|Kenneth A. Bollen
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
|Stephen J. Appold
Carnegie Mellon University (then)
Various forms of participation in the global system have been held to
distort the structure of industrialization in developing countries, diminishing
labor absorption in that sector from what might be expected for the level
of industrialization observed. Operationalizing Kuznets' theoretical
definition of industrialization with indicators of energy consumption per
capita, percentage of the labor force in industry, and percentage of GDP
that originates in industry, we test several predictions about the effect
of involvement in the global system on the structure of industrialization.
We first construct and estimate a measurement model that has these basic
indicators influenced by the latent variable of industrialization.
Elaborations of the basic model allow the influence of the world system
on the structure of industrialization to be measured. Import and
export composition affect the structure of industrialization; position
in the world system and foreign direct investment have no net direct effects.
A Marxist-Leninist regime shows independent influence on the structure
of industrialization in some years. We estimate the model with 1970
data and replicate it in 1965, 1980 and 1986; partial replications are
performed for 1960 and 1975.
American Sociological Review 58:283-301 (1993)
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