Politics and Conflict,

in Renaissance Italy

 

Lorenzo deÕ Medici, 1449-1519

 

Niccol˜ Machiavelli (1468-1527)

 

 

á    Why did Italian City-States move from republicanism to despotism?

á    How is MachiavelliÕs thinking a product of his own political and cultural context?

 

Key Terms

1) Populo Grosso, Populo Minuto

2) The Medici

3) Peace of Lodi

4) Nicc˜lo Machiavelli

 

The Phases of Italian Political History

 

á    Republics and Civic Humanism (1300-1400)

Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1291-1348):  Allegory of Good and Bad Government

 

á    Instability, Plague, and the Rise of Despotism (1375-1450)

 

á    Social Conflict:  Populo Grosso, Populo Minuto, and the Ciompi Rebellion (1378)

 

á    The Medici:  Cosimo (1364-1464) & Lorenzo (1449-92/1519)

 

á    War, the Condottieri and the Peace of Lodi (1454)

 

á    Foreign Invasions and the End of Italian Political Independence (1494-1530)

o   Charles VIII of France and Charles V of Spain

 

Nicc˜lo Machiavelli (1469-1527):  Human Nature, Virtœ, and Political Power