School of Media and Journalism

Carroll Hall, CB# 3365; (919) 962-1204


Christopher S. Roush, Senior Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies

Heidi Hennink-Kaminski, Senior Associate Dean for Graduate Studies


The School of Media and Journalism was founded as the Department of Journalism in 1924 and became the School of Journalism in 1950. The school offers a course of study leading to the bachelor of arts with a major in media and journalism, a bachelor of arts with a major in business journalism, and a minor in media and journalism.

For 90 years the school has built an impressive record of service. Through excellent teaching, research, and public service, and through its students, faculty, alumni, and friends, the school has been a force in journalism–mass communication education and the mass media of North Carolina and beyond. When the school was last accredited in 2015 by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications (ACEJMC), the national team stated that the school "has earned a reputation as one of the premier programs."

Today, more than 10,000 of the school's alumni are active in every aspect of media and journalism. They hold high positions with newspapers, international news agencies, magazines, Internet companies, broadcasting companies, and advertising agencies; in public relations, business journalism, photo and video journalism, and graphic design; and in research, government, education, and industry.

The school has an excellent reputation, and relations with the mass media are first-rate. The primary role of the school has been and continues to be the education of young people for professional careers in mass communication in North Carolina and beyond.

Admission to the School

Students are subject to the requirements in place when they are admitted to the School of Media and Journalism; consequently, the requirements described in this bulletin particularly apply to students admitted to the school during the 2015–2016 academic year.

Students enroll in the General College of the University during their first two years, after which they may transfer to the School of Media and Journalism. (Students may take some JOMC courses in the first two years as noted in the section on preparing for the major.)

Undergraduate admission to UNC–Chapel Hill is handled by the University's Office of Undergraduate Admissions, and requests for information and application forms should be sent to that office. The Office of Undergraduate Admissions also will advise transfer students on the proper first-year and sophomore courses to take in preparation for junior-year transfer to Chapel Hill from other campuses.

Students typically are admitted to the school when they attain sophomore standing with a total of 45 or more completed hours and have completed most of the requirements of the General College on the Chapel Hill campus or have earned grades of C or better in equivalent courses at other recognized institutions. To qualify for admission from the General College or from another UNC–Chapel Hill department or school, students must meet the minimum overall 3.1 grade point average required for admission to the school. Although students can take up to 24 hours of JOMC courses prior to being admitted, the grade point average policy will be strictly followed. Students will not be admitted to the school to finish the courses required for the degree if they do not meet the grade point average requirement.

Because the University limits the number of transfer students from other institutions, transfer applicants compete for admission to the school on the basis of grade point averages and other academic credentials, and on such matters as commitment to a career in media and journalism and letters of recommendation. The Office of Undergraduate Admissions makes the final decision on admitting transfer students, after consultation with the school.

Preparation for the Major

Students may take JOMC 153 Writing and Reporting in the first semester of their sophomore year. JOMC 101 Media Revolution and 102 Exploring the Visual World are open to first-year students and sophomores. Seniors have first priority for courses, then juniors, then sophomores. Many courses require prerequisites and are restricted to majors only.

Students should take the introductory courses in their major area of study as soon as possible because those courses are prerequisites for subsequent ones. Those introductory courses are as follows:

Media and Journalism Major, B.A.

The school prepares men and women for careers in media and journalism by offering an academic program that provides a basic liberal arts education, an understanding of the responsibilities of a free press in a democratic society, and a fundamental knowledge of journalistic and mass communication techniques and substance.

The philosophy that guides the school is that journalists and communicators must understand the political, social, economic, and cultural forces that operate within society. For this reason, students acquire a background in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences while preparing themselves for media and journalism careers. About one-third of the credit hours earned toward the bachelor of arts with a major in media and journalism are in journalism–mass communication (JOMC) courses. The balance of each student's program is expected to provide the broad education necessary for those who plan careers in mass communication.

More than perhaps any other field, journalism requires a strong foundation in word usage, grammar, punctuation, and other writing skills, as well as technical proficiency in the use of computers. Students are expected to have this foundation before they enter the school; consequently, students must score at least 70 percent on the school's usage and grammar examination as a condition for graduation. The examination is administered several times a semester and during the summer.

Students are responsible for meeting all other graduation requirements. If they have questions about their requirements they should consult an advisor in the school's Student Records and Registration Office (Carroll Hall), or an associate dean. Specific information about graduation requirements, advising, registration, and other procedures is also available on the school's Web site.

The school cannot guarantee that courses needed to satisfy a student's degree requirements will be offered during summer school. Students who plan to complete degree requirements in summer school should be aware that low enrollments sometimes force the school to cancel certain courses or sections during either or both summer sessions.

Requirements outside the School

Students must take specified courses to satisfy General Education requirements:

Students are expected to gain a depth of knowledge of a topic outside the school. At a minimum, they must take an outside concentration of at least three courses (minimum of nine credit hours) in another department or school. Courses used to satisfy General Education Approaches or Foundations requirements may not be used as one of the three outside concentration courses. Students may also satisfy the outside requirement by completing a minor or second major in another department or school. Students who wish to complete a second major outside the school and who did not declare the second major before being admitted to the school must download a second-major declaration form from the school's Web site and return it to Student Records and Registration in Carroll Hall for approval. They must then meet with an academic advisor in the College of Arts and Sciences to ensure that they can meet all requirements for the second major.

Requirements in All Sequences

The degree earned is the bachelor of arts with a major in media and journalism, and areas of study are not noted on the diploma. Three areas of concentration are offered: a concentration in advertising/public relations, with specializations in advertising, public relations, and strategic communication; a concentration in journalism, with specializations in editing and graphic design, broadcast and electronic journalism, multimedia, photo and video journalism, or reporting; or a concentration in a specialized program called My Plan. Some courses are required for all majors in the school, and each area of study has specific course requirements.

Students who enter the University in fall 2013 or later must complete a minimum of 39 credits and a maximum of 48 credits in media and journalism with a grade point average of 2.0 or better. A grade of D in a JOMC core course will not be counted in the minimum number of media and journalism credits required for graduation; the course must be retaken if it is required for the major. If the course is not specifically required then another course that meets the requirement the first course was meeting may be taken in its stead. JOMC 393 and JOMC 100 cannot be counted in the minimum of 39 credit hours required, but they will count in the maximum of 48 credit hours allowed in media and journalism for graduation and in the total 120-credit hours University requirement. The school will normally accept only six credit hours of media and journalism courses taken at other institutions and requires students to pass exemption examinations to receive credit for certain basic courses. The school does not accept transfer credit for JOMC 153.

Of the basic 120 hours for graduation at least 72 hours must be outside media and journalism. Within those 72 hours, at least 65 must be in the College of Arts and Sciences. Please check the courselist below or ConnectCarolina for prerequisite information for JOMC courses. Courses listed as meeting more than one requirement (e.g., specialization and immersion) may be used to meet only one requirement.

Students must achieve a passing score of at least 70 on the school's usage and grammar examination.

School Core

All students in the school must complete the following courses in the school core:

Immersion Areas

Students in the school must also complete two courses from a single group in an immersion area.

In addition to the school core and completion of two courses in an immersion area, students must complete a number of courses in each major area of study.

Media and Journalism Major, B.A.–Advertising/Public Relations Curriculum

The advertising/public relations curriculum is for students who wish to communicate on behalf of organizations, including corporations, government agencies, nonprofit and advocacy groups, and public relations and advertising agencies. Students learn to develop persuasive advertising messages or focus on strategic communication efforts for an organization. Both are pursued within an ethical framework of communication.

Advertising/Public Relations Curriculum Core Requirements

Media and Journalism Major, B.A.–Journalism Curriculum

The journalism curriculum is for students who wish to become journalists, who want to broadcast, report, write, photograph, and present news and information to better inform society. These students learn techniques and theories to conceptualize information within the context of an independent press designed to create an informed public able to govern itself.

Journalism Core Requirements

Courses listed more than once can be counted for only one requirement. Certain journalism curriculum areas may require more than 39 hours.

Media and Journalism Major, B.A.–My Plan Specialization

Sophomores with a total of 45 or more completed hours and a 3.4 accumulative grade point average in all work may apply to complete the My Plan program, a plan that includes school core courses (12 credit hours) plus their choice of media and journalism courses to equal 39 or more hours (not to exceed 48). Under the My Plan specialization students are able to take classes across the curriculum and structure a major under the guidance of a full-time faculty member and with the approval of the school's senior associate dean of undergraduate studies. A student completing the My Plan program must meet all school and specialization requirements and UNC–Chapel Hill requirements. Because electing the My Plan specialization is by application only, a student cannot predeclare this specialization with an advisor in the Academic Advising Program and should choose another predeclaration in the school.

Core Requirements

Business Journalism Major, B.A.

Stock market swings on Wall Street, changes in how corporate America operates and is governed, and fluctuations in the United States and global economies have left many journalists and communication professionals scrambling to improve their skills to cover such stories. The bachelor of arts with a major in business journalism teaches undergraduate students the concepts, skills, and techniques needed to report and write about such issues for media and journalism in the 21st century. It is the only such program in the University system and the only such undergraduate program at any public university east of the Mississippi River.

The School of Media and Journalism, in conjunction with the Kenan–Flagler Business School, created the major in business journalism to enable potential journalists and other communication professionals to address the growing need for understanding how markets and business work and the ability to explain these increasingly complex areas in a way that the average mass communication consumer can understand. The program prepares undergraduate students for positions primarily in journalism but also in public relations and internal communications.

Admission Requirements

Students must apply within the School of Media and Journalism. Applications will only be accepted each fall. The earliest students may apply is the fall of their sophomore year. Because admission to the major is by application only, a student should predeclare reporting as their intended specialization in the school with an advisor in the Academic Advising Program. To enter the program, a student must be classified as a sophomore with a total of 45 or more completed hours the fall following their application and have a cumulative grade point average of 3.1.

Students must provide the following documents: 1) application, 2) résumé, 3) writing sample, 4) 200-word statement explaining why they want to join the program, and 5) two letters of recommendation.

Core Requirements

Additional Requirements

In order to graduate, business journalism majors must achieve a score of at least 70 percent on the school's usage and grammar examination. Students have several opportunities to take the usage and grammar examination before they graduate.

To receive a bachelor of arts degree with a major in business journalism, students must complete at least 120 credit hours with a minimum 2.0 grade point average as required by the University.

Media and Journalism Minor

Students from outside the school may earn a minor in media and journalism. Participation is limited, and interested students must submit applications in the school's Records and Registration suite by January 15. Preference is given to sophomores.

Students must choose one of the following specializations and complete at least 15 credit hours with C grades or better in JOMC courses taken at UNC–Chapel Hill.

Minors are not required to pass the school's usage and grammar exam.


Business Journalism (6 courses)


Public Relations

Broadcast and Electronic Journalism

Mass Communication and Society

Visual Communication

Certificate Programs

A certificate signifying a concentration of three or more courses in a related field of study is noted on a student's transcript. A limited number of students (within and outside the school) are admitted to each program and guaranteed a seat in the three required courses.

Certificate in Sports Communication

The program, which aims to lead the nation in educating young practitioners about important issues of sports in the United States and beyond, provides courses about sports and the media, offers internships and scholarships for students, and brings visiting lecturers to the school. Students interested in applying to the program should contact the director of the sports communication program. Students must complete three (nine credit hours) of the following five courses to receive the certificate: JOMC 376, 377, 429, 455, 476.

Certificate in Business Journalism

The certificate in business journalism is offered for students within and outside the school interested in a career in business reporting or editing as well as for students interested in careers in corporate communication and corporate advertising. Students interested in applying to the program should contact the director of the business journalism program. Students must complete three courses (nine credit hours) to receive the certificate: JOMC 450, 451, and 452.

Certificate in Latina/o Journalism and Media

The certificate is an interdisciplinary program of the School of Media and Journalism, the Department of Romance Studies, and the Department of English and Comparative Literature through its Latina/o studies minor and program. It is offered only to media and journalism majors. Students must complete four courses (12 credit hours) to receive the certificate.


For students who have been accepted to the School of Media and Journalism, advising is available on a walk-in basis in Carroll Hall, Student Records and Registration (Rooms 158–160), Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., year-round. Students are strongly encouraged to meet regularly with an advisor. Advising on College of Arts and Sciences second majors is available by appointment in Academic Advising, located in Steele Building.

Special Opportunities in Media and Journalism Honors in Media and Journalism

An honors program is available to students who have demonstrated their ability to perform distinguished work. Invitation to the senior-level honors courses (JOMC 691H and 692H) is based upon a grade point average of 3.5 or better in the major and 3.3 overall, recommendation by a faculty member in the school, and approval by the director of the honors program. Students successfully completing the program are graduated with honors or with highest honors.

Student Involvement

Students are urged to work on campus publications and other programs, including The Daily Tar Heel, The Carolina Communicator, "Carolina Week," "Carolina Connection," Black Ink, and Blue & White. In addition, the school operates the Reese News Lab, where students also can gain experience. Students are also encouraged to join appropriate professional organizations, including campus chapters of the Society of Professional Journalists, American Advertising Federation, Public Relations Student Society of America, Carolina Association of Black Journalists (affiliated with the National Association of Black Journalists), Electronic News Association of the Carolinas, Society for News Design, and National Press Photographers Association.

Experiential Education

The practicum course (JOMC 393) offers students an opportunity to do supervised professional work during a regular semester for one credit hour, with a maximum of three credit hours total. Students work on area media or in media-related positions for eight to 10 hours a week and write a report at the end of the semester.


The school strongly encourages students to obtain internships, primarily in the summer, because they provide invaluable professional experience. Reporting, advertising, photo and video journalism, graphic design, broadcast news, public relations, business, and other internships are possible. Students can enroll in JOMC 393 to receive internship credit (one credit hour). The school's career services director oversees internship credit. Many media organizations in North Carolina and other states send executives to the school to interview students for internships. When JOMC 393 or other courses are an internship, the credit does not count toward graduation requirements for media and journalism. Approval is required from the senior associate dean for other special studies courses.

Study Abroad

Students are encouraged to study abroad. Students should consult with the study abroad advisor and the senior associate dean to determine any media and journalism course credit prior to the study abroad term.

Undergraduate Scholarships

Many special scholarships are available to media and journalism majors and to students transferring into the school. For information, see the school's Web site or write the senior associate dean of the school by December 1 for the following academic year.

Undergraduate Research

Undergraduates participate in research through a research pool that assists faculty members in their research and creative activities, through independent studies with faculty members to work on specific projects, and through the school's honors program, which engages the student in substantive research that culminates in a thesis in the senior year.

Graduate School

The school offers an M.A. degree in mass communication and a Ph.D. degree in mass communication. JOMC graduate courses may be used as minor or supplementary courses for the M.A. and Ph.D. in other fields. For further information on the graduate program, write to the associate dean for graduate studies of the School of Media and Journalism or see the school's Web site.

Career Opportunities

The school operates a Career Services Office (located in the Student Records and Registration Suite), which seeks to fit the right graduating senior (or alumnus or alumna) with the right job. Students in the school are also encouraged to use the services of University Career Services.



Penny M. Abernathy, Patrick D. Davison, Anne M. Johnston, Susan King, Thomas R. Linden, Seth Noar, Cathy L. Packer, Dan Riffe, Christopher S. Roush, JoAnn Sciarrino, Brian Southwell, Dulcie M. Straughan, John M. Sweeney, C.A. Tuggle, Lucila Vargas, Jan J. Yopp.

Associate Professors

Debashis Aikat, Andy R. Bechtel, Lois A. Boynton, Francesca Dillman Carpentier, Paul F. Cuadros, Barbara G. Friedman, Rhonda Gibson, Heidi J. Hennink-Kaminski, Joe Bob Hester, Michael Hoefges, Paul Jones, Terrence Oliver, Laura A. Ruel, Ryan M. Thornburg.

Assistant Professors

Spencer Barnes, Maria Comello, Tori Ekstrand, Dan Kim, Steven King, Daniel Kreiss, Trevy McDonald, Adam Saffer, Chad Stevens, Lisa Villamil.

Professors of the Practice

J. Ferrel Guillory, Jim Hefner, Dana McMahan.


Winston Cavin, Valerie K. Fields, Jock Lauterer, Paul O'Connor.

Professors Emeriti

John B. Adams, Harry Amana, Richard Beckman, Thomas Bowers, Jane D. Brown, Richard R. Cole, Albert R. Elam, Frank Fee, Robert Lauterborn, Raleigh C. Mann, Philip Meyer, James J. Mullen, Carol Reuss, Donald Shaw, Richard H. Simpson, Charles S. Stone, Leroy Towns, Ruth Walden, Xinshu Zhao.

Contact Information

Information is available from the Office of Student Records and Registration in Carroll Hall, from the Dean's Office in 117 Carroll Hall, or from the senior associate dean for undergraduate studies. Current and prospective students will also find the school's Web site helpful. A weekly newsletter is e-mailed to media and journalism majors and premajors during the academic year. Contact the assistant dean for communication to be added to the listserv.

School of Media and Journalism, CB# 3365, Carroll Hall, (919) 962-1204.


JOMC–Journalism and Mass Communication

JOMC 61 First-Year Seminar: Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n' Roll: Teen Health and the Media (3). Students will examine the existing research and gather their own evidence for or against negative health effects. They will create media literacy exercise that could help interpret/resist negative health effects.

JOMC 89 First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Special topics course. Contents will vary each semester.

JOMC 100 Grammar for Journalists (1). The goal of this course is to teach students basic skills in grammar, punctuation, and spelling and help prepare them for the school's spelling and grammar exam. Students must earn a score of 70 or above on the exam to receive their degree.

JOMC 101 The Media Revolution: From Gutenberg to Zuckerberg and Beyond (3). An introduction to the various facets of communication from the objective world of news media to the persuasive worlds of advertising, public relations, and social media. Developing skills and strengthening knowledge concerning media and communication industries, their content, and their effects on society as well as on individuals.

JOMC 102 Future Vision: Exploring the Visual World (3). Survey of visual communication tools, techniques, and theories, and how they may be used in all areas of the mass media, present and future. Not open to students who have already taken JOMC 180, 182, or 187.

JOMC 120 Introduction to Video Production and Editing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 252. Permission of the instructor. Introduction to video production, with close attention to refining creative and technical skills while preparing professional-quality video segments.

JOMC 137 Principles of Advertising and Public Relations (3). Survey of the economics, philosophy, and history of both fields with emphasis on research, foundations, design, execution, and assessment of strategic communication efforts. Provides an understanding of both disciplines, including historical developments, issues and controversies, best practices, career opportunities, and components of successful advertising and public relations campaigns.

JOMC 141 Media Ethics (3). Explore what constitutes ethical practices, what interferes with ethical practices, and what emerging ethical issues may challenge the newest generation of professional communicators. Cases involve print, broadcast, and Internet news media; photojournalism; graphic design; public relations; and advertising.

JOMC 153 Writing and Reporting (3). A laboratory course that teaches journalistic skills essential to writing across platforms. Practice in using news gathering tools, such as sourcing and interviewing techniques; writing stories, including leads, organization, quotations, and data; editing for grammar, punctuation, brevity, style, and accuracy; and critical thinking about news values and audiences.

JOMC 157 News Editing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Study and practice in copyediting, headline writing, and caption writing for print, digital, and social media.

JOMC 180 Beginning Photojournalism (3). Permission of the school. An introductory course in photojournalistic technique and content gathering. Students photograph, edit, and publish assignments, including general news events, sports, feature and portrait assignments, and a picture story.

JOMC 181 Intermediate Photojournalism (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 180. Permission of the school. Students expand their personal photographic vision and professional portfolio by honing their knowledge and skills of studio and location lighting, propping, and styling. Students learn studio and location portraiture and photo illustration and create a photo essay or portrait series.

JOMC 182 Introduction to Graphic Design (3). Permission of the school. Principles and practices of design, typography, graphics, and production for visual communication for print and electronic media. Computer graphics and pagination.

JOMC 187 Introduction to Interactive Media (3). Permission of the school. Entry-level course in multimedia storytelling that includes modules on theory; the profession; design; content gathering; and editing, programming, publishing, and usability.

JOMC 221 Audio-Video Information Gathering (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Restricted to declared journalism majors and minors. Introduces students to the tools and skills needed to engage in quality news-oriented storytelling with audio, video, and multimedia. Students will learn to deliver news stories using multiple platforms, taking advantage of the strengths of each.

JOMC 232 Public Relations Writing (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 137 and 153. Service-learning course provides hands-on practice in developing multiplatform communication tools (print, digital, and social media) used by public relations practitioners.

JOMC 240 Current Issues in Mass Communication (3). Analysis of the interrelationships between United States mass media and the society that they serve.

JOMC 242 From Gutenberg to Google: A History of Media (3). A historical examination of the changing role of the media professional and forms of media and communication as they have developed in relation to particular social, political, economic, and technological conditions.

JOMC 244 Talk Politics: An Introduction to Political Communication (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. An overview of political communication issues and an examination of political campaigns for students who intend to practice communication in the public arena and for those interested in political processes.

JOMC 245 Sports and the Media (1). A comprehensive overview of the relationship between sports and the media. Athletes, coaches, and professionals share what goes into producing the sports journalism that we read, listen to, and watch.

JOMC 252 Audio Journalism (3). Students learn how to conceive, research, report, and produce audio stories for broadcast on radio and/or streaming on the Web. Students also learn interviewing and reporting techniques that will prepare them for higher-level courses.

JOMC 253 Introduction to Public Affairs Reporting (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Exercises in news gathering, interviewing, and writing news regardless of the delivery platform.

JOMC 256 Feature Writing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Instruction and practice in writing feature articles for newspapers and magazines.

JOMC 258 Opinion Writing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Practice in writing commentary for all forms of mass communication, from journalism to public relations, no matter the delivery format.

JOMC 271 Advertising Copy and Communication (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. Application of findings from social science research; social responsibility of the copywriter and advertiser; preparation of advertisements for the mass media; research in copy testing.

JOMC 272 Advertising Media (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. The media-planning function in advertising for both buyers and sellers of media; the relationships among media, messages, and audiences; computer analysis.

JOMC 279 Advertising and Public Relations Research (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. Critical understanding and application of quantitative and qualitative methods used in the strategic planning and evaluation of advertising and public relations campaigns.

JOMC 296 Individual Study (3). Permission of the instructor. An individual readings and problems course to be directed by a faculty member in whose field of interest the subject matter lies.

JOMC 333 Video Communication for Public Relations and Marketing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. Introduction to the use of video as a means of communicating with a variety of an organization's publics, both internal and external. Significant emphasis on building professional skills including teamwork, project management, client management, and creative problem solving.

JOMC 334 Presentation Design for Strategic Communication (3). Students learn basic principles of graphic design vocabulary and work with related software. By the end of the course, students should be able to accomplish basic design tasks, understand how software applications work together, and be able to use software as a comfortable part of the creative design process.

JOMC 340 Introduction to Media Law: Journalism Focus (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Focuses on speech and press freedoms under the First Amendment. Topics include prior restraint, libel, privacy, protection of anonymous sources, free press-fair trial, federal regulation of electronic and new media, freedom of information, intellectual property, and international issues.

JOMC 341 Introduction to Media Law: Advertising, Public Relations, and Strategic Communication Focus (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Focuses on speech and related freedoms under the First Amendment. Topics include commercial speech, corporate speech, libel, privacy, regulated commercial communications, federal regulation of electronic and new media, freedom of information, intellectual property, and international issues.

JOMC 342 The Black Press and United States History (3). A chronological survey of the African American press in the United States since 1827. Emphasis is on key people and issues during critical areas in the African American experience.

JOMC 344 Censorship (3). Its history, conflicting philosophies and practice through politics, government, ethnicity, religion, pressure groups, the media, and the law, with emphasis on events and personalities.

JOMC 349 Introduction to Internet Issues and Concepts (3). Students develop an understanding of social, legal, political, and other issues related to the use of the Internet. Offered online.

JOMC 376 Sports Marketing and Advertising (3). Examines the range of promotional techniques being used in the modern sports industry. Topics include sponsorships, advertising, merchandising, and the effects of commercialization.

JOMC 377 Sports Communication (3). Permission of the instructor. Examination of organizations involved in the sports communication field, including publishing, team and league media relations, college sports information offices, broadcasting, and advertising.

JOMC 390 Special Skills in Mass Communication (1–3). Courses on various skills in journalism–mass communication with subjects and instructors varying each semester. This course satisfies a skills- or craft-course requirement. Descriptions for each section available on the school's Web site under Course Details.

JOMC 393 Mass Communication Practicum (1–3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Students work with area media and advertising and public relations firms and meet weekly for consultation and evaluation by the faculty advisor. Must be taken Pass/Fail only.

JOMC 421 Television News Reporting and Producing (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 221 and 252. This course covers writing, reporting, and producing television news stories and programs, with emphasis on basic as well as innovative broadcast story forms.

JOMC 422 Producing Television News (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 421. Permission of the instructor. Students work under faculty guidance to produce "Carolina Week," a television news program, and are responsible for all production tasks such as producing, reporting, anchoring, directing, and others.

JOMC 423 Broadcast News and Production Management (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 422 or 426 or 429. Permission of the instructor. Students participate in a collaborative learning environment to hone skills learned in earlier courses and help less-experienced students acclimate to the broadcast news experience within the school. By invitation only.

JOMC 424 Media Management and Policy (3). An introduction to media management, generally, and the supervision and motivation of employees, specifically. The course also delves into policy and legal issues impacting modern media operations. It explores the special skills associated with management of media properties in the context of constant change.

JOMC 425 Voice and Diction (3). Designed to help students develop presentation skills and use voices effectively as professional broadcast journalists.

JOMC 426 Producing Radio (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 252. Students work under faculty guidance to produce "Carolina Connection," a weekly 30-minute radio news program, and are responsible for all production tasks: producing, reporting, anchoring, and editing.

JOMC 427 Studio Production for Television News (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 221. This course is a project-based, hands-on studio production course with special focus on technical skill development and directing in a news environment.

JOMC 428 Broadcast History (3). A theoretical course designed to help students develop an understanding of and an appreciation for the role broadcast journalism has played in recent American history.

JOMC 429 Sports Xtra (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 221. In this course students will produce a weekly sports highlights, analysis, and commentary program for distribution via cable television. Students fill all editorial, field production, and studio production positions.

JOMC 431 Case Studies in Public Relations (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. Helps students think as public relations professionals who deal with the demanding, dynamic environment of corporate, government, and nonprofit public relations. Students examine real-world situations and strategies, discussing factors that affect how public relations is practiced in organizations, including identifying stakeholder groups, developing strategies, embracing diversity, and recognizing ethical issues.

JOMC 433 Crisis Communication (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 137 and 153. Provides an assessment and understanding of crises, examining the role public relations professionals play in helping organizations use mass communication theories and best practices. Includes media training. Introduces students to areas of crisis research, allowing them to complete the Federal Emergency Management Agency's National Incident Management System certification.

JOMC 434 Public Relations Campaigns (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 232, 279, and 431. In this capstone experience, students apply concepts and skills from earlier classes to develop a campaign plan for a client organization. Activities include conducting background and audience research; developing realistic objectives, strategies, tactics, and evaluation plans; producing a portfolio of supporting materials; and pitching the campaign to the client.

JOMC 435 Public Information Strategies (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. This course provides a comprehensive assessment and understanding of the role of public relations professionals throughout government and the nonprofit sector as well. The course examines the unique requirements placed on communicators who are simultaneously responsible for representing their respective organizations while keeping the public informed.

JOMC 440 Digital Media Law and Society (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 340. Explains legal issues raised by Internet communication and guides students in thinking critically about how those issues can be resolved. Reviews how courts, other branches of government, the private sector, and legal scholars have responded to the Internet. Topics may include digital copyright, net neutrality, privacy, and Internet censorship abroad.

JOMC 441 Diversity and Communication (3). An examination of racial stereotypes and minority portrayals in United States culture and communication. Emphasis is on the portrayal of Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans in the mass media.

JOMC 442 Gender, Class, Race, and Mass Media (WMST 442) (3). The media play a critical role in the construction and contestation of ideas about gender, class, and race. Using a range of methods, students will analyze media messages past and present to understand how gender, race, and class influence media production and consumption.

JOMC 443 Latino Media Studies (3). An introductory course to the study of United States Latina/os and the media. It analyzes the media portrayal of Latina/os in United States mainstream media. The course also examines media that cater to Latina/os and explores the way in which Latina/o audiences use the multiple media offerings available to them.

JOMC 445 Process and Effects of Mass Communication (3). Mass communication as a social process, incorporating literature from journalism, social psychology, sociology, political science, and history. To acquaint students with factors in message construction, dissemination, and reception by audiences.

JOMC 446 Global Communication and Comparative Journalism (3). Covers theories explaining the workings of global and local communication systems, the transnational flow of news, and opportunities and challenges that social media and other new platforms pose to the production and distribution of news. It also familiarizes students with the media communication systems of key countries.

JOMC 447 International Media Studies (3). The study of media system operations in a particular country, such as Mexico, including how news and information are disseminated and used by audiences. Taught in the spring semester and includes a trip to that country during spring break.

JOMC 448 Freedom of Expression in the United States (3). An examination of the development of freedom of expression in the United States within the context of the nation's history.

JOMC 449 Blogging, Smart Mobs, and We the Media (3). For advanced undergraduates through Ph.D. students. Practical and theoretical approaches to understanding, designing, building, and using virtual communities, including studies of network capital, social capital, and social production.

JOMC 450 Business and the Media (3). Role of media in United States society and effects on public perceptions of business. Relationship of business press and corporate America. Current issues in business journalism.

JOMC 451 Economics Reporting (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Coverage of Wall Street and the economy, including stocks, bonds, and economic indicators. Reporting on the Federal Reserve, labor, consumer sector, manufacturing and inflation, and certain industries.

JOMC 452 Business Reporting (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Methods and tactics of covering businesses for mass communication. Why and how companies operate and how to write stories about corporate news from public records and other sources.

JOMC 453 Advanced Reporting (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 153 and 253. Rigorous, in-depth instruction and critiques of students' news and feature assignments done with different reporting methodologies: interviewing, official records, direct and participant observation, and survey research (the Carolina Poll).

JOMC 454 Advanced Feature Writing (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 153 and 256. Writing and reporting important topics in in-depth feature articles. Discussion and utilization of writing and reporting techniques in order to complete articles for publication or other dissemination. In-depth instruction and critiques of student work.

JOMC 455 Sports Writing (3). Researching and writing sports stories, including game coverage, magazine features, and opinion columns. Students complete reporting and writing exercises inside and outside of the classroom.

JOMC 456 Magazine Writing and Editing (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 153 and 256. Instruction and practice in planning, writing, and editing copy for magazines.

JOMC 457 Advanced Editing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 157. Concentration on the editing and display of complex news and features stories and other print media content with a significant emphasis on newspaper design and graphics.

JOMC 458 Southern Politics: Critical Thinking and Writing (3). Interpretive-contextual journalism focused on the trends, issues, and politics that influence democracy in North Carolina, the American South, and the nation. Through readings and the practice of analytical journalism, the course explores government policy making, election campaigns, social and economic trends, ethics, and citizen-leader relationships.

JOMC 459 Community Journalism (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Comprehensive study of the community press, including policies, procedures, and issues surrounding the production of smaller newspapers within the context of the community in its social and civic setting.

JOMC 460 Data Driven Journalism (3). An introduction to basic statistics and numerical and mathematical literacy, as well as a look at professional data-driven journalism projects. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to acquire, organize, analyze, and present data to a general news audience.

JOMC 463 News Lab: Creating Tomorrow's News Products (3). Students work under faculty guidance to develop and test an idea for a start-up news product. Students will create a prototype, test it on a target market, and compile a business feasibility report for the product. The course emphasizes collaboration among students with a variety of skills and experiences.

JOMC 470 Digital Advertising and Marketing (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 279 and 475. This course provides the practical knowledge and insights required to establish digital advertising and marketing objectives and strategies, properly select the earned and paid media platforms, and monitor and measure the results of those efforts.

JOMC 471 Advanced Advertising Copywriting (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 271. Permission of the instructor. Rigorous, in-depth instruction and critiques of student advertising writing.

JOMC 472 Art Direction in Advertising (3). This course provide students with finished advertising for their portfolios through visual theory instruction, creative exercises, and strategy application.

JOMC 473 Advertising Campaigns (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 271 or 272. Planning and executing advertising campaigns; types and methods of advertising research; the economic function of advertising in society.

JOMC 474 The Branding of Me (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 477.What have you done to brand yourself? Students will use YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook in a calculated plan with other new-media marketing tools to land that first job.

JOMC 475 Concepts of Marketing (3). Designed to provide the larger business context for students anticipating careers in advertising, public relations, and other media industries, the course teaches the vocabulary and basic concepts of marketing as it will be practiced.

JOMC 476 Ethical Issues and Sports Communication (3). Permission of the instructor. Ethical dilemmas and decisions in the commercialization and coverage of sports, including the influence of television, pressure to change traditions and standards for monetary reasons, and negative influences on athletes.

JOMC 477 New Media Technologies: Their Impact on the Future of Advertising, Marketing, and Public Relations (3). This course will introduce you to the nontraditional, future vision required to be successful in advertising, marketing, and public relations and the more personal, individualized technologies that will grab people's attention in the future.

JOMC 478 Media Marketing (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 137. Principles and practices of retail advertising in all media, with emphasis on selling, writing, and layout of retail advertising for the print media.

JOMC 479 Market Intelligence (3). Permission of the instructor. This course helps students learn to make better business decisions by teaching contemporary analytical tools to solve brand and advertising problems.

JOMC 480 Advanced Photojournalism (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 180; pre- or corequisite, JOMC 153. Permission of the school. Advanced course in photojournalism content gathering, history, ethics and storytelling. Students shoot advanced newspaper and magazine assignments and create short multimedia stories combining photography, audio, and video.

JOMC 481 Documentary Photojournalism (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 480. Permission of the school. Students study the documentary tradition and produce stories within the social documentary genre of photojournalism. Students choose a relevant social issue and create a multimedia Web site featuring long-form documentary storytelling.

JOMC 482 News Design (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 182; pre- or corequisite, JOMC 153. Detailed study of page layout and graphics techniques for all forms of news media.

JOMC 483 Magazine Design (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 482. Permission of the school. Detailed study of page layout and graphics techniques in magazines.

JOMC 484 Information Graphics (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 182. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Study and application of graphic design and information-gathering techniques to creating charts, maps, and diagrams.

JOMC 485 Publication Design (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 182; pre- or corequisite, JOMC 153; permission of the instructor. Detailed study and application of graphic design techniques in magazines, newspapers, advertising, and corporate communication.

JOMC 486 Motion Graphics (3). Detailed study and application of motion-graphic techniques that utilize the combination of words, photos, graphics, video, sound, and voice-overs to convey stories for news and entertainment. Students learn Adobe After Effects software and the art of storytelling to enable them to conceptualize and execute digital animations.

JOMC 490 Special Topics in Mass Communication (1–3). Small classes on various aspects of journalism–mass communication with subjects and instructors varying each semester. Descriptions for each section available on the school's Web site under Course Details.

JOMC 551 Digital Media Economics and Behavior (3). The course will focus on the changing economics affecting 21st-century news organizations and the economic drivers of other content providers such as music companies, the film industry, online aggregators, and commerce sites for lessons that can be applied across industry segments.

JOMC 552 Leadership in a Time of Change (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 452, 475, or 551. During a time of fast-paced technological innovation, this course examines the critical strategic choices facing media executives. Students will observe and research a media company that is making the transition, as well as produce a case study on that effort.

JOMC 560 Medical and Science Journalism (HBEH 660, HPM 550) (3). Prepares students to work as medical and science journalists. The course emphasizes writing skills in all delivery formats and interpreting medical, health, and science information for consumers.

JOMC 561 Medical and Science Video Storytelling (HBEH 561, HPM 551) (3). Students work in teams to produce, shoot, script and report medical, environmental, and science stories for broadcast on "Carolina Week," the award-winning, student-produced television newscast.

JOMC 562 Science Documentary Television (HBEH 562, HPM 552) (3). Students work in teams to conceive, produce, and script mini-documentaries on science and environmental topics for broadcast on North Carolina Public Television.

JOMC 564 Medical and Science Reporting (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 153. Required preparation, a second reporting or writing course. Focuses on developing strategies to research and write about medical issues, specifically selecting topics, finding and evaluating sources, and information gathering. Students produce a range of stories, from short consumer pieces to in-depth articles.

JOMC 565 Environmental Storytelling (ENEC 565) (3). An interdisciplinary course for students interested in environmental issues or journalism to produce stories about environmental issues that matter to North Carolinians. Students learn to identify credible sources, manage substantial amounts of information, and find story focus as they report on technical and often controversial subjects in a variety of media.

JOMC 581 Multimedia Design (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 187. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Theory and practice of multimedia design with an emphasis on usability, design theory, and evaluative methodologies, including focus groups, survey research, eye-track testing, and search engine optimization.

JOMC 582 Multimedia Narratives (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 180 or 187, and 221. Permission of the school. Students learn how to gather audio and video content, editing and storytelling techniques, and how to publish these media onto a variety of multimedia platforms.

JOMC 583 Multimedia Programming and Production (3). Prerequisite, JOMC 187. Permission of the school. Advanced course in multimedia programming languages that includes designing and building dynamic projects.

JOMC 584 Documentary Multimedia Storytelling (3). Permission of the instructor. Students work on a semester-long documentary multimedia project that includes photo and video journalists, audio recordists, designers, infographics artists, and programmers. Open by application to students who have completed an advanced course in visual or electronic communication.

JOMC 585 3D Design Studio (3). Prerequisites, JOMC 187 and 182. Permission of the instructor. The use of three-dimensional design and animation to create visual explanations.

JOMC 586 Intermediate Interactive Media (3). Prerequisite JOMC 187. Web programming, graphic design, and storytelling for the Web. Students will use HTML5 CSS3, JavaScript, and other Web publishing languages while learning how to design, storyboard, and script an interactive storytelling project. Students will collect and incorporate photos, text, video, graphics, and database information into interactive multimedia presentations.

JOMC 587 Multimedia Storytelling: Carolina Photojournalism Workshop (3). The Carolina Photojournalism Workshop has a dual mission: to provide an immersive, real-world learning experience for students, and to create and publish exceptional multimedia content on the culture of North Carolina that can be a resource for people in our state and the world.

JOMC 602 Mass Communication Education in the Secondary School (3). Graduate standing. Readings, discussion, and projects fostering excellence in teaching journalism–mass communication in the high school, from philosophy and practice to professional skills.

JOMC 603 Mass Communication Law in the Secondary School (3). Graduate standing. Application of First Amendment speech and press freedoms to secondary school media, including libel, privacy, access to information, journalistic privilege, prior restraint, advertising and broadcast regulations, and ethical practices.

JOMC 604 Mass Communication Writing and Editing in the Secondary School (3). Graduate standing. High school journalism teachers and advisors learn to teach the skills journalists need to communicate. Emphasis on writing and thinking skills necessary to convert information into clear messages.

JOMC 605 Design and Production of Secondary School Publications (3). Graduate standing. High school journalism teachers and advisors learn to teach the skills journalists need to produce publications. Designed for persons with no background in design. Degree-seeking students may not use both JOMC 182 and 605 to complete degree requirements.

JOMC 671 Social Marketing Campaigns (3). Social marketing is the application of marketing concepts and practices to bring about behavior change for a social good. This course is designed as a service-learning course and fulfills the experiential education requirement.

JOMC 690 Special Topics in Advertising (1–3). Courses on special topics in advertising with subjects and instructors varying each semester.

JOMC 691H Introductory Honors Course (3). Permission of the instructor. Required of all students reading for honors in journalism.

JOMC 692H Honors Essay (3). Permission of the instructor. Required of all students reading for honors in journalism.