Men seeking women through today’s mail-order bride system, however, do not face the same challenges of population extinction as did men from early immigrant groups. The means by which a prospective groom can find a foreign bride today have changed dramatically since the era of the picture bride.
Examples of Mail-Order Bride Services
a. International Match-Making Organizations
When it was founded in 1974, it was the only international match-making organization.
b. Internet Dating Websites
c. Social Networking Sites
d. E-mail "Pen-Pal" ClubsReferences:
(“Call today to speak to one of our visa service professionals.
We are eager to
answer your immigration questions.”).
- Donna M. Hughes, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, Pimps and Predators on the Internet: Globalizing the Sexual Exploitation of Women and Children 6, 47-39, 43-44 (1999).
- Donna M. Hughes, The Internet and Sex Industries: Partners in Global Sexual Exploitation, at http:// www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/siii.htm.
- Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Dept. of Justice, International Matchmaking Organizations: A Report to Congress [hereinafter INS Report] (explaining that mail-order marriage is “an inseparable part of North American history and the settlement of the United States. As immigrants moved to this country and established permanent homes, relatives in their country of birth arranged marriages with local women--often performing proxy marriages.”)).
- Suzanne H. Jackson, To Honor and Obey: Trafficking in “Mail-Order Brides", 70 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 475, 493 (2002).
- Linda Kelly, Marriage for Sale: The Mail-Order Bride Industry and the Changing Value of Marriage, 5 J. Gender Race & Just. 175, 177-78 (2001).
- Ryiah Lilith, Buying a Wife But Saving a Child: A Deconstruction of Popular Rhetoric and Legal Analysis of Mail-Order Brides and Intercountry Adoptions, 9 Buff. Women’s L. J. 225, 226-27 (2001) (“In the 1990s, Americans spent over $84 million to marry approximately 13,500 Filipina mail-order brides” and “Mail-order bride costs have risen from an estimated $4,000 to $6,000 in 1995 to $10,000 in 1999”).
- Kathryn A. Lloyd, Wives for Sale: The Modern International Mail-Order Bride Industry, 20 Nw. J. Int’l L. & Bus. 341, 347-49 (2000).
- Tifany E. Markee, A Call for Cultural Understanding in the Creation, Interpretation and Application of Law: Is the United States Meeting the Needs of Russian Immigrant “Mail-Order Brides?”, 31 Cal. W. Int’l L.J. 277, 278-280 (2001).
- Robert J. Scholes, The “Mail-Order Bride” Industry and Its Impact on U.S. Immigration, Appendix A, 1-2 (stating that men who wish to obtain the mailing addresses of any of the women they would like to contact are charged a fee from $2 to $5 each of the mailing addresses).
- Vanessa B.M. Vergara, Abusive Mail-Order Bride Marriage and the Thirteenth Amendment, 94 Nw.. U. L. Rev. 1547, 1550-1 (2000).
- Mail-Order Brides Costume, Image Source.
- Japanese Picture Bride, Image Source.