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Global Updates from World View

December 2011

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Holidays Around the World, Third Edition

Holidays

The world holiday originates from the term "holy day," although many define holidays as state or federally mandated days that students and employees do not work.  Holidays are a time where people focus on important religious, cultural, or global events. Educating students about holidays around the world is a great way to start service learning projects and integrate units on important global issues. This edition of Global Updates focuses on fall and winter holidays around the world and shines a special spotlight on New Year Celebrations and using holidays for service learning. 

Spotlight on the New Year

 

RUSSIAN NEW YEAR

Special thanks to Yevgenia Arutyunyan, Charlotte Country Day,  

for information about the Russian New Year!

 

New Year in Russia is celebrated on January 1, the first day of the Gregorian Calendar.  "Amongst the most popular New Year symbols is a New Year's tree called Novogodnaya Yolka (New Year's tree) which is topped with a bright star" and decorated with ornaments. "Another popularly celebrated New Year tradition is the arrival of Ded Moroz, or Father Frost, and his granddaughter Snegurochka, the snow maiden. They bring in New Year presents for the good children and keep them under the New Year's Tree. Children sing a song [or recite a poem] to make Father Frost happy."

 

"The most important part of the New Year activities is the sumptuous dinner with light music and champagne that starts late in the evening." Every table serves "Stolichniy Salad" made with peas, potatoes, carrots, pickles, eggs, and sometimes chicken.  There will be plenty of meat, cakes, and flowing champagne.  At 11 pm, Russians toast "good bye to the old year" and then watch various New Year TV shows that include music, celebrities, famous New Year-themed movies until the President's speech that leads into the countdown from the Kremlin tower clock to midnight. 
Sources and More Information:   

Happywink.org
New Year in Russia 

 

CHINESE NEW YEAR
Chinese New Year of 2012, THE YEAR OF THE DRAGON,

 begins January 23.

According to one legend, thousands of years ago an evil monster named Nian ravaged a village in China.  The following year Nian returned and again ravaged the village. Before it could happen a third time, the villagers devised a plan to scare the monster away.  Banners, in the protective color red, were hung everywhere. Firecrackers, drums, and gongs were used to create loud noises to scare the beast away.  The plan worked and a celebration followed during which people feasted, visited with each other, exchanged gifts, and danced.  Thus began a celebration, known as the Chinese New Year, also recognized as the Spring Festival.  The Chinese New Year is based on the lunar calendar, which dates back centuries before the calendar we use today.  

 

Preparations tend to begin a month from the date of the Chinese New Year, when people start buying presents, decorations, food, and clothing.  Chinese houses are cleaned from top to bottom, to sweep away any traces of bad luck.  Doors and windowpanes are given a new coat of paint, usually red, and are then decorated with paper banners and scrolls with themes such as happiness, wealth, and longevity printed on them.  New Year's Eve and New Year's Day are celebrated as a family affair, a time of reunion and thanksgiving. Shooting off firecrackers on New Year's Eve is the Chinese way of sending out the old year and welcoming in the New Year.  The dragon is another popular symbol for the Chinese New Year, representing strength, goodness, good luck, and supernatural forces.  The Festival of Lanterns marks the end of the New Year celebration.  

Sources and more information:  

education2.uvic.ca
Chinese New Year 

kidactivities.net
Holidays: Chinese New Year 

 

OTHER NEW YEAR CELEBRATIONS

 

Diwalli is a New Year celebration and festival of lights that takes place across India between mid-October to mid-December.  Read more about Diwalli below!

 

Losar is the Tibetan New Year  

unctv.pbslearningmedia.org
Tibetan new Year 

 

Nowruz is the Iranian New Year   

Incultureparent.com 

Persian New Year 
Iranologie.com 

Nowruz: History 

UN.org 

Nowruz: Background   

  

Using Holidays to Promote Global Awareness

"Rendering help to another is the function helping
of all human beings."
(Tattvarthasutra 5.21, Jain Religious Text) 

 

 

 

 

Edutopia, edutopia.org

How to Use Service Learning to Engage Kids 
Learning by Giving:  Community Service as Classwork

 

Learning to Give, learningtogive.org

Featured Lessons and Resources
 
Massachusetts Department of Education, doe.mass.edu
Community Lessons: Integrating Service Learning into the K-12 Curriculum

 

National Youth Leadership Council, www.nylc.org

Resources: Featured Lessons, Activities, and Projects from the National Youth Leadership Council

 

NCDPI, ncpublicschools.org
Learn and Serve K-12 North Carolina 

 

Our Global Awareness, ourglobalawareness.com
Sustainable Living During the Holidays

 

Teaching Tolerance, www.tolerance.org
Celebrating Connections: understand similarities and differences in various religious traditions.   

   

Teach Unicef, teachuniceg.org

Resources for teaching global issues, organized by topic and grade.

   

Ten World Holidays

BASANT (Vasanta)
: Boys in South Asia, particularly Pakistan, celebrate the end ofwinter and the arrival of spring with kite-fighting contests and a holiday tradition called Basant (meaning the "joys of spring"). Although the event has led to controversy, injuries, and even power failure in Pakistan, boys continue to fly kites. The winner is the boy who can keep his kite in the air the longest.  

Sources and more information:

BBC.com
Lahore's Kite Festival Kicks Off
Pilgrims Washing in the Ganges River 

Hindukids.org 

Stories: Indian Festivals
ThingsAsian.com 

Pakistan's Basant Festival 

  

CHRISTMAS is the Christian festival celebrating the birth of Jesus. One tradition of the Christmas season is the lighting of candles on an Advent wreath, a wreath made of fir branches with four candles denoting the four Sundays of the Advent season.  However, since the early 20th century, Christmas has also been a secular family holiday, observed by Christians and non-Christians alike. A mythical figure named Santa Claus plays a pivotal role and is thought to deliver presents to boys and girls.
Sources and more information: 

Britannica.com
Brittanica: Christmas
Factmonster.com
Names for Santa Around the World
NYDailyNews.com 

Christmas Trees Around the World 

  

DIWALI is a New Year celebration and festival of lights that takes place across India between mid-October to mid-December.  The festival honors Lakshmi, India's goddess of prosperity, and celebrates the triumph of good over evil. Although originally a Hindu celebration this five day festival is celebrated by both Hindus and non-Hindus today. Small clay saucers filled with oil and cotton wick are placed near houses and along roads at night. Lit saucers are also floated on the sacred Ganges River. Homes are cleaned and decorated, sweets are enjoyed, and fireworks shot into the sky. 

Sources and more information:  

Nationalgeographic.com

Diwali: India's Festival of Light 

Diwali Lights Festival (Video) 

BBC.co.uk 

Lesson Plan Diwali 

Crayola.com 

Diwali Doorway Lesson Plan 

Diwalifestival.org
Diwali  

Huffingtonpost.com 

Diwali, Hindu Festival Of Lights   

Washingtonpost.com 

Diwali's Lights and Colors 


EID AL-ADHA (Festival of Sacrifice) is one of two main Islamic celebrations. It falls on the tenth day of the lunar month of Zul-Hijja and marks Abraham's sacrifice. During Eid Al-Adha sheep, goats, and camels are offered to God (Allah), and the meat is distributed among family, friends, and the poor, who each get a third share. There is also time for prayer.

Sources and more information:

BBC.com

Holydays: Eiduladha 

PBS.org
Islam  

Tolerance.org    

Debunking Muslim Myths    

 

HANUKKAH (Chanukkah) (also called the Festival of Lights), usually celebrated in December, marks the battle that took place more than 2,000 years ago between a small band of Jews (the Maccabbees) and the army of the Syrian king, Antiochus, who tried to force the Jews to give up their religion. The Jews won back their Holy Temple in Jerusalem and found that when they relit the Temple Menorah (oil lamp) the oil, thought to be enough to last for only one day, burned for eight days. It is for this reason that Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days, each night lighting an additional candle of the menorah.  

Sources and more information:

Overview

BBC.com

Hanukkah 

History.com   
History of Hanukkah
 

Learner.org     

Celebrations of Light  

  

Lesson Plans    

Education-world.com

December Holidays Across Cultures
Hanukkah, The Festival of Lights
ICSresources.org  
 

Teaching Jewish Holidays  

Scholastic.com   

Hanukkah in the Classroom  

Teacherplanet.com

Celebrations Mini Unit
Comparing Hanukkah and Christmas  

  

KWANZAA is a non-religious event honoring African-American culture and community. Kwanzaa's seven days of celebration, which begin on December 26 and end on January 1, focus on seven principles or goals: unity (umoja), self-determination (kujichagulia), collective work and responsibility (ujima), cooperative economics (ujamaa), purpose (nia), creativity (kuumba), and faith (imani). The word Kwanzaa is derived from Swahili words meaning "first fruits of the harvest," and the holiday includes many elements of traditional African harvest celebrations. The most joyous and elaborate of Kwanzaa's gatherings takes place on December 31, the 6th day of the holiday period. On that night, a great feast (karamu) is held. Families and friends gather to eat, drink, sing, dance, and read stories and poems celebrating their cultural heritage.  

Sources and more information:

Educationworld.com
Habari Gani (What's the News)? 
Learner.org

Celebrations of Light   

 

LAS POSADAS is a tradition in Mexico to celebrate the nine days of Christmas, December 16-24. During these nine days, children walk in a procession (posada) carrying clay figures of the biblical Mary, Joseph, and the donkey to symbolize the journey from Nazareth to Bethlehem by Mary and Joseph. The children call on the houses of neighbors and friends and sing a song that asks for food and lodging for the weary Mary and Joseph. At each home they are told, "There is no room at the inn." At the last house of the evening there is a party and a pińata. On the last evening of the celebration, December 24, a manger, a stable, and shepherds are added to the procession of clay figures. Mary and Joseph are welcomed into the last home at which they stop, prayers are said, and a figurine representing the baby Jesus is placed in the manger. Religious services are followed by parties and celebrations.

Sources and more information:  

Learner.org

Celebrations of Light  

Scholastic.com
Celebrate La Posada 


Loi KrathongLOI KRATHONG FESTIVAL is a holiday celebrated each November in Thailand. "Loi" means "to float" and a "Krathong" is a lotus-shaped vessel made of banana leaves. The Krathong usually contains a candle, three joss-sticks, some flowers and coins. The festival starts on the November night with a full moon. People offer thanks to the Goddess of water by lightening the candles, making a wish, and placing the Krathongs in a nearby river. It is believed that the Krathongs carry away bad luck.

Sources and more information: 

Loikrathong.net
Loi Krathong Festival
Tatnews.org

Loi Krathong: Festival of Lights 

Thailand.com 

Festivals    

 

NOWRUZ is the traditional Iranian new year holiday celebrated in many countries of Central Asia, the Middle East, Central Europe, and elsewhere. Nowruz marks the first day of spring, the beginning of the Iranian year, and the beginning of the Bahá'í year. As well as being a Zoroastrian holiday, it is also a holy day for adherents of Sufism and the Bahá'í faith.

Sources and more information:
Incultureparent.com 

Persian New Year 
Iranologie.com 

Nowruz: History 

UN.org 

Nowruz: Background  

 

TET TRUNG THU, or mid-Autumn Moon Festival, is an ancient festival of Vietnam that revolves around children and the celebration of the harvest. It is traditionally held on the 15th day of the 8th Lunar Month and it is believed that this festival originally came about as a way for parents to make up for lost time with their children after harvest season. The festival traditionally was held under the full moon, which represents fullness and prosperity of life. Today, children parade in the streets carrying lanterns and take part in special dances. Moon cakes are also a traditional food for this celebration.

Sources and more information:
Everythingesl.net
Harvest Festivals around the World
Harvestfestivals.net
Harvest Festivals     

Teaching Holidays 

INTERACTIVE AND LOCAL

 

Center for Diversity Education, diversityed.org 

Learn about cultural and religious traditions that impact the world!

Festivals of Light 

Footsteps of Pilgrims: Historic Travels of Faith  

Good Fortune: The Lunar New Year 

 

 

Carolina Navigators, navigators.web.unc.edu 

Request to have a navigator come speak to your students about customs and holidays in their country of origin or study.

 

World View to YOU!, worldview.unc.edu 

Help your colleagues learn best practices for teaching about holidays through World View outreach presentations on Why Culture Matters, Service Learning, and more!

World View to YOU!

 

ONLINE RESOURCES, ACTIVITIES, AND LESSON PLANS

 

Learner.org 

Celebrations of Light 

 

Peacecorps.gov  

Celebrating Our Connections Through Water  

 

Earthcalendar.net

Earth Calendar, Calendar of Holidays and Events 

 

Childrenslibrary.org  

Feasts and Festivals 

 

Scholastic.com  

Holidays around the World   

 

Educationworld.com  

Holidays around the World: A Festival of Lessons
True or False? A Quiz About Four December Celebrations   

 

BBC.co.uk  

Multi-Cultural Calendar    

 

NYTimes.com  

The Spirit of the Season  

What are your holiday traditions?
Winter Holidays Crossword Puzzle 

 

Nationalgeographic.com  

Winter Celebrations
Winter Holidays Around the World Quiz 


ANNOUNCEMENTS
World View Spring SeminarsMarchSeminars
Register Today!

March 27-28, 2012

Latin America and North Carolina

March 28-29, 2012
Complexity and Vibrancy of Africa

World View's spring seminars look at the historical, political, and culture issues impacting different regions of the world.  This spring we will "take" educators to Latin America and Africa.  Educators will enjoy talks by experts in the region being addressed and sessions that help integrate global issues into the classroom.

Seminars are for educators of all disciplines and administrators from K-12 and higher education. 

1.5 CEU or Professional Development Hours offered per seminar.


Location:
The Friday Center, UNC at Chapel Hill  

 

Cost (NC educator):
Registration is $175 per person per seminar or $325 for both seminars.  A team of 4 is $600 (SAVE $100!) per seminar.  A team is comprised of 4 or more individuals from a school, college, or district.  Only $150 for each additional team member per seminar.

For more information or to register today please call 919/962-9264 or visit worldview.unc.edu
StudyVisits
Costa_Rica 

Travel Abroad with World View


Join World View for an unforgettable experience and gain knowledge to add global content to your teaching, make lasting global connections, and create a global learning environment for your students.  Applications now being accpeted for World View's Summer 2012 Study Visits to Senegal and Costa Rica.

For more information go to:
worldview.unc.edu/programs-2/international-study-visits/

SenegalTrip
*ONLY A FEW SPOTS LEFT!*
NGCSUSummer 2011 
NGCSU Language Academy

Subject:  Opportunities for Students and Teachers at the NGCSU Federal Service Foreign Language Academy in Summer 2012. *If you are interested in a job teaching with the FSLA, instructions for how to apply will be posted on NGCSU website in mid-January 2012.

 

What: Intensive language instruction in First-Year Arabic, Chinese, Russian, German, Korean or Second-Year French from highly qualified teachers. 

 

Date: Two three week cohort sessions 
First session:  10-29 June 2012 
Second session:  8-27 July 2012

 

Eligibility: A rising high school sophomore, junior, or senior 

 

Class Ratio: 16 students to one teacher; Two counselors (cadet mentors proficient in target language) will be assigned to each cohort language group 

 

Teacher Compensation:  More information available in January at 
http://www.northgeorgia.edu/summeracademy/  
 
Student Costs:  The cost of the program will be $1,800. This is the entire cost of the program and includes tuition, room, meals, books, and trips.  
 

For detailed information, please go to: www.northgeorgia.edu/summeracademy  or contact John Wilson, jwilson@northgeorgia.edu

NCCSSSocial Studies Council Awards, Grants, and Scholarship
The NC Council for the Social Studies Awards Program seeks to recognize and honor achievements in Social Studies Education. Several awards are given at our Annual State Conference in February and others occur throughout the year.

NCCSS Student Teacher Scholarship 
The NCCSS offers a $1,000.00 scholarship to an undergraduate student in North Carolina who will be student teaching in social studies in 2012 or 2013.
    
Deadline: Dec 31, 2011.  

       

NCCSS Outstanding Social Studies Teacher of the Year    
The NCCSS  recognizes exemplary teaching in the field of social studies at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. 
  Deadline: Dec 31, 2011.


NCCSS Teacher Grants
 

The NCCSS  provides grants of up to $1,000 to help teachers make an even greater impact in their classroom, school district, and community through innovative social studies programs.
Deadline:
Dec 31, 2011.


Applications and nomination forms are posted on the NCCSS website (ncsocialstudies.org/).
GAW
Youth Leadership Program with 
Central Europe
(International Affairs Council of Raleigh)

 

YLPCE
This will be the International Affairs Council of Raleigh's second year to implement this wonderful program. European teens will travel to the U.S. July 8 - 30 and four Triangle-area students and one adult will travel to Central Europe August 4 - 19. High school students and adult participants from the Triangle are currently being recruited for this program. Applications for both students and adults are due January 23, 2012. See links below to download applications and a flier about the program!

WQ
Academic WorldQuest Competition
(International Affairs Council of Raleigh)
worldquest
The International Affairs Council of Raleigh's annual Academic WorldQuest competition is open to local high school teams of four players each. A school may enroll more than one team. Academic WorldQuest features 100 questions about critical global issues.

The International Affairs Council of Raleigh's local competition is February 25, 9 a.m. - 1 p.m., at William Peace University in Raleigh. The winning team will represent the council at the national Academic WorldQuest competition in Washington, DC, in April.

For more information, visit http://www.iacnc.org/events.php

CIUDDDestination: Denmark
(Center for International Understanding)

 

The University of North Carolina's Center for International Understanding is delighted to invite applications for the Center's June 16-23, 2012 Destination: Denmark program. This professional development program for K-12 educators will expose them to the cultural, historical, and sociopolitical forces of technological innovation in Denmark. In today's fast paced society teachers must be aware of upcoming and current technologies to prepare students for an increasing array of career options. With completion of the program participants should be able to incorporate this acquired knowledge into the classroom. The cost of the trip is approximately $3,750 and covers airfare, accommodations, meals, transportation, and additional program costs in Denmark.
Applications are due by January 16, 2012.

 

For more information and application, contact:

Meredith Henderson

Center for International Understanding

919-420-1360, ext. 217

mlh@northcarolina.edu

NCTANNC Teaching Asia Network:
Resources for NC Teachers

North Carolina Teaching Asia Network (NCTAN) has been offering free seminars on East Asia since 2002 to North Carolina K-12 teachers. NCTAN is excited to work with North Carolina Center for the Advancement for Teaching (NCCAT) to offer a residential seminar "Closing the Global Achievement Gap: The United States and Asia" at Cullowhee in April, 2012.  Visit www.nccat.org  for more information. 

 

NCTAN will also start simulcasting seminars, organized by Columbia University's East Asian Center and offer a webinar series by Five College Center East Asian Studies. Teachers who complete the requirements will be eligible to apply for a study tour to East Asia summer 2013.

 

For more information, go to: 

people.uncw.edu/kanoy/nctan/index.htm 


Do you have information to share?

Do you have information that you would like to share with other educators across the state? You are welcome to submit interesting global education programs that are going on in your schools, announcements about global education seminars, new resources that others might find interesting, etc. Please email Julie at kinnaird@unc.edu with your "update-worthy" items!


Reader Mailbag

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