|Stephen J. Appold
Department of Sociology
National University of Singapore
11 Arts Link
|John D. Kasarda
Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise
Kenan-Flagler Business School
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3440
October 19, 2002
(reprinted from March 1998)
This chapter reports on a continuing research program examining the
relationship between entrepreneurship and communities. The studies
included are based on original small scale survey data collection in the
U.S. and Vietnam. The seemingly diverse studies share a concern for
a mismatch between the supply of labor and the supply of jobs. Specifically,
we consider the strengths and limitations of policy tools rooted in a conception
of an "entrepreneurial society" to address that mismatch by generating
additional employment and wealth. Rather than highlighting the differences
between the situations in each country, we focus on the commonalities and
ask three related questions about the relationship between entrepreneurship
and community. First, do small neighborhood businesses benefit residential
communities? Our answer is yes, but there are limitations.
We base our answer on a survey of 110 small businesses located in a balanced
sample of predominantly white and predominantly black Pittsburgh neighborhoods.
Second, Can "community" (or more exactly social capital, the resources
of your friends and family) aid in the creation of small businesses?
Our answer is yes, but there are limitations. We base our answer
on a survey of 124 small manufacturing enterprises located in Hanoi, Vietnam.
Third, can formal help substitute for the absence of "community" (again,
more exactly, social capital). Our answer is yes, but there are limitations
(mostly in our data). We base our answer on in-depth structured interviews
with 28 recent or nascent black and white entrepreneurs in the greater
Forthcoming in John S. Butler and George Kozmetsky, eds., Immigrant and Minority Entrepreneurship: Building American Communities. Rutgers University Press.
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