.5 in political science. They should have completed four courses in the major. Students interested in participating in the honors program should apply by October 15 of their junior year.


All majors have a primary academic advisor in Steele Building. Students are strongly encouraged to meet regularly with their advisor and review their Tar Heel Tracker each semester. The department's director of undergraduate studies and undergraduate advisor are located in Hamilton Hall and work with current and prospective majors by appointment (see "Contact Information" below). Departmental academic advising is particularly important for those majors who are considering going on to graduate school. Further information on courses, undergraduate research opportunities, the honors program, careers, and graduate schools may be obtained from the department's Web site.

Special Opportunities in Political Science

Experiential Education

Internship courses provide students with the opportunity to earn academic credit while obtaining practical work experience in agencies and organizations clearly related to the study of political science. In recent years, interns have served in these and other agencies: Domestic Legal Services, Family Violence Protection Center, Chapel Hill Police Department, Women's Center, Orange County Rape Crisis Center, Chapel Hill City Manager's Office. They have also completed internships in state and national legislative offices, as well as in political parties and policy organizations. Some students have participated as interns in international agencies, including the European Union. Students are limited to one internship, and all internships are limited to three hours of academic credit. Although some routine administrative tasks are required in any professional setting, the expectation is that the majority of the intern's work will be directed toward the substantive mission of the agency and that tasks will be of a nature to justify awarding academic credit. All internships require prior approval, and all must consist of at least eight hours per week and at least 100 hours per semester. Students must sign an internship contract with their agency and faculty supervisors, setting out expectations and course requirements. In addition to keeping a daily internship journal, they are required to write a research or project paper of high academic quality. Grades are determined by the faculty supervisor. For specific information on these procedures, please consult the department's Web site. Questions regarding internships should be directed to Professor Navin Bapat.

Note: POLI 193 satisfies the experiential education General Education requirement; this course is offered on a Pass/Fail basis only and does not count toward the eight courses required for the major.

Study Abroad

Because we live in an increasingly globalized society, students are encouraged to study abroad as they are able. UNC Study Abroad sponsors over 300 programs in over 70 countries, providing an array of opportunities to engage in language, culture, and service on a global scale. Students interested in the fields of comparative politics and international relations are strongly urged to participate in a study abroad program; indeed, all students may find the experience to be transformational and helpful in choosing a career path.

Students are advised to work with the Study Abroad Office and to contact the undergraduate advisor when planning their study abroad experience. The Study Abroad Office grants credits towards General Education requirements and electives. To gain credit in the political science major, students must present the following documentation for each course (translated into English if applicable): the course syllabus, all papers (10 pages or more), and other relevant work completed in the course. Upon their return, students must contact the undergraduate advisor or director of undergraduate studies so that the course can be evaluated. Please note that the granting of credits towards the major is entirely at the discretion of the department.

Joint Degree Program with the National University of Singapore

Political science majors may wish to consider applying for the Joint Degree Program, an innovative joint undergraduate degree program joining the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the National University of Singapore. UNC–Chapel Hill undergraduates spend anywhere from two to four semesters at the National University of Singapore and receive a joint bachelor of arts degree from both institutions. For further information, contact the Study Abroad Office.

Training for Public Service

The undergraduate major in political science provides a sound foundation for professional master's programs in public administration such as that offered at this university and many other universities. For students planning to enter public service, regardless of undergraduate major, the following courses are recommended consistent with other college requirements: ECON 101; ENGL 300; POLI 100, 150; PSYC 101, and courses in statistics or quantitative research methods, such as POLI 209 or 281.

Undergraduate Awards

Each year the Department of Political Science holds a graduation ceremony to honor students' accomplishments. We recognize students who have successfully defended their honors thesis and students who have been accepted into the political science honorary organization, Pi Sigma Alpha. We also recognize students who have been selected to receive the William Scott Bryant Award, the Shepard Jones Undergraduate Award in International Relations, the L. Richardson Preyer Award for Excellence in Political Science, and the Terry Sanford Award for Excellence.

Pi Sigma Alpha is the national political science honorary society. Membership is restricted to those political science majors who have completed 15 hours of political science with an overall grade average of 3.2 or better and a political science grade average of 3.5 or better.

The William Scott Bryant Award is given to an outstanding undergraduate major to enable him or her to attend internship programs in Washington, DC.

The Shepard Jones Undergraduate Award in International Relations is given to an undergraduate student at UNC–Chapel Hill for the best essay in international relations (any field and broadly defined).

The L. Richardson Preyer Award for Excellence in Political Science is given to a senior judged by a committee of the faculty to have the most distinguished record of scholarship in political science and service to the community.

The Terry Sanford Award for Excellence is given to the undergraduate student judged to have written the best political science honors thesis.

The D'Amico Endowment Fund for Honors Students funds academic research and activities for honors students in the Department of Political Science.

Undergraduate Research

Courses in political science often include a research component, and students may engage in directed research under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The honors program provides political science majors the opportunity to pursue an independent research project over a two-semester period, culminating in a senior thesis. Students may apply for funding and support for research projects to the Office of Undergraduate Research. The office also sponsors a research fair at which students present their findings in panels and poster sessions open to the public.

Graduate School and Career Opportunities

Students with a major in political science may choose to continue their studies in a number of professional areas, including law, business administration, public administration, public policy analysis, international relations, and area studies. Students seeking to become professional political scientists should pursue graduate study in a Ph.D. program in political science.

The following is a brief listing of careers for which a major in political science is valuable preparation: positions with government agencies such as the Foreign Service, with international public organizations such as agencies in the United Nations, or with internationally oriented nongovernmental organizations engaged in development projects, humanitarian relief, or human rights activities; secondary- and university-level teaching of government and politics; law-related professions; educational administration at all levels; federal and state government employment, with its varied administrative, management, and executive opportunities; governmental research in universities, libraries, and public affairs agencies; municipal management and general administration; and corporate positions in environmental protection, statistical analysis, and public affairs.

Contact Information

Questions and requests regarding the undergraduate program should be directed to Susan Heske, Undergraduate Studies Coordinator, in 356 Hamilton Hall; Hollie Mann, Undergraduate Advisor, in 354 Hamilton Hall; Stephen Gent, Director of Undergraduate Studies; or Evelyne Huber, Chair, Department of Political Science, CB# 3265, 361 Hamilton Hall, (919) 962-3041. Web site:


50 First-Year Seminar: Movies and Politics (3). Movies often reflect important social and political issues. In this course students will see a set of movies, discuss them, and put them into social and political context.

51 First-Year Seminar: Plessy v. Ferguson: The Play (3). This course will introduce students to the law, civil rights, Southern history, politics, moral questions, and culture surrounding the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, a case that has had an impact on every part of our life in America.

53 First-Year Seminar: The Politics of Shakespeare (3). Literature often provides insight into political life. Issues such as power, justice, equality, and rights have long been illuminated by authors seeking to capture a wide variety of political relationships.

54 First-Year Seminar: The American Worker: Sociology, Politics, and History of Labor in the United (3). This course will survey a wide range of topics on the American Laborer and the American Worker unions

55 First-Year Seminar: Democracy and the Civic Ideal (3). This course examines the emergence of the increasingly diverse and divided ethnic and racial compositions.

56 First-Year Seminar: American Political Autobiography (3). How we think about ourselves as Americans, and how our identities influence our ideas about politics.

58 First-Year Seminar: Global Production and Workers' Rights: North Carolina, Latin America, and East Asia (3). This course explores the politics of economic globalization, with a focus on the relationships among trade, multinational corporations, and workers' rights.

60 First-Year Seminar: International Politics and International Terrorism (3). This course will address the nature of terror and its use by private individuals and by governments.

61 First-Year Seminar: The United States and Cuba: Making Sense of United States Foreign Policy (3). This interdisciplinary seminar is designed for students who wish to learn about Latin America in the disciplines of history and political science.

62 First-Year Seminar: How Leaders Lead Others (3). This course prepares the student for an understanding of influence and the practice of political leadership and persuasion.

63 First-Year Seminar: Social Movements and Political Protest and Violence (3). Unconventional collective political behavior: mass movements, riots, demonstrations, revolts, and revolution.

65 First-Year Seminar: Pressure and Power: Organized Interest in American Politics (3). An examination of the paradox of interest groups: a sign of democracy in new nations, yet ruining United States democracy? We address a variety of questions about organized interests.

66 First-Year Seminar: The United States and the European Union: Partners or Rivals? (3). The alliance between America and the European Union is one of the most important political relationships today.

67 First-Year Seminar: Designing Democracy (3). Introducing the study of using political institutions as levers of conflict management in ethnically plural, postconflict national states.

70 First-Year Seminar: The Politics of the European Union (3). This course examines the ongoing development of the European Union.

71 First-Year Seminar: Politics of Race, Ethnicity, Language, Religion, and Gender (3). This course explores the concepts of race, ethnicity, language, religion, and gender in a comparative context in order to gain a better understanding of their application in the United States.

72 First-Year Seminar: Entrepreneurship in Community and Economic Development (3). This is a survey course of entrepreneurial strategies as they are used in community and economic development. It involves an individual research or service project by each student.

73 First-Year Seminar: Politics and Animal Life (3). Humans and animals have always lived together. Increasingly, philosophers question the exclusion of animals from political life. We explore their centrality to political thought and consider important aspects of human-animal relationships today. Finally, we reexamine the claim that animal life is incongruent with political life.

74 First-Year Seminar: Utopias and Dystopias (3). Focuses on the political imagination of a variety of thinkers and on the political ideas and ideals of utopias and dystopias. Through novels, prose descriptions of a utopia, and films we will investigate what utopias and dystopias tell us about our society and how the genre changed over time.

89 First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Course content will vary each semester.

100 Introduction to Government in the United States (3). An introductory course designed to explain the basic processes and issues of the American political system.

101 State and Local Government in the United States (3). An introductory course on the government, politics, and policies at the state and local levels of the United States federal system.

130 Introduction to Comparative Politics (3). This course highlights the comparative method by seeking to understand differences among diverse states on several continents.

131 Political Change and Modernization (3). An overview of politics and government in the Third World, emphasizing characteristics, problems, and solutions (successful and otherwise) common to nations making the attempt to modernize.

150 International Relations and World Politics (PWAD 150) (3). The analysis of politics among nations.

190 Undergraduate Seminar (3). A detailed examination of selected topics in the field of political science.

193 Internship in Political Science (3). An opportunity to obtain credit for an internship in a government or public service organization. Pass/Fail only. Does not count toward the political science major. Requires permission of the department.

196 Independent Study in Political Science (1–3). Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. Readings and research under the supervision of a member of the department. Open to political science majors.

200 The President, Congress, and Public Policy (3). An analysis of the roles and influence of the President, the Congress, and other participants in the making of national policy.

201 Politics of Bureaucracy (3). Problems of the public service; internal dynamics of public organizations; acquisition and allocation of public funds; the roles of bureaucracy in relation to public policy, clients, the citizenry, and society.

202 The United States Supreme Court (3). Examination of the process of policy making on the Supreme Court. Focuses upon the selection of justices, factors affecting the court's decision making, and the impact of its policies.

203 Race, Innocence, and the Decline of the Death Penalty (3). A large majority of Americans supports the death penalty in the abstract, but the number of death sentences and executions has been declining since the mid-1990s. This course explores the decline of the death penalty by looking at race, questions of innocence, and the new politics of capital punishment.

206 Ethics, Morality, Individual Liberty, and the Law (3). This course introduces students to moral and ethical issues that arise when individual rights conflict with the law and the central role race plays in American society's response.

207 The Politics of Organized Interests (3). This course examines how interests organize themselves, enter into and then interact within interest communities, and seek to influence government policy through electoral activity and lobbying legislators, executives, and courts.

208 Political Parties and Elections (3). An analysis of the dynamics of party alignment and realignment and of nomination and election to public office in American national government.

209 Analyzing Public Opinion (3). A study of forces affecting public opinion and its expression in various political activities. Emphasis on gathering and analyzing opinion data. Course may be taught in the computer classroom.

210 Global Issues in the 20th Century (ANTH 210, GEOG 210, GLBL 210, HIST 210) (3). See GLBL 210 for description.

215 Political Psychology: An Introduction (3). Findings of the behavioral sciences are examined as they relate to politics. Includes such issues as human nature, community, political socialization, alienation, mass movements, belief systems, and personality.

216 Constitutional Democracy (3). Examines the theory and practice of constitutional democracy, including the process of constitution writing, constitutional maintenance, and constitutional change, with special emphasis on the United States Constitution.

217 Women and Politics (WMST 217) (3). A comparison of men and women as political actors at the mass and elite level in America. Topics considered include the "gender gap," the women's movement, abortion, and the Equal Rights Amendment.

218 Politics of Sexuality (WMST 218) (3). Examines the role of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals as political actors in the United States, both as individuals and collectively as a social movement.

219 Violence against Women: The Legal Perspective (WMST 219) (3). This course examines violence against women by examining theories, causes, and contributing factors surrounding violence against women.

220 Race, Ethnicity, and Electoral Representation in the United States (3). This course examines the electoral representation of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States. While multiple ethnic groups are studied, there will be an emphasis on the two largest minority groups in the country: Latinos and African Americans.

230 Democracy and Citizenship (3). An introduction to the life of the citizen in modern democracies: conceptions of citizenship, patriotism, political identities, tolerance, conceptions of rights and duties, civic engagement, civility, discussing public affairs, and democratization.

231 Latin America and the United States in World Politics (3). A survey of the events, institutions, and issues that have dominated relations between Latin America and the United States.

232 Politics of the United Kingdom (3). An introduction to
contemporary UK politics emphasizing the political battle between socialist and conservative ideologies.

235 Politics of the Soviet Union and Its Successor States (3). Factors and forces that explain the rise and demise of the Soviet political system and consideration of emerging new political configurations in the area.

236 Politics of East-Central Europe (3). Examines contemporary politics in east-central Europe by looking at the communist period, the 1989 revolutions, and the political, economic, and social transformations underway in the area.

237 The Politics of China (3). An introduction to the politics of People's Republic of China with a focus on the Reform Era. Provides a working knowledge for understanding political events in contemporary China in three parts: historical background, evolution of political institutions, and changing relations between ordinary people and the Chinese state.

238 Contemporary Latin American Politics (3). An introduction to contemporary political conditions in Latin America, including consideration of leading theoretical explanations. Country emphasis varies with instructor.

239 Introduction to European Government (EURO 239) (3). A treatment of the political institutions and processes of western European democracies, with special attention to France, Germany, England, and Italy.

252 International Organizations and Global Issues (PWAD 252) (3). Examines international organizations and their relationships with and impact upon international politics, international law, and selected global issues.

253 Problems in World Order (PWAD 253) (3). An examination of selected topics in international relations, such as security and defense, international integration, and north-south relations.

254 International Environmental Politics (ENEC 254) (3). Covers the politics of environmental issues, with a focus on issues that have become internationalized. It focuses on the special problems that arise in creating rules for environmental management and regulation when no single government has authority to enforce those rules.

255 International Migration and Citizenship Today (3). This class explores the moral, economic, political, and cultural dimensions of international migration. It is discussion-based and tackles such thorny questions as, Do we have an obligation to let poor people into our rich country? What constitutes persecution? How do foreigners affect national identity? How should citizenship be allocated?

257 Society and Culture in Postwar Germany (GERM 257, HIST 257, SOCI 257) (3). See GERM 257 for description.

259 Evolution of the International System (3). An examination of changes in the nature of the international system from about 1870 to the present, emphasizing changing patterns of alliance politics and crisis behavior.

260 Crisis and Change in Russia and East Europe (PWAD 260, RUES 260, SOCI 260) (3). Draws on historical, political, economic, and sociological perspectives to analyze social, cultural, and institutional change.

265 Feminism and Political Theory (WMST 265) (3). Introduction to feminist theory and its implications for the study and practice of political theory. Topics: women in feminist critiques of the Western political tradition, schools of feminist political theory.

270 Classical Political Thought (3). Survey designed to introduce students to major political thinkers and ideas of the ancient world and of the medieval period.

271 Modern Political Thought (3). Survey course designed to introduce students to major political thinkers and schools of thought dating roughly from the 16th century to the present.

272 The Ethics of Peace, War, and Defense (PHIL 272, PWAD 272) (3). See PHIL 272 for description.

274 African American Political Thought (3). A consideration of the political thought of African Americans, particularly within the context of the broader spectrum of American political thought, and both as reaction and contribution to that thought.

276 Major Issues in Political Theory (3). An examination of major issues in political thought, including equality; obedience; violence and nonviolence; justice; forms of social, economic, and political life; liberty; and human nature and politics.

280 American Political Thought (3). A survey course in American political ideas from the 17th century to the present, with emphasis on the role of politics, society, and economy in American thought.

281 Quantitative Research in Political Science (3). An introduction to 1) conceptual foundations of scientific study of politics, 2) research design, 3) descriptive statistics, and 4) inferential statistics. To accomplish these goals, the course employs class lectures, readings, and problem set assignments.

285 Research Methods and Experiments (3). This course is designed to provide students with a thorough understanding of the various quantitative research methods available to researchers in social science. No prerequisite is required. The course will focus on experimental methods in political science, including laboratory experiments, field experiments, and survey experiments.

287 Strategy and International Relations (PWAD 287) (3). Introduction to the study of strategic decision making in international relations, with an emphasis on the application of basic game theoretic models. Incorporates in-class simulations of international relations scenarios.

288 Strategy and Politics (3). Offers an introduction to positive political theory, the application of rational choice analysis (or economic models) to the study of political phenomena. Topics include social choice theory, legislative voting, problems of cooperation and collective action, and public choice theory. Encourages students to think about politics from a critical vantage point.

381 Great Decisions (2). Major issues of contemporary international relations, in conjunction with the Great Decisions lecture series. May be repeated for credit once unless credit has already been received for GLBL 381. May not be taken in the same semester as GLBL 381.

384 Introduction to Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (ECON 384, PHIL 384) (3). See PHIL 384 for description.

400 Executive Politics (3). This course explores how presidents select policy options, how they decide timing, what shapes their congressional support, and how they build successful coalitions.

401 Political Economy I: The Domestic System (3). Problems of the national government in managing capitalist development and economic growth; political constraints; patterns of conflict among domestic actors.

404 Race, Immigration, and Urban Politics (3). Prerequisite, POLI 100. This course provides a survey of the literature on race, immigration, and urban politics in the contemporary United States. The goal is to understand the complex relationship between racial/ethnic identity and local political processes. Students explore topics such as police brutality, immigration, the education system, and coalition politics.

406 State Governments: Laboratories of Democracy (3). Prerequisite, POLI 100 or 101. Advanced topics in state government and politics, including political behavior and processes, governmental institutions, public policies. Emphasis on how states serve as the laboratories of democracy in a federal system.

409 Mock Constitutional Convention (3). Students employ their understanding of political philosophy and practical politics to write a new constitution for the United States. Emphasis is on creative blending of theory and practice.

410 The Constitution of the United States (3). A study of the fundamental principles of constitutional interpretation and practice in the United States by means of lectures, textbooks, and cases. Emphasis will be on the political context surrounding and the impact following Supreme Court decisions.

411 Civil Liberties under the Constitution (3). An analysis of the complex political problems created by the expansion of protection for individual liberties in the United States. Emphasis will be on contemporary problems with some supplemental historical background.

412 United States National Elections (3). Course studies United States presidential and congressional elections. Emphasis on individual vote, changing party strengths, and the relation of outcomes to policy.

414 The Adversary System (3). An overview of the theories, problems, and practices of police, courts, and corrections, and the values underlying our adversary system, especially with relation to constitutional principles, judicial integrity, and racial discrimination.

415 Criminal Law (3). This course is concerned with traditional substantive criminal law: crime, defenses and excuses to criminal liability, issues of morality attached to criminal law, constitutional limitations on punishments.

416 Constitutional Policies and the Judicial Process (PWAD 416) (3). Analysis of the structure and functions of judicial systems emphasizing the organization, administration, and politics of judicial bureaucracies and roles of judges, juries, counsel, litigants, and interested groups in adjudication processes.

417 Advanced Political Psychology (3). Examines in greater depth issues in the field of political psychology, including conflict and conflict resolution, socialization, attitude formation, mass movements, leader-follower relationships, and psychobiography.

418 Mass Media and American Politics (3). Junior-senior standing required. Examination of the role, behavior, and influence of the mass media in American politics.

419 Race and Politics in the Contemporary United States (3). Restricted to juniors and seniors. Surveys the vast literature on race and politics in the contemporary United States and examines the complex relationship between racial and ethnic identity and political outcomes. It explores broad political science concepts in the context of racial and ethnic groups.

420 Legislative Politics (3). Examines the politics of the United States Congress. Emphasis on representation, the legislative process, and policy making.

421 Framing Public Policies (3). This course will focus on the process by which policies get framed, or defined, in public discussions. Framing is focusing attention on some elements of a complex public problem rather than others. Readings combine psychological background with case histories of United States and comparative public policy changes over time.

422 Minority Representation in the American States (3). This class explores the political representation of blacks, Latina/os, women, and gays and lesbians in the American states. How do these groups achieve descriptive and substantive representation? How does state context shape the political representation of these minorities? Students taking this course should have a strong interest in state politics.

423 Peace Settlements in Ethnically Divided Societies (PWAD 423) (3). Examines political peace settlements as components of conflict resolution in ethnically or regionally divided societies. The course identifies the aspects of negotiated settlements which seek to manage civil conflict.

424 Legislative Procedure in Congress (3). Examines legislative procedure in Congress. Requires active participation in a Model Congress.

431 African Politics and Societies (3). The problems of race, class, and ideology are explored in the countries south of the Zambezi River, along with the political and economic ties that bind these countries.

432 Tolerance in Liberal States (3). This course will compare the theory and practice of tolerance in the United States and Europe, with particular attention to Great Britain and France.

433 Politics of the European Union (3). Examines the politics and political economy of institutional change and policy making in the European Union in comparative perspective.

434 Politics of Mexico (3). This course provides a survey of 20th-century politics in Mexico, including the construction of the single-party regime under the PRI and the political and economic changes in the second half of the century that marked the end of the one-party regime and inaugurated a new era of political competition.

435 Democracy and Development in Latin America (3). The analysis of central issues of democracy and development in Latin America.

436 Democracy and Development in Latin America (Spanish) (3). The analysis of central issues of democracy and development in Latin America.

437 Political Change in Asia (3). This course will address how various nations in Asia are handling the pressures of democratization, the globalization of "democratic norms," and internal challenges to authoritarian regimes.

438 Democracy and International Institutions in an Undivided Europe (3). Explores the collapse of communist rule in 1989 and the reaction of international institutions to the challenges of democratization, economic transition, ethnic conflict, and European integration in an undivided Europe.

441 Israeli Politics and Society (3). This course will explore Israeli society, Israeli politics, and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

442 International Political Economy (EURO 442) (3). Prerequisites, ECON 101 and POLI 150. Theories of international political economy, major trends in international economic relations, selected contemporary policy issues.

443 American Foreign Policy: Formulation and Conduct (PWAD 443) (3). Prerequisite, POLI 150. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. The role of Congress, the press, public opinion, the president, the secretary and the Department of State, the military, and the intelligence community in making American foreign policy. Emphasizes the impact of the bureaucratic process on the content of foreign policy.

444 Seminar on Terrorism (3). This course explores the causes of terrorist behavior. The course also examines the government's response to terrorism, the internal implications of terrorists' campaigns, and prospects for conflict resolution.

446 Defense Policy and National Security (AERO 446, PWAD 446) (3). Prerequisite, POLI 150. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. A study of national defense policy as affected by the constitutional and political setting, as well as its relation to foreign policy. Some attention to strategic doctrine.

449 Human Rights and International Criminal Law (3). This course examines international efforts to punish genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The evolution of international criminal law, jurisdiction, remedies, problems, alternatives, and recent case studies is included.

450 Contemporary Inter-American Relations (3). A comprehensive analysis of hemispheric international relations and foreign policies of individual Latin American nations.

452 Africa and International Conflict (3). The purpose of this course is to examine Africa's conflicts using an historical examination and advances in international relations theory. We will examine European colonial intervention, the wars of independence, the Cold War, and the use of proxies, insurgencies, the African World War, the Sudanese War, and the "war of terrorism."

457 International Conflict Processes (PWAD 457) (3). Analysis of international conflict and the causal mechanisms that drive or prevent conflict. Emphasis is on the conditions and processes of conflict and cooperation between nations.

458 International Conflict Management and Resolution (3). Prerequisite, POLI 150. Examines the management and resolution of international and civil wars.

469 Conflict and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia (PWAD 469) (3). Focuses on ethnic and political conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and efforts by the international community to end conflict and promote peace and reconstruction.

470 Social and Political Philosophy (3). An examination of the logic of social and political thought with an analysis of such concepts as society, state, power, authority, freedom, social and political obligation, law, rights.

471 Recent Contemporary Political Thought (3). Survey of the historical foundations, central tenets, and political consequences of prominent 20th-century political theories. Topics include contemporary liberalism and Marxism, fascism, theories of development, populism, feminism.

472 Problems of Modern Democratic Theory (3). Major problem areas in democratic theory including definitions, presuppositions, and justifications of democracy, liberty, equality, minority rights, public interest, participation, dissent, and civil disobedience.

473 Politics and Literature (3). Identifies and interprets political ideas using historical and contemporary literary sources. Examines literature as political practice.

474 Religion and Politics (3). Examines the relationship between religion and politics, with emphasis on the United States. Topics include church-state issues, religious-political movements, religion and public policy, religion and voting.

475 Marxism and Socialism (3). A consideration of the political thought of major Marxist and socialist schools—including Marxism, Leninism, contemporary democratic and revolutionary socialism—with reference to utopian socialism and recent controversies on the left.

477 Advanced Feminist Political Theory (WMST 477) (3). Examines in greater depth and complexity current issues in feminist political theory. Topics: theories of subjectivity and solidarity, feminist poststructuralist and post-Marxist thinking, gender in the public sphere.

488 Advanced Game Theory (3). Prerequisite, POLI 287 or 288. Increasingly, political and social scientists are using game theory to analyze strategic interactions across different settings. This course aims to give students a deep technical understanding of the most relevant concepts of game theory and how these concepts have been applied to the study of political and economic phenomena.

490 Advanced Undergraduate Seminar (3). A detailed examination of advanced special topics in political science.

630 Political Contestation in Europe (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. Examines recent developments in the European integration process by exploring the potential for political contestation concerning European Union matters in national politics. Familiarizes students with the main theoretical approaches and the extensive empirical work dealing with the effects of European integration.

631 European Security: The Enlarging European Union and the Trans-Atlantic Relationship (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. Since the collapse of communism from 1989 to 1991, the European Union has faced a fundamentally different geopolitical neighborhood and an evolving relationship with the United States. We will explore how Europe has addressed new challenges to its security in its neighborhood and beyond.

632 The European Union as a Global Actor (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. This seminar introduces students to basic theoretical approaches to both international relations and the European Union by focusing on the European Union's external relations and foreign policies.

633 Tolerance and Liberal States (3). Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. This course examines tolerance and citizenship in the European Union and North America, with particular attention to the United States, Britain, France, Spain, Italy, Germany, and The Netherlands.

691H Honors Seminar in Research Design (3). Required of all students in the honors program in political science.

692H Honors Thesis Research (3). Required of all students in the honors program in political science.

693H Honors Thesis Research (3). Required of all students in the honors program in political science.

698 Philosophy, Politics, and Economics II: Capstone Course (ECON 698, PHIL 698) (3). See PHIL 698 for description.