The Two Koreas since 1945
South Koreans Cheer Their
Soccer Team at the World Cup
North and South Korea
At Night, 2008
North Koreans Cheer
The Launch of a Rocket
1) 38th Parallel and the DMZ
2) “Asian Tigers”
3) State Capitalism
4) Kim il-Sung
6) North Korean Famine
7) “The Cleanest Race” (BR Meyer’s Thesis)
I. Historical Background and Division
Š Chinese Influence and Indirect Control
Š Japanese Influence and Occupation, 1905/1910-1945
Š US and Soviet Occupation, 1945-1948
Š The Division of Korea (The 38th Parallel)
o South Korea: August 15, 1948
o North Korea: September 8, 1948
Š The Korean War, 1950-1953
Š The Last Cold War Border: The DMZ
II. South Korea: Authoritarianism, Economic Growth, and Democratization
Š Authoritarian/Military Rule 1948-1987
o Syngman Rhee (1948-1960)
o Park Chung-hee (1963-1979)
o Chung Doo-hwan (1980-1988)
Š Becoming an “Asian Tiger”
o (East Asian) “State” Capitalism and “Export” Capitalism
o A Different Kind of Five Year Plan
Š Becoming a Democracy
o Protest Movements: Students, Workers, Leftists
o A Growing Middle Class
o The Elections of 1985, Student Protests, and the “Revolution” of 1987
o The 1988 Olympics and the “Arrival” of South Korea
Š South Korea Today: Globalized, Prosperous Democracy
III. North Korea under the Kim Dynasty: The Worst Place on Earth?
Š Kim Jung-il: The Dear Leader
Š The Workers Party of Korea
Š Communism, Confucianism, Juche?
Š “Paranoid Race-Based Nationalism”: BR Meyer’s Thesis of The Cleanest Race
Š Economic Stagnation and Collapse, 1970s-1990s
Š Nuclear Weapons, Missiles, and Saber Rattling
Š The Future of North Korea
o The Death of Kim Jung Il and Kim Jung-un: Who’s really in Charge?
o Economic Collapse and Implosion?
o A New Korean War?
o Reunification with South Korea?