The Italian Renaissance
Florence at the Height of the Renaissance (Giorgio Vasari, 1511-1571)
Š What was the Renaissance?
Š What distinguished the Renaissance worldview from the medieval worldview? Does it mark the birth of modern Europe?
Š What is Renaissance humanism? Who are some of the key humanists?
1) humanism 5) Francesco Petrarch
2) virtú 6) Giovanni Boccaccio & Decameron
3) Pico della Mirandola 7) Leonardi Bruni
4) The Medici 8) Baldassare Castiglione &
The Book of the Courtier
I. An Age of Transition (Early 1300s to Early 1500s)
Š The Birth of the Modern World or a Part of Medieval Culture?
Š Toward a New Worldview
The Wisdom of the Ancients
and Reason: This World Matters
o Individualism, Human Agency, and Virtú: The Rebirth of Arete
o A New Culture of Merit: Talent, Ambition, and Accomplishment in the City of Man
II. The Northern Italian Context (1300-1400)
Š Urban Life, Urbane Nobles, and Weak Central Government
Š Trade, Commerce, and Banking
Š The New Greece? The Italian City States
Š Republicanism, Elites, and Civic Identity
Š Secular Elites, Education, and Virtú
III. Renaissance Humanism and Literature
Š Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374): The Father of Humanism
Š Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375)
o Decameron (1350-1353)
Š Leonardi Bruni (1370-1444) and the “Humanities”
Š Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529)
o Book of the Courtier (1528)
Š Niccolė Machiavelli (1429-1527)