Department of Sociology

155 Hamilton Hall, CB# 3210; (919) 962-1007



The Department of Sociology is the primary home for two majors–sociology and management and society–and a minor in social and economic justice.

The major in sociology is designed to offer its students training in critical thinking, analytical problem solving, reasoned judgment, and effective communication as well as broad knowledge of human relations and social systems, providing many useful tools for the development of a variety of careers. Only a few majors go on to become professional sociologists with Ph.D.s in the field. The department's major in sociology is designed to train students in sociological fundamentals, yet it is receptive to diverse perspectives and interdisciplinary approaches. Departmental majors commonly combine their interests in sociology with courses in other disciplines and programs, such as psychology, history, African American studies, anthropology, political science, religious studies, and business. The department encourages its students to study issues from a variety of perspectives, and its curriculum and requirements are flexible enough to permit students to tailor their program to fit individual needs and interests. The undergraduate sociology program includes opportunities to put sociological ideas into practice through research by means of independent studies, theses, and internships.

Management and society is an interdisciplinary major that focuses on the institutional context and inner workings of organizations. It prepares students for a variety of positions in private or public-sector organizations. Additionally, many students find the curriculum to be excellent preparation for a variety of business-oriented graduate and professional degree programs.

The phrase "management and society" in its broadest sense encompasses not only direct dealings between management and organized labor but also matters such as governmental policy, industrial psychology, industrial sociology, personnel administration, and worker education. A broad knowledge and understanding of economics, history, sociology, psychology, communications, and political science are essential. Work in this field also requires knowledge of techniques such as statistics, administrative practices, testing and measurement, and guidance and counseling. Majors acquire an understanding of the conceptual foundations and principles of interpersonal and institutional relations and of the ways these principles can be applied in the work place. General areas of study are employer-employee relations, development of human resources, and the institutional context of work.

Some students have combined management and society with concentrations in such academic disciplines as economics, sociology, psychology, public policy, history, and political science.

Sociology Major, B.A.

Core Requirements

If possible, SOCI 101 should be taken by the end of the sophomore year. This course can be used to satisfy a General Education social and behavioral sciences Approaches requirement.

University graduation credit will be given for only one in each of the following sets of courses: SOCI 130 and 425, SOCI 250 and 253, SOCI 273 and 274, SOCI 411 and 413, SOCI 414 and 417, SOCI 423 and 426.

First-year seminars in sociology can count toward the major but may be taken only by first-year students.

Other than SOCI 101, any sociology course taken to satisfy General Education Approaches requirements may not be used as one of the eight courses in the major (e.g., if SOCI 250 is used for the General Education PH requirement, another sociology course must be taken to complete the eight-course major). Students must earn grades of C or better in at least 18 hours in the major.

Students pursuing a degree in the School of Education may use SOCI 101 to fulfill the social and behavioral sciences Approaches requirement and should consult with the School of Education about the additional requirements.

Courses in Career Areas

The Department of Sociology does not offer concentrations in specific fields. However, the department does offer courses especially relevant to the following career areas:

Management and Society Major, B.A.

Core Requirements

The major in management and society consists of 10 core courses grouped into the following four areas:

Additional Requirements

All General Education requirements must be met. Students must earn at least 21 hours of C or better grades in the major core. Some of the core courses are cross-listed. For descriptions of the courses, see the listings under the various departments' headings.

Special Note for Economics Double Majors

Double majors in economics and management and society may take ECON 430 instead of ECON 330, ECON 445 instead of ECON 345, and ECON 480 instead of ECON 380

Social and Economic Justice Minor

The minor in social and economic justice is designed for students who want to understand how to think analytically about issues of justice and how perspectives on justice can be joined with the pursuit of it. An overarching objective is fostering attitudes and knowledge about human rights; racial, ethnic, and gender equality; economic justice; democratic participation; sustainable development; diversity; and peace. It is especially appropriate for students who anticipate working in advocacy roles in nonprofit organizations, in local communities, or in governmental organizations. In these inquiries about justice, students engage scholarship in a variety of disciplines and traditions of practice.

Students are required to complete one service-learning experience, a requirement that can be met in one of three ways. First, a student may take a course that includes a service-learning (APPLES) component. Second, after seeking and receiving the approval of the director of the minor, a student may take a one- to three-credit independent studies or special topics course (summer or academic term) with a faculty member. The third option is the two-credit spring break course, HBEH 610 Alternative Spring Break, which meets the service-learning requirement but not a course requirement. Note that core courses do not necessarily contain a service-learning component; check ConnectCarolina each semester to confirm that courses are listed as APPLES courses. Minors who wish to pursue other community and social action programs (without course credit) are encouraged to contact the Campus Y.

Four courses are required:

Thus, the minor is fulfilled with 12 to 13 credits, depending on whether the service-learning requirement is part of a three-credit course or is fulfilled in another way.

Understanding Justice

Justice in Action

The Context of Justice

Courses marked with an asterisk (*) in the lists above have departmental requirements that may or may not be waived. Students should consult course descriptions and discuss requirements with the instructor. Courses marked with a double asterisk (**) in the lists above require permission of the director of the minor, given that the specific topics of study may vary by course.

A student may major in sociology and minor in social and economic justice; however, a student cannot count toward graduation more than 45 hours in one department. All college requirements about minors apply. In addition, only one course that a student is using to meet a General Education Approaches requirement may also be used to meet a minor requirement.


All majors and minors have a primary academic advisor in Steele Building. Students are strongly encouraged to meet regularly with their advisor and review their Tar Heel Tracker each semester. The department's director of undergraduate studies and assistant directors meet with current, transfer, and prospective majors by appointment (see "Contact Information" below). Departmental academic advising is particularly important for those students who are double majors and those who may be considering going on to graduate school. Further information on courses, undergraduate research opportunities, writing an honors thesis, careers, and graduate schools is available on the department's Web site.

Special Opportunities in Sociology and

Management and Society

Honors in Management and Society

A student may, as a result of distinguished work (3.3 grade point average or higher), be awarded a degree with honors or highest honors. This requires completion of a senior honors thesis. Interested students should contact the management and society office for more information. Honors students should enroll in MNGT 691H and 692H. MNGT 692H will fulfill one of the course requirements from the social context of business group listed above.

Honors in Sociology

The department attempts to identify and invite all qualified students to participate in the senior honors program. Students who are not contacted, especially double majors, transfer students, and students who declare their major in sociology relatively late in their college careers, are encouraged to speak with their major advisor or the department's honors advisor no later than the preregistration period during the second semester of their junior year.

To graduate with honors in sociology, a major must meet the following requirements:

Students may receive credit for one or both senior honors research and seminar courses (SOCI 691H and 692H) depending on the extent of their thesis work.

For more information on honors, contact Professor Howard Aldrich, CB# 3210, 202 Hamilton Hall, (919) 962-5044,

Student Clubs

The Sociology Club is a student-run, student-driven organization that may provide relevant presentations, discussions, guidance, and/or service opportunities in sociology. The Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) is a student-run, student-driven organization that may provide relevant presentations, discussions, guidance, and/or service and intern opportunities in management and society.

Independent Study and Reading

SOCI 396 Independent Study and Reading may be taken for one to three hours of course credit depending on the amount of academic work planned by the student. It is usually taken by juniors and seniors who have completed at least two or three courses in sociology. Students may use independent study to

After an area of study has been selected, the student contacts a faculty member in the department whose interests are in or related to the topic area. If the faculty member agrees to direct the student's independent study, the student needs final approval by the department's director of undergraduate studies. It is the student's and faculty supervisor's responsibility to determine the amount of reading and/or outside work to be done, the frequency with which the student's progress will be assessed, and the papers or examinations that will constitute the course requirements. An approved learning contract is necessary, and some written work involving sociological analysis is required to receive credit for SOCI 396. Students must sign up for SOCI 396 before the end of the first week of classes.

Independent Experiential Internship

Students may combine employment and study in the form of an internship program for which they receive one to three academic credits through SOCI 393 Independent Experiential Internship. The student must assume responsibility for employment arrangements. Students may not receive credit for paid employment. The student contacts a faculty member in the department whose interests are in or related to the area of the internship. If the faculty member agrees to direct the internship, the student needs final approval by the department's director of undergraduate studies. Credit is not provided for the internship alone; some written work involving sociological analysis is required to receive credit for SOCI 393. Because of our expectation that students doing an internship for academic credit will conduct substantive sociological analysis, it is very important that planning begin early. Students must secure all approvals for the contract before the first day of the internship.

Undergraduate Award

The Undergraduate Howard W. Odum Award is presented yearly to a graduating senior who has displayed excellence in undergraduate sociological achievement.

Undergraduate Research

Students interested in working with faculty on their research projects should contact the Office for Undergraduate Research for more information and also speak with the director of undergraduate studies.

Graduate School and Career Opportunities

Sociologists are employed by research institutes, public health and welfare organizations, social work agencies, private businesses, law firms, international agencies, medical centers, educational institutions, advertising firms, survey and polling organizations, and the criminal justice system. Others work in politics and government and in community and social justice organizing.

A major in sociology also prepares students for law, medical, or business school and for graduate degree programs in social work, education, public policy, religious ministry, mass communications, public health, nonprofit administration, and international affairs. Of course the sociology major prepares interested undergraduates for graduate studies in sociology, should they choose to continue in the field to become researchers or teachers in high schools, two- or four-year colleges, or research universities. Students interested in pursuing graduate studies in sociology after college may, with the instructor's permission, enroll in graduate-level courses at UNC–Chapel Hill.

A major in management and society prepares students for virtually any aspect of a business career that does not involve highly specialized training (such as finance and accounting). Employers are interested in students who can think on their feet, communicate effectively, write well, and make sense of the social and economic changes occurring in their industry. Management and society majors are educated in each of these skills.

Graduates with B.A. degrees with majors in management and society are especially suited for entry-level positions in any aspect of human resource management, industry, or public sector organizations. Among recent graduates who responded to a placement office survey, the largest number were employed in sales; management or management training positions with at least some supervisory or personnel-related responsibilities ranked second. Other graduates are working in customer service, purchasing, and marketing research, and several hold positions in the public sector.



Howard E. Aldrich, Kenneth (Andy) Andrews, Kenneth A. Bollen, Guang Guo, Jacqueline Hagan, Kathleen M. Harris, Arne L. Kalleberg, Sherryl Kleinman, Charles Kurzman, François Nielsen, Andrew J. Perrin, Michael J. Shanahan, Karolyn Tyson.

Associate Professors

Neal Caren, Ted Mouw, Lisa Pearce, Yang (Claire) Yang.

Assistant Professors

Christopher A. Bail, Yong Cai, Mosi Ifatunji, Laura Lopez-Sanders, Anthony Perez, Liana Richardson.

Affiliated Faculty

Barbara Entwisle (Vice Chancellor for Research), John D. Kasarda (Kenan–Flagler Business School).

Adjunct Professors

Gail Henderson, James H. Johnson Jr., Robert F. Miles, John D. Stephens.

Research Professors

Glen H. Elder, Ronald R. Rindfuss, Paul Voss.

Adjunct Associate Professors

Douglas L. Lauen, Catherine Zimmer.

Adjunct Assistant Professor

Zeynep Tufecki.

Senior Lecturer

Anne S. Hastings.


Paul Biemer.

Professors Emeriti

Judith R. Blau, Richard Cramer, Henry A. Landsberger, Gerhard Lenski, Victor W. Marshall, Anthony R. Oberschall, John Shelton Reed, Richard L. Simpson, Peter R. Uhlenberg.

Contact Information

Howard Aldrich, Director of Undergraduate Studies (sociology major), CB# 3210, 202 Hamilton Hall, (919) 962-5044,

Jessica Pearlman, Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies (sociology major), CB# 3210, 214 Hamilton Hall, (919) 843-5969,

Michael Dunn, Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies (management and society major), CB# 3210, 160 Hamilton Hall, (919) 843-2038,

Sherryl Kleinman, Director of Social and Economic Justice, CB# 3210, 222 Hamilton Hall, (919) 962-7565,

Jordan Radke, Assistant to the Director of Social and Economic Justice, CB# 3210, 254 Hamilton Hall,


MNGT–Management and Society

MNGT 120 Introduction to Interpersonal and Organizational Communication (COMM 120) (3). See COMM 120 for description.

MNGT 131 Social Relations in the Workplace (SOCI 131) (3). See SOCI 131 for description.

MNGT 223 Small Group Communication (COMM 223) (3). See COMM 223 for description.

MNGT 310 Microeconomics: Theory and Applications (ECON 310) (3). See ECON 310 for description.

MNGT 325 Organizational Communication (COMM 325) (3). See COMM 325 for description.

MNGT 330 Economic History of the United States (ECON 330) (3). See ECON 330 for description.

MNGT 345 Public Policy toward Business (ECON 345) (3). See ECON 345 for description.

MNGT 364 History of American Business (HIST 364) (3). See HIST 364 for description.

MNGT 365 The Worker and American Life (HIST 365) (3). See HIST 365 for description.

MNGT 380 The Economics of Labor Relations (ECON 380) (3). See ECON 380 for description.

MNGT 410 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy (SOCI 410) (3). See SOCI 410 for description.

MNGT 412 Social Stratification (SOCI 412) (3). See SOCI 412 for description.

MNGT 415 Economy and Society (SOCI 415) (3). See SOCI 415 for description.

MNGT 427 The Labor Force (SOCI 427) (3). See SOCI 427 for description.

MNGT 691H Honors Fall Course (3). Directed independent research under the supervision of a faculty advisor.

MNGT 692H Honors Spring Course (3). Prerequisite, MNGT 691H. Preparation of an honors thesis and an oral examination on the thesis.


SOCI 50 First-Year Seminar: Religion in American Public Life (3). This course will engage philosophical and sociological questions in order to explore the key issues involved in the contentious question of the actual and proper role of religion in American public life.

SOCI 51 First-Year Seminar: Emotion and Social Life (3). The course will examine the social aspects of emotional experience including current debates among sociologists and psychologists about the social functions of emotions.

SOCI 52 First-Year Seminar: Social Inequality across Space and Time (3). This course focuses on social inequality in human societies by looking at social inequalities in different historical periods and geographical locations.

SOCI 53 First-Year Seminar: The Consequences of Welfare Reform and Prospects for the Future (3). This first-year seminar is designed to 1) research and document the consequences of welfare reform and 2) participate in the political debate over reauthorization of the welfare law.

SOCI 54 First-Year Seminar: Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, No Jobs: Work and Workers in 21st-Century America (3). The course examines the nature and meaning of work in America at the beginning of the 21st century.

SOCI 55 First-Year Seminar: Self, Society, and the Making of Reality (3). What does it mean to say that reality is "socially constructed"? How do people in different social groups develop shared perspectives? In exploring answers to these questions (and others) the course will also examine the self from a sociological perspective.

SOCI 56 First-Year Seminar: Citizenship (3). Citizenship takes on new meaning in a global context. This course examines current debates, examples of human rights charters, and students apply what they learn to sociological topics.

SOCI 57 First-Year Seminar: Rationalization and the Changing Nature of Social Life in 21st-Century America (3). Fast food restaurants have become a model for everyday life. Some scholars even talk about the "McDonaldization" of the world. By that scholars mean a drive toward greater efficiency, predictability, calculability, and control by technologies in modern organizations. Sociologists call this process "rationalization," which will be examined in this course.

SOCI 58 First-Year Seminar: Globalization, Work, and Inequality (3). This course will present a comparative and multidisciplinary perspective on how globalization affects labor markets and inequality.

SOCI 59 First-Year Seminar: The Advocacy Explosion: Social Movements in the Contemporary United States (3). This course investigates the origins, dynamics, and influence of social movements in American society. It examines why people join movements, how movements work, and the way that movements are able to affect broader changes in our society.

SOCI 60 First-Year Seminar: Sociology of the Islamic World (3). This course exposes students to the social, economic, political, and religious currents that have made the Islamic world one of the most important regions for global affairs, as well as one of the regions least understood in the United States.

SOCI 61 First-Year Seminar: Innovative, Information Technology, and the Sociology of Business (3). This course investigates how innovations in information technology are transforming the nature of business and society in the United States. It also examines the history of work relationships in the United States to discover how information technology will change the role and meaning of employees and customers.

SOCI 62 First-Year Seminar: Social Change and Changing Lives (3). Society shapes our lives, and yet we seek to influence the direction of our biographies through personal effort (also called "agency"). This course examines the dynamic between society and agency, which becomes especially interesting in times of social change, when societies redefine the paths that lives can take.

SOCI 63 First-Year Seminar: Cooperation and Conflict (3). The course examines cooperation and conflict in settings where there is no state and legal system that enforces rules of conduct: early encounters of Europeans and non-Europeans; migrants and colonists in a wilderness, such as New England Puritans and Mormons in Utah; good Samaritans who rescue strangers despite risks.

SOCI 64 First-Year Seminar: Equality of Educational Opportunity Then and Now (3). Brown v. Board of Education centers on one of the most significant and controversial issues in American public education: equality of educational opportunity. This course examines race in America and its effect on public education before and after Brown. Topics include school segregation, curriculum tracking, and the black-white achievement gap.

SOCI 65 First-Year Seminar: Environment, Health, and Justice (3). This course will use the environmental justice movement as a window to explore the dynamics of social movements, health disparities, and social policy.

SOCI 66 First-Year Seminar: Citizenship and Society in the United States (3). Americans are taught that democracy and citizenship go hand in hand: being a good citizen may mean voting, writing letters, and taking other actions to "make one's voice heard." This course examines what citizenship has meant during the course of American history.

SOCI 67 First-Year Seminar: America in the 1960s (3). This seminar examines the conflicts, wars, and social upheavals of the 1960s and how that decade transformed United States culture, from race and gender, through the expression of new identities and moral understandings in music, art, literature, and film, to the creation and practice of a new kind of politics.

SOCI 68 First-Year Seminar: Immigration in Contemporary America (3). This seminar compares and contrasts historical and contemporary immigration to the United States and then explores the development of a migrant community in North Carolina. We will study why people migrate, how citizens respond to migration, how the federal government regulates migration, how local communities manage the settlement of its newcomers.

SOCI 69 First-Year Seminar: Human Societies and Genomics (3). Familiarity with basic genetics or a social science field is helpful. This course focuses on how advances in molecular genomics over the past decades benefit sociology and other social sciences.

SOCI 70 First-Year Seminar: Difficult Dialogues (3). Provides tools for comprehensive, frank, civil conversations on controversial topics.

SOCI 71 First-Year Seminar: The Pursuit of Happiness (3). Examines the nature, causes, and consequences of happiness from diverse social science perspectives. Addresses such questions as, What is happiness? Can we measure happiness? If so, how? Does money buy happiness? Does happiness vary among social groups, cultures, and nations? What is the role of happiness in formulating public policies?

SOCI 89 First-Year Seminar: Special Topics (3). Special topics course. Content will vary each semester.

SOCI 101 Sociological Perspectives (3). Introduction to sociology as a discipline that includes study of differences and equality, social structure and institutions, culture, social change, individuals and populations, and social psychology.

SOCI 111 Human Societies (3). Introduction to comparative sociology. The major types of society that have existed or now exist are analyzed, together with major patterns of social change.

SOCI 112 Social Interaction (3). The individual in society. An examination of how people conduct their interactions with others in different kinds of social relationships. Emphasis on the social psychological causes and consequences of such conduct.

SOCI 115 Regional Sociology of the South (3). Description and analysis of social aspects of the American South. Emphasis is on recent development and its effects on institutions and culture.

SOCI 121 Population Problems (3). Social and economic causes of population structure and change. Illustrations drawn from developing countries and the less developed regions and sections of the United States.

SOCI 122 Race and Ethnic Relations (3). Examination of domination and subordination in general and in specific institutional areas (e.g., economy, polity) along racial and ethnic lines. Causes of changes in the levels of inequality and stratification are also studied.

SOCI 123 Crime and Delinquency (3). The nature and extent of crime and delinquency; emphasis upon contemporary theories of their causation; examination of correctional programs.

SOCI 124 Sex and Gender in Society (WMST 124) (3). Examination of the social differentiation between men and women. Attention to the extent, causes, and consequences of sexual inequality and to changes in sex roles and their impact on interpersonal relations.

SOCI 130 Family and Society (3). Comparative analysis of kinship systems and family relations. Courtship, marriage, and parent-child relations viewed within a life-cycle framework. Students may not receive credit for both this course and SOCI 425.

SOCI 131 Social Relations in the Workplace (MNGT 131) (3). Meaning and content of work in modern industrial society. Preparation for work; autonomy and control; inequality; consequences for health, safety, and family life.

SOCI 133 Sociology of Politics (3). Patterns of participation in political institutions, public policy, conflict within and between communities and other interest groups, the nature of citizenship in modern society, politics and social change.

SOCI 140 Historical Sociology of Christianity (RELI 234) (3). Takes an historical sociology approach to the study of Christianity. Examines the social conditions that helped give rise to the early Christian movement, follows Christianity as it influences and is influenced by social forces at key points in its historical development, and considers important contemporary developments around the globe.

SOCI 165 Introduction to Aging (1). This course sensitizes students to the diversity of the aging population and the aging experience, recognizes the capacity of older adults for their contributions to society, and fosters intergenerational communication.

SOCI 250 Sociological Theory (3). Required of sociology majors. A study of theoretical perspectives in sociology, their relation to contemporary social issues, and their roots in classical social thought. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 250 and SOCI 253.

SOCI 251 Measurement and Data Collection (3). Required of sociology majors. Methods of data collection, with attention to problem selection, sources of information, choice of methods, and research design. Operationalization and measurement; sampling, construction of questionnaires, and interviewing; observation techniques; experimentation.

SOCI 252 Data Analysis in Sociological Research (3). Required of sociology majors. Methods of data analysis: descriptive and inferential statistics and multivariate analysis to permit causal inference. Attention to problems of validity and reliability and to index construction.

SOCI 253 Sociological Theory–Experiential (3). Prerequisite, SOCI 101. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. A study of theoretical perspectives in sociology, their relation to contemporary social issues, and their roots in classical social thought, taught through experiential examples. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 250 and SOCI 253.

SOCI 257 Society and Culture in Postwar Germany (GERM 257, HIST 257, POLI 257) (3). See GERM 257 for description.

SOCI 260 Crisis and Change in Russia and East Europe (POLI 260, PWAD 260) (3). See POLI 260 for description.

SOCI 273 Social and Economic Justice, Experiential Education (3). Covers theory and practice of social and economic justice, including analyses of racial, gender, sexual, class, national, and other forms of justice, the history of influential movements for justice, and strategies of contemporary struggles. This course has a 30-hour service-learning component. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 273 and SOCI 274.

SOCI 274 Social and Economic Justice (3). Covers theory and practice of social and economic justice, including analyses of racial-gender-sexual-class-national and other forms of justice, the history of influential movements for justice, and strategies of contemporary struggles. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 273 and SOCI 274.

SOCI 290 Special Topics in Sociology (3). Periodic offering of courses on developing topics in the field.

SOCI 301 American Colleges and Universities: Junior Transfer Seminar (3). This course examines American colleges and universities from several perspectives, ranging from the individual student's experience to the role of higher education in larger social systems. Students will compare the unique needs of these diverse institutions as well as the populations they serve. Does not count toward the sociology major.

SOCI 390 Sociological Analysis: Special Topics (3). Examines selected topics from a sociological perspective. Course description for a particular semester is available in the department office.

SOCI 393 Independent Experiential Internship (1–3). Permission of the department. This course is an internship experience directly relevant to the student's academic progress in sociology and/or management and society. Pass/Fail only.

SOCI 396 Independent Study and Reading (1–6). Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. Special reading and research in a selected field under the direction of a member of the department faculty.

SOCI 410 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy (MNGT 410) (3). Varieties of organizational forms, their structures and processes; creation, persistence, transformation, and demise; role of organizations in contemporary society.

SOCI 411 Social Movements and Collective Behavior (3). Study of nonroutine collective actions such as demonstrations, strikes, riots, social movements, and revolutions, with an emphasis on recent and contemporary movements. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 411 and SOCI 413.

SOCI 412 Social Stratification (MNGT 412) (3). Analysis of social structure and stratification in terms of class, status, prestige, and rank. Attention to social roles of elites, professionals, the middle class, and the working class and to comparative topics.

SOCI 413 Social Movements and Collective Behavior–Experiential (3). Study of nonroutine collective actions such as demonstrations, strikes, riots, social movements, and revolutions, with an emphasis on recent and contemporary movements. Substantial field work for experiential education. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 411 and SOCI 413.

SOCI 414 The City and Urbanization (3). The city as a social, spatial, and political-economic phenomenon in the modern world. Analysis of urban demographic trends, spatial characteristics and economic functions. Substantive topics include segregation, social turmoil, unemployment, fiscal problems, suburbanization, and urban public policy. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 414 and SOCI 417.

SOCI 415 Economy and Society (MNGT 415) (3). Examination of the structure and operation of institutions where economy and society intersect and interact, such as education, industrial organizations, on-the-job training, labor markets, and professional associations. Emphasis on the contemporary United States, with selected comparisons with Western Europe and Japan.

SOCI 416 Comparative Perspectives on Contemporary International Migration and Social Membership (3–4). This course provides a special focus on international migration and social membership/citizenship across a number of advanced industrial immigrant-receiving states.

SOCI 417 The City and Urbanization, Experiential Education (3). The city as a social, spatial, and political-economic phenomenon in the modern world. Analysis of urban demographic trends, spatial characteristics, and economic functions. Substantive topics include segregation, social turmoil, unemployment, fiscal problems, suburbanization, and urban public policy. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 414 and SOCI 417.

SOCI 418 Contemporary Chinese Society (3). Designed to help students read complex pictures of contemporary China and to understand how China's rise affected people's lives, both inside and outside of China, from a sociological perspective. The course does not assume any background in Chinese studies.

SOCI 419 Sociology of the Islamic World (3). Investigates issues such as tradition and social change, religious authority and contestation, and state building and opposition in Muslim societies in the Middle East and around the world.

SOCI 420 Political Sociology (3). Analysis of the reciprocal influences of state and social organizations upon each other; the social bases of political authority and stability, of revolution and counterrevolution.

SOCI 422 Sociology of Health and Mental Illness (3). Course examines uniqueness of the sociological perspective in understanding mental health and illness. It draws upon various fields to explain mental illness in as broad a social context as possible. Attention focuses on how social factors influence definitions and perceptions of illness.

SOCI 423 Sociology of Education, Experiential Education (3). An overview of theory and research on education and schooling, with an emphasis on inequalities in educational opportunities, education as a social institution, and the changing context of schools and schooling. Substantial field work for experiential education. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 423 and SOCI 426.

SOCI 424 Law and Society (3). A sociological analysis of comparative legal systems, the role of law in social change and in shaping social behavior. Topics may include the legal profession, property distribution, and the role of law in achieving racial and sexual justice.

SOCI 425 Family and Society, Junior/Senior Section (3). A special version of SOCI 130 for juniors, seniors, and beginning graduate students. Students may not receive credit for both this course and SOCI 130.

SOCI 426 Sociology of Education (3). An overview of theory and research on education and schooling, with an emphasis on inequalities in educational opportunities, education as a social institution, and the changing context of schools and schooling. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 423 and SOCI 426.

SOCI 427 The Labor Force (MNGT 427) (3). Supply and characteristics of labor and of jobs, including industrial and occupation changes, education and mobility of labor, and changing demography of the workforce.

SOCI 428 Sociology of Art (3). Connections between artworks, art theory, and social theory are examined. Approaches in the fine arts and the social sciences are examined.

SOCI 429 Religion and Society (RELI 429) (3). Sociological analysis of group beliefs and practices, both traditionally religious and secular, through which fundamental life experiences are given coherence and meaning.

SOCI 431 Aging (3). The process of aging from birth to death, with a concentration on the later years of life, examined from a broad perspective. Topics include individual change over the life-course, the social context of aging, and the aging of American society.

SOCI 433 Immigration in Contemporary America (3). This course introduces students to reasons why people migrate, how citizens respond to that migration, how the federal government regulates migration, and how local communities manage the settlement of newcomers. By the end of the course students should have a solid understanding of major debates in the study of immigration.

SOCI 442 Conflict and Bargaining (PWAD 442) (3). Conflict and conflict-resolution behavior. Applications to labor-management relations, family, sports, community politics, international relations.

SOCI 444 Race, Class, and Gender (WMST 444) (3). Conceptualizations of gender, race, and class and how, separately and in combination, they are interpreted by the wider society. Emphasis on how black and working-class women make sense of their experiences at work and within the family.

SOCI 445 Sociology of Emotions (3). The course examines how emotions are organized within social groupings and institutions. Differences in socialization by gender, ethnicity, social class, and age will be explored.

SOCI 450 Theory and Problems of Developing Societies (3). Theories concerning the development process (motivational vs. institutional economics vs. political and social development; similarity of sequential states and outcomes) will be related to policy problems facing the developing nations.

SOCI 453 Social Change in Latin America (3). Introduction to Latin American ideologies and values; economic and demographic changes; major pressure groups (old elites, entrepreneurs, peasants and working classes, military, and intellectuals); and relations with the United States.

SOCI 460 Contemporary Social Theory (3). Prerequisite, SOCI 250. Analysis of current problems in general social theory; action and structure, justice and equity, social change and reproduction. Contrast and evaluation of leading approaches to solutions.

SOCI 468 United States Poverty and Public Policy (3). This course examines issues of poverty and social policy, single-mother families, the welfare debate, and homelessness.

SOCI 469 Medicine and Society (3). This course explains why and how particular social arrangements affect the types and distribution of diseases and how the medical care system is organized and responds. The course focuses on three topics: social factors in disease and illness; health care practitioners and patients; and changes in the health care system.

SOCI 470 Human Rights (3). Human rights are inherent in the advance of peace, security, prosperity, and social equity. They are shared by the global community, yet require local embedding.

SOCI 481 Managing International Conflict (3). This course introduces the principles of international cooperation and conflict resolution; theories of how international agreements develop or break down; and the logic of mediation, arbitration, and negotiation.

SOCI 620 Aging and Cohort Analysis in Social and Epidemiologic Research: Models, Methods, and Innovations (3). Required preparation, basic statistics courses. This seminar introduces guidelines for conducting aging and cohort analysis in social and epidemiologic research in which time and change are concerns. Uses three common research designs with an emphasis on new analytic models and methods.

SOCI 688 Society, Human Behavior, and Genomics (3). The course focuses on how molecular genetics can enrich the social sciences. Topics include a brief overview of genetics and how genetic and social factors combine to predict behavior. We also consider the ethical, legal, and social issues that sometimes complicate the use of genetic data to study human behavior.

SOCI 691H Senior Honors Research and Seminar (3). Permission of the department. 691H is required of senior honors candidates. Individual student research (under supervision of an advisor). Weekly seminar to discuss work on honors thesis, as well as special topics in sociology.

SOCI 692H Senior Honors Research and Seminar (3). Prerequisite, SOCI 691H. Permission of the department. Individual student research (under supervision of an advisor). Weekly seminar to discuss work on honors thesis, as well as special topics in sociology.

SOCI 696 Undergraduate/Graduate Study in Sociology (3–4). Permission of the instructor. Graduate study in sociology for undergraduate students. Undergraduate students taking a 700- or 800-level course in sociology register via this course and complete all requirements for the associated graduate course.